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Harriet Silvester Tapley 







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I Chronicles of Danvers 



1632 - 1923 

By Harriet Silvester Tapley 

With Numerous Illustrations 

The Danvers Historical Society 

Danvers, Massachusetts 


Printed by 




Copyright 1923 

To THE Memory of 


A Loyal Son of Danvers 

Whose love for the Town of his birth, through a long 
Life of Distinguished Service in great centers of 
activity, was unabated, and whose devoted labor in the 
field of local history produced a rich harvest, invaluable 
to future generations. 


The following pages were written in 1898, with the 
intention of bringing out a book for the use of the public 
schools in the study of local history. Circumstances 
prevented its publication at the time, and it is now 
offered, with much additional matter, as a chronological 
record of the principal events in the nearly three hun- 
dred years of community life in this important section 
of old Essex County. 

Cordial thanks are due to all who have assisted in 
the work, and especially to the Essex Institute, Peabody 
Historical Society, Society for the Preservation of New 
England Antiquities, Peabody Institute Library, Dan- 
vers, and the Danvers Mirror Press, for courtesy in 
loaning cuts. 

The author is also greatly indebted for valuable 
information to previous historians of Danvers, including 
Rev. Charles W. Upham, Judge Alden Perley White, 
Samuel P. Fowler, Rev. J. W. Hanson, Sidney Perley, 
Esq., Andrew Nichols, Rev. Alfred P. Putnam, D. D., 
Ezra D. Hines, Rev. Charles B. Rice, D. D., Dudley 
A. Massey, Frank Cousins, and others. 

H. S. T. 
April, 1923. 



I. When We Belonged to Salem 1-41 

II. The Old Town of Danvers 42-175 

III. Danvers Since the Division 176-212 

IV. Old and Historic Estates 213-248 

V. Civil History 249-262 


Annunciation Church, .... facing -page 179 

Baptist Church, 90 

"Battle of Bunker Hill," Trumbull's Painting of, . . 64 

"Battle of Stillwater," Broadside, 92 

Bell Tavern and Lexington Monument, .... 68 

Berry Tavern, 54, 55 

Bishop, Bridget, Warrant Eeturn, ..... 24 

Black, Major Moses, House of, 90,115 

"Brooksby," Residence of Mrs. William Austin Smith, . 144 
Browne, Mary Burnet, ....... 36 

Browne, Hon. William, ....... 86 

Browne, Hon. William, House of, 37 

"Burley Farm," Residence of George Augustus Peabody, 240, 241 

Calvary Church, 178 

Collins House, 104 

Crane River, ......... 21 

Crane River and Water Street, 90 

Danvers Centennial Celebration, ..... 161 

Danvers Historical Society House, ..... 199 

Danvers Home for the Aged^ ...... 206 

Danvers Square in 1836, ....... 125 

Danvers State Hospital, . . . . .193 

Driver House, ......... 225 

Eastern Railroad, First Timetable of, . . • . 155 

Endecott, Governor John, ....... 5 

Endecott House, 9 

Endecott Pear Tree, 4 

Endecott-Piemont-Leech Tavern, ..... 55 

First Church, 1701-1786, 40 

First Church of 1891, 201 

Folly Hill, 39 

Fowler, Samuel, House of, 118-120 




Gardner, Lt. George, House of, 

General Court Act of 1676, 

"Glide," Ship, . 

Goodale, Isaac, House of, . 

Haines, Thomas, House of. 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Poem by, 

Holten, Judge Samuel, 

Holten, Judge Samuel, Residence of, 

Holten, Samuel, Newspaper Clipping Referring to his 

idency of Congress, 
Hooper, Hon. Robert, 
Houlton-Dempsey House, 
Houlton-Wilkins House, 
Howe Residence, 

Hutchinson, Col. Israel, Birthplace of, 
Hutchinson, Col. Israel, Home of, . . . 
Hutchinson-Kimball House, .... 
Independent Agricultural School of the County of 

Ipswich Road, . 

Jacobs, George, House of, .... 

Jacobs, George, Trial of, .... . 
Jordan Lodge, A. F. & A. M,, Signatures of Members 
"Leslie's Retreat at North Bridge," 

"The Lindens," 

"Locust Lawn," ....... 

Log Cabin in Harrison Campaign, 

Maple Street Church, 


"Maplewood," Newhall-Massey House, 

"Margaret," Ship, 

Methodist Episcopal Church, 

Naumkeag House, ...... 

Needham, Anthony, House of, . 

Newburyport and Dan vers and Georgetown Railroads, 

table of ....... . 

Nichols, John, House of, .... . 

Nurse, Rebecca, House of, .... 















of, 105, 110 
215, 224 





^'Oak Knoll," 

Omnibus on Salem and Danvers Koute, 

Osborn, Sir Danvers, and Birthplace of, 

Page, Col. Jeremiah, Kesidence of, 

Page, Capt. Samuel, Masonic Punch Bowl of, 

Page, Capt. Samuel, Residence of. 

Page, Capt. Samuel, Ship Lantern of, 

Peabody, George, ..... 

Peabody, George,British War Vessels Conveying 
Peabody, George, Inscription on Envelope sent by, 
Peabody, George, Timetable Issued for Funeral of, 
Peabody Farm Entrance, and Summer House, 
Peabody Institute, ..... 

Peabody Institute Library, Delivery Room, 
Peabody Medal, ...... 

Peabody Reception Arch at Danversport, 

Peabody Reception Arch on High Street, 

Peabody Reception, Arch on Maple Street, 

Petition for Separation from Salem, 

Phillips-Lawrence- Sanders House, 

Plan of a part of Danvers Highlands, 1730, 

Pope, Amos, Almanac of, 

Pope, Amos, Birthplace of. 

Porter, Gen. Moses, 

Porter, Gen. Moses, Birthplace of. 

Porter, John, House of, 

Porter, Zerubbabel, Shoe Factory of, 

Porter-Bradstreet House, 

Porter's River, .... 

Prince, Dr. Jonathan, House of, 

Prince-Osborne House, 

Putnam, Rev. Dr. Alfred Porter, 

Putnam, Dr. Amos, 

Putnam, Hon. Elias, House of, . 

Putnam, Gen. Israel, . 

Putnam, Gen. Israel, Birthplace of, 

Putnam, Col. Jesse, House of. 

Remains of 


240, 242, 243 
168, 169 
64, 74 
75, 214 



Putnam, Judge Samuel, 

Putnam, Judge Samuel, Residence of, 

Putnam, Thomas, House of, 

Putnam Home, . 

Putnam-Clark House, 

Putnam-Crawford House, 

Putnam -Perry House, 

Putnam-Preston Peabody House, 

Putnam-Sears House, 

Putnam's Pond and Mill, 

Rea-Dodge House, 

Rea-Putnam- Fowler House, 

Read, Hon. Nathan, . 

Read-Crowninshield-Porter House, 

"Riverbank," Residence of John Frederick 

St. John's Preparatory School, . 

Silvester, Joshua, Residence of, 

Skelton's Neck Division, 

Starting for the Ohio, 

Summer House on the Peabody Farm, 

Town Hall and High School, 

Training Field and Upton Tavern, 

Unitarian Church, 

Universalist Church, . 

Upton Tavern, Peabody, 

Wadsworth, Rev. Benjamin, House of. 

Waters River and Beverly Shore, 

Waters River and Endecott Grant, 

Whittier, John Greenleaf, . 


96, 97 

"Danvers may well be proud of her history. She is 
one of a group of towns which has done as much for the 
liberties of the nation and the world as any other equal 
population on the continent." 

— Hon. Robert Bantoul, Jr., 1852. 




Boundaries. — The Town of Danvers is, approxi- 
mately, five miles from east to west and four from north 
to south. It is bounded on the north by Wenham and 
Topsfield, east by Wenham, Beverly and Salem, south 
by Peabody, west by Topsfield and Middleton. 

Early Settlement and Name. — Reports had 
reached England, through men engaged in the fishing 
industrj^ that there was an excellent opportunity in the 
region of Cape Ann for fishing and farming. The re- 
ports were so encouraging that in 1628, John Endecott, 
with a company called the "Dorchester Company," set 
sail from Dorchester, England, and in the autumn of 
that year landed at Naumkeag, or Salem, as the white 
settlers soon named it. Endecott was a man of daunt- 
less courage; benevolent, though austere; firm in his 
convictions and of a rugged nature. Craving religious 
toleration in the land of his birth, he oftentimes forgot 
to exercise that spirit toward his associates of the new 
world. In this new country the Dorchester Company 
not onl}^ expected to profit in a commercial way, but to 
be able to enjoy that religious freedom which they had 
longed for in their native land. 

Territory Comprising Salem. — Endecott and his 
company found nine houses and about one hundred 



people in the territory called Salem, which then com- 
prised besides the present city of that name, Beverly, 
Manchester, Wenham, Marblehead, Danvers, Peabody, 
Middleton and a part of Topsfield. The people they 
found already there were called "Planters." They had 
recently come from the vicinity of Gloucester, where 
the fishing business had not reached their expectations, 
and were about to try their fortunes in and around 
Naumkeag. Among them Roger Conant was the most 
prominent. He was a fisherman, and built the first 
house in Salem. He was born in Budleigh, England, 
in 1591, and died in Salem, 19 Nov., 1679. Cotton 
Mather spoke of him as "a most religious, prudent and 
worthy gentleman." 

First Grant. — John Endecott, who had been elected 
Governor of the new colony before they embarked from 
England, brought with him legal papers which con- 
veyed to six of the men of his party all the land included 
in the present Essex County, and portions of Norfolk, 
Suffolk and Middlesex counties. This was called a 
grant, and was obtained in England from the "Council 
for New England," which had charge of all the settle- 
ments in this part of the country. 

Government. — The colony now had a Governor, but 
as yet no method had been suggested whereby the colo- 
nists could have a voice in conducting the affairs of the 
plantation. Thus early did thej^ declare themselves in 
favor of a government by the people. The year follow- 
ing the settlement, a corporation was formed under 
Charter^ from Charles I of England, called "The Gov- 
ernor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England," which continued for fifty-five years. It gave 
power to the freemen of the Company to elect each year 
a governor, deputj^ and eighteen assistants, who made 

J A duplicate is in the Salem Athenaeum. 



the laws and settled all questions of dispute. These 
men constituted the Great and General Court. To be- 
come a freeman, each person was required to be a 
respectable member of the church and take oath before 
the Great and General Court that he would uphold the 
government. jNIatthew Craddock was the first home 
governor elected. He was a prosperous merchant of 
London, who aided the colonists, in large measure, with 
monc}^ and influence. Salem's history as a town dates 
from about the year 1G33. 

Condition of the Country and of the Early 
Settlers. — The colonists became fishermen of neces- 
sity.^ To the disappointment of manj^ the soil near the 
coast was found to be unsuited to prosperous farming, 
but the sea was swarming with fish of all kinds. The 
Indians of this region had lived upon fish for genera- 
tions, were occupied in this pursuit more generally than 
in hunting, and the white settlers also soon found in this 
business a lucrative emplo5^ment. Their fishing boats 
were called shalloi^s, which were large boats with a deck, 
something like a ship's long-boat. 

The Indian tribes around Salem had been depleted 
by sickness to a great extent during the few years pre- 
vious to Endecott's arrival, and consequently did not 
give the colonists the trouble that was experienced in 
other sections of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, yet 
there was always constant fear of attack. Added to 
this, sickness without medical aid, scarcity of food and 
shelter, and a climate to the severity of which they were 
unaccustomed, the early company suffered untold mis- 
ery during the first winter. 

The Naumkeag Tribe. — The Naumkeags, who oc- 
cupied the land in this region, were, in the years of their 

1 See Gilbert L. Streeter's "Storj' of Winter Island and Salem Neck," 
in Essex Institute Hist. Coll., Vol. xxxiii. 


strength, a prosperous, numerous and powerful tribe. 
Nanepashemet.^ was the chief of this tribe. He was 
killed in 1619. When the settlers arrived from England, 
the chief's wife or squaw was living in Salem with her 
three sons. She afterwards became the squaw of an 
Indian priest, and left the settlement. Her son George 
succeeded to all the country of the tribe, which extended 
from the Naumkeag to the Mystic river, thereby rising 
to the dignity of old Nanepashemet, as far as amount 
of territory was concerned. His Indian name was Win- 
napurkitt, but he was often called George Rumney 
Marsh" or No Nose. He died in 1684, transferring his 
extensive claims to a relative, who attempted to hold 
them against the settlers. But it was of no avail, and 
in 1686, for the sum of 40 pounds, Salem bought all the 
Indian title^ to her territorj'-, as did other towns round 
about. Thus effectually did the early settlers, here as 
in other parts of the country, crowd out the original 
owners of the territory. George left descendants, but 
they were simply wanderers in the land which their 
fathers had trod in majestj^ 


First Settlers in Danvers. — As the settlers could 
find no suitable land for cultivation near the sea, quite 
naturally those who wished to engage in farming gradu- 
ally pushed back into the country, away from the coast. 
For this reason that part of old Salem known as 
Brooksby, now Peabody,^ was settled by men from the 
Company who were granted tracts of land for farms 
as early as 1635. About the same time land was taken 

1 Indian name of Marblehead. 

2 Eunmey Marsh was the name given to the present Chelsea. 

3 The deed by which Salem came into possession of the territory now 
hangs in City Hall. 

4 Danvers and Peabodj^ were one town until 1855. 






















































up in what is now Danvers by Richard Weston at 
Danvers Highlands, and Richard Waterman near by, 
probably at Beaver Brook. They soon removed to 
Providence, R. I., where they were reckoned among 
the leading citizens, being prominently identified with 
the founding of the first Baptist Church in America, at 
that place. Weston sold his estate to Richard Ingersoli 
and William Haynes, and Waterman's was incorpo- 
rated in that of John Putnam. 

Endecott Grant. — Governor Endecott received the 
first Colonial gi-ant made by the Great and General 
Court at its session on July 3, 1632, on account of the 
great service he had rendered the colony. It consisted 
of 300 acres of land in the present Danversport, and 
was bounded on the east by Danvers river, then called 
Wooleston, known to the Indians as Orkhussunt; on 
the north by Crane, then called Duck river, known to 
the Indians as Conamabsquenooncant ; and on the south 
by Waters, then Cowhouse river, known to the Indians 
as Soewamapenessett. This neck of land, as it was 
termed, had an Indian name, Wahquainesehcok, which, 
in English, means "Birchwood." The year following, 
the Governor set about clearing the farm, built a house, 
cultivated the land, and named his new estate "Orchard 
Farm."^ Rich in natural beauty, the farm developed 
under the personal care of its owner into the most at- 
tractive estate of the colony. The house was situated on 
a knoll overlooking the beautiful streams of water, across 
the street from the house now standing on the estate. 

As there were no roads through the woods, or bridges 
in this part of Salem, at this time, the Governor was 
obliged to make the trip between his home and Salem 
town by water, and many a day did he embark in his 
shallop, near the present iron works, for the scene of 

1 Now the farm of Williami C. Endicott, Esq., on Endicott street. 


his Colonial duties. The Governor's old spring of water 
is yet to be seen in a cove of Waters river. 

"Shaded spring whereof he drank, 
On the pleasant willow-bank." 

In the Endecott burying ground at "The Pines," so- 
called, lie the remains of several generations of Ende- 
cotts. This property is still owned by a descendant of 
the Governor. Governor Endecott was buried in King's 
Chapel burying ground, Boston. 

Endecott Pear Tree. — The Governor was a lover 
of trees of every description, and in the early days of 
his settlement at "Orchard Farm," he gave much atten- 
tion to the native fruits of the countrj^ His orchard of 
pear trees, supposed to have been sent from England 
previous to 1640, were the first cultivated fruit-bearing 
trees in New England, the planting of which was an 
event of great interest. The last representative of the 
orchard is still in existence, near the site of the Gover- 
nor's house. It is said that this tree was planted by the 
Governor's own hands. It is known throughout the 
country as "The Endecott Pear Tree," and as it stands 
in the pasture, solitary and alone, its marvellous age 
written in its decaying branches, it recalls to mind a 
nation's history. Governor Endecott little thought 

"That when centuries had passed. 
Bloom and fruitage still would last, 
Still a growing, breathing thing, 
Autumn, with the heart of spring." 

The Governor was also said to be the first to plant the 
"white weed," which has proved such an annoyance to 
farmers. It was cultivated for its beauty and for me- 
dicinal purposes.^ 

1 See Charles M. Endicott's "Biography of the Governor." 


Early Dwelling Houses. — The houses of the early 
settlers were very similar to one another in construction, 
differing only in size and appointments, according to 
the wealth of their occupants. Each man was without 
a doubt the architect of his own habitation, and often- 
times he was the carpenter as well. The better class of 
houses^ were two stories high, the upper story jutting 
out a foot or two beyond the lower; some of these had 
peaks on each side of the roof, forming small chambers. 
The timbers were very large, hewn by hand, and no 
attempt was made to encase any of the beams in the 
rooms. Such houses had small windows, with diamond- 
shaped panes, and the walls were "daubed" with clay 
and sometimes whitewashed. One large chimney served 
for the large kitchen fireplace. Houses of the farmers 
were for the most part plainly built, often with a long 
sloping roof at the back called a "leanto." 

Means of Travel and Communication. — On ac- 
count of the nature of the country, covered as it was 
with forests and rocks, the early settlers used the rivers 
almost exclusively for means of communication. It 
was easy and convenient, and they had little time to 
spend in laying out roads in this wilderness. Canoes 
made of the trunks of pine trees hollowed out had been 
in use by the Indians, but the colonists needed some- 
thing more substantial, and the flat-bottom boat of the 
dory style was invented. After a while, paths from 
one farm to another were made by constant passing, and 
later when horses began to be used the path became 
a "bridle road" that led from village to village, over 
which the heavy two-wheeled ox-carts travelled. Every 
one could ride a horse. The Yankee boy, "riding horse 
to plough," learned full familiarity with equestrian atti- 
tudes and became a fearless horseman, and the Yankee 

1 See Pickering house, Salem. 


girl acquired the spirit of freedom and contempt of 

Before long, the sound of wheels began to be heard. 
The richer among the colonists remembered that the 
man of wealth at home in England always kept his car- 
riage. They would do the same. And with the intro- 
duction of wheeled vehicles, better roads became a neces- 
sity. But now the streams, which had formerly aided 
in communication, became the worst of obstacles, so 
that ''ferries" were established where the water was too 
deep to be forded. As yet the colonists were not suffic- 
iently endowed with this world's goods to construct 

First Road in Danvers. — The road known as "The 
Old Ipswich Road," was the first highway in use in the 
town. It commences at Conant street, where Danvers 
joins North Beverly and runs over Conant, Elm, Ash 
and Sylvan streets, and on through Peabody. This road 
was originally an old Indian trail, and was in use by the 
white settlers as early as 1630. In the British Museum, 
London, is an old map of this vicinity, which shows this 
ancient way as having been laid out previous to 1634. 
The General Court appropriated money for its improve- 
ment in 1643. Many distinguished people have passed 
over it, as it was for years the only direct route from 
Ipswich and surrounding towns to Boston. In 1634, 
Governor John Winthrop rode from Boston on a visit 
to his son, John Winthrop, Jr., in Ipswich ; the Mathers, 
Justices Hawthorne and Curwen, of witchcraft days, 
and Rebecca Nurse on her way to Salem jail; the Eng- 
lish Governor, General Thomas Gage and his English 
troops ; Capt. Henry Dearborn, afterward Secretary of 
War under Jefferson; John Adams, Josiah Quincy, and 
John Quincy Adams often used this old road. Benedict 
Arnold and his troops, with the celebrated Capt. Daniel 

A portion of the Old Ipswich road, laid out as a highway from Boston to Ipswich before 1634 


Built by Joseph Houlton probably soon after 1670 


Built in the early part of the i8th century. Now owned by William Crowninshield Endicott 


Morgan, took this road on their memorable march from 
Cambridge to Quebec in 1775; and it was along this 
road that the bodies of the Danvers men slain in the 
Battle of Lexington were brought to their homes, made 
desolate by that first engagement in 1775. 

Skelton's Grant. — Rev. Samuel Skelton, the first 
minister of the new colony, who arrived in Salem in 
1629, was granted by the Colonial government five 
years later, the other neck of land at Danversport, com- 
prising 200 acres. It was bounded on the east by Por- 
ter's river, on the south by Porter's and Crane river, 
and on the west by Crane river. This portion of the 
town received the name of "Skelton's Neck." The 
Indian name was Wahquack, and it was afterwards 
called "New Mills." Skelton was a Puritan of the 
strongest type, rugged, enduring, and possessed of a 
brilliant mind. He was educated at Clare Hall, Cam- 
bridge, England, and died in Salem. His election to 
the office of minister was by ballot, the first instance 
of this method of choice in the new world. 

Humphrey's Grant. — These two grants, Endecott's 
and Skelton's, gave the Governor and minister a pre- 
sumptive title to all the town north of Waters river. 
The remaining grantee, created by the Colonial gov- 
ernment, was John Humphrey, who in 1635 received 
a gift of a large number of acres in that part of the town 
now Peabody, near the Lynnfield line, together with a 
pond and island. This pond is known as Humphrey's 
pond, and upon the island in its midst the first settlers 
erected a fortification, as a retreat from the Indians. 

Other Early Settlers. — Subsequent landowners 
by grant or purchase were : Thomas Read, where now is 
"Oak Hill," Peabody; Townsend Bishop, at the iSTurse 
farm; William Alford at Cherry Hill; Richard Inger- 
soll, east side of Porter's river; Hugh Peters, east of 


Frostfish brook; Elias Stileman, north of Bishop; 
Thomas Gardner in West Peabody ; Daniel Rea in Put- 
namville; Richard Hutcliinson at Whipple's hill; Major 
William Hathorne at Hathorne Hill; Capt. Richard 
Davenport in Putnamville ; Job Swinerton near Bishop ; 
Robert Goodell, near Swinerton; Jacob Barney, Law- 
rence, John and Richard Leach in East Danvers; 
Charles Gott, at the "Burley Farm"; Allen Kenniston, 
Thomas Smith, near the Topsfield line; William Nich- 
ols, the present Ferncroft district; Joseph Houlton, 
near the First Church; Thomas Preston, between Ende- 
cott and Bishop; Joseph Pope, south of the Danvers 
and Peabody line. 

The Militia; Cutting Out the Red Cross. — As 
soon as the colonists arrived, military companies were 
organized for protection from the Indians, and the men 
of this district were not slow in joining. In 1631, the 
General Court ordered that each Captain should drill 
or "train" his men, as it was called, every Saturday. 
This rule was somewhat modified in the years which 
followed. It was during one of these trainings in 1634 
that Governor Endecott cut the red cross from the flag. 
The colors then consisted of a green field with a white 
union, having upon it the red cross of England. At 
that period a strong opposition was felt against every 
symbol of Popery, and the bold act of Endecott was 
secretly approved by the principal men of the colony. 
This act was construed in England as one of rebellion, 
and for the sake of pacifying the people in the mother 
country, the General Court summoned Endecott to 
appear before that body. His punishment was the loss 
of his election as assistant. 

"The discipline of the Colonial soldier was severe at 
this time, for we read that it was enacted that 'any dis- 
obeying his officer should be set in the stocks or be 


whipped.' Military officers also directed the arms that 
men should carry in going from home, and particularly 
when attending church. The sight of a stalwart citizen 
of Danvers today, heavily armed and marching up and 
down the sidewalk in front of a church door, narrowly 
watching every approach, while Sunday morning ser- 
vice was in progress, and the subsequent exit of the 
congregation, each man with a heavy matchlock carry- 
ing a bullet of fifteen to the pound, on his shoulder, 
would strike us as rather odd. But it was quite the cor- 
rect thing in the sixteen-forties." 

Pequot War. — New settlers began to take up their 
abode in the large tract of land afterward named Dan- 
vers. The houses were scattered, but the settlement 
sustained a healthy growth. In 1636, the Pequot War 
broke out, and on August 25 of that year, ninety men, 
among whom were doubtless a few from Danvers, under 
command of Endecott, volunteered their services. The 
results of this expedition were the destruction of much 
corn and other property of the Indians. Two soldiers 
were killed. The trip consumed three weeks. The fol- 
lowing year another company from Salem joined the 
jNIassachusetts force under Stoughton for the purpose 
of again attacking the Pequots. In this engagement 
none were lost. 


Founding of Salem Village. — The first real set- 
tlement of any proportions in the territory now covered 
by Danvers and Peabody was the locality called Salem 
"Village" or "Farms," comprising all of the present 
Danvers Highlands. In 1638, the "seven men" or 
selectmen of Salem granted to Rev. John Phillips the 


right to establish a village there, on the condition that 
lie would settle and build up the place. This he agreed 
to do, but he did not fulfill his promise and returned to 
England. With him, however, it is supposed that such 
men as Hutchinson, Goodale, Flint, Needham, Buxton, 
Swinerton, Andrews, Fuller, Walcott, Pope, Rea, Fel- 
ton, Osborn, and others came to the new village and 
remained. These families may be regarded as among 
the founders of Salem Village. The Village included 
all the land, not then occupied, between Waters river 
and the Ipswich river. The people were engaged in 
farming, from which they derived the name of "The 
Farmers," to distinguish them from the people of Salem 
town. Active, industrious, frugal and intelligent, they 
were well fitted to make fertile and profitable farms 
out of what was then but a rough wilderness. A vast 
amount of patient labor must have been required to first 
break the soil and make the rough places smooth. 

John Putnam's Grant. — It is to be remembered 
that all grants before mentioned were made by the Gen- 
eral Court. The selectmen of Salem, as a town govern- 
ment began to assume shape, also granted land to indi- 
viduals. Among the early grants was that of John 
Putnam, about 1640. Putnam had come from Buck- 
inghamshire, England, with his wife and three sons, and 
as a family thej^ were thrifty and sturdy and embodied 
all the characteristics of the early settlers of the better 
class. His farm included the land along Whipple's 
brook, from Putnam's mill on Sylvan street to the house 
in which Gen. Israel Putnam was born, corner New- 
bury and Maple streets in Danvers. The house in which 
he lived was situated by the side of the old well, which 
may still be seen near "Oak Knoll," on Summer street. 
He was born at Aston Abbots, England, about 1580; 
died in Salem Village, now Danvers, December 30, 



Built about 1647. Destroyed by fire, September, 1865. 

Copied from a memory sketch made by Mrs. Mary Weston Dodge 

O o 


1662. From him are descended all of the name of Put- 
nam in this country. 

Downing and Cole Grants. — Other large grants 
made about this time (1635-38) were to Emanuel 
Downing/ comprising 500 acres in the vicinity of Mount 
Pleasant, Peabody, and also the land in the eastern part 
of the present Danvers, between Beaver Brook and 
Conant street; and to Robert Cole, 300 acres in the 
vicinity of the Rogers farm, "Oak Hill," Peabody. 
Downing was a lawyer of the Inner Temple. His sec- 
ond wife was Lucy Winthrop, sister of the Governor. 
He was father of Sir George Downing, a member of 
the first class graduated from Harvard, and for whom 
Downing street in London, the residence of the Prime 
Minister of England, was named. 

John Porter Estate. — In 1644, John Porter came 
from Hingham, where he had lived a short time, and 
according to tradition sailed up Porter's river, then 
called "Frost Fish river," and settled on its banks at a 
point rear of the present Unity Chapel. He had bought 
from Samuel Sharp the entire territory now known as 
Danvers Plains, 300 acres, for the meager sum of one 
hundred and ten pounds of English money. A few 
years later he purchased the Downing grant just men- 
tioned and other estates, becoming the landowner of the 
time. What is known today as "The Plains," was called 
"Porter's Plain" for years, in honor of John Porter. 
This pioneer built his house on a pleasant knoll just up 
from the river bank, the location of which can still be 
traced. He was a man of Puritan integrity and an 
intimate friend of Governor Endecott throughout the 
latter's life. Porter was a tanner by occupation, and 
is said to have estabhshed the first tannery in New Eng- 

1 See "No. 10 Downing Street," by Ezra D. Hines, in Danvers His- 
torical Collections, Vol. 9. 


land. He shipped at least two consignments of leather 
to the Barbadoes. In civil life he had the highest posi- 
tions within the gift of his townsmen; in time of peril 
he gave his services loyally to his country ; in the church 
he was willing to bear a full share of responsibility. 
From John Porter are descended all the Danvers 
Porters and many of that name throughout the country. 

Dissatisfaction at Salem Village. — During the 
next twenty years, as the population of the Village in- 
creased, from time to time dissatisfaction began to show 
itself among the people. The "Farmers" were obliged 
to ride or walk to Salem town for the transaction of all 
business, both public and private, and for public wor- 
ship. Some wished to be set off from Salem as a sepa- 
rate town, while others expressed themselves as content 
if liberty should be granted them to establish a separate 
parish, still retaining their connection with the town of 
Salem. They were then paying for the support of the 
minister at Salem town, as well as their proportion of 
the town rate, and they rebelled against maintaining a 
church whose services, on account of the distance, they 
could seldom enjoy. 

In 1667, the farmers petitioned the General Court 
for relief from serving on the military watch in Salem 
town, as they claimed that it left their families at home 
improtected. They had appealed to the county court 
without effect, and the town continuing to warn them 
"in his Majesty's name and per order of the Militia," 
they obeyed rather, as they said, to avoid trouble than 
because they thought it was their duty. Major Denni- 
son, the commander of their regiment, being predis- 
posed in their favor. Some of them lived ten miles 
from Salem town, and the nearest were five miles, which, 
including travel to the sentry place, totaled about eleven 
miles that many had to march with arms and ammuni- 


tion. This was, in their estimation, more than a sol- 
dier's march who was under pay. Further, "the distance 
of our houses one from another, some a mile, some fur- 
ther, it beinf;' difficult to send one neighbor to another 
on dark nights in a wilderness so little cleared and ways 
so impassible. When one man is taken away from many 
of our families, of the rest, some are young, some sickly 
and weak not able to help themselves, much less to make 
any resistance if violence be offered. The news that we 
are to watch, strikes like darts to the Hearts of some 
of our wives that are weak. The advantage that Indi- 
ans have by knowledge that such and such families are 
left destitute of help for two or three miles about, for 
example there were 19 warned for one night and had 
they all gone it would have cleared the strength of two 
or three miles. Salem, a populous town of near 300 
able persons, with a fort, pleads that these are danger- 
ous times and they are not able to keep a watch without 
us. These times are not as dangerous to Salem town 
as to our selves, for we know of no obligation upon the 
enemy first to assault Salem Towne when they may 
come to shore at divers other places and come upon us 
by land and meet neither with fort nor 400 men under 
the warning of an alarm. Hath Salem town not more 
cause to send help to us than we to go to them. We 
have not 50 persons for watch, they a compact town, 
we so scattered that 6 or 8 watches will not secure us 
and so far from the town that Cambridge Village or 
INIilton may as easy go to Boston to watch as we to 
Salem, and leave their families in a great deal more 
safety because they have towns near to help them." 
This petition was signed by Job Swinerton, Sr., Robert 
Goodell, Philip Knight, Jonathan Knight, Isaac 
Goodell, Zachery Goodell, Robert Prince, Joseph 
Houlton, Jonathan Walcott, Xathaniel Ingerson, Rob- 
ert Moulton, John Smith, Nathaniel Carrill, Job Swin- 


erton, Jr., Thomas Flint, Giles Cory, Thomas Small, 
Benjamin Woodrow, John Leach, Joshua Rea, James 
Hadlock, John Porter, Richard Hutchinson, Jacob 
Barney, Jr., Jacob Barney, Sr., Richard Leach, Na- 
thaniel Putnam, Joseph Hutchinson, Henry Kenny, 
Joseph Porter, John Putnam. As a result, the colony 
decreed that all "Farmers' who lived four miles from 
the Salem meeting house should be exempt.^ 

Petition for the New Parish and Boundaries. — 
At length, in 1670, a formal petition- was presented 
to the town of Salem, asking for a separate parochial 
organization. The petitioners were Thomas Small, Lott 
Kellum, John Smith, John Buxton, John Wilkins, 
Jonathan Knight, Philip Knight, Thomas Flint, John 
Hutchinson, Richard Hutchinson, Job Swinerton, Rob- 
ert Goodale, Nathaniel Putnam, Thomas Fuller, John 
Putnam, Bray Wilkins, John Gingill, Nathaniel Inger- 
soU, Thomas Putnam. To this the Villagers received 
a sort of half-hearted assent. 

Another petition presented to the General Court in 
1672 gave them the authority to organize a parish, hire 
a minister, and erect a meeting house, the inhabitants 
of the Village to be taxed for the support of the same. 
Thus they were released from longer paying taxes to 
Salem town for the support of preaching. The new 
parish, called "Salem Village Parish," included all the 
families living in the territory now covered by Danvers 
(except Danversport), about half of Peabody and a 
portion of Beverly. 

Explanation of "The Parish." — This territory 
was set off for parish purposes only. A parish in those 
days did not signify what it does today. It was distinct 

1 Mass. Archives, Vol. 112, leaf 175, 

2 The orig-inal is to be seen at the First Church parsonage. A copy 
is at Town Hall. 

Built about 1679. Opened as " Ferncroft Inn " in 1S92 Destroyed by fire May 11, 1906 


Built about ,665. on land originally granted to Emanuel Downing, by Joseph Porter, who received 

the land as his portion upon marriage with Anna, daughter of Major William Hathorne. 

Came into possession of Captain Dudley Bradstreet about 1810 


from the church organization. The parish was, in 
reahty, the town, and in the parish meeting all matters 
relating to the schools, roads, raising of men and money 
in time of war, as well as the support of preaching, 
were discussed and acted upon, as in the town meetings 
of the present day. So that these old parish records are 
substantially the records of town business up to the 
time the Town of Danvers was set off from Salem 

It was understood that no church organization was 
to be formed at first in the new district. The Salem 
church was unwilling to part at once with such a large 
number of its members. Consequently, during the first 
few years of the existence of the parish, the people still 
retained their membership in the old church at Salem. 

First Meeting; First Meeting House. — The 
"Farmers" held their first meeting on November 11, 
1672, levied their taxes and engaged Mr. Bayley, a 
young man of twenty-two, a graduate of Harvard, as 
their first minister at the small salary of forty pounds 
a year. Mr. Bajdey was a well-meaning man, but he 
was inexperienced, and disagreements between him and 
tile people characterized his pastorate. The following 
year (1673) the first meeting house was erected. It 
was a small, rude wooden structure, 34 feet long and 
28 feet wide. In addition to money paid by the people 
to build the house, butter and wheat were accepted, 
which being choice articles in those days could be 
readilj^ exchanged for nails and glass. The windows of 
glass were made to swing outward in opening, and in 
general appearance it was similar to other houses of 
that period. It was situated on land given by Joseph 
Hutchinson, in the field now corner of Hobart and 
Forest streets. 


Mr. Bayley afterwards became a physician, removing 
t«) Roxbury. He died in 1707. Subsequent ministers 
have been: George Burroughs, 1680-83; Deodat Law- 
son, 1684-88; Samuel Parris, 1688-96; Rev, Joseph 
Green, 1698-1715; Rev. Peter Clark, 1717-68; Rev. 
Benj. Wadsworth, 1772-1826; Rev. M. P. Braman, 
1826-61; Rev. C. B. Rice, 1863-94; Rev. C. M. Geer, 
1894-97; Rev. H. C. Adams, 1897-1910; Rev. C. S. 
Bodwell, 1910-14; Rev. A. V. House, 1914. 

Salem Village Militia and Training Place. — A 
marked feature of the men of Salem Village was their 
military spirit. In 1671 a military company was 
formed. Adults of every description joined it, includ- 
ing men much beyond middle life. Titles of rank once 
obtained in the militia were never forsaken by the 
"Farmers." Their training place from the earliest times 
was the "Common" at Danvers Highlands, which was 
given by Deacon Nathaniel Ingersoll in his will of 1709, 
to the inhabitants of Salem Village for a training place 
forever. Here the sturdy yeoman learned the manual 
of arms; here the minute-men rallied for the march to 
Lexington ; and in all the wars of this country this spot 
has been the scene of numberless drills. The boulder 
which marks the field, bears the following inscription : 

Deacon Nathaniel Ingersoll 


OF Salem Village as 

A Training Place Forever. 

to the memory of him, and of the 

brave men who have gone hence 

to protect their homes and to 

serve their country, this stone 

is erected by the 

Town, 1894. 

when we belonged to salem 19 

Salem Village in King Philip's War;^ The 
Narragansett Fight. — The Village was largely repre- 
sented in all the engagements of the terrible war known 
as "King Phihp's War" (1675-76) . Philip was an able 
and great Indian leader. From the moment the wliite 
man landed, he saw the doom of the Indian sealed. He 
had exchanged the rude bow and arrow for the English 
musket, and flattered himself that he would be the more 
prepared to meet the redman's foe. For many years he 
remained friendly to the settlers, but his nature revolted 
at the growing encroachments of the English, and in 
1675 he struck the fearful blows that sent consternation 
throughout the Colony. He fought bravely for two 
years, his warriors surprising, attacking and burning 
towns all over the colony, but at last he was surrounded 
by a force of English soldiers, and shot as mercilessly as 
he had dealt with the colonists. At the storming of 
Narragansett Fort, December 19, 1675, were five men^ 
from Salem Village, who served in Capt. Prentice's 
troop of horse,^ and seven^ in the command of Major 
Samuel Appleton. Capt. Joseph Gardner, who was a 
man of much importance in Salem, commanded a com- 
pany, nine^ of whom were from the Village. Captain 
Davenport, another native of Salem Village, had com- 
mand of a force and fell in the fight. When killed, he 
was dressed in a buff suit. These men in the heart of 
the winter penetrated the fastnesses of the Indians and 

1 See "Soldiers in King- Philip's War," by Rev. G. M. Bodge. 

2 They were Thomas Putnam, Jr., Thomas Flint, Sr., Joseph Hutch- 
inson, Henry Kenney and Thomas Howard. 

3 Horse companies were composed of fifty men, with a captain, lieu- 
tenant, trumpeter, quartermaster, sergeants, clerk, corporals and cor- 
net, the latter in place of the drummer of the foot companies, 

4 They were Israel Herrick, Thomas Abbey, John Raymond, Robert 
Leach, Samuel Hebbert, Stephen Butler, Samuel Verry. 

5 They were Joseph Houlton, Jr., Tliomas Flint, Thomas Kenney, 
John Stacey, Eleazer Lyndsey, Thomas Bell, Charles Knight, Isaac 
Reed, William Hathorne. 


in the face of a fearful fire attacked the forts of the 
enemy. There were nine^ others from the Village in 
the Narragansett fight, making a total of thirty-eight 
in that expedition alone. Eight more" were in Capt. 
Nicholas Page's company of troopers in the expedition 
against Mount Hope, the home of Phihp, the same 

Villagers Killed at Bloody Brook. — By far the 
most terrible engagement of the war was the famous 
conflict at Bloody Brook, in Deerfield, on Sept. 18, 
1675, when Capt. Thomas Lothrop and seventy- one of 
his men, almost entirely from Essex county, were slain 
by the Indians. Capt. Lothrop was one of the tax 
payers of Salem Village, although his home was in the 
present Beverly. He married Bethia Rea, who lived at 
the Rea-Putnam-Eowler house, off Locust street, Put- 
namville. She was the daughter of Daniel Rea, who 
was granted land in that locality in 1632, and who prob- 
ably built the house now standing, owned by the Fowler 
estate. His undaunted courage had won for him much 
fame in the earlier Indian wars, and many young men 
from the best families in the colony eagerly joined his 
company. For this reason, the companj?^ was known 
as "The Flower of Essex." They were surprised when 
off their guard by a band of Indians, and a wholesale 
slaughter ensued. Indeed, the brook near by was said 
to have been dyed red with the blood of the soldiers, 
from which fact it has always been known as "Bloody 

1 They were Joseph Proctor, Nathaniel Ingersoll, Wm. Osborn, Jo- 
seph Needham, Francis Coard, Benj. Wilkins, John Whipple, Daniel 

2 They were! John Dodge, Win. Dodge, Joseph Herrick, Thomas Abbey, 
Wm. Kaymond, Thomas Raymond, Thomas Putnam, Jr., Eobert Leach, 
Peter Pi-escott. — Massachusetts Archives. 


HeU at Bofton the i^- of May 

For defraying the Charges already expended upon the VVarre, 
and other Charges arifing in the further profecution thereof, 
It is Ordered by thisCourt and the Authority thereof, that there 
Hiall be ten fingle Countrcy Rates forthwith alTcfTcd, and collcdcd 
according to Lsw, to be paid in fpecie as formerly*, and to abate one quar- 
ter part to any that fha'I pay money. Alfo that the Seled Men be allowed 
,and impowf red to rate luch by Will and Doom as are known to be men 
of ability, whole eQatcs in a great meafurelye out of the reach of the 
Law being undifcovcredjWithout abatement on accoifnt of any mans pay- 
ing for importation of Goods, and in cafeof aggrievanceby ovcr-valua- 
tio.i, relict be to given to fuch in fuch a way as the Liw provides: Provided, 
that (uch frontier Towns as are confiderably weaknedin mens Perfons 
orEftarcs by the Enemy, be allowed ameer abatement of their propor- 
tions in the Rates, their Conditon being by their Dcputycsorothcrs ap-" 
pointed, reprefcnted to this Court at their next SelTions :• And where any 
jPerfons in any of ihe Towns have disburfcd for the publick relating 
to the Wjrr, they (liall be allowed and paid the fame out of the Rates of 
fuch Towns where they dwells and that this fliallbe in the toom of all 
bills for aiTcfling of Rates paffed this SelTions of Court. 

By the COURT Edward ^an>fon Sccr. 


From a broadside in tlie Essex County Quarterly Court Files 


Brook." The brave captain and ten young men from 
the Village were among the massacred/ 

"But beating hearts, far, far away. 
Broke at the story's fearful truth, 
And maidens sweet, for many a day 
Wept o'er the vanished dreams of youth ; 
By the blue distant ocean-tide 
Wept 3^ears, lono- years, to hear them tell 
How bv the wild wood's lonelv side 
The 'Flower of Essex' fell." ' 

Erection of Watch House. — According to the 
custom of the early settlers, a watch house was erected 
in 1676 on the rise which is now the parsonage pasture 
at Danvers Highlands. Formerly there was a consider- 
able elevation at this point, being a favorable place for a 
watch house, which was designed for observation and 
defence against the Indians. It was probably a strong 
building of logs. This elevation was called "Watch 
House Hill" for many years. 

Killed by the Indians. — When the settlers of Sa- 
lem landed, the Indians had vacated their former haunts, 
and thus history has no tales of mJdnight massacre and 
sudden ambuscade in this immediate locality. However, 
when men wandered into the outskirts of the town 
through what was then a wilderness they took their lives 
in their hands. In 1689, John Bishop and Nicholas 
Reed, and the following year, Godfrey Sheldon, all 
young men, were killed by the Indians in the woods. 

Chukch Organized. — It was not for seventeen 
years (1689) after the Salem Village Parish was set 

1 Killed from the Villao-e weTe : Thomas Dayley, Edward Trask, 
Josiah Dodpre, Peter Woodbury. Joseph Raich, Thomas Buckley, .Joseph 
Kincr. Piobert Wilson, James Tufts, Thomas Smith, the latter a native 
of Ne'\vburv, but then a resident of the Villa^'e. 


off from Salem, that the church itself was organized. 
A covenant or agreement was drawn up, to which the 
people assented in order to become members, in much 
the same manner as at present. The new organization 
was called "The Church of Christ at Salem Village," 
and was the beginning of the First Church, Danvers 
Highlands, of today.^ 


The New Charter. — After the surrender of the 
Colonial Charter (1684) until 1692, the government 
was in the hands of a president and council for a time. 
Then Sir Edmund Andros took the reins of govern- 
ment, but he levied taxes in such an abhorrent fashion 
and behaved in general in such an obnoxious manner, 
that when William and Mary came to the throne in 
England, he was recalled. 

King William was determined to form a new govern- 
ment in Massachusetts. It was to be known as the 
Province of Massachusetts Bay, and included the Ply- 
mouth Colony and the Province of Maine, in addition to 
the Massachusetts colony. The Charter was received 
in 1692, and in the spring of that year Sir William 
Phips, the new Governor, arrived in Boston. 

How THE New Charter Differed from the Old. 
— The new Charter provided that the officers of the new 
Province should consist of a Governor, Deputy-Gover- 
nor and Secretary, to be appointed by the King, instead 
of the people. This restricted the liberty of the people, 
and may be regarded as the source of all future troubles 
with the mother country. The Charter provided that 

1 The records of the Church have been restored, and are deposited 
in the First Church parsonage at Danvers Centre. 


the twenty-eight councillors should be chosen by the 
people, and gave each town the authority to send two 
deputies to the General Court. But for all this seeming 
freedom, the power was in the hands of the King, and 
the colonies became henceforth dependencies of the 

The Witchcraft Delusion; First Symptoms. — 
The covenant to which the people subscribed in the new 
church at Salem Village certainly promised better things 
than what followed in the terrible tragedy known as 
the witchcraft delusion, which broke out in 1692. The 
delusion originated in the family of Rev. Samuel Par- 
ris,^ the pastor of the church, who, instead of prevent- 
ing the spread of the trouble as he might easily have 
done in the beginning, rather urged on the accusations 
and persecutions. Parris had been a merchant in the 
West Indies before entering the ministry, and the study 
of the gospel seemed not to modulate his naturally 
grasping nature. He brought with him an Indian 
woman named Tituba, as a servant, who, like others of 
Iier race, was full of strange weird tales, which she re- 
lated to the amusement of the children of the neighbor- 
hood. This was an age of superstition, and the stories 
had a bad effect upon the easily excited natures of the 
people. Children of varying ages were accustomed to 
meet eveninfr's at INIr. Parris's house for the practice of 
palmistry and other magic arts, in which Tituba and 
her stories figured prominently. Soon the young girls" 
began to practice the little tricks they had learned, and 

1 Parris was in trouble with his parishioners continually, and at the 
close of the witchcraft delusion he became even more unpopular. At 
last, after many disp^ites, he resigned in 1696. 

2 They were Elizabeth Parris, aged 9, daughter of the minister, 
Abigail Williams, aged 11. Ann Putnam, aged 12, daughter of Thomas 
Putnam, the parish clerk, iViary Walcott, Mercy Le^\'^s and Elizabeth 
Hubbard, aged 17, Elizabeth Booth, Susannah Sheldon, ISfary Warren 
and Sarah Churchill, adults. 


excited by the sport and the impression they made on 
their parents and friends, they foohshly continued their 
antics until they were in reaHty wrought up to a point 
of frenzy. 

To say that their parents and friends were shocked 
at their actions does not half express it. They knew 
not whether to scold or to pity, and with their natural 
tendency to attribute everything they could not under- 
stand to the supernatural, they thought the evil spirit 
had taken possession of them. Then they held prayer 
meetings for the benefit of the afflicted ones. At last 
Dr. Griggs^ was called, and he calmly and without hesi- 
tation pronounced it witchcraft." Thus did ignorance 
place the seal of doom upon the Village. 

More Strange Actions; The First Accused. — 
The condition of affairs as soon as it became known 
that there were witches in the Village is not difficult to 
imagine. The people at once gave way to superstitious 
fears, and such a commotion was never seen before, and 
has not been seen since in the new world. If these chil- 
dren had become witches, surely someone must have 
bewitched them, the people reasoned, and the thing to 
do was to find the guilty ones. Accordingly, the ques- 
tion was put to the "afflicted children," as they were 
called, "Who has bewitched you? Give us the names!" 
By this time the children had become so frightened at 
the great excitement which had grown out of their first 
harmless tricks, that they seemed almost about to con- 
fess that it was their own willful desire for a sensation 
that had started the whole trouble. But the fear of the 
older people was contagious, and stimulated by the 
urgent supplications of their parents and friends to tell 

iThe first physician at Salem Village. He lived near Folly Hill, 
then known as Leach's Hill. See Danvers Historical Collections,*Vol. 6. 
2 See Oliver Wendell Holmes' "The Broomstick Train." 

^ ^ «i 

"^ ,X'K? 

I N^r^ 












L • 


Built in i6q7, by Sergt. Thomas Putnam, whose daughter, Ann Putnam, was one of 

the " afflicted children '' of i6g2 


Built about 1660, by Robert Prince, whose widow Sarah (Prince) Osborne was accused of 

witchcraft. The house was removed in 1916 from Spring Street to Maple Street, 

and remodelled into a modern dwelling. 


who had cast such a spell upon them, they began to cry 
out against the old Indian woman, Tituba, and other 
poor, half-crazy women of the neighborhood. 

Still they were not satisfied, and these young "play 
actors" added to their accomplishments by interrupting 
the minister in the midst of his discourse with crazy 
speeches, by having fits and fainting spells, and by 
accusing persons of their acquaintance of pinching them 
and sticking pins^ into them. At first onlj^ feeble-minded 
outcasts were accused, but before the delusion ended 
some of the most prominent and saintly people of the 
neighborhood became victims. It is also significant 
that many of the victims had been previously mixed up 
in the petty quarrels of the neighborhood, and it ap- 
peared to be a good chance to pay off old grudges. 

Examinations of Accused. — The first of the ac- 
cused were examined in the meeting house before a large 
concourse of people by the magistrates, Jonathan Cor- 
win^ and John Hathorne.^ They were the Indian wo- 
man, Sarah Good, a poor beggar,and Sarah Osborn,^ 
whose mind was imbalanced. Sarah Good testified that 
Sarah O shorn had bewitched her, and the latter was 
taken to Boston jail where she soon died. Tituba, the 
cause of the awful delusion, was allowed her freedom, 

1 Somef of these pins used in the prosecutions are now to be seen 
in tlie oflRee of the Clerk of the Courts, Salem. 

2 His house is now known as the "Old Witch House." corner North 
and Essex streets, Salem, where it is supposed some of the examina- 
tions took place. 

3 Son of Major Wm. Hathorne, and was born in Salem, August 4, 
1641. He served on the bench of the Superior Court until his resig- 
nation in 1712. He died in Salem, May 10, 1717. 

4 Wife of Robert Prince, who built, in 1660, the house formerly on 
Spring street, moved in 1916 to IMaple street. After his death she 
married Alexander Osborn, who had comei here from Ireland, a redemp- 
tioner. It is said that Sarah Prince bought out his time of the man 
he was serving, hired him to work on her farm, and afterward 
married him. 


her foolish prattle seeming to convince the officials that 
she was a victim of others' sorcery. 

Action Taken by Ministers and Magistrates; 
Cotton Mather. — Soon the contagion spread, and no 
one in the neighborhood was safe from accusation. The 
slightest movement from the ordinary course was suffi- 
cient to cause arrest and perhaps imprisonment and 
death. Even the ministers, particularly Rev. Nicholas 
Noyes^ of the Salem church, were drawn into the pop- 
ular delusion, and instead of attempting to suppress it, 
they considered it their duty to aid the persecutions and 
in that way to fight the Evil One. The magistrates, 
also, whose superior knowledge ought to have given 
them more common sense, did all in their power to sen- 
tence the accused. TsTo wonder is it that the common 
people believed in witchcraft, when such leaders as these 
gave it their sanction and support. 

Cotton Mather was one of the most cruel and bitter 
adversaries. He was the most learned person in the 
country, which makes his behavior in this crisis seem 
almost unaccountable. He attempted to incite a similar 
movement in Boston, but failed, and then he redoubled 
his energy in the Salem affair. He was extremely well 
satisfied with his own ability in everj^ direction,^ and 
believed he was doing God's work when he obtained 
the sentence of death upon his helpless victims. 

Giles and Martha Corey. — Giles Corey, one of the 
most unpopular men in the Village, over eighty years 
of age, was a constant attendant at the examinations 
in the meeting house. He became infatuated with the 

1 Graduate of Harvard in 1667. Ordained pastor of Salem church, 

2 "He was ambitious, and would he leadino-, sword in hand, to 
annihilate someone or something. In the name of God he would 
conquer, and make Cotton Mather famous. Most men hoped to become 
ang-els, but nothincr. if we may .iudg-e from his own ^vords. w^ould have 
contented him but to be an archangel." — Upham's Outlines. 


proceedings, much to the discomfort of his wife Martha, 
who was a good Christian woman. She stands out as 
one of the few who did not beheve in witchcraft. For 
her persistency in declaring against the popular belief, 
she was arrested, and was among the first executed, 
September 22, 1692, on Gallows Hill. She protested 
her innocency to the last. Giles, filled with retribution 
at his wife's imprisonment, came to his senses, but it 
was too late. He, too, was arrested on April 19, 1692, 
and excommunicated from the church. By this time he 
had full}'- awakened to the monstrosity of the prevailing 
delusion. Brought to trial, he refused to speak a word 
either in refutation or acknowledgment of the charges 
against him. This was a penal oflFence according to an 
old English law, the punishment consisting of laying 
the prisoner nearly naked on the bare floor of a prison 
cell and placing a heavy iron weight upon his chest until 
he should make reply. This was Giles Corey's expia- 
tion. The old man never spoke. He died three days 
before his wife was executed, a martyr to ignorance and 

Rebecca Xurse. — Among the people of Salem Vil- 
lage there were none more respected than Francis Nurse 
and his wife Rebecca. They lived comfortably on the 
Townsend-Bishop farm,^ and withheld themselves from 
the prevalent superstition. Rebecca Nurse was seventy 
years of age, a pious Christian woman, the mother of a 
large family, and at this time in feeble health. This 
saintly woman was meted out as a victim of the insane 
delusion, and when two of her friends called to tell her 

1 Townsend Bishop erected this house in 1636, on a grant of land 
which was made to him by tlie town of Salem in that year. It 
adjoined the! Governor Endecott g'rant. It was afterwards bong-ht by 
tlie Governor, and later passed into the hands of Nurse. It is now 
the property of the Rebecca Nurse Association, which purchased the 
estate in 1907. 


of the dreadful calamity about to befall her, she received 
the news with calm resignation as she did later the ex- 
aminations to which she was subjected. A paper sii^ned 
by thirty-nine of her friends^ of the highest respectability 
in the Village, attesting her blameless character, was 
offered at her trial. This together with her firmness in 
answering to the charges against her, induced the jury 
to bring in a verdict of "Not Guilty." This infuriated 
the mob. The magistrates were frightened, ordered the 
verdict withdrawn, and sentenced the poor woman to 
death. She was executed, and her body thrown with 
others into holes among the rocks of Gallows Hill, 
witches not being allowed Christian burial. As she 
ascended the scaffold she said, "I am innocent, and God 
will clear my innocency." Family tradition says that 
her husband and sons recovered her body and buried it 
under the pines near her old home, where a monument 
was erected to her memory in 1 885 by the Nurse Asso- 
ciation. The following inscription is engraved thereon: 

"Oh, Christian Martyr! who for truth could die, 
When all about thee owned the hideous lie, 
The world redeemed by Superstition's sway 
Is breathing freer for thy sake today." 

— Whitiier. 

Joseph Putnam's Protestations. — One of the 
brightest spots, if there were any such in those trying 
times, was the conduct of Joseph Putnam. He was a 
young man of only twenty-two, yet he dared to declare 
himself unequivocally against the whole witchcraft pro- 
ceedings from the beginning. Such a course required a 
courage of which the people of today can have little con- 
ception. He fearlessly absented himself from meeting, 

1 a stone to the memory of these loving friends has been erected 
in the Nurse burying ground. 


















*— I 





























Built abiLit 1636, by Townsend Bishop. Purchased by Governor Endecott, in 1648. 

Later in possession of the Rev. John Allen, of Boston, who sold to Francis Nurse, in 1678. 

House open to visitors upon payment of a small admission fee 

From a painting by Matteson, in possession of the Essex Institute, Salem 


which meant much in those days when everybody at- 
tended service, and even went so far as to take his infant 
child to Salem to be baptized. He pronounced the 
whole thing a delusion and a fraud, notwithstanding 
his brothers were very active in the accusations. 
Strangely enough, too, while others who had uttered 
only the faintest protestations against the proceedings 
were executed, Joseph Putnam was left severely alone. 
Probably they thought that it would be easier to con- 
vict feeble old women than a man in the vigor of youth. 
For six months he kept one of his horses under saddle 
night and day, ready to ride out of the country should 
he be accused. He and his family were constantly armed, 
and he gave fair warning that if anybody attempted 
to arrest him, it would be at the peril of life. Had 
there been more Joseph Putnams, there would have been 
no witchcraft delusion. He was the father of Gen. 
Israel Putnam. His brother, Thomas Putnam, was the 
father of Ann Putnam, before mentioned. 

George Jacobs. — Another of the victims of the mania 
was George Jacobs, an old man, of unusual height and 
with long white locks. He lived with his son and family 
in the house still standing at the Jacobs farm off Waters 
street, Danversport. The whole family, except the 
small children, were accused, but the grandfather was 
the only one executed, on August 19, 1692, the son flee- 
ing for his life. When on trial he said: "Well, burn 
me or hang me, I will stand in the truth of Christ." 
The bod}^ of George Jacobs was found by the grandson 
of the aged man after the execution, and strapping it 
on the back of a horse, he brought it to the farm and 
buried it. 

The Rich Accused; The Last Days. — It seemed 
at last as if the only way to prevent accusation was to 
become an accuser, and a perfect panic ensued. Not 


only were the poor attacked, but those of the highest 
standing in the community became victims, and even 
the ministers came in for a share of the pubhc dis- 
approval. Rev. Mr. Burroughs, a former minister at 
Salem Village being among those who lost their lives. 

But the last days were at hand, and the death blow 
was given the panic when the wife of Rev. John Hale, 
of the Beverly church, was accused. She was a noble 
woman, and so unjust seemed such a charge that the 
people suddenly awoke to a realization of the awfulness 
of the situation. From that time the storm ceased, and 
the most outrageous tragedy ever enacted in the moral 
world was over. Governor Phips ordered that no more 
cases of witchcraft be tried. The prisons were full of 
suspected witches. The doors were now opened and 
the occupants once more stepped out into God's free 
air. Twenty had sacrificed their lives during the delu- 
sion. They were: Bridget Bishop, Sarah Good, Sarah 
Wildes, Elizabeth How, Rebecca Nurse, Susanna Mar- 
tin, George Burroughs, John Proctor, George Jacobs, 
John Willard, Martha Carrier, Martha Corey, Mary 
Easty, Alice Parker, Ann Pudeator, Margaret Scott, 
Wilmot Reed, Samuel Wardwell, Mary Parker, Giles 
Corey, Sarah Osborn. 



The New Meeting House. — It was now nearly 
thirty years since the first meeting house was built. It 
was considerably out of repair, was becoming too small 
for the increasing population, and as the scene of so 
many examinations during the witchcraft daj^s the asso- 
ciations were decidedly unpleasant. In 1700 the parish 
voted to erect a meeting house on Watch House Hill, 


the land being given by Deacon Nathaniel Ingersoll. 
The dimensions of the new building were 48 by 42 feet. 
It had a sort of tower and a hip roof, and there were 
galleries within. The cost was three hundred and thirty 
pounds, old tenor, which sum was raised partially by 
subscription. It was over a year in process of construc- 
tion, and is supposed to have been built by Capt. Thomas 
Flint. The "Farmers" showed natural shrewdness in 
one instance, at least, which is worthy of mention. 
They voted that all who had their way to the meeting 
house shortened b}^ the change of location should do the 
work of levelling the new ground, and they clinched it 
by further declaring that the building should not "be 
raised" until levelling had been completed. It was in 
this building that all the town affairs were conducted 
up to 1752. 

Seating of the Meeting House. — It was the old 
custom to appoint a committee to "seat the meeting 
house," that is, to assign the seats to the various persons 
in the parish. They were seated first according to age, 
then office, and last, taxes. Families were separated, 
the men on one side, the women on the other, rough 
benches serving as seats in the body of the house. This 
custom prevailed for many years. 

Early French Wars. — Salem Village was repre- 
sented in all the early French and Indian wars. During 
Queen Anne's war (1702-13) eight men from the Vil- 
lage were impressed into service to help man the "Fly- 
ing Horse" of Salem (1703).^ This was an armed 
cruiser which was fitted out in Salem for protection 
from the maraudings of Spanish pirates along the coast. 
On July 3, 1706, a garrison was stormed at Dunstable, 
and Holyoke, son of Edward Putnam of Salem Village, 

1 See Hanson's "History of Danvers," page 39. 


and three other soldiers were killed. August 28, 1708, 
upon alarm that the French and Indians were attacking 
Haverhill, a company of foot and troop of horse from 
the Village hastened to the rescue of the inhabitants, 
and pursued the flying Indians for some distance. 
Rev. Joseph Green, the worthy pastor of the church, 
seized his gun and joined with his parishioners in the 

Middle Precinct Set Off. — Like the people of the 
Village, those residing in the section now Peabody, de- 
sired to set up a parish of their own. Some had been 
connected with the Village parish, but the majority 
were members of the church in Salem. They, too, found 
the distance to Salem too great, and in answer to a 
petition presented at the town meeting in Salem in 1710, 
a lot of land was granted,^ and the Middle Precinct was 
established. A meeting house 51 by 38 feet was com- 
pleted the following year. The first pastor was Rev. 
Benjamin Prescott. At the request of Bray Wilkins, 
that part of the present town of Middleton known in 
early days as "Bellingham's Grant," was also included 
in the Middle Precinct. 

Judge Timothy Lindall. — Early in the 18th cen- 
tury, people of Salem began to look to Danvers, still 
called Salem Village, as a place for permanent resi- 
dence. Thus it happened that in 1715 Judge Timothy 
Lindall purchased at "Porter's Plain," so-called, a large 
tract of land and a house which had been built by Israel 
Porter in the latter part of the 17th century. Here he 
lived until his death in 1760, cultivating his farm and 
entering into the religious and civil life of the com- 
munity. The memory of Judge Lindall is still pre- 
served by "Lindall Hill," which was a part of his farm, 

1 The site of the South Church, Peabody Square. 

X. s 

o o 

Built by John Houlton, before 1692 

Built probably soon after 16S1 


the house in which he lived, of the 17th century lean-to 
type, situated at the corner of Locust and Poplar streets, 
having been demolished when the George W. Fiske 
house was erected in 1882. 

Judge Lindall came from one of the most distin- 
guished families in Massachusetts, his father, Timothy 
Lindall, being a prominent merchant and owner of ves- 
sels in Salem, and his mother belonging to the Verens, 
that well-known family which figured as court officials 
for years. Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, President of 
Harvard College, was his cousin, whose nephew later, 
curiously enough, came to Danvers as pastor of the 
First Church, the church which Judge Lindall attended 
and to which he presented a silver communion cup. He 
graduated from Harvard in 1695, at the age of eighteen, 
and for twenty years thereafter was a successful mer- 
chant in Boston and Salem. By his first wife, Jane 
Pool, he had five children, and by his second wife, 
Bethiah Kitchen, daughter of the Salem merchant Rob- 
ert Kitchin, he had two. Of all this family but one 
survived, Jane, who married Francis Borland of Boston 
and by intermarriages of later generations with the 
Winthrops, was the ancestor of Hon. Robert C. Win- 
throp. Thomas Lindall Winthrop, a great-grandson 
of Judge Lindall, owned "Lindall Hill" from 1760- 
1795, when he sold to William Burley, who owned "Bur- 
ley Farm." Judge Lindall acquired an ample fortune 
and was able to follow his natural inclinations, which 
seem to have led him to politics. He served as Repre- 
sentative, Speaker of the House, Member of the Coun- 
cil, and was appointed Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in 1729. He was buried in the Charter Street 
Cemetery, Salem. 

The First School; How Established. — It speaks 
well for the early settlers that they made provision for 


the education of their children. There had been schools 
in Salem town for many years, and it had been neces- 
sary for the Village children to attend school there. A 
school is said to have been held near Dr. Griggs' at 
Folly Hill, about 1692, but that is outside the present 
limits of Danvers. The parish was growing rapidly 
now, and in 1708 the minister, Rev. Joseph Green,^ 
determined to have a "good schoolmaster to teach their 
children to read and write and cypher and everything 
that is good." He made known his desires to the people, 
who, in general, approved of his plan, and he then set 
about building a schoolhouse. Deacon Ingersoll, always 
liberal and public spirited, gave the land at the upper 
end of the training field for the purpose, and the min- 
ister paid for the building out of his own salary, assisted 
by a few whom he had succeeded in interesting. This 
was the first schoolhouse erected in the present town of 

First Teacher. — The building once started, the min- 
ister was not willing to wait for its completion. He 
hired a room in a house near by, and engaged Mrs. 
Katherine Deland to teach, bearing all the expenses 
himself. This school continued to be supported for 
several years at private expense in the new schoolhouse. 

Since 1701, the Villagers had been endeavoring to 
induce the town of Salem to establish a school in their 
midst, but it was not till 1712 that the request was 
granted. Mrs. Deland was the recipient of five pounds 
a year for two years, the money being furnished by 
Salem; at the expiration of this time she was succeeded 
by Samuel Andrew. He received seven pounds, forty 
shillings per year. Later the custom of holding school 
sessions at houses in different parts of the Village was 
inaugurated, and the schoolhouse was deserted. From 

1 See his diai'y, Essex Institute Collections. 


this time to the incorporation of the district of Danvers 
(1752) the parish conducted all matters relating to the 

Wills Hill Set Off. — Parish affairs seem to have 
run along smoothly during the next fourteen years, 
and the people were happy and united, but the residents 
at Wills Hill, now Middleton,^ began to clamor for a 
separation on the ground of distance from the meeting 
house at the Village, just as a half century before the 
Villagers had asked to be released from the mother 
church at Salem. The petition was renewed several 
years, and finally in 1728 twenty-four from the Village 
parish received letters of dismissal to the new church 
at Middleton. 

Pioneers from Danvers. — Among pioneer commu- 
nities settled by people from this immediate locality was 
that of New Salem in the western part of Massachu- 
setts. As early as 1729 Joseph Andrews and others 
petitioned the General Court for a grant of land there, 
but it was not until 1734 that Salem men with their 
families migrated to that then far wilderness. The 
reason given in the petition for removing from Salem 
was that it was "the most ancient town in the Province 
and they were very much straightened in lands whereon 
to settle themselves and their children." In addition 
to the fact that there was a scarcity of unappropriated 
land in Salem, the allurement of pioneering was also 
an important factor, an instinct which so strongly char- 
acterized our New England forbears. Among those 
from Salem Village who settled in New Salem were 
John Buxton, John Preston, Jonathan Darling, Israel 
Andrew, Samuel Foster, Benjamin Holten, Amos Put- 
nam, James Clough, and many from Peabody and 
Salem town. Later, in 1797, two of these pioneer fom- 

3 Middleton was ineorpoi-ated in June, 1728. 


ilies, the Houltons and Putnams, again felt the call, and 
leaving New Salem journeyed to the uninhabited re- 
gions of Maine and founded Houlton. As did their 
fathers, they opened the wilderness and established 
homes on the rugged and inhospitable frontier.^ 

Steps Toward a Town. — The project which for 
sixt}^ years had agitated the people of the Village and 
Middle Precincts was not abandoned. The desire for 
a complete separation from Salem could not be over- 
come. The demand for a division was constantly re- 
newed, until in 1733 a formal petition- was sent to the 
town of Salem. It stated as the principal reason, that 
a great number of the Villagers lived five or six miles 
from the town house and some even more than that, and 
it was extremely difficult for them to attend the town 
meetings. The petition was set aside. Seven years later 
(1740) the inhabitants of the Middle Precinct appointed 
a committee to confer with the "Farmers" at the Vil- 
lage in regard to joining forces in an attempt to be set 
ofi' as a distinct township. But Salem was determined 
to hold all her villages intact, and defeated this project 
by promising to maintain two schools in the Village 
territory and one at the Middle Precinct. But still the 
farmers were not pacified. The people of the two pre- 
cincts desired to manage their own affairs, and time only 
multiplied their reasons and desires for a separation. 

Browne's Folly. — About 1740, William Browne, a 
wealthy merchant of Salem, erected an elegant mansion 
for a country home on the summit of Folly Hill. The 
building consisted of two wings two stories high, con- 
nected by a spacious hall, much in the shape of the 
letter H. He named the place "Browne's Hall." The 

1 See "Salem and New Salem," by Rev. A. V. House, in Danvers Hist. 
Coll., Vol. 5, p. 90, 

2 See Hanson's "History of Danver.s," page 44. 


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floor of the hall was painted in imitation of mosaic, and 
the finish of the house was most costly throughout, cor- 
responding to the wealth of its owner. At the foot of 
the hill stood the farmhouse connected with the place, 
while on the hill was a building adjacent for the domes- 
tics, all of whom were negroes. Here the wealthy mer- 
chant hospitably entertained many distinguished guests. 

William Browne was born in Salem, May 7, 1709, 
and graduated at Harvard in 1727, in the class with 
Thomas Hutchinson and Jonathan Trumbull. In 1737 
he married INIary Burnet, granddaughter of the cele- 
brated Bishop of Salisbury, who was not then 15 years 
of age. He married, second, Mary, daughter of Philip 
French, Esq., of Brunswick, N. J. He was a repre- 
sentative to the General Court and a member of the 
executive council. He died April 27, 1763, and was 
buried in Charter Street burying ground, Salem. This 
hilP and the lane along its base was one of the favorite 
haunts of Nathaniel Hawthorne. 

In 1755 a tremendous earthquake occurred in this 
vicinity. Glass was broken, chimneys destroyed, and 
great consternation created. It has been stated that 
Browne's Hall was so shaken "that the owner dared no 
longer reside in it, and practically acknowledging that 
its ambitious site rendered it indeed a folly, he pro- 
ceeded to locate it on humbler ground." 

It was moved to the corner of Liberty and Conant 
streets, where it remained with all its furniture until 
after the Revolution. Its owner had died and the prop- 
erty passed into the hands of Richard Derby of Salem. 
Nathaniel Hawthorne tells the story of the neglected 
house being the scene of schoolboy maraudings, and of 

1 In 1848 it was made a coast survey station. It is 207 feet above 
half-tide level of the ocean. From the! top can be seen Mt. Monadnock, 
hills in Chelmsford, and the Blue Hills of Milton. See "Browne Hill 
in History," by Ezra D. Hines ; also Holmes' "The Broomstick Train." 


one of the closets in the house which no one dared enter. 
It was supposed that an evil spirit was confined therein. 
He writes: "One day some schoolboys happened to be 
playing in the deserted chambers, and took it into their 
heads to develop the secrets of this mysterious closet. 
With great difficulty and tremor they succeeded in 
forcing the door. As it flew open, there was a vision 
of people in garments of antique magnificence, gentle- 
men in curled wigs and tarnished gold lace, and ladies 
in brocade and quaint headdresses, rushing tumultu- 
ously forth and tumbling upon the floor. The urchins 
took to their heels in huge dismay, but crept back after 
a while, and discovered that the apparition was com- 
posed of a mighty pile of family portraits." 

Hawthorne further writes, concerning the house and 

"This eminence is a long ridge, rising out of the level 
countr}^ around like a whale's back out of a calm sea, 
with the head and tail beneath the surface. Along the 
base ran a green and seldom trodden lane, with which 
I was very familiar in my boyhood; and there was a 
little brook, which I remember to have dammed up till 
its overflow made a mimic ocean. When I last looked 
for this tiny streamlet, which was still rippling freshly 
through my memory, I found it strangely shrunken; 
a mere ditch indeed, and almost a dry one. But the 
green lane was still there, precisely as I remembered it ; 
two wheel tracks, and the beaten paths of the horses' 
feet, and grassy strips between ; the whole overshadowed 
b}' tall locust trees and the prevalent barberry bushes, 
which are rooted so fondly into the recollections of every 
Essex man. 

"From this lane there is a steep ascent up the side of 
the hill, the ridge of which affords two views of very 
wide extent and variety. On one side is the ocean, and 


Salem and Beverly on its shores; on the other, a rural 
scene, almost perfectly level, so that each man's metes 
and bounds can be traced out as on a map. The be- 
holder takes in at a glance the estates on which different 
families have long been situated, and the houses where 
they have dwelt and cherished their various interests, 
intermarrying, agreeing together, or quarreling, going 
to live, annexing little bits of real estate, acting out their 
petty parts in life, and sleeping quietly under the sod 
at last. A man's individual affairs look not so ver}'' 
important when we can climb high enough to get the 
idea of a complicated neighborhood. But what made 
the hill particularly interesting to me, were the traces 
of an old and long vanished edifice, midway on the 
curving ridge and at its highest point. A pre-revolu- 
tionary magnate, the representative of a famous Salem 
family, had here built himself a pleasure house, on a 
scale of magnificence which, combined with its airy site 
and difficult approach, obtained for it and for the entire 
hill on which it stood, the traditionary title of 'Browne's 
Folly.' Whether a folly or no, the house was certainly 
an unfortunate one. 

"The proprietor^ had adhered to the Royalist side, 
and fled to England during the Revolution. The man- 
sion was left under the care of Richard Derby ( an ances- 
tor of the present Derby family), who had a claim to 
the Browne property through his wife, but seems to have 
held the premises precisely as the refugee left them, for 
a long term of years, in the expectation of his eventual 
return. The house remained with all its furniture in 
its spacious rooms and chambers, ready for the exile's 
occupancy, as soon as he should reappear. As time went 
on, however, it began to be neglected, and was accessible 
to whatever vagrant, or idle schoolboy, or berrying party 
might choose to enter through its ill-secured windows. 

1 William Browne bequeathed this property to his sou, William 
Burnet Browne. 


"The ancient site of this proud mansion may still be 
traced (or could have been ten years ago) upon the 
summit of the hill. It consisted of two spacious wings, 
connected by an intermediate hall of entrance, which 
fronted lengthwise upon the ridge. Two shallow and 
grass-grown cavities remain of what were once the deep 
and richly-stored cellars under the two wings; and be- 
tween them is the outline of the connecting hall, about 
as deep as a plough furrow, and somewhat greener than 
the surrounding soil. The two cellars are still deep 
enough to shelter a visitor from the fresh breezes that 
haunt the summit of the hill; and barberry bushes clus- 
tering within them offer the harsh acidity of their fruits, 
instead of the rich wines which the colonial magnate 
was wont to store for his guests. 

"There I have sometimes sat and tried to rebuild in 
mjT^ imagination, the stately house, or to fancy what a 
splendid show it must have made even so far off as in 
the streets of Salem, when the old proprietor illuminated 
his many windows to celebrate the King's birthday. 

"I have quite forgotten what story I purposed writing 
about 'Browne's Folly,' and I freely offer the theme and 
site to any of my young townsmen who may be afflicted 
with the same tendency towards fanciful narratives 
which haunted me in my youth and long afterwards." 

The house was afterwards sold in three parts. The 
middle or hall section became a sort of annex to the old 
hotel which occupied the site of the present Berry Tav- 
ern. This hall was subsequently the scene of many in- 
teresting occasions. It was used for headquarters of the 
officers of the militia on state occasions; the selectmen 
of the town met here; lectures and dances were given; 
and it was the meeting place of the Jordan Lodge of 
Masons. It was last moved to a point further up Maple 
street, where it was destroyed in the fire of 1845. It 


Where the first Dan vers Town Meetings were held. 

Second meeting house of the organization. 

Built in 1701, demolished in 1786. 



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From the original in possession of the Essex Institute, Salem 


has been said that the house on Maple street, opposite 
the Hook and Ladder house was a part of Browne's 
Hall, but it is not authenticated. 

Renewed Demands for a Town. — It was now eleven 
years since an official attempt had been made toward 
separation from Salem, but the people were gathering 
strength for the final struggle. In 1751 the Village 
and Middle parishes agreed between themselves to strike 
the parent town a vigorous blow, declaring themselves 
in favor of incorporation as a town. A committee con- 
sisting of Daniel Eppes, Jr., Malachi Felton and John 
Proctor for the Middle Precinct, and Samuel Flint, 
Cornelius Tarbell and James Prince for the Village, 
was instructed to labor with the people of Salem, a large 
number of whom were opposed to the secession, and 
also to present their claim to the General Court. 




Incorporation as a District; Ho ay Different 
From Town. — The efforts of the citizens were at last 
crowned with success, and in the year 1752 the District 
of Danvers was incorporated.^ Although many privi- 
leges were thus gained, the prayer of the petitioners was 
not fully granted. Instead of a Town, they found them- 
selves only a District, and as such were cut off from 
sending a delegate to the General Court. The King had 
charged the Governor to consent to the making of no 
new towns, unless the right to send representatives be 
reserved. In other words, no new towns should be 
incorporated, but in case a portion of a large town 
wished to be separated, it should be incorporated as a 
District, with all the power and privilege of a town, 
except — the most important factor of all — ^it should 
have no representation in the government of the colony. 
This was the popular course of the King to prevent the 
power from getting into the hands of the people. It 
was not pleasing to the citizens. 

The Name Danvers;- Whence it Came. — It has 
never been determined with accuracy just how Danvers 

1 See Hanson's History, page 51, for Act of Incorporation. Also 
"llow Danvers Became a Town," by Eben Putnam. 

2 There are but two other towns of the name in this country : 
Danvers, McLean County, 111., and Danvers, Montana, both named for 
this town. 


From the earliest Putnam portrait known 

Now in possession of the Danvers Historical Society 


Built about i66S 

^■Or,^2ihey>^ -^y^nrrri, . 

l~^^AU ^ 


Birthplace of Sir Danvers Osborn as it appeared in 1730. 


received its name. There was an English family by the 
name of Danvers, which came originally from D'Anvers 
(Antwerp), Belgium. In the latter part of the 17th 
century, Sir Peter Osborne — a name common to old 
Danvers — married Eleanor Danvers, their grandson. 
Sir Danvers Osborne, being Governor of New York in 
1753. He was born in 1715, and married Lady Mary 
Montague, daughter of the Earl of Halifax. 

When the District of Danvers was incorporated, 
Lieut. Governor Phips was in office, and it is probable 
that he suggested the name through gratitude to his 
patron,^ Danvers Osborne. It has been stated that this 
portion of Salem was called Danvers as early as 1745.- 

FiRST Town or District Meeting; District 
Limits. — The meetings of the inhabitants of the new 
District were to be held at the Village and Middle Par- 
ishes alternately, and officers chosen first from one and 
then the other. The first call or warrant for a town 
meeting was addressed to Daniel Eppes, and was signed 
by fifteen citizens of the two parishes. On the fourth of 
the following March the first annual meeting was held 
and officers elected as follows: Daniel Eppes, Esq., mod- 
erator; Daniel Eppes, Jr., clerk; James Prince, treas- 
urer; Daniel Eppes, Jr., Capt. Samuel Flint, Deacon 
Cornelius Tarbell, Stephen Putnam, Samuel King, 
Daniel Gardner and Joseph Putnam, selectmen. 

The new district included the territory occupied by 
the present towns of Danvers and Peabod5\ The citi- 
zens were allowed to pay their highway taxes by work- 
ing on the roads, a custom which existed for many years. 

"New Mills" or Danversport Settled. — In the 
year 1754, if one could have made a path through the 
woods to the banks of Crane river, near Danversport, 

1 See Hanson's History, p. 57. 

2 See Felt's Annals of Salem. 


a small house might have been seen floating on a raft 
down the river. The man who was propelling it was 
Archelaiis Putnam. He had been on a prospecting tour 
through the woods, and finding excellent opportunities 
for conducting grist mills at "Skelton's Neck," decided 
to move down his cooper's shop. He lived in the house 
on his father's farm, known later as the Judge Putnam 
place, and it was easy to move the building down the old 
country road to the banks of Crane river, from which 
point the way was of necessity by water, as there was 
no road to that part of the town. From the raft it was 
landed on the site, next the Danversport station, of the 
old Bates morocco factory, which was demolished in 
1920 by the Creese & Cook Co., and later moved across 
the street. Here he and his family lived in the first 
house erected at Danversport. His daughter, Sarah 
(Putnam) Fowler, was the first white child born at 
Danversport, in 1754. She died Nov. 19, 1847, aged 
93 years. The next year his brother John moved down, 
and together they built a grist mill, which marked the 
beginning of that business at Danversport, where is now^ 
the George H. Parker Grain Company. The name of 
the locality subsequently became changed from "Skel- 
ton's Neck" to "New Mills," by which it was known for 
about a hundred years. 

The whole of that region was then covered with a 
heavy growth of trees, and so dense was the foliage that 
Putnam's wife once became lost in going from the house 
to the mill, and was only able to find her way by follow- 
ing the sound of her husband's voice. Foxes were plenty 
in the woods, from which fact Fox hill received its name. 
As soon as the mill was established a private way was 
laid out from the Plains to enable the people to carry 
their corn to the grist. 



Road from Plains to Neck Laid Out; Beginning 
OF Trouble. — The people in the northern part of the 
town, as well as those residing in the towns of Wenham, 
Beverly, Topsfield, Middleton and Boxford, recognized 
at once the advantage of this new way to the Neck. 
Two good mills had been erected where there was a 
great head of water, more than sufficient to run these 
mills in the driest seasons. Heretofore the people of 
Danvers had been obliged to travel some distance, espe- 
cially in dry times, to get their corn ground. Accord- 
ingly in 1755 a petition was presented to the Court of 
Sessions of the County of Essex, for a highway to be 
laid out from John Porter's tavern (the present Berry 
Tavern) to Putnam's mills, where Parker's mill now 
stands. The petition was granted, and the owners of 
the land between these two points were given liberty to 
cut and carry away the wood along the line of the pro- 
posed highwa5\ They were John Porter, Benjamin 
Porter, Joseph Putnam, Ginger Andrew, John An- 
drew, Wm. Browne, Esq., and Rev. Peter Clark. This 
act was the beginning of a controversy in which petty 
animosities and sectional jealousies bore no small part 
in the proceedings of town, county and province for 
seventeen years. 

The Opposition Party. — No sooner had these en- 
terprising farmers obtained the new road, than the 
people who lived in the present Highlands and Tapley- 
ville districts, mindful of their own interests, and not 
willing to see the travel turned in another direction, 
petitioned the following year (1756) that the new road 
just laid out be discontinued, and that another road 
from their section of the town be made to the mills for 
their accommodation. They took the ground that the 


greater part of the population of Danvers was confined 
to their section, and that for this reason a larger num- 
ber of inhabitants would be benefited. This was no 
doubt true, as the settlement at this time was to a large 
extent in the northern part of the town. The Court did 
not see fit to grant their petition, and more clouds 

Road to Salem; Why Opened. — The inhabitants 
of the Neck, always aHve to their own interests in a 
commercial way, soon began to consider a continuance 
of the road from Crane River bridge at the grist mill 
to the North bridge, Salem. They saw it would be the 
means of bringing travel from the northern towns, which 
formerly went by the way of Beverly and the ferry^ to 
Salem, through Danvers. The people of the towns above 
Danvers were greatly pleased at the prospect of a road 
through to Salem, because the distance to Salem and 
Marblehead, where they disposed of their produce, 
would be much shortened for them. Everybody rejoiced 
over the prospect of the new road, except the residents 
of the western part of the town, whose pangs of jealousy 
were intensified as they saw new avenues of trade opened 
up. The Neck people were well aware of this oppo- 
sition, and were satisfied to progress slowly in the ac- 
complishment of their plan. Their first move was to 
get the town to lay out a private way between Crane 
river bridge and Waters river. Several individuals 
owning land between these two points petitioned the 
selectmen in 1760 for such a way, which was duly 
granted, on the pretext that these gentlemen owned 
land on the Salem side of Waters river and were desir- 
ous of a road to reach it. Having accomplished so 
much, of course it became necessary to invent some 
means of getting across Waters river. They could not 

1 For many years there was a ferry across the river where Essex 
(Beverly) Bridge now is. The bridge was built in 1789. 


ford the stream, and in order to reach their land on the 
opposite bank a bridge must be built. So a rude bridge 
was constructed, and the Neck people had the satisfac- 
tion of seeing so much of the way to Salem laid out. 

War Begun in Earnest. — This highway affair be- 
gan to assume gigantic proportions. When the fact of 
the building of the bridge came to the ears of the oppo- 
sition party, a terrific commotion was raised in town 
meeting, in September, 1760. It was voted to forbid 
the completion of the bridge and to make complaint to 
the General Court. This was an open declaration of 
war. The Neck people resolved to continue their sinu- 
ous methods no longer, but to fight it out in a hand-to- 
hand conflict. They boldly petitioned the Court of 
General Sessions to lay out the whole way from the 
Porter Tavern to the North Bridge, Salem, as a county 
highway. With this petition came also other petitions 
of a like nature from the neighboring towns, until the 
Court's conmiittee was nearly buried in the avalanche 
This act bade defiance to the opposition. The war had 
begun in earnest. 

Grounds for Opposition; The Road Laid Out. — 
Then came the Town of Danvers before the Court of 
Sessions with a memorial, opposing in most vigorous 
language this new way. It claimed that the town could 
not afford to maintain so much extra highway — as she 
was paying more for support of highways than any 
other town in the Province — especially for the benefit 
of out-of-town travel largely ; that the old road by Rob- 
ert Hooper, Esquire's country seat ("The Lindens") 
to the South Meeting house was of sufficient accommo- 
dation, without the expense of the new way, and while 
a mile of travel might be saved by the new road, one 
hundred families, shopkeepers and tradesmen on the old 
road would be the losers by the division of traffic; and 


not least important of all, that the building of the bridge 
over Waters' river prevented the passage of vessels up 
the stream. Waters' river was then navigable for a 
mile above the bridge, and there were two landing places 
where the water was eight to ten feet deep at half tide. 
All these complaints were just, no doubt, but they 
proved of no avail in stemming the tide of enthusiasm 
for the new road. In May, 1761, it was laid out as a 
County highway, but hostilities were in no wise sus- 

Highways a Burden to the Town; Incorpora- 
tion OF "Neck of Land." — The increased area of high- 
ways which the building of the road to Salem had 
thrown upon the town to support, was the occasion of 
fresh outbursts of alarm and disapproval from the voters 
from time to time. They attempted in every conceiv- 
able way to rid the town of the burden, and petition 
after petition was addressed to the County and the 
Province for relief. The maintenance of bridges was a 
heavy expense, entailing constant repairs. Recognizing 
the inestimable value of the road to Salem today, it is 
amusing to read in their petition that "the new way and 
bridge are a great hurt and damage to the town of 
Danvers," and that the voters bewail the fact that the 
town should "pay so much money for what is a great 
disadvantage to them." 

Unhappy divisions arose, and finally the courageous 
residents of the Neck took upon themselves that which 
the Province, the County and the Town, in turn, re- 
fused to do, namely, the support of the highway and 
bridges from the Porter Tavern to the North Bridge, 
Salem. "The Neck of Land" was duly incorporated 
as a separate district by act of the General Court in 
1772. The residents were exempt from taxation for 
the support of other highways in Danvers, and the town 


Built probably about 1682. Destroyed by fire, May 21, 1904. 


The western end built by Daniel Rea. previous to 1636. The eastern end added by Deacon 

Edmund Putnam, about 1759. Owned by Hon. Elias Putnam in 1820. 

Came into possession of the Fowler family about 1850. 






rt Vi- >■■ '** ^^^•■'•'^ ^ 



Drawn in 1730 by Joseph Burnap, surveyor, for His Majesty's Superior Court at Ipswich 
in connection with the final settlement of the estate of Nathaniel Ingersoll 

From the original in the Suffolk County Court Files 


was relieved of the new road, — a condition which con- 
tinued seventy j'^ears. 

The new district comprised about three hundred acres 
and included, besides the present Danversport, all the 
land between Elliott and High streets, Conant street 
being the northern boundary. Its inhabitants held meet- 
ings,^ elected officers, and conducted all business per- 
taining to roads, irrespective of the rest of the town. 


Danveks Men in the French and Indian War. — 
Danvers men were always ready to render assistance in 
time of war, and during the French and Indian troubles 
(1754-63) one hundred and thirty-nine served in the 
different engagements at Crown Point, Louisburg, 
Fort William Henry, Lake George and Ticonderoga, 
and at the Plains of Abraham. Danvers men were with 
Sir William Pepperrell, who was later acting Governor 
of Massachusetts, 1756-58, during the war known as 
King George's War (1744-48), when the English cap- 
tured the famous stronghold of Louisburg on Cape 
Breton Island, one of the most difficult feats of that 
period. Louisburg was known to be more strongly 
fortified than any other place in the whole country, and 
that these untrained New England farmers and fisher- 
men dared attempt to take it seemed the height of fool- 
ishness. For weeks they besieged the fortress, and their 
indomitable courage and persistency won them the vic- 
tory. The news that Louisburg had been taken was 
received by the world as a remarkable achievement, and 
in England the colonists were accorded unstinted praise 
for their brave work. And so when the summons came 

1 The records of the "Neck" are at the Town Hall. 


later to help drive the French completely from the 
country by the capture of Quebec, Danvers men rallied 
eagerly to the call. They were nearly all young men, 
averaging not more than twenty-one years, and they 
gained an experience that served them well at the break- 
ing out of the Revolution in 1775. 

French Neutrals; Their Exile from Acadia. — 
The year 1755 will ever be memorable for one of the 
most cruel and inhuman acts ever perpetrated by the 
English. After reducing the forts of the French at 
Nova Scotia, they proceeded to make prisoners of about 
one thousand of the inhabitants of the farming villages 
along the coast. These the English huddled into their 
ships, without regard to the union of families, and set 
sail for Massachusetts, stopping occasionally along the 
way to leave a few of the unfortunate exiles. In this 
wa}'' the simple and unsuspecting Acadians were scat- 
tered all through the Province, children were torn from 
their parents, and husbands and wives were separated 
from one another, never to meet again, as told by Long- 
fellow in "Evangeline." A few of these people, who 
were called French Neutrals, drifted to Danvers, as to 
other neighboring towns, and as they had no money 
they immediately became town charges. In 1759 Dan- 
vers paid twenty pounds for their support, and eight 
years later (1767) they were again beneficiaries of the 
town. They apparently left the town about that time. 

Slave-Holding in Danvers. — Slaves were never 
very numerous in Massachusetts. Danvers had its pro- 
portion of blacks, upon the whom the yoke of bondage 
rested but lightly, however. Nearly all families of 
prominence, including the ministers, kept their slaves, 
and they played an important part in business trans- 
actions. They were treated as servants, and often en- 
deared themselves to the families under whose care they 


came. In the Wadsworth cemetery is a stone "In mem- 
ory of Phebe Lewis, who died Jan. 10, 1823, aged 49 
years." She was a negro who had been brought up in 
the family of Dr. Wadsworth, the minister of the First 
church. For years she had been a member of the church, 
and in writing her epitaph the minister called her "an 
ornament to the Christian profession." 

A story is told of one slave. Cud jo by name, owned 
by a family in the northern part of the town as early as 
1740. Cud jo resented something his mistress said and 
swore he would take her life. The family, aware of his 
ungovernable temper, was filled with consternation at 
his threat, and the master concocted a plan to dispose 
of him. Pretending to give him a holiday, he allowed 
Cud jo to take a load of potatoes to Salem to load on 
a vessel there. He took his fiddle with him, and the 
sailors, who had been let into the secret, induced him 
into the cabin, where he kept up a continual "fiddling," 
stopping occasionally to "rosin his bow," until the ves- 
sel was well under way. When he went on deck, he 
found himself bound for a southern clime, consigned to 
the same account as his potatoes. 

When the town was set off (1752) there were twenty- 
five slaves owned in Danvers, sixteen of whom were 
women. The following receipts show the method of 
disposing of negroes at this date : 

"Received of Mr. Ebenezer Jacobs of Danvers the 
sum of Fourty five Pounds six shillings and Eight pence 
Lawfull money, which is in full Satisfaction for a Negro 
Boy Named Primus Which I have this Day sold to the 
s'd Jacobs. 

"45. 6. 8d. Daniel Epes Jun. 

"Danvers Aprill ye 30th 1754." 


Primus Jacobs was a soldier in the Revolution. He 
served six 3^ears. 

The other receipt is as follows: 

"Danvers, Apr. 19, 1766. 
"Rec'd of Mr. Jeremiah Page Fiftj^ Eight pound 
thirteen shillings & four pence lawfull money and a 
Negro woman called Dinah, which is in full for a Negro 
woman called Combo, and a Negro girl called Gate, 
and a Negro child called Deliverance or Dill, which I 
now Sell and Deliver to ye said Jeremiah Page. 
"Witness Jona Bancroft 

Ezek Marsh John Tapley." 

Dill grew up in the family of Col. Jeremiah Page. 
It was she who figures in the story of the tea party on 
Ihe gambrel roof, told in verse by Lucy Larcom. The 
poem runs: 

"They followed her with puzzled air, 
But saw, upon the topmost stair. 
Out on the railed roof, dark-face Dill 
Guarding the supper board, as still 
As solid ebony." 

The negro woman Dinah seems not to have fared very 
well in the \^ears that followed. Her master, IMajor 
John Tapley, was killed in the French and Indian war, 
and a special town meeting was called in 1773 to see 
what disposition the town wished to make in regard to 
her. As a result, the selectmen were instructed to have 
her properly cared for, and she continued a town charge 
until her death. 

Milan Murphy was a veteran of the Revolution. He 
was called "Colonel" and was the victim of all sorts of 
pranks. He was a prominent figure at the 'Lection day 
festivities, when he marched wearing his old three-cor- 


nered hat and a blue coat with brass buttons, all the 
while singinf? to the accompaniment of his old violin. 
A large clump of willows off Pine street, near Otis, 
which this negro set out, received the name of "Milan's 
Willows." In 1818 he was made a Revolutionary pen- 

The following story has been related concerning the 
slaves owned by Lt. Stephen Putnam, who lived where 
Judge Alden P. White's residence in Putnamville now 
stands : 

"Some time in the month of May, 1737, a small vessel 
might have been seen moving slowly down a river which 
empties into the Gulf of Guinea. The officers on board 
were cold and unfeeling, agreeing well with the in- 
human traffic in which they were employed. They pur- 
chased captured negroes at low rates and brought them 
to Xew England, where they were sold at prices which 
gave large gains to the traders. Among those who 
landed at Boston in that summer of 1737 were two dark 
curly-headed children, one a boy of four years, the other 
a girl of twenty months, whose bright, sparkling eyes 
gave promise of future activity of mind and body. The 
bo}'- was purchased by a man in Lynnfield, and the girl 
by Lt. Stephen Putnam, for the sum of £20, and her 
weight was twenty pounds, avoirdupois. She was taken 
into the family and brought up side by side with his 
children, ten in number, some of whom were older and 
some younger than Rose. As soon as old enough she 
was given the task of taking care of the children and 
assisting her mistress in the work of the family. I can- 
not say that she ever attended school, but she learned 
her letters, and was able to read a little in her Bible, 
and was constant in attendance at church, walking three 
miles. She could remember the minister's text, but per- 
haps she took as much pleasure in the social meeting of 
her friends during the intermission hours as in the ser- 


men. She occupied a chair near the door, which gave 
her a good opportunity to see the people as they entered, 
and she noticed their attire and was observant of the 
changing fashions of those days. She was long remem- 
bered by the boys and girls of the parish for her gener- 
ous distribution of apples, pears and cucumbers in their 
season, with which her capacious pockets were well filled. 
After the death of her master she remained with her 
mistress, Miriam Putnam, who lived to the age of 
ninety-two. Then her time was divided among their 
three surviving sons, Phineas, Aaron and Stephen, 
where she was made welcome, though past labor. She 
died at the house of one of these friends and was buried 
in the little graveyard on the hill, now known as the 
Preston Street Cemetery. The children of her master 
cared kindly for her in her old age, and though no stone 
marks the grave of this warm-hearted slave, yet the 
place is known, and plants, the evergreen, box and daf- 
fodils, have been placed there to mark the spot." 

"Lt. David Putnam owned and lived in the house still 
standing on Maple street, near Newbury, known now 
as the birthplace of his brother, Major-General Israel. 
It was David who built the large front addition to the 
original house. His slave woman was called Kate, and 
in 1784 she set out three willow trees at the east side 
of the house and close by the running brook, the last of 
which had to be cut down recentty (1916) on account of 
decajang branches." 

Incorporation as a Town. — It was now five years 
since the town had been set off from Salem as a District. 
As the troubles with Great Britain increased, the town 
had a still stronger desire to be represented in the Gen- 
eral Court. Accordingly, a petition urging that the 

.. ^^ 



Built in 1838. 
From a lithograph made in 1852. 

[p k i- f, f f r f 

^. 'i| 


On the old Ipswich Road (Sylvan Street) 

Used as a tavern from 1762-1806. Here John Adams and Josiah Quincy, Jr., frequently 

stopped on their way from Boston to Ipswich. 


District be incorporated as a town was presented to the 
General Court. The Royal Governor Hutchinson did 
all in his power to prevent such action, but his protests 
were in vain. On June 9, 1757, the petition was granted. 
The population of the town, including Peabody, was 
about 2,000 at this time. From this year dates Danvers' 
existence as a town. 

The Old Tavern. — Certainly as early as 1745, and 
no one knows how many years before, there was a tavern 
at the corner of High and Conant streets. At this time 
the house was kept by John Porter, who probably built 
it. It was a good location in the early days for a 
hostelry, on account of the large amount of travel over 
the old Ipswich road, providing entertainment for all 
who chanced to pass that way. And as the population 
in the vicinity increased, the tavern became the common 
resort of the villagers. Here all the questions of the 
times were discussed, the public affairs of the colonies 
in the "times that tried men's souls." This was also the 
place for the celebration of public events, where impor- 
tant meetings for the welfare of the town were held, and 
still later, where many and varied entertainments and 
dances contributed to the social life of the community. 

This old tavern site was sold by Col. Jethro and 
Timothy Putnam at the beginning of the 19th century 
(1804) to Ebenezer Berry, who came from Andover. 
It passed into the hands of his son, Eben G. Berry, 
who, in 1838, sold the old building and erected the pres- 
ent one, which was remodelled in 1898. It is now the 
property of Louis Brown. ^ 

3 For the history of other old taverns of Danvers, see Danvers His- 
torical Collections, Vol. 8. 





MuTTERiNGs OF DISCONTENT. — The attitude of the 
King toward the Province was growing more pro- 
nounced with every year. Each new law was made 
with the evident intent to deprive the people of that 
liberty and power for which they longed. The people 
were fast becoming slaves. They recognized the fact, 
and mutterings of discontent began to be distinctly 
audible. In 1765 the Stamp Act was the beginning of 
hostilities. Kindred to the spirit of the times were the 
citizens of Danvers, and this same year — ten years be- 
fore the Battle of Lexington — they foresaw the inevit- 
able struggle. They instructed their representative in 
the General Court, Thomas Porter, to use all his influ- 
ence toward a repeal of the infamous Stamp Act, and 
against any internal taxes except those imposed by the 
General Court. They further declared that they were 
willing to be subject to the "Greatest and best of Kings," 
but they thought men of "envious and depraved minds" 
had advised him wrought and their grievance was such 
as "cannot but be resented by every True Englishman 
who has a Spark of Generous Fire Remaining in His 

Delegate to Faneuil Hall Convention. — On the 
twentieth of September, 1768, a meeting was held at the 
North meeting house, when Dr. Samuel Holten was 
chosen to represent the town at a convention of dele- 
gates from the different towns in the Province, to be 
held in Faneuil Hall, Boston, two days later. The 
convention continued several days, and the difficulties 
between the colonies and the mother country were fully 


Samuel Holten; His Early Life. — All things 
considered, Dr. Samuel Holten was probably the most 
remarkable man the town of Danvers has ever pro- 
duced. He was born, June 9, 1738, in a house not now 
standing, off Prince street. It was his parents' intention 
to send him to college, and to this end he spent four 
years at study in the family of the Rev. Peter Clark, 
pastor of the PMrst church. At the age of twelve, how- 
ever, his health failed and the plan was given up. After 
a time he recovered sufficiently to begin the study of 
medicine with Dr. Jonathan Prince,^ with whom he 
made rapid progress. At the age of eighteen, Dr. Prince 
advised him to begin practice on his own account, which 
he did, settling first in Gloucester, but later in his native 

His Public Service. — His first active part in public 
life, outside his own town, was in the Provincial conven- 
tion before mentioned, which was the first called without 
Royal authority. He sustained an active part in the 
deliberations and distinguished himself for that earnest- 
ness and strength which always characterized him. He 
was also in the Provincial (State) Congress of 1775, 
was an active member of the General Committee of 
Safety and a member of the Executive Council under 
the provisional government. With the beginning of 
the Revolution he gave up his practice and devoted him- 
self assiduously to his country. 

In 1776^ he was appointed one of the Judges of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Essex County, performing 
the duties of that office about thirty-two years, presiding 

1 Dr. Prince had a large practice in this and neighboring' towns. 
He lived upon tlie southern slope of Hathorne hill, on Newbury street, 
opposite Ingersoll street, at a spot now marked by a cluster of pines. 
This house is now located corner Forest and Hobart streets, and is 
Known as the Hook house. He died in 1753. 

' See Funeral Sermon by Dr. Wadsworth. 


half that time ; and he was Justice of the Court of Gen- 
eral Sessions of the Peace thirty-five years, acting as 
Chief Justice of the same fifteen years. 

In 1777 Dr. Holten was one of the delegates from 
Massachusetts at the Yorktown Convention that framed 
the "Articles of Confederation," being forty years old 
when his sphere of usefulness so broadened, and at some 
time presided over that body, thus occupying tempo- 
rarily "the first seat of honor in his country." 

He served five years in the State Senate and twelve 
in the Governor's Council. Five years he served in 
Congress under the Confederation, and two under the 
Federal Constitution, ill health alone preventing him 
from continuing longer. From 1796 to 1815 he was 
Judge of Probate for Essex County. 

In his native town, he filled almost every responsible 
position. Not only was he chosen selectman, town clerk, 
assessor and treasurer, but he was the arbitrator in 
many a case of dispute, for which he was peculiarly well 
adapted. He was often called upon to write petitions 
and other public documents, which called for clear and 
forceful diction. 

Personal Appearance and Character. — Judge 
Holten was in form majestic, of graceful person, "his 
countenance pleasing, his manners easy and engaging, 
his talents popular, his disposition amiable and benevo- 
lent, and of good intellectual powers." He was not a 
brilliant man and perhaps not a great man in ability 
for any one line of action, but he was great in capacity 
for general accomplishments, and of tactful mind. He 
was faithful to every trust, a man of unswerving integ- 
rity, always to be relied upon.^ He was a man of Chris- 
tian principle, and once remarked that it was a happy 

1 See llev. Dr. Rice's "History of the First Parish," and "Some Per- 
sonal Characteristics of Judge Holten," in Danvers Historical Col- 
lections, Vol. 10. 

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circumstance that the qualities of right living had been 
engrafted in his mind before he mixed with the world 
around him. "His was a high type of manhood, apt to 
be rare, and certain alwaj^s to be needed." 

Last Years. — The residence of Judge Holten during 
the greater part of his life was the house now owned 
and restored by Gen. Israel Putnam Chapter, D. A. R., 
corner Centre and Holten streets, which was built by 
Benjamin Holten about 1670. From this house he went 
forth to participate in the great councils of the country, 
those councils which made it possible for the people of 
today to enjoy the opportunities and privileges of the 
United States of America. He died on January 2, 1816, 
at the age of 78 years, and was buried in the cemetery 
in Tapleyville which bears his name. He left three 
daughters, but no son to perpetuate the name. The 
poet has well said of him : 

"A heart from which the milk of kindness gushed, 
A love, which all the evil passions hushed, 

. . . Such a life 
Of quiet glory in an age of strife. 
The peaceable supporter of a host 
Whose daring battles are our country's boast. 
Is worth our study." 

Tea Taboo at Town Meeting. — The year 1770 was 
distinguished by the Non-Importation Agreement, the 
refusal of the merchants of Boston and other towns to 
import tea, upon which a tax still remained, and they 
recommended that all who were disposed to resist the 
tyranny of England should refrain from the use of 
tiiat beverage. On May 28, 1770, the people of Dan- 
vers in town meeting assembled, pledged themselves to 
neither import, buy or use tea until the tax should be 
removed. A committee was appointed to convey a copy 


of the vote to every family in town for signatures ; they 
were instructed to publish the names of any who refused 
to sign the paper, as enemies of the country. 

Some Tea Episodes. — There seems to have been one 
person found in the town who refused to comply with 
this order. He lived in the south part of the town, now 
Peabody, and the story runs that as a punishment he 
was obliged by his neighbors to furnish a bucket of 
punch at old Bell Tavern, a famous hostelry, and to 
repeat over his cup the following couplet: 

"I, Isaac Wilson a Tory I be, 
I, Isaac Wilson, I sell tea." 

It is said that however willing the men may have been 
from patriotic considerations to deny themselves the 
luxury of tea, they found some difficulty in preventing 
the women of the household from occasionally partaking 
of the forbidden beverage. The story is told that cer- 
tain husbands at the South parish grew suspicious of a 
large coifee-pot that was seen migrating from place to 
place at quiltings, and surmised that tea-drinking was 
being carried on by their good dames. The practice was 
effectually stopped by the discovery one night, while 
one of the dames was in the act of concealing the tea 
grounds behind the back-log, of a good-sized toad, which 
had doubtless been placed in the coffee-pot by some of 
the men to cure them of the scandalous habit. It prob- 
ably had the desired effect. 

Another incident is told of the Page house. There 
is a family tradition that on one occasion after the 
drinking of tea had been prohibited in the household, the 
wife of the owner invited a few friends who were calling 
upon her, to go to the roof of the house and indulge in 
a sip of the forbidden drink, appeasing her conscience 
by arguing that ''Upon a house is not within it."^ 

1 See Lucy Larcom's poem, "A Gambrel Eoof." 


Miss Anne L. Page, granddaughter of Colonel Page, 
has written concerning Dill, who figured in the "Tea 
party" episode: 

"Deliverance, or 'Dill,' as she was always called, was 
the youngest of the three named in the bill of sale before 
mentioned, and was then only a child. The valuable 
part of the purchase, in the buyer's estimation, must 
have been the two elder ones. Dill's mother and sister. 
These two died in a year or two. Dill lived to good old 
age and, with other members of the family, I attended 
her funeral in St. Peter's church in Salem, of which 
church she was a member. I think her death occurred 
sometime in the forties. She made up for the loss upon 
the other two. Combo and Cate, for she was a faithful 
nurse to the children and became a cook of renown. I 
remember when she came to the homestead, to spend a 
day, each year, we children liked to stay in the kitchen 
with Dill, who told us stories and made gingerbread for 
us that was always of the best. 

"In return for her faithful service she was always 
treated kindly in my grandfather's family. My Aunt 
Carroll once told me that the children did not dare tease 
Dill for fear of their grandfather's displeasure, and as 
she stood by his coffin in 1806 she was heard to say, 'He 
was a good man.' African trade was carried on by 
people in Salem and vicinity, and then vessels often 
returned with a few slaves as a part of their cargo. 
These slaves found a ready sale, for the New England 
conscience still slumbered and slept, so far as slavery 
was concerned. It is a well authenticated fact that slaves 
of both sexes were commonly held as family slaves, even 
by many of the clergy, who sometimes acquired them 
by purchase, and sometimes as presents from their 

"Miss Lucy Larcom gives Dill a place in the poem of 
'The Gambrel Roof,' but this was by way of poetic 


license. Dill loved to tell us stories of 'the goings on' 
in the old time, and would never have omitted the story 
of the roof-party if she had known it. Besides, the tea- 
drinking was, and had to be, a profound secret between 
the three tea-drinkers who went slyly up the scuttle 
stairs, and sat on the roof and drank their tea that 
afternoon. Mrs. Page, the hostess, died within the year. 
Mrs. John Shillaber, by whom the account of the event 
was transmitted, moved to Salem soon after it happened. 
It was only in her old age, when all who would have 
been disturbed by it had been gone many years, that 
she told the story to her daughters. It was from the 
lips of one of the daughters that I heard the story, as 
she told it to my father and mother, neither of whom 
had been born at the time the event occurred. Had the 
least hint of the affair been given at the time. Colonel 
Page would have felt disgraced, and perhaps would 
have been mobbed, so strong was the feeling against 
using tea. 

"In her last years Dill lived in a small, unpainted 
house in North Salem, now North street, with a willow 
tree at the door, on which in sunmaer a parrot in a green 
cage hung, and called to horses in imitation of drivers 
of teams as they passed the house. 

"Dill wrote verses. Anstis, her daughter, told me 
that when 'Ma'am wanted to rhyme up' she would take 
a basket and go into the woods and bring home some 
poetry. I could see where the woods might be an inspi- 
ration, but the basket seemed irrelevent. One of the 
verses in a poem of some length, ran thus: 

'The minister he stands in the pidpit so high 
And tells us from the Bible that we all must die.' 
The refrain between each verse ran: 

'They stole us from Africa, the home of the free. 
And brought us in bondage across the blue sea.' 


"Peace to her memory. Stolen from Africa, but not 
exactly the 'home of the free,' from a little ignorant, 
friendless, black child, she came to be an unusually 
intelligent, amiable. Christian woman." 

A Firm Stand ; Strong Resolutions. — During the 
next three years the people of Danvers continued awake 
to the difficulties that were besetting the colonies. The 
arrival of the British troops and the massacre of several 
Americans in the streets of Boston were not events cal- 
culated to produce a quieting effect upon the people. 
In January, 1773, the feelings of the inhabitants of 
Danvers were forcibly expressed in a set of resolutions, 
which for strength and boldness never have been equalled 
in the town. They declared that the rights of the colo- 
nists had been greatly infringed upon by the mother 
country, pointing out in detail their various grievances ; 
that they stood "ready, if need be, to risk their lives and 
fortunes in defence of those liberties which our fore- 
fathers purchased at so dear a rate;" that their repre- 
sentative be instructed to "earnestly contend for the just 
rights and privileges of the people that they may be 
handed down inviolate to the latest posterity;" to use 
his influence toward a strict union of all the Provinces 
on the continent, and not to swerve as much as a hair's 
breadth in standing resolutely for all the privileges 
which they had a right to enjoy. A committee consist- 
ing of Dr. Samuel Holten, Tarrant Putnam, Jr., and 
Capt. Wm. Shillaber, was appointed at this meeting to 
confer with the Committee of Correspondence of the 
town of Boston, to whom a copy of the resolutions was 

Gen. Gage's Arrival; The Hooper House. — 
Early in June 1774, the people of Danvers were treated 
to a somewhat unwelcome surprise in the arrival of the 
Royal Governor, Gen. Thomas Gage. Finding Boston 


a little warm for his royal constitution, he changed the 
seat of government to Salem, making his headquarters 
at the "Hooper House," now known as "The Lindens," 
formerly the residence of the late Francis Peabody, 
Esq., and now of Ward Thoron, Esq. This house, which 
is still one of the finest mansions to be found in the 
country, was no less attractive in General Gage's time. 
It was built about 1754 by Robert Hooper, a wealthy 
merchant of Marblehead, who, once a poor boy, rose to 
great wealth, and for a time nearly monopolized the 
fishing business of that town. He was known as "King" 
Hooper, partly from the style in which he lived, but 
more especially on account of his personal honor and 
integrity. He had decidedly Tory^ proclivities, and the 
story is told that once during the Revolution, a com- 
pany of patriots on the way to join the army, appropri- 
ated to their use the large leaden balls which ornamented 
"King" Hooper's gateposts. The owner came to the 
door and remonstrated with the soldiers, using such 
vigorous epithets not in sympathy with their cause, that 
a shot was fired from the squad of men. The bullet 
missed its mark and entered the panel of the front door, 
which door has been preserved. Many important coun- 
cils took place in this house when the Governor enter- 
tained the prominent men of the official circle. 

The question was often asked, why General Gage 
happened to bring troops to Danvers, and the answer 
has been given that the General was an officer of dis- 
tinction in the British army, at one time Governor of 
Montreal, and for ten years had been commander-in- 
chief of the British forces in America. It was necessar}'" 
to give such a prominent man all the protection needed, 

- The only Tories, natives of Danvers, were Rev. William Clark, son 
of Rev. Peter Clark, who in 1768 was an Episcopal clergjonan in 
Quincy, and was afterwards confined in a prison ship in Boston har- 
bor ; and James Putnam, who went to Halifax, became a judge of the 
Supreme Court and died at St. Johns in 1789. 

GEN. ISRAEL PUTNAM (at left, with sword raised) 
COL. THOMAS KNOWLTON (central figure standing), of Boxford. 
From Trumbull's " The Battle at Bunker's Hill." 

Built in 1726 for his father, Elisha Hutchinson 


Built on Newbury Street, opposite Ingersoll, by John Darling soon after 1680 ; owned 

by Dr. Prince in 1734 ; by Capt. Jonathan Ingersoll in 1794; by Capt. Joseph 

Peabody in 1827. Removed to its present location in 1845 by John 

Hook. Now known as the Hook- Hay House. 


and the soldiers were there to enforce by their presence 
his arbitrary measures. The days were spent with se- 
rious meetings by those favorable to the royal cause, 
but the nights were given to revelry and dancing by the 
younger guests at the mansion, when the officers of the 
regiment took part and made the scene picturesque with 
their bright scarlet uniforms. 

Mr. Hooper was early suspected of disloyalty, and 
a letter was sent to him by the Committee of Safety of 
the town of Danvers, requesting him to explain his 
views and the reasons of his Tory conduct. His reply 
was read at a town meeting, January 1, 1775, and it 
was unanimously voted not satisfactory. 

Of "King" Hooper's family, Stephen, his eldest son, 
removed to Newburyport and became a prosperous 
merchant. Joseph graduated from Harvard and en- 
gaged in foreign trade in Marblehead, removing to New- 
buryport near the close of the Revolution; he was said 
to have become a loyalist, and his property was con- 
fiscated, after which he went to England, where he died. 
Robert was a merchant of Marblehead, as was also 
Swett. All of these children were, of course, familiar 
with Danvers, as they probably passed many summers 
at the mansion here. Robert Hooper died at Marble- 
head and was buried on May 23, 1790, when all the 
vessels in the harbor were dressed in mourning and the 
procession exceeded anything known before in honor 
of a merchant. 

Presence of Soldiers; How RECEnrED. — The first 
two months of the Governor's residence were marked 
by no conspicuous events. The people did not take 
kindly to having the representative of the Crown of 
England in their midst, and the feeling was greatly 
intensified when in the latter part of July two companies 
of the Sixty-fourth Royal Infantry from Castle Wil- 


liam were dispatched to attend the Governor in Danvers. 
The presence of Red Coats in the town created great 
consternation, but on the whole they were under good 
disciphne and behaved well. 

A daughter of Archelaus Putnam often told the story 
that one day two officers surprised her in Colonel Hutch- 
inson's orchard at New Mills. To one who commenced 
to climb the fence, the other said, "Wait till the girl 
goes away; do not frighten her." Governor Gage often 
conversed with Colonel Hutchinson. He was affable 
and courteous, and once, while sitting on a log before 
the door, he said, "We shall soon quell all these feelings 
and govern all this," sweeping out his arm with an ex- 
pressive gesture. 

The soldiers were encamped in the field opposite the 
house. They were always watchful against surprise, 
realizing the hostility of the people round about, and 
occasionally were under arms all day. Many pranks 
were played on the troops. At the drum call to arms, 
Aaron Cheever, disguised, dashed in on horseback, 
shouting: "Plurry to Boston! The devil is to pay!" 
The following September, General Gage decided that 
his presence was wanted in Boston, and the troops made 
a night march to that place. A large oak in the field, 
used as a whipping post in the camp, and afterwards 
called "King George's Whipping Post," was cut down 
and the timber used in building the frigate "Essex" at 
Salem in 1799. Trees were hauled from many of the 
neighboring towns to be used for this purpose. The 
iron staple upon which the British soldiers were strung 
up for the lash, was found imbedded in the wood, which, 
strangely enough, became the stern-post of the "Essex," 
one of the most important vessels in the next war with 
England (1812). There are several unmarked graves 
of British soldiers in the field on the south side of 


,768- 1853 

From a daguerreotype 

Built as a Summer Residence about 1805, near the old Nathaniel Putnam house, 
which he demolished in 1818 



Sylvan street, rear of the residence of the late Israel W. 
Andrews, Esq. 

There was one interested observer of the troops, 
Samuel Putnam, a lad of seven years, who a few months 
later, played the fife as the soldiers under Benedict Ar- 
nold marched by his home on their way to Quebec. 
This distinguished man was destined to devote his life 
to peaceful pursuits, being born at too late a day (1768) 
to engage in the Revolution. At the age of ten he began 
fitting for college at Andover, graduating from Har- 
vard in 1787, in the class with John Quincy Adams. 
His inclination was toward law as a profession, and he 
established himself in Salem, where he became one of 
the most renowned advocates in the state. No lawyer 
of his time was better versed than he in the principles 
of common, and especially commercial law. In 1814, 
upon the death of the distinguished jurist Chief Justice 
Sewall, he was appointed judge of the Supreme Judicial 
Court of this Commonwealth, holding that high office 
28 years. It has been said of him that "no man ever held 
the scales of justice more even; none was ever more in- 
tent upon making righteous decrees, none ever more 
fearless and independent in his decisions, none more so- 
licitous for the deliverance of the wrongfully accused, 
and none more indignant against all trickery, lying and 
fraud." Judge Putnam received the degree of LL.D. 
from Harvard in 1825. He was an hospitable man, and 
delighted to show his friends over his old paternal estate 
in Danvers, on Holten street, near the pond. He was a 
lover of nature, and the setting-out of trees was one of 
his especial pleasures. Kind-hearted and charitable, the 
advisor of many a young business man, and enjoying 
the confidence and esteem of the community, he died in 
Boston, July 3, 1853.' 

1 See Biographical Sketch of Judge Samuel Putnam and Sarah 
(Gooll) Putnam in Danvers Historical Collections, Vol. 10, 

68 chronicles of danvers 

England Renounced; Preparations for the 
Struggle. — During the winter of 1774-75 the mutter- 
ings grew more intense. Revolution was in the air. On 
November 21, the town voted to consider itself no longer 
subject to the laws of England, but to adhere strictly 
to the doings of the Provincial Congress. As yet there 
had been no rupture, no engagement, but they eagerly 
prepared for the worst, and to this end each man was 
provided with "an effective fire-arm, bayonet, pouch, 
knapsack, thirty rounds of cartridges and balls." Drills 
were instituted and the constant tread of feet gave warn- 
ing of the storm which was about to break upon them. 

The Militia of Danvers. — From the close of the 
French and Indian war to this period, Danvers had sup- 
ported two militia companies, which were attached to 
the 1st Regiment of Essex County. In 1775, one was 
in command of Samuel Flint, and the other, which was 
composed chiefly of men in the southern part of the 
town, was commanded by Samuel Eppes. There were, 
in addition to the regular militia, six other companies 
of "minute men." These were called "Alarm Compan- 
ies," and stood ready to fight at a moment's notice. 

British Repulsed at North Bridge^ Salem. — 
Richard Skidmore^ was a wheelwright at New Mills 
and had recently made some gun carriages. He served 
in all the wars, a drummer at the siege of Louisburg, 
a soldier and privateersman in the Revolution, and a 
member of the alarm list of 1814. 

"A patriot, too, his drum he beat 
In three wars at his country's call ; 
Beating the onset, not retreat, 
He came victorious out of all." 

1 See Hanson's history, page 104. 

Built for him in 1754. 
The room on the left of the front entrance was used as an office by Gen. Gage, the Royal Governor, 
in 1774. This house was the scene of the tea party episode related by Lucy Larcom in her poem, 
" A Gambrel Roof " 

In the South Parish (now Peabody). 

Z -I 

f^ E 


The guns themselves were concealed somewhere in 
North Salem, it is supposed. A report to this effect 
had reached Boston, and Colonel Leslie was sent with 
a detacliment of British regulars to find and destroy 
them. He landed from a transport at Marblehead on 
February 26, 1775, and marched overland to Salem. 
News of the approach of the soldiers flew like lightning. 
The alarm spread for 40 miles, and in a few hours, it 
is said, 40,000 men would have been on the spot. By 
the time Leslie had reached the North Bridge in Salem, 
the draw was raised, and the opposite side of the river 
defended by men from Danvers and Salem, armed with 
muskets, pitchforks, clubs and other rude weapons, who 
dared them to proceed at peril of their lives. Among 
them was Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, pastor of the 
First Church, who shouldered his musket and hastened 
to the scene. There were three British regulars to every 
one American. The British Colonel was greatly en- 
raged when he saw that the draw had been raised and 
his plans thwarted, but deciding that discretion was the 
better part of valor he finally agreed to return to Mar- 
blehead if he could be allowed to cross the bridge and 
so obey orders. This he did, and then the regulars 
marched back to the transport. Just as the retreat was 
made. Captain Eppes' company of militia arrived from 
Danvers, armed and ready for battle. This was the 
first armed resistance to the encroachment of the British 
in this country. Here, nearly two months before the 
Battle of Lexington, the people of Danvers and Salem 
repulsed the foe, and but for the discretion of Leslie, 
the War of the Revolution would have commenced at 
the North Bridge. 



The Call to Arms ; Battle of Lexington. — Two 
months after the repulse at North Bridge, the British 
instituted a similar search for stores supposed to be con- 
cealed at Concord. This was the eighteenth of April. 
Early on the morning of the nineteenth, they were met 
by the patriot yeomen of Lexington and Concord and 
forced to retreat. The news of a battle had reached 
Danvers early on that warm April morning. About 
nine o'clock the hurried hoof-beats of a messenger's 
horse were heard in the streets. The man did not dis- 
mount, but called in a loud voice, as he galloped along: 
"There's a battle at Lexington! We have met the 
British! Hurry to help!" The companies of Danvers 
did not wait for a second call. 

"Swift as the summons came they left 
The plow, 'mid furrow, standing still. 
The half-ground corn grist in the mill, 
The spade in earth, the axe in clift. 

"They went where duty seemed to call. 
They scarcely asked the reason why; 
They only knew they could but die. 
And death was not the worst of all." 

Capt. Samuel Flint and Capt. Asa Prince with their 
men from the Village, Capts. Samuel Eppes, Gideon 
Foster and Caleb Lowe and their companies from the 
south part of the town, Capt. Jeremiah Page and his 
minute men from the Plains, Capt. Israel Hutchinson 
with the "New Mills" and Beverly men, and Deacon 
Edmund Putnam and his Putnamville and Beaver 
Brook men, 303 in all, old and young alike, ran sixteen 


miles and more to the scene of carnage. Over fences, 
through fields, scaling stone walls, and then marching 
on the highway, they hastened on. They started about 
10 o'clock; they reached Menotomy (now Arlington) 
at about two in the afternoon. The British were said 
to be on the retreat into Charlestown. The Dan vers 
men with others stationed themselves in the yard of 
Jason Russell, in the centre of Menotomy, where bun- 
dles of shingles served as a barricade, and awaited the 
approach of the enemy. Rumor had deceived the men 
as to the force of the British. It was their expectation 
to here intercept their retreat. But suddenly and un- 
expectedly the enemy came in sight, descending the hill 
near by in solid column on their right, while on the left 
a large flank guard was rapidly advancing. The Dan- 
vers men were caught in a trap, but they fought desper- 
ately and gallantly. The British, too, were desperate. 
Enraged at their defeat and harassed by the Provin- 
cials, who had fired upon them from behind stone walls 
and trees on their retreat, they now saw a chance for 
revenge. Some of the Americans were driven into a 
cellar nearby, where horrible deeds were committed, and 
here and in the yard seven of Danvers' young men fell, 
and two more were wounded. The dead were: Benja- 
min Daland, Jr., Henry Jacobs, Jr., George South- 
wick, Jr., Samuel Cook, Jr., Eben Goldthwait, Perley 
Putnam and Jotham Webb. Danvers lost more men 
than any other town except I^exington. 

Captain Foster, with some of his men on the side of 
the hill, finding themselves nearly surrounded, made an 
effort to gain the pond. Thev crossed directly in front 
of the British column. On the north side of the road 
they took position behind a ditch wall. From this re- 
doubt thev fired upon the enemy so long as any of them 
were within range of their muskets. Some of them 
fired eleven times, with two bullets at each discharge. 


Jotham Webb, one of the killed, had been married 
only a few weeks. When the call came, he put on his 
wedding clothes, saying, "If I die, I will die in my best 

"A gallant hero, too, was Webb, 
Nor deemed his nuptial suit too fine 
In which to act a soldier's part 
And pour his gifts at Freedom's shrine ; 

"But donned his best, and kissed his bride, 
And sped to make the sacrifice — 
The wedding garb his glory shroud, 
The fatal ball his pearl of price." 

The house in which Webb lived is stiU standing, off 
Merrill street, having been removed from Water 

It was a sorrowful group that congregated that night 
in Colonel Hutchinson's house at New Mills, to wait for 
the news from the battle. There were women whose 
husbands had seen many a bloody battlefield in the old 
wars, who knew full well what a dreadful battle meant ; 
there were young women, born and bred in an atmos- 
phere of peace; and there were little children clinging 
to the older ones with childish trust, feeling that some 
awful thing was about to happen. Only one man was 
left at New Mills that night, illness alone preventing 
him from joining the company. On the evening of the 
20th, several men on horseback drove up to the house, 
escorting a horse-cart, which bore a precious burden. 
On the kitchen floor of that house the dead were un- 
rolled from the bloody sheets, and the next morning 
were taken away for burial. Such was Danvers' part 
in the first battle of the Revolution. 

1 See Danvers Historical Collections, Vol, 8, p. 24. 

the old town of danvers 73 

Period of Watchfulness; The Revolution. — 
After the battle, the town of Danvers voted to establish 
two watches of thirteen men each, whose duty it was to 
guard the town every night. A penalty awaited any 
one who refused to do duty in this direction. Strict 
rules were laid down against the firing of any guns 
except in cases of alarm or actual engagement. The 
watches were discontinued in July, when Congress pro- 
vided a guard for seaport towns. 

The expectation of an outbreak was realized on the 
memorable 17th of June, when the battle of Bunker 
Hill was fought, in which a large number of Danvers 
men participated. During the following terrible eight 
years' struggle for independence, the men of this town 
bore an honorable and important part.^ Money was 

5 For the names of soldiers see "Military and Naval Annals of 
Danvers," published by the town, 1896. 

The following gravefs of Revolutionary soldiers have been located : 

Walnut Grove Cemetery — Summit Ave., Samuel Cheever, Thomas 
Putnam, Nathan Putnam, Capt. Samuel Page ; Myrtle Ave., Brig.-Gen. 
Moses Porter, Benjamin Porter ; Fern Ave., Stephen Putnam ; Mag- 
nolia Ave., Asa Tapley ; Elm Ave., Johnson Proctor ; Aster Path, Allen 

High Street Cemetery — John Josslyn, Capt. Edmund Putnam, Col. 
Jeremiah Page, Col. Israel Hutchinson, Nathaniel Webb, Jonathan 
Wait, David Tarr, Capt. Jeremiah Putnam, Richard Skidmore, Ben- 
jamin Porter. 

Holten Street Cetoetery — Hon. Samuel Holten, Col. Jethro Putnam, 
Rogers Nourse, John Kettelle, Michael Cross. 

Wadsworth Cemetery — Col. Enoch Putnam, Timothy Putnam, Daniel 

Putnamville — Capt. Benjamin Putnam. 

Preston Street— Levi Preston, Phineas Putnam, Phineas Putnamj 
Jr., Archelaus Dale, George Wyatt. 

Beaver Brook, Spring Street — John Nichols, James Prince. 

Putnam Cemetery, near Hospital — Deacon Joseph Putnam. 

Off Green Street — Amos Tapley, Simon Mudge, John Preston, Daniel 
Putnam, Lieut. Gilbert Tapley. 

Pope's Lane — Nathaniel Pope, Nathaniel Pope, Jr. 

Rebecca Nurse Burying Ground — Matthew Putnam, Francis Nurse. 

Rear "The Lindens" — Dr. Amos Putnam, Nathan Putnam. 

Jacobs Cemetery, Gardner's Hill — Capt. Seth Richardson. 

In 1895, the town made an appropriation for the purchase of 
markers for the graves of Revolutionary soldiers, since which time 
the patriotic societies have decorated these graves annually. 


raised and the services of hundreds of its citizens were 
freely given, so it was truthfully said that 

"On every field where victory was won, 
The sons of Danvers stood by Washington." 

Dr. Amos Putnam was one of the most influential 
citizens of the town at this time. He was born in Dan- 
vers, October 11, 1722. He studied medicine and prac- 
ticed in this town until the opening of the French and 
Indian war, when he entered the Colonial service as 
surgeon, serving six months. During the Revolution 
he was a member of the Committee of Safety and was 
always a firm and outspoken patriot. He practiced in 
Danvers over half a century, and died on July 26, 1807, 
and was buried in a family lot in rear of the "Lindens." 
The portrait from which the accompanying cut was 
made is the most ancient Putnam portrait known. 


A Revolutionary hero of whom Danvers will always 
be proud was Gen. Israel Putnam, whose biography is 
really a matter of national history. In the house now 
standing at the corner of Newbury and Maple streets, 
he first saw the light on January 7, 1718, in a back room 
which is still preserved with all its ancient furnishings. 
The old part of the house was built probably about 1641 
by Lieut. Thomas Putnam, his grandfather, and came 
into possession of the General's father, Joseph Putnam. 
His boyhood was distinguished by strength and courage, 
and with hard work on the farm and plenty of athletic 
exercise he laid the foundation of a vigorous constitu- 
tion. At the age of twenty-one he married Hannah 
Pope, and soon removed to Pomfret, Conn., in the 
vicinity of which he made his home ever after. It was 



t3 o 



Built by Samuel Clark, son of Rev. Peter Clark, about 1760. He exchanged houses in 

1762, with Col. Israel Hutchinson, who then lived in the Hutchinson-Clark house 

now on Essex Street. Here were brought the bodies of the Danvers men 

slain in the Battle of Lexington. Demolished when the Danvers- 

port railroad station was erected in 1889 


there that he had the famous encounter with the wolf 
in her den. The neighborhood had been greatly excited 
at the meanderings of the wolf, but no one had the cour- 
age to attack her. Putnam, with his usual fearlessness, 
came to their rescue, entered the cave and shot the wolf, 
much to the relief of the people. 

His first service for his country was in the French 
and Indian War. He commanded a company at Ticon- 
deroga, where he attracted much attention on account 
of his undaunted courage. When the Revolution broke 
out he had risen to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. 
Upon receiving the news of the Battle of Lexington, in 
his Connecticut home, he left his plough in the furrow, 
and seizing his coat from a tree where it hung, turned 
his horse loose, and hastened to the scene of the conflict. 

Commissioned a Major-General by George Wash- 
ington, who had been appointed Commander-in-chief of 
the armies, he commanded the American forces at the 
Battle of Bunker Hill. Here, as elsewhere, he dis- 
played the utmost bravery and calmness. It was at this 
time that he gave the famous command to his men: 
"Don't fire until you can see the whites of their eyes," 
the wisdom of which was realized when it was seen how 
great had been the destruction of the enemy. Through 
all the years of the war he distinguished himself. "He 
dared to lead where any dared to follow." His courage 
was sometimes of a reckless type, as when (1778) on 
horseback he plunged down the hundred stone steps at 
Horseneck, Conn., to escape death at the hands of the 
British, a feat which would have been sure death to 
anyone but Putnam. He was not a man of learning; 
his education had been such as could be obtained occa- 
sionally winters in the district school, but he had a large 
amount of good judgment, common-sense and love of 
country that completely eclipsed all consideration of 
his ignorance of books. Washington was his friend, 


and all the great generals and leaders of his time were 
loud in their praise of "Old Put," as his devoted soldiers 
loved to call him. George Washington wrote General 
Putnam, June 2, 1783: 

"Your favor of the 20th of May I received with much 
pleasure. For I can assure you that among the many 
worthy and meritorious officers with whom I have had 
the happiness to be connected in service through the 
course of this war, and from whose cheerful assistance 
in the various and trying vicissitudes of a complicated 
contest, the name of a Putnam is not forgotten, nor will 
be but with that stroke of time which shall obliterate 
from my mind the remembrance of all those toils and 
fatigues through which we have struggled for the pres- 
ervation and establishment of the rights, liberties and 
independence of our country. Your congratulations on 
the happy prospects of peace and independent security, 
with their attendant blessings to the United States, I 
receive with great satisfaction, and beg that you will 
accept a return of my gratulations to you on this aus- 
picious event, an event in which you have a right to par- 
ticipate largely, from the distinguished part you have 
contributed toward its attainment." 

In that famous painting, "The Battle of Bunker 
Plill," the face and form of Putnam is distinctly seen. 
It was copied from a portrait painted from life by John 

General Putnam died on May 19, 1790, at his home 

1 Trumbull also sketched numerous portraits on drumheads and old 
pieces of deerskin during his service in the army with Washington. 
Among them are two in which he is in council with General Putnam 
and Benedict Arnold, one in which Washington is issuing a military 
order to Putnam, and another in which Putnam is seated on a drum, 
Washington standing by his side with his hand on the old general's 


in Brooklyn, Conn., and was buried with military 

His monument bears this inscription : 

"Passenger — If thou art a soldier drop a tear over 
the dust of a hero who, ever attentive to the lives and 
happiness of his men, dared to lead where any dared to 
follow. If a patriot, remember the distinguished and 
gallant services rendered thy country by the patriot who 
sleeps beneath this marble. If thou art honest, gener- 
ous, and worthy, render a cheerful tribute of respect to 
a man whose generosity was singular, whose honesty 
was proverbial, who raised himself to universal esteem 
and offices of eminent distinction by personal worth and 
a useful life." 


Forty-seven years in the service of his country — that 
is the record of Gen. Moses Porter, who was born in a 
house on Locust street, at Porter's hill, on March 26, 
1736. This house, which was demolished in 1902, when 
the Watts residence was erected, was built early in the 
18th century. It was the home of Zerubbabel Rea, 
later the home of Dr. Caleb Rea, whose sister married 
Benjamin Porter, the father of the General. When 
but eighteen years of age, he caught the patriotic enthu- 
siasm of the times, hastened to Marblehead, and enlisted 
in an artillery company for the fight at Bunker Hill. 
Here he was the last to leave the guns. He was at the 
siege of Boston, the campaign on Long Island and at 
New York, and at White Plains, doing valiant service 
under Generals Washington and Knox. He crossed 
the Delaware with Washington, took part in the battles 

5 A fine equestrian statue of Putnam has be;en erected in Brooklyn, 
and a tablet placed by Gen. Israel Putnam Chapter, D. A. R., marks 
his birthplace. 


of Trenton and the Brandywine, was wounded at Fort 
INIifflin, and then helped to strengthen and hold West 

At the close of the Revolution, he was ordered to the 
northwestern frontier to fight the Indians. His long 
service there was remarkable for great achievements. 
In his capacity of engineer, he was of inestimable value 
to the country. At Fort Detroit he was the first to 
unfurl the stars and stripes over Michigan soil. Then 
he commanded the forces at Fort Mackinaw, later Fort 
Niagara, and leading his men down through western 
Pennsylvania to the Red river region, kept at bay the 
threatening forces of Spaniards and Mexicans. He then 
pushed on to New Orleans through a great trackless 

Just at this time (1812) the country was threatened 
with another war with England, and he was called to 
civilization once more to put the Atlantic coast in a state 
of defence. He built new forts and stationed batteries 
all the way from New York to Maine, and when the 
struggle finally came, he was sent again to Fort Niagara 
to take command of the frontier against the English, 
with the rank of Brigadier-General. Finally he was 
placed in command at Fort Norfolk, Va. This was 
the great event of his life. All eyes were turned to 
Norfolk, and for long, anxious months the great and 
proud naval squadrons of England moved back and 
forth, in and out the bays, ready to pounce upon their 
prey. But Porter was there. He so fortified the main 
points and increased his forces and kept them well drilled 
and ready for attack, having at last 10,000 men under 
him, and yet thousands of them sick, that the enemy 
did not dare make him a visit, and finally put to sea. 
Again he was retained in service after peace was de- 
clared, and when the country was divided into great 


geographical departments, at the head of which was 
placed some old distinguished veteran, General Porter 
was made successively commander, first of the 1st in 
Northern New York, with his headquarters at Green- 
bush; then of the 3d, with his headquarters at New 
York City; then of the 4th, with his headquarters at 
Philadelphia, and finally of the 2d, with headquarters 
at Boston, near the scene of his youthful glory. Estab- 
lishing his headquarters afterwards in Watertown and 
Cambridge, he died in April, 1822, and was first buried 
with public honors on the ground of the old Stone 
Chapel, Boston, the stores of the city being closed and 
a great military pageant taking place in his honor. 
His old war-horse was led in the long procession which 
followed his remains and in which were celebrated gen- 
erals and colonels and naval commanders who, like him- 
self, had been defenders of the country in many a notable 
campaign. His remains were later removed to Walnut 
Grove Cemetery, Danvers. 

General Porter was an able as well as a brave man, 
but his modesty prevented him from taking any credit 
to himself. Quiet and unassuming, he served his coun- 
try faithfully to the end of a long life. He was un- 
married. A large tray taken from the English by 
General Porter, silver drinking cups and other trophies 
of the Revolution, have been handed down in the Porter 


This worthy Revolutionary hero was born in that part 
of the old town of Danvers, now Peabody, on Feb. 24, 
1749. In his early days he improved the limited oppor- 
tunities for an education, so that he became an excellent 


draughtsman, a fine penman and a skillful surveyor. 
He had considerable mechanical genius, having planned 
and constructed all the machinery used in his mills. 

Gideon Foster organized a company of "Minute 
Men," when the colonies were threatened by English 
oppression, who were at the North bridge encounter at 
Salem, and later at the Battle of Lexington. After 
this engagement he was stationed at Brighton, and was 
at the scene of the Battle of Bunker Hill, although he 
did not participate in it. Being ordered to escort a load 
of ammunition to Charlestown, he met the Americans on 
the retreat after the fight. Their ammunition was gone, 
and Captain Foster and his men, with their hands and 
dippers, filled the troops' horns, pockets and hats, and 
whatever else they had that would hold powder. At 
the same time the enemy's shot were constantly whistl- 
ing by, but they worked on, wholly unmindful of the 

In the State militia, during times of peace, he ren- 
dered good service, advancing step by step, until, in 
1801, he was elected Major General by the Legislature. 
"He was chosen commander of a company of 'exempts' 
during the War of 1812, and he never lost his military 
ardor, but to the last the sound of the drum was music 
to his ear. He was nurtured in that school of patri- 
otism which taught that opposition to tyrants is obedi- 
ence to God. Liberty and love of country were his early 
and abiding passions." General Foster was honored 
by his fellow-citizens with many town offices, and he also 
served in the State Legislature. He lived to be ninety- 
six years of age, the last commissioned officer of the 
lievolution. He died Nov. 1, 1845, and was given a 
military funeral. 



Israel Hutchinson^ was born in 1727 in an old house 
on Centre Street, near where it crosses Newbury. 
Ijittle is known of his early life, but when he reached 
manhood, he is mentioned as a member of a scouting 
party penetrating the wilderness of Maine in perilous 
Indian warfare. The next position of prominence was 
when, as Captain, he fought so nobly at the Heights of 
Abraham in the capture of Quebec. Hutchinson had 
gained valuable experience at Lake George and Ticon- 
deroga. The English had been trying to take Quebec, 
the stronghold of the French, for three months, but had 
failed. It seemed next to impossible to get into a posi- 
tion to reduce the fortress, situated as it was on such an 
elevation. Finally there was discovered a narrow bridle 
path leading upwards through the woods to the summit. 
This was the only chance the English had. 

In the early morning of the 13th of September, 1759, 
Captain Hutchinson and his men, with others, floated 
down the St. Lawrence river, without the use of oars, 
for silence must be preserved. They touched at a little 
cove and the sentinels who guarded this secret path, 
were overpowered. Hutchinson and his men pulled 
themselves up by catching roots, branches and stones, 
and digging out steps in the mountain side as they ad- 
vanced. By daylight they had reached the summit. 
The French could not believe their eyes when they be- 
held this band of Englishmen on the Plains of Abraham. 
A terrific battle took place, as a result of which Quebec 
became an English possession. Capt. Israel Hutchin- 
son, then thirty-two years of age, escaped uninjured 
from the awful conflict. 

1 The monument which has been erected to his memory near the 
Danvefrsport station, stands near the site of his liome. 


Sixteen years later, Captain Hutchinson with his 
company of minute men marched from his home at 
Danversport to Lexington, on the 19th of April, 1775. 
For his meritorious conduct here he was appointed Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the 19th Massachusetts Regiment, 
with headquarters at Cambridge. At sunset of June 16, 
1775, Lt.-Col. Hutchinson marched from Cambridge 
common to Bunker Hill. At midnight they began to 
throw up a redoubt, and by sunrise of the following day 
they disclosed to the astonished British a fort that rose 
out of the night as if by magic. All that morning, in the 
terrible heat, exhausted and famished, without food or 
water, that handful of men waited for the attack of the 
British. And when it came, with what determination 
both sides fought is recorded in history. Hutchinson 
was rewarded after the battle by appointment as Colonel 
of the 27th Regiment of the Army of the United 

On the night of the famous retreat from Long Island 
(Aug. 29, 1776) to the mainland, Hutchinson and his 
men helped save Washington and his forces from cap- 
ture and possible destruction. Washington had been 
caught like a rat in a trap, and his only means of escape 
was by transports to the mainland. He ordered every 
transport that could be found to set out at once, adding 
"they must be manned by some of Col. Hutchinson's 
men." A heavy easterly storm was raging. At 8 in 
the evening the boats were ready, manned by Hutch- 
inson's Danvers and Salem men, but for three hours 
they waited before the tempest abated sufficiently to 
embark. Fortunately, a heavy fog settled down, which 
concealed the doings of Hutchinson, until the army was 
removed to a place of safety. At Newark and Trenton, 
the name of Colonel Hutchinson is found, but Christmas 
night of 1776 is second to none of the other great events 


in his life. With Washington he crossed the Delaware 
to attack the Hessians at Trenton. The men were rag- 
ged and half fed. It was a bitter winter night. The 
wind howled from the northeast and by midnight a driv- 
ing snow storm was raging. Undaunted, they strug- 
gled on through the ice in the river and at four the next 
morning they appeared before the enemy, surprised 
them and forced them to surrender. Such was the mili- 
tary life of Colonel Hutchinson. 

In 1777, and for nineteen years thereafter, Colonel 
Hutchinson represented Danvers in the General Court, 
and for two years he was a member of the Governor's 

In personal appearance he was of medium height, 
quick in his movements, while dignified and courteous 
in his manner. He was affable, social and generous. 
After his long public service he spent his declining years 
in the quiet of his home, attending to his mill. His life 
of activity was a blessing to the people among whom he 
lived ; a leader of men, he inspired others to noble action. 
His industry was one of his most noticeable qualities, 
to the extent that his neighbors used it as a byword and 
predicted that he would sooner or later lose his life in 
his mill. The prediction proved true, for in March, 
1811, at the age of eighty-four years, while removing 
ice from the water-wheel, he received injuries which 
caused his death on the 15th of that month. He was 
buried in High street cemetery. 


About the middle of the 18th century a man named 
Andrews, who lived in Putnamville, needed some bricks 
to build a chimney, and went to Medford to get them. 
Andrews told the brickmaker that there was good clay 


in Danvers, and asked him to send someone to com- 
mence working it. Accordingly his son, then twenty- 
one years of age, came to Danvers, boarded in Andrews' 
family, married one of his daughters, and commenced 
the manufacture of bricks. This young man was Jere- 
miah Page. 

He built the house on Elm street — now removed to 
Page street by the Danvers Historical Society — soon 
after his settlement in town, and with his own hands 
brought from the woods near by the elm trees which 
grew to such enormous proportions and surrounded the 
old house. He was a staunch patriot and was captain 
of a militia company before the Revolution. While 
General Gage was stationed in Danvers, he occupied 
the front room of the house as an office, from the win- 
dows of which, it is said, there was an uninterrupted 
view of Salem harbor. At the breaking out of the 
Kevolution, he led a company of minute men to Lex- 
ington from the door of his house, which was the assem- 
bly place agreed upon. He was commissioned Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the Eighth Essex Regiment in 1776. 
The same year he performed duty at Horseneck, being 
among those drafted for the relief of New York. He 
was in the famous Battle of White Plains, Oct. 18, 
1776. A year later he resigned and spent the remainder 
of his days at home, taking an active part in town affairs. 
He died June 8, 1806, and was buried in High street 


Another distinguished son of Danvers was Col. 
Enoch Putnam.^ Born Feb. 18, 1732, in the old Put- 

1 A plain gold ring given by Enoch Pntnam to his wife, bearing the 
inscription "Kemember the giver — E. P.," is in the possession of one 
of his great, great granddaughters. 


nam homestead near "Oak Knoll," he followed the oc- 
cupation of farmer during his early years. He served 
in a militia company before the Revolution, and at the 
breaking out of the war, hastened to Lexington as sec- 
ond lieutenant in Capt. Israel Hutchinson's company. 
The following month (May, 1775) he received a Cap- 
tain's commission. In 1778 he is found as Lieutenant- 
Colonel in command of the Eighth Essex Regiment, 
serving in this rank until 1780. The next year he was 
in command of re.gulars raised for three months, at West 
Point, and on the 14th of November, 1782, he was 
appointed a full Colonel. 

After his retirement from the army, he served the 
town in many important capacities. He died in 1796, 
and was probably buried in Wadsworth cemetery, 
although no stone marks his grave. 


Rev. Benjamin Balch, who resided in New Mills 
from 1774-1784, was a character who figured in some 
of the most thrilling events of the Revolution. He 
graduated from Harvard in 1763, and while preaching 
in Machias met his future wife, a pretty Irish girl and 
a member of his congregation, the daughter of Morris 
O'Brien. Her brother, Col. Jeremiah O'Brien, has been 
credited with winning the first naval victory of the war, 
while another brother, Capt. John O'Brien, was a noted 
shipowner of Newburyport, Boston and New York, 
from which family, curiously enough, the Rev. Jeremiah 
Chaplin, pastor of the Baptist Church at New Mills, in 
a later generation, took his bride. The O'Briens were 
most ardently devoted to the cause of the colonies. 

Benjamin Balch was chosen, in 1775, lieutenant of 
the New Mills Alarm company that marched to the 


Battle of Lexington. From that time his patriotic ser- 
vices were continuous, serving as Chaplain in the army 
until 1778, when he was appointed Chaplain of the 
frigate "Boston," on which two of his sons were serving. 
In 1781 he was assigned to the famous frigate "Alli- 
ance," Capt. James Barry, built in Salisbury, and said 
to have been the first frigate built for the Continental 
Congress, and his services in that year were marked by 
interesting events consequent upon the activity of that 
vessel under her gallant commander, and the leadership 
of John Paul Jones. Balch earned the designation of 
the "fighting parson," when in a perilous engagement 
with two British vessels he armed himself and fought 
with the others in a desperate and successful struggle 
in which the "Alliance" captured both vessels. At the 
close of the war he resumed preaching, and died in Bar- 
rington, N. H., in 1815.^ 


There were many other Danvers men on the roll of 
honor during the war. Major Caleb Low served in the 
Indian wars and in the Revolution under Washington; 
Major Sylvester Osborne, who, at sixteen years of age, 
rushed to the Lexington fight; Capt. Samuel Eppes, 
who hurried to Lexington in advance of his regiment; 
Capt. Samuel Flint, the only commissioned officer from 
Danvers killed in the Revolution, which occurred at 
Stillwater in 1777, the hero of the French wars, who, 
when asked where he could be found on a certain day, 
replied, "Where the enemy is, there you will find me"; 
Capt. Samuel Page, son of Col. Jeremiah Page, who 
served all through the Revolution; Capt. Dennison 

1 See Danvers Historical CollectioBS, Vol. 7, p. 86. Balch 's son 
William married Mary, daughter of Rev. Dr. Benjamin Wadsworth of 


Wallis, who, when nineteen years old, received twelve 
bullet wounds in the fight at Lexington ; Capt. Jeremiah 
Putnam, a faithful officer to the end of the war; Capt. 
Asa Prince, who, in attempting to escape from the 
hands of the British on June 17th, 1775, dislocated his 
ankle, and courageously thrust the bone back into the 
socket and renewed his flight; Capt. Levi Preston and 
Capt. Johnson Proctor, worthy sons of the south part 
of the town; and Capt. Edmund Putnam, the "fighting 
deacon," who, at the head of his company of minute 
men, marched to Lexington; Seth Richardson of "New 
Mills," afterwards a well-known sea captain, who en- 
listed at sixteen and saw some of the hardest service, at 
Valley Forge, Monmouth and Hubbardston, under 
Captain Page;- — these and many more grandly fought 
for the freedom of America. 

"God give us grace to know full well, 
Who sowed the seed that we might reap ; 
And, while eternal harvests grow, 
Let memory her jewels keep." 


Shipbuilding Introduced at New Mills. — Al- 
most as soon as Archelaus Putnam had built his grist 
mills, sharp-eyed men from the shipbuilding towns saw 
an opening at New Mills for their business. The first 
to engage in the business here was Timothy Stephens 
of Newbury, an enterprising and skillful builder, from 
whom many young men learned the trade and estab- 
lished "yards" of their own. During the Revolution 
several privateers were built at New Mills for use in 
the service, besides merchant ships for the trade. When 


the war broke out, the firm of Pinder, Kent & Fowler 
had a contract to build a large ship for a London house, 
but the impending hostilities prevented them from rig- 
ging and fitting her. So long as she remained on the 
stocks, the builders could get no pay, and the English 
agent, Capt. John Lee, who was superintending the 
building refused to allow her to be launched. How- 
ever, all the ship carpenters mustered one night and 
slid her into the water. A lawsuit was the result. The 
New Mills builders never received their pay, and the 
good ship, floating with the tides, rotted in the river. 

The privateers "Harlequin," "Jupiter" and "Grand 
Turk," were built here during the Revolution, and the 
Kents continued this business for many years, being 
succeeded by Ira Story in the middle of the nineteentli 

Danvers' First Printing Office. — About the time 
of the Revolution, there appears to have been a print- 
ing office in Danvers. It was located in a small build- 
ing, next adjoining Bell Tavern, in what is now Pea- 
body, and the printer was Ezekiel Russell, who had been 
engaged in the business in Salem. Here were printed 
books of various kinds, and "Bickerstaff's Boston Al- 
manac" (1779), a publication containing much advice, 
not to mention correct forecasts of wind and weather 
for New England, accompanied by crude illustrations. 
The printing office was the receptacle for old rags, sail- 
cloth, junk, or anything that could be converted into 
paper — a scarce article just at this time. Bibles, school 
books and religious books were kept on sale in this pub- 
lication office "at Danvers, near Boston," as the adver- 
tisement reads. Russell discontinued his business and 
removed to Boston about 1782. 

First School at Putnamville. — The children of 
Putnam ville had the benefit of a school as early as 1777; 


a schoolhouse was built on a small ledge near the corner 
of North and Locust streets, and here many of the men 
and women who afterward made Putnamville one of 
the busiest and most prosperous sections of the town, 
received their early education. Not long after this, a 
new building was erected (1787) very near the old one. 
This later one had an interesting and varied history. 
After generations of use as a schoolhouse, it became 
the shoe factory of Elias Putnam (1812), having been 
moved to another part of Putnamville, and a new school- 
house erected on the site. Here it was the scene of 
many hot political as well as religious debates. Here, 
when liberal thought in the churches began to show it- 
self, its advocates, the early Universalists, held their 
first meetings. And when its usefulness as a factory 
was ended it was moved to Tapleyville (1832), where 
it was remodeled into a tenement house, remaining 
standing until the Tapley school was erected (1896). 

Primitive Shoemaking; First Shoe Factory in 
United States. — In the early days before the Revolu- 
tion, the business of making shoes was confined to little 
shops, built by the farmers near their houses. Here, 
during the winter months, when work on the farm was 
suspended, the time was profitably spent with the ham- 
mer and awl in the production of shoes for the neigh- 

About the time of the Revolution, Zerubbabel Porter, 
brother of Gen. Moses Porter, was engaged in the cur- 
rying of leather in a little shop which stood on Locust 
street on a knoll in front of the residence of the late An- 
drew C. Watts at Putnamville. It was a two-story build- 
ing. The tanning was carried on in the basement for some 
time, when the idea of manufacturing shoes occurred to 
the owner. He hired several workmen to make shoes 
from the leather which he was unable to dispose of in 


his currying business. This, it is claimed, was the first 
factory in the United States in which the owner em- 
ployed a number of paid workmen in the manufacture 
of shoes for outside trade over and above the demands 
of people in the immediate locality. Porter was a man 
of more than ordinary ability, intelligent, shrewd and 
enterprising. He was born Sept. 6, 1759, and died 
Nov. 11, 1845. He rapidly extended his business, even 
to Southern ports, shipping the shoes, packed in barrels, 
on board of coasters out of Salem. These shoes were 
thick brogans, designed for the Southern slaves. 

Soon another pioneer in the business, having served 
a year's apprenticeship, one day in 1789 bought a side 
of leather, and "set up for himself." This was Moses 
Putnam. The shoes that he made from the side of 
leather, he took in a saddle-bag to Boston, having hired 
his father's horse, and sold them to good advantage. 
With patient industry and well merited success Moses 
Putnam continued fifty-seven years in the business, until 
he became one of the wealthiest men in the county. 

From this small beginning has grown the giant in- 
dustry, which has been a benefit, not only to Danvers, 
but to the country at large. 

Inoculation; How Received. — For many gener- 
ations the scourge of this country was the smallpox. 
Hardly a family escaped, and in the earliest days whole 
families were carried off by this terrible disease. In 
England a remedy had been found that would prevent 
the spread of the malady. It was called the process of 
inoculation. In 1778, an attempt was made to intro- 
duce it into Danvers, and a certain house was set apart 
for the purpose of inoculating those who so desired, but 
as in all great movements, there were those in Danvers 
who were skeptical and treated the matter as absurd. 


Left to Right : Wool Store of Moses Black, Jr. ; Coal and Wood Shed ; Brick House, built by Nathaniel 
Putnam, in 1805; Houses of Major Moses Black; Black's Morocco Shop 

From a lithograph made in 1S52 


Centre Street. Built in 1785. 


Feeling on the subject ran high. So great was the 
opposition that in the following month a special town 
meeting was held, which quite effectually and in no 
uncertain tones stopped the practice immediately. After 
a dozen years, the people evidently had their eyes opened 
to the beneficial results obtained by the treatment, for 
from that time there was no further attempt to prevent 
its use, and, indeed, twenty years later the town enter- 
tained such a high opinion of vaccination that a specialist 
was paid to vaccinate the children of Danvers. 

The Commonwealth. — Massachusetts became, by 
the Articles of Confederation in 1781, one of the states 
which formed the United States of America. The 
States threw off the yoke of Great Britain with the 
Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. Until the 
Constitution was adopted in 1789, thej^ were governed 
by Congress. From this period the Town of Danvers 
is to be considered a part of the Commonwealth of 

Baptist Society Foemed. — The population at New 
Mills increased to such proportions that a church was 
desired in the neighborhood. The Baptist society was 
accordingly formed in 1781. A large number of Bev- 
erly people attended the services. Two years later a 
meeting house was erected, the timber for which was 
cut on Lindall Hill, hewn by hand, and hauled to the 
site of the new church. This building was sold in 1828, 
when a new church was erected, to John A. Learoyd, 
who moved it to the Plains and used it for j^^ears as a 
currier's shop in the rear of his house on Maple street. 
The ministers of the Church have been: Rev. Benjamin 
Foster, 1781-1784; Rev. Thomas Green, 1793-1796; 
Rev. Jeremiah Chaplin, 1802-1818; Rev. James A. Bos- 
well (ordained 1819), 1818-1820; Rev. Arthur Drink- 
water, 1821-1829; Rev. James Barnaby, 1830-1832; 
Rev. John Holroyd, 1832-1837; Rev. E. W. Dickinson, 


1838-1839; Rev. J. Humphrey Avery, 1841-1842; Rev. 
Joseph W. Eaton, 1843-1849, Rev. A. W. Chaffin, 
1850-1862; Rev. Foster Henry, 1862-1865; Charles 
F. Holbrook, 1865-1870; Rev. J. A. Goodhue, 1870- 
1872; Rev. G. W. McCuUough, 1873-1876; Rev. Lucien 
Drury, 1877-1883; Rev. Gideon Cole, 1884-1888; Rev. 
C. F. Holbrook, 1889-1898; Rev. C. S. Nightingale, 
1898-1903; Rev. C. H. Wheeler, 1903-1907; Rev. E. A. 
Herring, 1907-1911; Rev. F. J. Ward, 1913-1917; Rev. 
Walter G. Thomas, 1917. 

Early Schooling at New Mills. — In all proba- 
bility New Mills was one of the districts in which in 
1777, it was voted to "set up a school for three months." 
At all events there was a schoolhouse there as early as 
1785, which stood, it is thought, near the Baptist church. 
Of one of the early schoolmasters, Caleb Clark, the 
following has been written: "He was in the habit of 
whittling a shingle in school and for small offences 
compelling the disobedient to pile the whittlings in the 
middle of the room; when this was accomplished he 
would kick them over, to be picked up again. He would 
sometimes require them to watch a wire suspended in 
the room, and inform him when a fly lighted on it. 
For greater offences he would sometimes attempt to 
frighten them into obedience by putting his shoulder 
under the mantel-piece and threatening to throw the 
house down upon them. It is said of the worthy peda- 
gogue that when deeply engaged in a mathematical 
problem he became so absorbed in the work as to be 
wholly unconscious of anything transpiring around him, 
and the boys, taking advantage of this habit, would 
creep out of school and skate and slide by the hour 

Danvers Men in Shays' Rebellion. — After the 
Revolution, Massachusetts, as well as the other original 


• ->..V.'- 1 



Printed and sold by Ezekiel Russell at his printing office 

in Danvers 

From the original in possession of the Peabody 

Historical Society 


states, was very heavily in debt. The people were im- 
poverished by the long war and had no money to pay 
their bills. The jails were full of poor debtors, the law 
which permitted arrest for debt then being in effect. 
There was an uprising in the western part of the State 
(1786) known as Shays' Rebellion, in which Daniel 
Shays enlisted two thousand farmers and others to put 
a stop to further lawsuits for debt. They attempted to 
attack Worcester county court house and jail, but the 
"rebellion" was quelled by the militia, and Shays fled 
to New Hampshire. Danvers sent fourteen men with 
the Essex Regiment, to help put down the insurrection. 


The Great Northwest; Emigrants from Dan- 
vers; The Ohio Company; Marietta Settled. — 
The town of Danvers took an important part in the 
settlement of the Northwest Territory. Previous to 
1787, only a few traders and missionaries had penetrated 
into the wilds of the west as far as Ohio. The govern- 
ment had sent a man to survey the lands, who, upon 
returning, gave such glowing accounts of the country 
that Gen. Rufus Putnam of Rutland, a grandson of 
Danvers, commenced to form a corporation for the colo- 
nization of that region. Thus, what was called "The 
Ohio Company" came into existence, to which the gov- 
ernment granted five million acres of land. 

The first party of emigrants to the new country set 
out from Danvers, Dec. 1, 1787. This division was led 
by Major Hafiield White of this town, in which there 
were at least thirteen Danvers men, with several from 
Hamilton and Essex. They travelled overland in a 
long, ark-like looking wagon, covered with canvas and 


bearing the inscription on the outside in large letters: 
"To Marietta on the Ohio." They were a vigorous set 
of men, and their energy, determination and power of 
endurance were well tested as they urged their way to 
the great wilderness of the west in the dead of winter, 
through deep snows, across ice-bound streams and over 
almost impassable mountains. 

Major White's division arrived at the Yohoigany 
river on January 23, 1788, where, on February 14, they 
were joined by General Putnam's company. Both par- 
ties then engaged in making boats and laying in stores. 
On the first of April, the whole company sailed up the 
river to the confluence of the Muskingam and Ohio 
rivers. Here on the 7th of the same month they landed 
and began the settlement of Marietta, Ohio.^ Consid- 
ering that General Putnam, the chief superintendent of 
the Ohio company sprang from a Danvers family, that 
it was from this town that the first division of the ear- 
liest settlers of that great state took their departure, and 
that Danvers furnished more men for the company than 
any othpr town, it is not claiming too much to say that 
not only the State of Ohio, but the Great Northwest is, 
in a certain sense, the offspring of Danvers. In the 
years which immediately followed, other small bands of 
pioneers were organized in Danvers and vicinity for the 
western settlement. Their life in a new home, so far 
from friends and native haunts, was on the whole a hard 
one, yet the wide prospects for business, the rich soil and 
the congenial climate appealed to them. The Indians 
for the most part gave them a wide berth at the outset, 
but as the settlement grew the colonists were obliged 
to live in the fort, and a strict watch was maintained 
against Indian attacks. The story of their subsequent 
life is the story of the hardship and privations of every 

J Named in honor of Marie Antoinette of France, who had shown so 
much friendship for our country. 


pioneer of the great west. There are many interesting 
and vakiable letters^ still in existence, written from the 
new settlement to friends and relatives in Danvers, in 
which they related their adventures and also urged their 
friends and families to follow them. 

HafReld White did valiant service in the French and 
Indian war and the Revolution. At Marietta he en- 
gaged in the milling business, erected mills and became 
a leading citizen. In person he is described as below 
medium size, robust and thickset, very active and brisk 
in his motions, prompt to execute any business on hand 
in the most expeditious manner. His home was in the 
southern part of old Danvers. 

Danvers vs. Essex Bridge; A Sharp Conflict. — 
In 175:8 it was proposed to build a bridge from Beverly 
to Salem, to take the place of the ferry. This was con- 
sidered a most wonderful undertaking. For many years 
Danvers had enjoyed the advantage of travel from the 
towns beyond Beverly to Boston, over the old Ipswich 
Way and the Boston Road. The new bridge meant 
that all this travel would now be turned to the more 
convenient route through Beverly and Salem. The 
same spirit which opposed so vigorously the road through 
New Mills a quarter of a century before, arose in its 
might and fought just as desperately to prevent the 
erection of the Essex Bridge, commonly known as 
Beverly Bridge. Danvers stood like a rock against the 
overwhelming current. All the other towns in the 
county directly concerned were as a unit in favor of 
the bridge. They complained that the old road was 
uneven and bad, that the snow through Danvers delayed 
the mails, and that the distance to Boston was greater. 
Single-handed, if need be, Danvers proposed to fight to 

1 See extracts from their letters in Danvers Mirror of Nov. 10, 1877. 


the bitter end for the preservation of her ancient pres- 

"For if they once may win the bridge, 
What hope to save the town." 

Town meetings were held in which the citizens declared 
that by building the bridge, their only channel to the 
sea would be cut off and their shipping industry would 
be ruined. A stormy time ensued, in which petitions 
and remonstrances came thick and fast from the sturdy 
sons of Danvers. At one time it looked as if they would 
have a strong ally in the fishermen of North Salem, 
whose fears were aroused and sympathies doubtless en- 
listed by their Danvers neighbors. They, too, felt quite 
sure that the days of their fisheries would soon be ended. 
For months the war was waged. On one side, the whole 
eastern part of the county clamoring louder and louder 
for a bridge; on the other, Danvers and the North 
Salem fishermen as solid as a rock against it. As a last 
resort the opposition presented a most pleading peti- 
tion. They quoted scripture. They rose to eloquence 
and pathos. They summoned law and history to their 
relief, and prostrated themselves with all humility at 
the feet of the authorities to prevent such a dire calamity 
as the building of Essex bridge. Col. Israel Hutchin- 
son testified to the shorter route through Danvers. An- 
other Danvers man called attention to the large ship- 
ping interests of that season. They then had a fleet of 
vessels at the Grand Banks and many in the coasting 
trade. They sneered at Ipswich's clam-bait, ridiculed 
Newburyport's ship-building, declared that an inch of 
Beverly harbor was worth a fathom of Marblehead, and 
posed as champions of the preservation of Beverly 
harbor. All to no avail. Their selfish interests were 
not gratified, and on November 17th, the General Court 





passed the bridge bill, which was certified by Samuel 
Adams and approved by Gov. John Hancock, marking 
one more step in the march of progress of Essex county. 

To compensate for the alleged injury to shipping at 
New Mills, the proprietors of the bridge agreed to pay 
annually to the town of Danvers for fifty years the sum 
of ten pounds, which was allowed (1789) the Neck of 
Land people for the repair of the highways. 

"Spite" or Liberty Bridge. — The same year (1788) 
a wooden bridge was built over Porter's river by the 
New Mills people, evidently with the intention of draw- 
ing travel from Beverly in this direction. The bridge 
was called "Spite" bridge by the witnesses of the recent 
Essex bridge controversy, a name which clung to it for 
years. It was later (1805) named Liberty Bridge. 

Nathan Read ; His Experiments ; Other Inven- 
tions. — In the summer of 1789, a man about thirty 
years of age might have been seen in a small, lightly 
built boat, moving up and down Waters river. The 
man was Nathan Read, and the boat was propelled by 
means of paddle-wheels operated by hand, an idea which 
was later developed by Fulton with steam as the motive 
power. Read was a graduate of Harvard, where he 
had been tutor of Harrison Gray Otis and John Quincy 
Adams, and at this time was an apothecary in Salem. 
He was a thorough student, especially of scientific 
branches. For some time he had been experimenting 
in the hope of inventing a new motive power for the 
propulsion of boats. With two paddle-wheels he made 
successful trips across the river. Many distinguished 
people were witnesses of the experiment, including Gov. 
John Hancock. It is to be remembered that this was 
eighteen years before Robert Fulton successfully ex- 
perimented with steam on the Hudson. 


Ten years later (1799) he invented the first machine 
for cutting nails, and forming a stock company, the 
"Salem Iron Factory Company," bought the right to 
establish iron works at Waters river, as the tide power 
there had never been utilized/ Nathan Read moved 
to Danvers, built the fine residence, now the Benjamin 
Porter estate, where he lived until 1807, when he re- 
moved to Belfast, Maine, dying there in 1849. He rep- 
resented Danvers in the Legislature during his residence 
here. Read was the first man in the United States to 
receive a patent. The foundry business brought many 
iron-workers into the town with their families. A nail 
shop and an anchor factory were also established there, 
but both were removed years ago; one occupied a place 
in Calvin Putnam's lumber yard; the other was con- 
verted into a barn near by. The anchors manufactured 
were mostly of a size suitable for coasting and fishing 
vessels. One important piece of work turned out there, 
which will go down in history, was the forging of the 
anchor for the United States frigate "Essex," built in 
1799 by the people of Salem, and presented to the gov- 

The Iron Factory gradually gave up the manufac- 
ture of anchors and nails, and iron rods and sheet iron 
became the product. After 1807 it was under the man- 
agement of Capt. Benjamin Crowninshield of Salem, 
who purchased the Read house, continuing to own it 
until his death in 1837, when it came into possession 
of the Porter family. The "Danvers Iron Works" has 
been owned since 1843 by Matthew Hooper, three gen- 
erations of Sylvesters, John, Benjamin F., and Her- 
bert W., and is now (1923) the property of the Massa- 
chusetts Iron and Steel Company. 

1 See "The Salem Iron Factory," by Francis B. C. Bradlee, in Dan- 
vers Historical Collections, Vol. 6. 


Amos Pope and His Almanacs. — In the latter part 
of the 18th century, Amos Pope of Dan vers, a descend- 
ant of Joseph Pope, one of the earhest settlers, at the 
age of about nineteen, computed and published a series 
of almanacs. He was the son of a farmer, educated 
himself with books — many of which were imported from 
England — sufficiently to become a schoolmaster. He 
acquired a knowledge of mathematics, calculated eclipses 
and also imbibed enough Latin to use it on occasion. 
The first printed copy was brought out in 1792, and it 
continued each year, with the exception of 1796, until 
1798, being issued from the office of a Boston printer. 
The first was entitled "An Astronomical Diary or 
Almanack for the Year of our Lord 1792. By Amos 
Pope, Philom," the last word probably an abbreviation 
for Philemon — "a lover of learning." A suggestion of 
inheritance as a reason for this young mathematician's 
interest in science is given by a great-grandson. He 
writes : 

"Peter Folger, one of the foremost men of Nan- 
tucket, and one whose biography shows him to have been 
a scholar with a mind of unusual breadth and depth, 
had among other children, two daughters. One, Abiah, 
married Joseph Franklin and became the mother of the 
great Benjamin. Another, Bethseda, married Joseph 
Pope, and became the great-grandmother of Amos 
Pope, making the great Benjamin own cousin to Amos 
Pope's grandfather. He doubtless heard a great deal 
about Benjamin Franklin, who died just at the time 
young Amos was getting data for his first almanac, and 
this young man may have copied somewhat in his aims 
and aspirations from his worthy relative, the author of 
the 'Poor Richard' almanacs. Both undoubtedly are 
indebted to the Folger strain for their intellectual ca- 
pacit\\ Many other Folger descendants had this stu- 


dious characteristic, among them being William Oakes, 
the famous botanist, own cousin to Amos, and that other 
student, Maria Mitchell, well known for her astronom- 
ical attainments." 

It is said that his father was opposed to Amos' spend- 
ing his time in studies and that he had sat many a night 
without fire in his room, when the ink would freeze in 
the stand. According to a note made by the almanac 
maker himself, his royalty was about $10 per year, and 
as the printer defrauded him out of the last three years 
of even that small pittance, he gave up the work. 

The 1793 edition contains the following modest 
address : 

"Kind Reader. — The favorable acceptance of my 
former Calculations hath encouraged me to make my 
appearance before a generous Publick another year. 
I have added (more than is usual in works of this kind) 
a Table of the Sun's Declination, with a Table to cor- 
rect it for any degree of longitude, and do judge it will 
be of service to the reader. I have aimed to render this 
work both entertaining and useful. The Calculations 
are made (with considerable labor and patience) from 
the Tables published by the best Astronomers in Eu- 
rope, and which I have always found to agree very 
nearly with the truth. I have been very particular in 
the Calculations of the Eclipses of the Sun and Moon; 
and to satisfy the curiosity of some particular friends, 
I have inserted a few Eclipses of Jupiter's first Satel- 
lite; and only a few, because the calculation of a con- 
siderable number would cost time and labor, to little or 
no service to the reader; for those that are not favored 
with Telescopes cannot observe them, and those that 
are favored with Telescopes, I trust, can calculate 
eclipses for themselves, therefore, I have inserted that 
which appeared to be more beneficial to the Publick. 



«^) For the Year of our Lord (k 


T--^ Being BISSEXTILE u>< LE \P-VEAR, 

j' ' A N O T ilE al \ 1 I , >, 1 -1 o r 


TYPE s/uaEclip!e a/. •'i.v SUN, March 2i, I'yi. •^^ 

. ■: lor die McnJiaii ot Cj^ion. ! 
....■;.., ;Lac. 42 i^cg. 2j- miii. North) b- 
tor the aJjicfnt States. 

A M OS P O P E, F;w nA 

/} O 6' r O A . c> 

'dhv !oi,:, \V. Kol.^uM, No. 30,i/'-;j'<- 5^^ 

.1 .ih'j by the BooKsuLLEiLj in Town /^ 

i4'''^i^^'^<^- :^^vr-l-.j5"^-''^^'t^«ei- r^I*'^ 


\^r^'.-^ zv.A '\ 


ind Comil 

From the original in possession of Jasper Marsh 

Built before 1700. 



That this work may prove useful, is the sincere wish 
of the Pubhsher's most humble, and most obedient 
servant, Amos Pope." 

"Danvers, May 24th, 1792." 

Mr. Pope died January 26, 1837, at the home of his 
son, Zephaniah Pope, on Pope's Lane. 

Some Old Taverns. — From the earliest settlement 
Danvers has been well provided with taverns, Nathaniel 
Ingersoll being the first licensed innholder, in 1677. 
He was the leading man in the Village, a large land- 
owner, deacon of the Village church, and captain of the 
troop of horse, and his house was conveniently located 
near the church, for in those days the tavern and the 
meeting house were on very friendly terms. A portion 
of his house is supposed to have been incorporated in 
the present parsonage of the First Church. 

Walter Phillips kept a tavern on Sylvan street, near 
the Peabody line, in 1689, which business was continued 
by the Putnams until 1753. Benjamin Holten had an 
ordinary in the Judge Holten house in 1715, and it was 
conducted by the family until Judge Holten's father 
bought the house in 1752. The Upton tavern on Centre 
street was built in 1717 by Walter Smith and conducted 
by his family until it was sold to the Uptons in 1791. 
It was a well-known hostelry; auctions were held here, 
parish and school meetings convened here, and school 
was kept in the hall. From the Uptons it descended 
in the Hutchinson family to Elijah Hutchinson, whose 
daughter still owns it. 

Samuel Endicott kept a public house in the old Dale 
house, now standing on Sylvan street, from 1762 to 
1772, when John Piemont, an Italian, rented it and 
conducted it during the time when Gage's troops were 
encamped at the Hooper house. Here John Adams 


and John Quincy Adams often stopped over night on 
their way to Ipswich. This tavern Avas in later years 
known as Leech's tavern, and used as such until about 

Deacon Gideon Putnam's famous old tavern occu- 
pied the site of the Richards building, corner Elm and 
High streets. It was built about 1773 bj^ Dr. Andrew 
Putnam, son-in-law of Jeremiah Page, and John Pie- 
mont kept a public-house here from 1776 to 1780. Pie- 
mont was the prime mover in the institution of the 
United States Lodge of Masons in Danvers in 1778, 
and was its first master. Gideon Putnam, having pur- 
chased the property in 1777, succeeded Piemont in the 
tavern business, and from that time until 1805 it was a 
famous place for the entertainment of travellers. Here 
the Deacon conducted a store also, which for years was 
a busy place where the farmers brought their produce, 
continued in later years by Jonas Warren, before men- 
tioned. Deacon Gideon was a man of high principles, 
represented Danvers in the General Court, and gave 
to the country that most distinguished son, Judge 
Samuel Putnam. He owned about two hundred acres 
of land in the vicinity of the mill-pond ; partly inherited 
and partly acquired. Putnam's mill on Sylvan street 
was owned by his family from the very earliest settle- 
ment, — at first located a little farther down the stream 
near Ash street, — and in the eighteen-sixties the mill 
rights were purchased by another Putnam of another 
line — Otis F. Putnam — so that for about 250 years 
this mill business has been conducted by men of the 
Putnam name. 

Early Libraries. — Several attempts to provide 
reading for the people of the town were made early. In 
1794 was established the "Danvers Social Library," 
probably at Judge Holten's, in the Highland section. 


It was owned in shares by different individuals, and the 
books were loaned to stockholders. This institution 
continued for about twent}^ years, the books remaining 
having found their way into the ministerial library of 
the First Chiu-ch. Dr. Rice says that "so far as we 
may judge by these, the people were not harmed by 
light or sensational reading from this library." 

In 1808, the New Mills Social Library was formed 
at Danversport, with the Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Chaplin 
as librarian, in whose kitchen the books were kept, the 
"library" being open for the delivery of books on Mon- 
day evenings. The minister, who in addition to his 
duties at the Baptist Church, fitted young men for the 
ministry, selected the books, which were said to have 
included the best in English literature. One of the rules 
of the library was not to damage the books when read- 
ing them by the fireside, and also to avoid the drip of 
the candle. Upon the formation of the New Mills 
Lyceum, the library was removed to the brick school- 
house, and continued but a few years. 

Judge Benajah Collins. — One of the characters 
of this period was Judge Collins, who came to Danvers 
from liiverpool, Nova Scotia, in 1797, and purchased 
of the heirs of Robert Hooper, the mansion on Sylvan 
street, which was known during the next half century 
or more as the "Collins house." His father had removed 
in 17.59 from Cape Cod to Nova Scotia, being one of 
the first settlers there. Judge Collins was connected 
with the Eppes family, who sold their farm to E. H. 
Derby, known now as the Rogers farm, so that he was 
more or less familiar with the locality. He entertained 
many of the prominent families of Salem and vicinity, 
Dr. Bentley often recording in his diary a visit to the 
mansion and with what great hospitality he was re- 
ceived. The Judge had four daughters, of whom the 


diarist writes: "Deborah was attentive, Triphenia silent 
but sprightly, Hepsibah sweet, innocent and cheerful, 
Ruth full of spirits, gaiety and fancy." 

Upon the arrival of such a conspicuous personage as 
Judge Collins in town, the officers of the First Parish 
Church had a consultation, and it was decided to fit 
up a special pew for him with cushions, carpet and other 
accessories, as befitted his station. He was not averse 
to making a grand appearance and duly impressed the 
populace by riding to meeting in a yellow coach drawn 
by two black spirited horses, making the gravel fly as 
they drove up with a flourish to the door of the house 
of worship. A coal-black negro on the box, with a 
negro boy behind the coach, holding on by the tassels, 
as footmen, added to the sumptuousness of the outfit, 
and these servants never left the coach while the Judge 
was attending service. It is said that when either Judge 
Holten or Judge Collins took their seats, the congre- 
gation rose, and that Parson Wadsworth, as he walked 
up the broad aisle, was wont to make a slight bow of 
recognition to the two magistrates. 

During the War of 1812, Judge CoUins was supposed 
to have been part owner in a small privateer fitted out 
at Liverpool, which made sad work in destroying coast- 
ers in New England, and in consequence he became 
obnoxious to the people of Danvers. He died in 1820 
at this residence, and was laid out in great state in 
his broad hallway for a month before he was buried in 
the tomb which he had prepared near his house. It was 
said that when he lay in his coffin, by way of embalm- 
ing he was enclosed with a bag of Sumatra pepper, 
and when anyone came to view the body the pepper 
was removed from the face by the wing of a goose! 
His widow died in 1827, soon after which the family 
removed from town. The house had various owners 


Residence of the Hon. Timothy Pickering, 1801-1S04 

Birthplace of Judg:e James Putnam, the Loyalist, whom Chief Justice Parsons called 

"The best lawyer in North America. ' ' 



From a wood-cut in "Gleason's Pictorial ' ' about iS 



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during the next few years, among them Nathan Tapley, 
who rented it to a clergyman, and where a private school 
was kept for a short time. Finally the estate was pur- 
chased in 1860 by Francis Peabody, Esq., who made 
extensive improA^ements while restoring it to its orig- 
inal grandeur and beauty. 

District School System Established. — For many 
years there had been no system of separate school dis- 
tricts, nor had there been any established rules for the 
keeping of schools. One term they would be held in 
one section of the town, and the next term in another. 
Then again there would be nine or ten schools "set up," 
as it was called, and at one time there was such a lack 
of proper instruction that the town was reprimanded 
by the court for such neglect. Therefore, when in 1794 
the town was divided into districts, quite as is the case 
today, it marked a decidedly new epoch in the history 
of the schools. System and order are always requisite 
for the accomplishment of good work, and the "district- 
ing" of Danvers proved no exception to the rule. Ten 
years before it was required by law to have a school 
committee (1816) Danvers commenced to choose one 
annually. And twenty-two years before the State law 
required committees to make annual reports, Danvers 
compelled her committee to do so. 

Fire Department First Organized. — The old days 
of the Fire Department tell an interesting story. In 
1800 Danvers purchased the first of those old-fashioned 
contrivances — hand-engines. One was kept in the south 
part of the town and the other at New Mills, until the 
town became rich enough to supply the Highlands, Tap- 
lej^^ille and the Plains. Engine-men or fire- wards were 
chosen to man the engines, all of whom were required 
to keep a leather fire-bucket, a bed-key and a canvas 
bag hanging ready for use in the front entry of their 


houses. Old-fashioned "rope" bedsteads were held to- 
gether by locking with a key, consequently the fire- 
wards carried keys in order to take down the beds in 
case of fire. Long, narrow houses, built at convenient 
intervals along the roadside, provided a shelter for lad- 
ders, while carriages for sail-cloths and hose-carriages 
were later added to the equipment of the department. 
As the engines were worked by hand much rivalry be- 
tween the different companies was created, especially 
with the companies of neighboring towns, each trying 
to outdo the other in the distance a stream could be 
thrown. Musters were held, which proved the great 
events of the year, the people from far and near turn- 
ing out to witness the proceedings. To be chosen a 
member of the Fire Department was the ambition of 
almost every young man in town, and to be a member 
of the Fire Club was to be in the social "swim" of the 
community. The Danvers Fire Department was estab- 
lished by Act of Legislature in 1830. 

The first engine at Danversport was the "Niagara," 
a four-inch cylinder, a small tub, with air brakes. The 
meetings of the company were held at Gould's tavern, 
the brick house, known in later years as the Lang estate, 
on Water street. The records of the company for 1808- 
1857 have recently been acquired by the Danvers His- 
torical Society. 

The first engine at Danvers Plains was what is called 
a Leslie tub, a suction engine, with side brakes. After- 
ward the "General Putnam" was purchased. 

Timothy Pickering. — Col. Timothy Pickering of 
Salem, Secretary of State under Washington, and a 
distinguished Revolutionary patriot, resided in Danvers 
from 1801 to 1804. Retiring from public life, he com- 
menced at once to gratify his aspirations for agricul- 
tural pursuits, a subject in which he had been interested 


from earliest life, and the man who had been intimately 
associated with some of the greatest events in the his- 
tory of the nation, began farming on the Dr. Archelaus 
Putnam estate on Summer street, owned in later years 
by the Perry family. This place was probably sug- 
gested to him by Judge Holten, to whom Colonel Pick- 
ering had written inquiring for a suitable location, as 
it was in the hands of Eleazer Putnam, Holten's son- 
in-law, at the time. Another reason, doubtless, for se- 
lecting Danvers for a home was from the fact of its 
being the summer residence of Judge Samuel Putnam, 
whose wife was a niece of Colonel Pickering. Here he 
cultivated his acres, and possessed of an ample fortune, 
rendered the farm he occupied productive and profit- 
able, and commanded every comfort and gratification 
for himself and family. While living here, he was ap- 
pointed Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas 
and General Sessions of the Peace for Essex County. 
He also engaged in a campaign for election to the 
United States Senate as a Federalist, and was assailed 
in most violent manner by his opponents, who sought 
by every means, in those days of bitter party feeling, 
to circulate stories derogatory to his honesty while in 
charge of public funds. His son has written: "Colonel 
Pickering remained quietly at his farm, taking no notice 
of the storm of slander against him raging through the 
district." A New York newspaper reported: "A south- 
ern gentleman lately paid a visit to Colonel Pickering 
at his farm in Essex. He found this worthy though 
much abused citizen, not superintending a set of ill-fed 
and worse-clad slaves; not amusing himself with cock- 
fighting, horse-racing, or hunting for popularity at a 
tavern or grog-shop; but literally, like another Cincin- 
natus, guiding the plow; while two of his sons were 
assisting in his rural labors. Such is the reply which this 
celebrated citizen issues to the many slanders which 


the insatiable, unrelenting malice of political enemies is 
ever uttering against him." He was defeated for Con- 
gress, but strangely enough, owing to the resignation 
of the Senator whose term had not expired, Colonel 
Pickering was appointed by the Legislature to fill the 
unexpired term, and both he and his opponent, Jacob 
Crowninshield, took their seats. 

A scene in that session depicts most vividly the moral 
courage of the man, at a time when the question of 
giving the franking privilege to Aaron Burr was being 
discussed.^ Burr, who had killed Hamilton but a few 
months before, presiding, rose and said, "Is the Senate 
ready for the question? Shall this bill be passed ?" He 
paused, looking around to see if any Senator was pro- 
posing to speak. Colonel Pickering rose. Burr recog- 
nized him, "The Senator from Massachusetts," and sank 
back into his seat. Their eyes met; neither quailed. 
The Senate was awed into breathless silence. Colonel 
Pickering spoke as follows: 

"Mr. President: Who, sir, are dangerous men in this 
republic? Not those who have reached the summit of 
place and power, for their ambition is satisfied. I tell 
you, sir, who are dangerous men. Those who have 
ascended to the last round but one on the political lad- 
der, and whose vaulting ambition will never be satis- 
fied until they have stood upon the topmost round. 
Sir, I vote against this bill." 

It sent a thrill through the Senate. Not another 
word was uttered. The vote was taken and the bill 

Colonel Pickering occupied this farm until the sum- 
mer of 1804, when he removed to upper Beverly. 

1 Related by his son, Octavius Pickering, in his "Memoirs." Colonel 
Pickering was the first President of the Essex Agricultural Society. 


War of 1812; Why Danvers Opposed It. — The 
town, almost to a man, was decidedly opposed to another 
war with England, and they took pains to say so in a 
set of resolutions in town meeting. They had just re- 
covered from the terrible struggle of the Revolution, 
and now to be forced into war again with Great Britain 
seemed to them the height of folly, ruinous to prosperity 
and dangerous to the union, liberty and independence 
of the United States. They had very sensible views on 
the subject. They declared that war meant heavy taxes, 
and a naval war, as this must needs be, would interfere 
with all the country's commerce; that the burden of 
heavy taxation to carrj^ on the war would have a ten- 
dency to make the states dissatisfied and disrupt the new 
Union. But, unfortunately, the opinion of the citizens 
of Danvers, did not prove to be the sentiment of the 
country at large, and war was soon declared to protect 
the rights of American seamen. 

Alarms ; How Danvers was Protected. — The war 
once on, Danvers, in 1812 as in 1775, was ready with 
men to defend the country. The people dreaded another 
struggle with England, and especially those who lived 
along the coast were in constant fear of attack from an 
English man-of-war. Several from Danvers enlisted 
in the navy, and an artillery company from this town, 
under command of Capt. Jesse Putnam, was stationed 
at Salem for some time.^ The uniform of the company 
was a chapeau brass with long white plume tipped with 
red, a long-skirted red coat with white trimmings, white 
waistcoat, buff breeches with buckles at knee and long 
boots, a sword worn in the belt over the shoulder, and 
the hair was powdered and made up in a queue, which 
hung over the coat collar. 

1 See "Military and Naval Annals of Danvers" for names. 


At New Mills an "alarm company" of exempts was 
formed, that is, men who were too old to enlist in the 
war. It was a notable company, many of its members 
having seen service in previous wars, including old sea 
captains, shoe manufacturers, and, in fact, all the sub- 
stantial men of the place. Their motto was "Always 
Readj^," and the front yard of Capt. Samuel Page's 
house was designated as the place of assembling. Other 
companies were also formed in the southern and western 
parts of the town. Twice during the war these com- 
panies were called out on "false alarms." The first time 
the artillery on the Beverly shore saw what they sup- 
posed was a British barge headed toward Salem. They 
aroused the neighborhood, and great consternation pre- 
vailed until it was discovered that the much feared barge 
was only a boat loaded with seaweed. On another occa- 
sion, the artillery was alarmed at the sight of some fish- 
ermen, and firing upon them the country was thrown 
into commotion as far as the extreme limits of New 
Hampshire. Earthworks, mounting two iron four- 
pounders, were thrown up at Waters river, during the 
war. The fears of the people were never realized, for the 
conflicts between the English and Americans took place 
many miles from Salem. 

Freemasonry. — The first meetings, that later re- 
sulted in the formation of Jordan Lodge, A. F. and 
A. M., were held in the hall of the old Berry Tavern 
in 1808. There had been no IVIasonic meetings in Dan- 
vers for many j^ears, or since the old United States 
Lodge, which was formed in 1778, disbanded. This 
older lodge continued its meetings for four or five years. 
Its membership was always small, about fifty, but they 
were patriotic and influential men, among the first citi- 
zens of the town. They included John Piemont, John 
Stacev, Dr. Amos Putnam, Dr. Andrew Putnam, Col. 

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Enoch Putnam, Col. Jethro Putnam, Capt. Samuel 
Page, Rev. Benjamin Balch, Capt. Jeremiah Putnam, 
Sergt. Richard Skidmore, Lt. John Kettelle, Lt. Sam- 
uel Fairfield, and many from Beverly and Salem. When 
the adjoining towns instituted lodges of their own, the 
meetings of this lodge ceased. In 1805, the charter, 
furniture, and other property of the old lodge, wliich 
had been preserved by Richard Skidmore, tyler, was 
burned in the fire which destroyed his house. Meetings 
were held in Berry Tavern until 1810, when quarters 
were secured in the south part of the town, there being 
a larger membership there. In 1863, however. Amity 
Lodge was instituted in this town, and in 1870 Mosaic 
Lodge was formed, both of which have flourished, to- 
gether with Holten Royal Arch Chapter, which was 
constituted in 1872. 

Temperance. — The use of liquor in the early days 
was not confined to any class or condition. Everybody 
used it to some extent. New England rum was always 
present at house-raisings, and at the celebration of any 
event, civil or religious. No ordination of a minister 
was complete without a generous supply. The town 
fathers could transact no business unless the town pro- 
vided the "grog." At first the moderate use of such 
stimulants did not prove an evil, but after the Revolu- 
tion distilleries began to spring up in this country, flood- 
ing it with liquors of all sorts and of doubtful quality. 
Drunkenness began to be common, and during the first 
quarter of the 19th century the evil was widespread. 
The first temperance society in this country was forme4 
in Massachusetts (1812). Three Danvers men joined 
it, Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, Judge Samuel Holten 
and Joseph Torrey, and the next year these men formed 
the first temperance society in Danvers and named it 
"The Danvers Moral Society." At first its members 


were not required to pledge themselves to total absti- 
nence. This would have been too strict a rule to enforce 
at that time, but they did have permission to post in a 
public place the names of common drunkards. Such a 
custom did not remain long in effect. The early pio- 
neers in the temperance cause made a strong fight and 
succeeded in stamping out in large measure the excesses 
of the times. 

First School Established at the Plains. — All 
the children who lived at the Plains up to this period 
had been obliged to go to New Mills to school. This 
was too great a distance for the younger children and in 
the first year of the 19th century a private school was 
kept in a small building moved here from Middleton. 
In 1816, however, the number of children had increased 
so that a new school district was made and a house built 
on the spot now occupied by the Colonial building. 
Then came the brick school house (1838) on School 
street, now the Central fire station, followed by the 
Maple street building (1856). 

Military Companies of Danvers. — After the Rev- 
olution and before 1800 there were at least two militia 
companies in town, composed of about fifty men each. 
Up to 1817 one of the organizations was in existence. 
The following year (1818) the Danvers Light Infantry, 
M. M., was organized. The uniform consisted of a 
blue swallow-tail coat with gold buttons, a white or buff 
waistcoat and pantaloons, high stiff hat, larger at the 
top than the base, with gold trimmings and a tall plume. 
This company disbanded about 1850, and its last ap- 
pearance as the Danvers Light Infantry was in 1861, 
when over one hundred past members did escort duty 
to the company of volunteers departing for the scene of 
the Civil War. Captains Philemon Putnam, Samuel P. 


Fowler, Eben Putnam, Simeon Putnam, Amos Pratt, 
Jacob Perry, Asa Tapley, Nehemiah Fuller, Jesse 
Tapley, Daniel Preston, Nathan Tapley, Gilbert Tap- 
ley, Warren Porter, and others were at times command- 
ers of the local company, the five latter receiving com- 
missions as Colonel in the 3d Regiment of Infantry, 1st 
Brigade, 2d Division, JNI. M., to which the Danvers 
company belonged. Major Moses Black and Major 
Joseph Stearns were also officers in this division.^ 


Business at New Mills; Shipping. — After the 
Revolutionary war, business at New Mills began to 
increase until this village gained the reputation of being 
the largest and busiest in town (1825). Vessels laden 
with foreign goods were daily arriving at the wharves. 
Storehouses were built to accommodate the wares until 
they could be carried away by purchasers. There being 
no railroad facilities in town at the time, nearly every- 
thing came by water to New Mills. Quite a large ex- 
port trade was also built up, the vessels which arrived 
with foreign goods taking awaj'- shoes, potatoes, bricks, 
and other products of Danvers, even as far as the coast 
of Africa. Hanson says that during 1846 there were 
157 arrivals at the various wharves, with cargoes of 
wood, flour, corn, lime, salt, molasses and coal, while 
this number was increased to 250 at the height of the 
greatest prosperity. Many men of the place were either 
masters or owners of merchant vessels which sailed to 
foreign lands. This was a business in which great for- 
tunes, for those days, were accumulated. The large 
substantial houses at the Port, now so neglected, were 
once the comfortable homes of those sea-kings, filled as 

1 For names see Military and Naval Annals of Danvers, pp. 142-43. 


they were with choice furnishings brought from the 
British Isles, Russia, France and the Far East. 

The leading merchant of the eighteenth century at 
New Mills was Capt. Samuel Page, a veteran of the 
Revolution, whose vessels sailed to all parts of the world. 
The story of his service in the war has been related by 
a grandson, who had it from the soldier's own lips: 

"On April 19, 1775, when Samuel Page was twenty- 
one years old, he was at work with his father in his 
brick-j^ard. Between nine and ten o'clock A. M. the 
news came of the British marching to Concord. His 
father left his work and said, 'Don't you go, Sam! 
You must stay at home and take care of your mother.' 
He was a private in his father's company of militia, 
but his patriotic ardor was so great he hurried to Lex- 
ington. Snatching a linen coat, he met other young 
men where now is the Lexington monument in Peabody. 
They took a short cut across the country, and in four 
hours they reached the British retreating through West 
Cambridge. He fought by the side of Perley Putnam, 
who is credited as being in the company of Capt. Israel 
Hutchinson. In company ^vith others, he went into a 
barnyard, and finding some shingles, they made a breast- 
work of them, from behind which they fired at the 
retreating British. So unexpected and fatal was the 
assault upon the enemy's columns, that it brought them 
to a halt. In loading his gun for another charge. Page 
broke his ramrod, which was a wooden one, and turning 
to Putnam, he asked him to lend him his; but at that 
instant a shot from the enemy's flank guard laid Put- 
nam dead at his feet." 

He was commissioned Captain of the 7th Company 
of the 8th Essex County Regiment and participated, 
among others, in the battles of INIonmouth and Stony 
Point. He was with Washington at the crossing of 



From the original in possession of the 

Peabody Museum, Salem 

From an oil painting in the possession of Miss Sara P. Fowler 

Built about'1772. The home of Jotham Webb, one of the Danvers men killed at 

Lexington. Used as a tavern by Benjamin Balch in 1782. 
Water Street to off Merrill Street. 

Removed from 


From a pencil drawing made in 1832 by Maurice C. Oby 
Showing the Major Moses Black House and Morocco Factory. 


the Delaware, and in the severe winter of 1777 shared 
in the suffering of the American army at Valley Forge. 
He served in the campaign of 1779, and, with his com- 
pany, was in the advance when the gallant Wayne 
stormed Stony Point. As the fortress was to be cap- 
tured at the point of the bayonet, Wayne ordered the 
flints to be removed from the muskets. Page had pieces 
of paper placed in the hats of his men to distinguish 
them from the British. Then, silently and swiftly, with 
the water rising above their waists, they surprised the 
garrison and took the fort. 

After the Revolution, he settled in what is now Dan- 
versport. He had a fine mansion for those days, which 
was regarded as one of the most aristocratic residences 
of the town, occupying the present site of the Danvers 
Coal Company's property on Water street. Behind it 
he built a long dock for his vessels. He also erected 
several large warehouses to accommodate his business. 
His garden extended north somewhat over the site of 
old Citizen's Hall. 

Captain Page was full owner of ten vessels, mostly 
schooners, and part owner of three more. He named 
a schooner for each of his daughters, namely, "Sally," 
"Nancy," "Eliza," "Clarissa," "Rebecca," and also one 
for his daughter "Betsey" who died in infancy. He also 
named a schooner for his son "Jeremiah," and a brig 
for his son "William." One of his schooners was named 
"Two Brothers," and one "Five Sisters." Of all these 
he was sole owner excepting the "Betsey." He also had 
a ship, "Putnam," named probably for his wife, whose 
master was at one time Nathaniel Bowditch, the 
famous mathematician and navigator, and a brig "Re- 
becca," perhaps named for his wife, also a schooner 
^'Dolphin" and a schooner "Hawk," of which be was 
sole owner. He sent these vessels to the Grand Banks 


for fish, which was exchanged in France, Spain, Hol- 
land, Russia, and the West Indies for fruit, mechanical 
and agricultural tools, drj'^ goods and small wares, wines 
and brandies. In 1799 and 1800 the French captured 
two of his schooners, "Eliza" and "Sally," for which 
his descendants in quite recent years obtained redress. 

He was President of the New Hampshire Iron Co. 
and a director of the Salem Iron Works, also a member 
of the Salem Marine Society, and a strong temperance 
advocate. He was a member of the General Court for 
ten years, and nine years a selectman. He was also on 
the school board. The people turned to him as coun- 
sellor in town affairs, and as administrator of estates and 
as referee he was often sought. He died September 2, 
1814, aged 61 years, leaving a large estate. His grave 
is in Walnut Grove cemetery. 

Henry Fowler, William Endicott and Leonard Poole, 
all of Danvers, had a thrilling experience on a trip to 
the Fiji Islands in 1826. They embarked on the ship 
"Glide," from Salem, for a cargo of Beche-de-Mer (a 
sort of sea-slugs found on the reefs) tortoise-shell and 
sandal-wood. The ship was wrecked and the men suf- 
fered many hardships on the islands which they man- 
aged to reach, and which were inhabited by cannibals. 
Mr. Fowler lived in friendly relations with the savages 
for some time, and was honored and respected by them. 
A description of a cannibal feast upon human flesh is 
graphically told by him in the Danvers Courier of Aug. 
16, 1845. It was four years before Mr. Fowler re- 
turned home. The story of these years has been printed 
in a volume entitled "The Wreck of the Glide," pub- 
lished in 1848. 

Another thrilling shipwreck, in which Capt. Edward 
Richardson of Danvers, when a young man in 1810, 
was one of the company to survive, was that of the ship 


"Margaret" of Salem. Sailing from Naples, she en- 
countered a heavy gale four hundred miles from the 
nearest land. A few who managed to escape in the 
longboat were picked up, after spending several days 
without food or water. A pamphlet written by Captain 
Fairfield gives a detailed account of the sufferings of 
the crew. Captain Richardson removed to New York 
about 1832, where he became a prominent merchant and 
a pioneer and leader in all seamen's welfare work in 
Brooklyn and New York. His death occurred in 1870. 

Among other seafaring men, either natives or resi- 
dents of Danvers, were Capt. Stephen Wilkins, Capt. 
Charles Wilkins, Capt. Charles Rhoades, Capt. An- 
drew M. Putnam, Capt. Horace B. Putnam, Capt. Seth 
Richardson, Capt. Abel Richardson, Capt. Thomas 
Cheever, Capt. Benjamin Porter, Capt. Nathaniel Put- 
nam, Capt. Frank Putnam, Capt. Lewis Endicott, 
Capt. George Putnam, Capt. George Johnson, Capt. 
Henry Johnson, Capt. Thomas Johnson, Capt. Israel 
P. Porter, Capt. James A. Johnson, Capt. Hiram 
Putnam, Capt. Thomas Putnam, Capt. Samuel H. 
Webster, Capt. Samuel Endicott, Capt. John Endi- 
cott, Israel Endicott, W. J. C. Kenney, Jonathan 
Smith, Philemon Putnam, Capt. Stephen Brown, 
Capt. Parker Brown, Capt. Moses Endicott, Capt. 
Joshua Goodale, Capt. Solomon Giddings, Captain 
Elliott, Capt. William Cheever, Capt. Allen Putnam, 
Captain Haskell, Capt. Albert Putnam, Capt. William 
Johnson, Capt. Jeremiah Putnam, Capt. Caleb Oakes, 
Capt. Benjamin Kent. 

The shipyards, too, at New Mills, were lively places, 
where there were always one or two vessels in process 
of construction. The launching of these was an inter- 
esting occasion. With brick-making, iron and nail 
works, wheat mills and saw mills, tanneries, shoe shops, 


and a good-sized country store, there must have been 
busy times at New Mills in the old days. 

Samuel Fowler, Jr., who was born in 1776, and died 
in 1859, carried on an extensive milling and tanning 
business near Liberty Bridge. His father, who was a 
shipwright, removed to Danvers from Ipswich about 
1765, and assisted in building, before and during the 
Revolution, many vessels at New Mills, of some of 
which he was part owner. He built the house corner 
of High and Liberty streets, which is now owned and 
preserved by the Society for the Preservation of New 
England Antiquities. In 170d, he married Clarissa 
Page, daughter of Capt. Samuel Page. His tanyard, 
which remained in the family until about 1880, was one 
of the longest-established in the country and was said 
to have been the largest in the state, having 450 vats 
for tanning sole leather. It occupied the land now 
owned by the Widen-Lord Company on Liberty street. 

One of the most prosperous pioneer shoe manufac- 
turers in this section was Caleb Oakes, who learned the 
business at Jonathan Porter's shop in Putnamville. He 
started in business for himself and later moved to New 
Mills, where he built up a large trade. He accumulated 
a fortune and was most liberal in its distribution, espe- 
cially among the poor and unfortunate. 

His son, William Oakes, A. M., born in Danvers, 
Juty 1, 1799, was a graduate of Harvard in 1820, and 
a famous botanist. He studied law and began practice 
in Ipswich in 1824, but abandoned it early for the study 
of natural history. He was called "the most distin- 
guished botanist of New England" by the American 
Journal of Arts and Sciences, and his exploration of the 
White Mountain region resulted in his wonderful com- 
pilation, not only of the flora of that whole section, but 
the geology, mineralogy and zoology as well. His "New 

Courtesy " Old-Time New England " 

Copyright by Frank Cousins Art Co., 1911 

This room still retains its old wall paper 

Courtesy " Old-Time New England " 



t "^ 

^ o 


England Flora" was in the hands of the printer in 
1848 when his distinguished life came to a close, by acci- 
dent on a ferry-boat between Boston and East Boston. 
He had contributed to many scientific publications, but 
his contributions to American botany were not to be 
judged by these. It was said that there were few bot- 
anists in the country who were not indebted to him, 
directly or indirectly, for some portion of their knowl- 
edge, and what he might have accomplished had his 
life been spared, cannot be measured. 

Parish Rate Abolished. — Up to this time (1828) 
the law made in the first days of the church in this coun- 
try, enforcing everyone to contribute to the support of 
the minister, was still in effect. This was perfectly 
legitimate during the many years when there were in 
existence no religious bodies other than those of the 
Congregational faith. But when new religious bodies 
sprang into existence, the advocates of these new de- 
nominations naturally rebelled against paying their 
rates at the old First Church while also supporting the 
church of their choice. So long as this old law existed, 
the Congregational churches had a claim upon every 
man in town. It now created much annoyance and 
ill-feeling. The law was abolished in 1828. 

Liberal Religious Thought; Universalist So- 
ciety Formed. — The next year (1829) liberal thought 
took shape in the formation of the Universalist Society. 
Deacon Edmund Putnam, who had served as deacon 
of the First Church twenty-three years, was the pioneer 
in this faith. For fifteen years previous to this time 
many of the Putnamville people were accustomed to 
meet in the little shoe shop of Zerubbabel Porter to 
discuss these "new-fangled ideas of God's grace" which 
proclaimed universal salvation. This, in the eyes of the 


old Congregationalists, was nothing less than rank 
heresy, but the new cause gradually gained friends, and 
drifting away from the mother church, the "Danvers 
Universal Society" came into existence. The first 
meetings were held in the schoolhouse at Putnamville, 
where Ballon, the Streeters, Murray, and others often 
preached. The new faith drew many members from 
the First and Baptist churches. The old Baptist Church, 
which had given way to a new one, was first rented, 
then the society built (1832) the present Roman Cath- 
olic church, and later (1858) the house of worship on 
High street, whose twin towers can be seen from all 
approaches to the town. 

The ministers of this church have been: Rev. F. A. 
Hodson, 1831-1832; Rev. W. H. Knapp, 1833-1836; 
Rev. Samuel Brimblecom, 1836-1840; Rev. A. A. 
Davis, 1840-1841; Rev. D. P. Livermore, 1841-1843: 
Rev. S. C. Bulkley, 1843-1846; Rev. J. W. Hanson, 
the pubhsher of a "History of Danvers," 1846-1848; 
Rev. J. W. Putnam, 1849-1864; Rev. H. C. Delong, 
186.5-1868; Rev. G. J. Sanger, 1868-1874; Rev. H. P. 
Forbes, 1875-1880; Rev. F. A. Dillingham, 1880-1885; 
Rev. W. S. WilHams, 1885-1886; Rev. C. B. Lynn, 
1887-1890; Rev. W. H. Trickey, 1891-1897; Rev. Ed- 
son Reifsnider, 1898-1903; Rev. Eugene M. Grant, 
1904-1912; Rev. A. E. Wright, 1912-1915; Rev. George 
A. Mark, 1915-1916; Rev. Ernest M. W. Smith, 1916- 
1918; Rev. Gerhardt Dehly, 1918-1919; (Union with 
Unitarian) Rev. E. H. Cotton, 1919-1921; Rev. Mr. 
Hayes, 1921-1922; Rev. Llewellyn A. Owen, 1922. 

Putnamville Wealthy and Prosperous. — For 
more than a half century after Zerubbabel Porter 
started his little shoe factory in Putnamville, that sec- 
tion of the town enjoyed unusual prosperity. In fact, 
it might have been called the centre of Danvers' business 

Courtesy " Old-Time New England ' ' Copyright by Frank Cousins Art Co., 1911 


SHIP " MARGARET " OF SALEM, John Crowninshield and William Fairfield, owners 
Lost in 1810. Capt. Edward Richardson, of Danvers, was one of the survivors of the wreck 

SHIP " GLIDE " OF SALEM, Joseph Peabody, owner 

Wrecked in 1832, Henry Fowler, Leonard Poole and William Endicott of Danvers 

being among the crew who weie saved 

From the painting by " Anton Roux fils aine a Marseille, 1823," now in possession 
of George Augustus Peabody, Esq. 


activity during the first half of the 19th century. Seven 
shoe factories employed a large number of men, and 
Samuel Fowle's box factory supplied the needs in that 
direction. New families attracted by the prospect of 
steady work, established themselves there and made 
pleasant homes. The manufacturers made shoes — and 
money. They hired teamsters to drive over the road to 
Boston several times a week with loads of the manu- 
factured product, which were disposed of at good prices. 
The frequent visits of dealers from Boston, New York, 
Philadelphia and Baltimore, and the regular number 
of big covered wagons for the transportation of pur- 
chases made this section a busy place. 

One of the successful manufacturers was Hon. Elias 
Putnam, who was born June 7, 1789, in Danvers. He 
taught school in Putnamville, after taking a course at 
Bradford academy, and then chose the life of a farmer 
instead of the college education offered him. Shoe 
manufacturing, however, soon claimed his attention, and 
the remaining years of his short life were spent in that 
occupation. He was one of the earliest Universalists, 
represented the town in the Senate, and was influential 
in securing railroad facilities for Danvers ; was the first 
to suggest a bank for the town, and its first president; 
was elected first president of Walnut Grove cemetery, 
which was laid out at his suggestion, among others ; and 
was a warm friend of education and always public 
spirited. "He greatly desired to see slavery brought 
to an end, but he was opposed to all rash and violent 
measures to compass the result." His personal char- 
acter was the noblest, and he delighted in doing good 
to others. His services in the county and the town were 
in constant requisition, on account of his strong mind 
and excellent judgment. He enjoyed the entire confi- 
dence of the community. No one in the town ever did 


more for the prosperity of Danvers than did he. He 
died July 8, 1847, while yet a comparatively young man. 
The house which he built on Park street is now "The 
Home for the Aged." 

Business Start at The Plains; The Country 
Stores. — While Putnamville was still at the height of 
its commercial glory, the Plains began to show signs 
of life. In 1830 several enterprising men, including 
Samuel Preston, Capt. Eben Putnam and Joshua Sil- 
vester, had begun the manufacture of shoes at the 
Square, which bid fair to outrival Putnamville before 
many years. In 1836 the population of the Plains was 
only 130, but two years later the Salem Gazette com- 
ments thus: 

"Within a few years, some six or eight, between 30 
and 40 dwelling houses and other buildings have been 
added to this place, and several more, including a large 
hotel, are going up at the present time. A few years 
ago this was a village of a few scattered houses, and the 
chief business besides agriculture was confined to two 
stores. Now the place has a bank, several shoe manu- 
factories, and shops of various kinds of artisans. The 
place at present is fast branching out into streets and 
building lots, many of them commanding a high price, — 
the whole assuming quite a townlike appearance. All 
this is attributed to enterprise and industry and to the 
establishment of manufactures, — a never-failing cause 
of thrift." 

The shoe industry made rapid strides and for the 
next half century was the principal manufacturing 
business of the town. These were years of great pros- 
perity for the shoe men. The southern and western 
markets, which depended almost exclusively for their 
supply upon New England, were every day opening 
new sources of consumption. The increasing population 


of the West alone created a demand which the local 
manufacturers could by no means meet. The workmen 
were receiving what they considered very high wages. 
"We know of journeymen earning two and a half dol- 
lars a day regularly and with ease," says a contempo- 
rary account. Danvers was already well and favorably 
known as a shoe town, and the quality of boots and 
shoes turned out was the equal of any in the country. 

The business has experienced many vicissitudes dur- 
ing these years, according to the financial condition of 
the country. In 1854 there were within the present 
limits of the town thirty-five firms, making animalh'^ 
over a million and a half pairs, valued at over a million 
dollars, and giving employment to about 2,500 persons. 
In the first years of the shoe business a great and happy 
change was wrought in many families in town. Sons 
and daughters of parents of limited means no longer 
"lived out." They could now help on the shoes and 
keep within the home circle. It was the beginning of 
a new era. The wealthy farmers, who had been accus- 
tomed to employ them, found in the stalwart young men 
and women of New Hampshire worthy substitutes, and 
in this way commenced the drain of young people from 
the hill towns of the northern states.* 

1 Among the shoe manufacturers in the various parts of the town, 
in addition to those mentioned, have been : Elias Endicott, Jonathan. 
Putnam, Samuel Putnam, Jonathan Porter, Nathaniel Boardman, 
Daniel Putnam, Daniel F. Putnam, Georg-e A. Putnam, Henry F. 
Putnam, Elbridge Trask, Israel P. Boardman, Frederick Perley, Joseph 
S. Black, John Sears, Eben Hutchinson, James Hutchinson, John C. 
Butler, Alfred Fellows, John R. Langley, Joel Putnam, Israel H. 
Putnam, Jesse Tapley, George Tapley, Aaron Putnam, William E. 
Putnam, A. Alden White, Phineas Corning, Reed Jones, Abraham 
Callahan, Henry Prentiss, Joseph G. Prentiss, Otis Mudge, Francis 
Noyes, John M. C. Noyes, Nathaniel Sylvester, Joseph G. Prentiss, 
N. Holten Boardman, Ira P. Pope, Charles H. Gould, Albert G. Allen, 
George Howe, Albert Howe, Alden Demsey, Edwin Mudge, Edward 
Hutchinson, Edmund Legro, Augustus Mudge, James Goodale, Melvin 
B. Putnam, C. C. Farwell, J. E. Farrar, Silas Conant, James B. 
Sawyer, Henry M. Merrill, E. Everett Eaton, Robert K. Sears, George 


The country groceries, one at Perley's corner, kept 
by John Perley and later A. Proctor Perley and Moses 
J. Currier, and the other in the Richards building, kept 
by Jonas Warren, later by Daniel Richards, came in 
for their share of trade. In those days the country store 
was a scene of great activity, and between the two on 
Danvers Square there existed much rivalry. Both of 
these establishments did an extensive business. Their 
trade was chiefly with people in the back country, who 
came to town with teams loaded with produce, which 
they exchanged for a supply of fish, salt, molasses and 
other staples. The store at which they could drive the 
best bargain secured their trade. It is said that as many 
as forty would arrive in one day, keeping the clerks 
busy loading for the return trip well into midnight, and 
giving the Square a bustling appearance. 

Jonas Warren was one of the ablest business men 
who ever lived in Danvers and an "up-and-down square 
dealer." He was born in North Beverly, July 29, 1787. 
Early he struck out for himself, coming to Danvers and 
working as clerk in Gideon Putnam's grocery store, 
corner Elm and High streets. Before many years he 
bought the business, and his fairness and farsightedness 
won for him a tremendous trade. In 1841, he sold out 
at the Plains and opened a store at the Port, where he 
became the pioneer of the wholesale flour and grain 
business. The first to bring grain to this port by water, 
from the cargoes of the many vessels in his employment, 
he supplied a very extensive inland trade. He was a 
constant supporter of the Unitarian faith. He was the 

E. Martin, Walter A. Tapley, Granville W. Clapp, J. Albert Blake, 
Henry Preston, Gilbert A. Tapley, Thomas Palmer, Fred and Reuben 
Wilkins, Jeremiah Chapman, Jacob Cross, Daniel P. Pope, Malcolm 
Sillars, Georg-e W. French, Joseph Crosby, B. Lewis Tibbetts, Austin 
Huckins, Loring- Carleton, Joseph N. Smith, Georg'e H. Peabody, Charles 
L. Elliott, C, A. Kieth, Patrick Sullivan, Martin Kelley, Fred U. French. 


- £ ^ 

< CU ° 
12 CM 


last survivor of the New Mills Alarm List of 1814, and 
died Nov. 18, 1876, nearly 90 years of age, "leaving the 
community the priceless example of the life of an hon- 
est man, and to his family the legacy of an unspotted 

Daniel Richards was a native of Atkinson, N. H., 
and came to Danvers as a clerk for Mr. Warren in 
1828. When the temperance movement was being agi- 
tated, he started a temperance store in the building 
corner Locust and Maple streets, from which the old- 
time custom of selling liquor was excluded. Later, after 
Mr. Warren moved to the Port, he bought the latter's 
stand on the Square, then owned by Elias Putnam, 
which he ever afterward conducted. He was for thirty 
years president of the National Bank and a life trustee 
of Peabody Institute. He built the grist mill at Libert}'^ 
bridge, which, later used as a rubber mill, was destroyed 
by fire in 1898. He died in November, 1886. 

A. Proctor Perley and his brother Nathaniel came 
from Boxford in 1830 and bought out the general store 
of John Perley, who had conducted the business at the 
corner of JNIaple and Willow streets, as Conant street 
was then known, since 1800 and possibly earlier. The 
latter was a native of Georgetown, and after leaving 
Danvers experienced a successful career in New York 
and Philadelphia, amassing a considerable fortune, with 
which he founded the Perley Free School in George- 
town. Nathaniel Perley died in 1835, and Proctor Per- 
ley took as a partner his brother-in-law, Moses J. Cur- 
rier. The business was conducted under the firm name 
of Perley & Currier for forty-five years, or until Mr. 
Perley's death in 1881. In 1885, Mr. Currier retired 
and the store was purchased by Charles N. Perley, son 
of the senior partner, who, with his children, still con- 
tinues it. It is thus the oldest established business in 


town, having been conducted by the Perley family for 
more than 125 years. For years this store was the ren- 
dezvous for the townspeople generally, who, around the 
big wood or coal fire, told stories, played jokes, discussed 
all the topics of the day, and no doubt settled to their 
own satisfaction, at least, all the great problems con- 
fronting the nation. Mr. Perley was always alert and 
full of native wit, and many tales are told of practical 
jokes perpetrated by him on some unsuspecting towns- 
man. He was popular with the whole community, and 
his partner was also well and favorably known for miles 

These stores were a great accommodation to the shoe 
manufacturers also, whose workmen were not paid in 
money, but in orders for groceries, dry goods, or other 
commodities. The shoe men had little cash on hand and 
sold their shoes to the southern planters on six months' 
notes, which were settled when the planters were paid 
for their crops. This was, on the whole, a satisfactory 
arrangement from the standpoint of the workman. 
Everything could be procured in these stores, from a 
salt fish to a new silk dress, and although they had not 
much ready money to indulge in such luxuries as cakes 
and lemonade on muster daj^s, yet they lived contented, 
happy and peaceful lives. 

Other Manufacturing in Danvers. — In years 
gone by it was commonly said of Lynn that all the 
inhabitants worked upon shoes except the minister — 
and that he made his own. That can hardly be said of 
Danvers. Although notablj^ a shoe town, other indus- 
tries have occupied the attention of the people. The 
manufacture of earthenware was introduced very early 
into the southern part of the town by the Southwicks 
and Osbornes. In the middle of the 18th century the 
manufacture of bricks bj^ Deacon Joseph and Israel 


Putnam, on Conant street, was an important business, 
followed by the Pages, John Fowler and Nathaniel 
Webb, off High street, and in more recent years by 
Day, Gray, Carr, Gallivan and others at Danversport 
and East Danvers. It is claimed that Col. Jeremiah 
Page was the first in Massachusetts to make "clapped" 
bricks, which were shipped to many distant points. 
Tanneries, as early as 1739, were established in the 
Middle Precinct by Edward South wick, a business which 
has always been maintained, there being in 1845, 61 
tanneries of such influence that "the state of the leather 
market determined the degree of prosperitj^ which the 
town enjoyed." Now, of course, Peabody as a tanning 
community is second to none in the country. Lumber, 
iron, and the manufacture of leather, electric lamps, 
crayons, knitted goods and neckties, have been and still 
are valuable accessions to the business life of the town. 

Banks Established. — The Square, which was no 
more than a country cross-roads a few years before, 
soon became a busy commercial center. The establish- 
ment of the Village Bank about this time (1836) also 
helped the growth of the Plains. It was started through 
the efforts of Elias Putnam and other leading shoe 
manufacturers, and it occupied the site at the corner 
of Elm and Maple streets. It was later called the First 
National Bank of Danvers, and in 1904, under a new 
charter, the name was changed to the Danvers National 
Bank. The present building was erected in 1854. 

The Presidents of the National Bank have been: 
Hon. Elias Putnam, 1836-1847; Moses Putnam, 1847- 
1856; Daniel Richards, 1856-1886; Gilbert A. Tapley, 
1886-1911; George O. Stimpson, 1911. Cashiers: 
Samuel B. Buttrick, 1836-1841; William L. Weston, 
1841-1884; Benjamin E. Newhall, 1884-1913; Ralph 
S. Higgins, 1913. 


This enterprise was followed later (1850) by the 
organization of the Danvers Savings Bank, which, with 
the Danvers Co-operative Bank, established in 1892, 
have assisted very materially in building homes for the 
people of the town. 

The Presidents of the Savings Bank have been: 
Gilbert Tapley, 1850-1859; Rufus Putnam, 1859-1876; 
Israel H. Putnam, 1876-1884; Hon. Augustus Mudge, 
1884-1902; Hon. J. Frank Porter, 1902; Dr. Charles 
H. White, 1903-1910; Charles H. Preston, 1910-1916; 
Joshua Armitage, 1916. Treasurers: William L. Wes- 
ton, 1850-1884; Israel H. Putnam, 1884-1889; A. 
Frank Welch, 1889-1902; Hon. J. Frank Porter, 1902- 
1916; Charles H. Preston, 1916. 

The Presidents of the Co-operative Bank have been: 
Fletcher Pope, 1892-1893; Hon. Samuel L. Sawyer, 
1893-1910; Jasper Marsh, 1910-1922; Harry E. Jack- 
son, 1922. 

Invention of Pegging Machine ; Its Introduc- 
tion INTO England. — At this time the soles of shoes 
were all sewed on by hand. It remained for a Danvers 
man to invent the machine for pegging shoes, that is, 
fastening the soles to the uppers by means of wooden 
pegs. Samuel Preston, one of the largest manufactur- 
ers of the day, was the inventor, and he obtained the 
lirst patent ever issued for such a machine. The paper, 
dated March 8, 1833, signed by President Andrew 
Jackson, together with the original shoe, may be seen 
at the Essex Institute. 

Mr. Preston was born in Danvers, Nov. 12, 1792, and 
served in important offices in town and church. He 
served as secretary to the Danvers Moral Society, and 
was a Deacon of the First Church for many years. He 
represented the town in the General Court, 1842-1844; 
selectman in 1850; school committee for several years; 

o i 

oi I 










trustee of the Danvers Savings Bank 42 years; first 
superintendent of the First Church Sunday school in 
1818; and held the office of notary public for 14 years. 
He died June 21, 1878, while on a visit at Warner, 
N. H. 

He was married in 1822 to Lydia W. Proctor, by 
whom he had several children, their daughter, Harriet 
Waters Preston, becoming a writer of note. She began 
her literary career about 1865 as a translator from the 
French, and published many books throughout her life, 
contributing also frequent critical papers to the At- 
lantic Monthly and other magazines. She resided 
abroad for many years, mostly in France and Great 
Britain, and died in 1911 at Keene, N. H. 

However, it was reserved for men of a later time to 
bring to wonderful perfection what Mr. Preston created 
as only a humble beginning. Twelve years later (1845) 
another Danvers man, Joshua Silvester, conceived the 
bold idea of crossing the ocean and introducing into 
England the manufacture of pegged shoes. In addi- 
tion to the establishment of a factory there, he was 
employed by a New York concern to sound the English 
market in regard to its acceptance of American made 
leather, with a view to exporting large quantities to 
that country. The Danvers Courier of Sept. 27, 1845, 
comments upon the experiment as follows : 

"It will be recollected by our readers that we pre- 
dicted that the experiment of shipping leather to Eng- 
land^ would fail on account of inveterate prejudice of 
Englishmen to everything not English, and that this 
prejudice must be overcome by a close imitation of their 
own production in quality and appearance. Sufficient 
time has now elapsed to know the results of the first 

1 In 1910, the United States exported fifty million dollars' worth of 
leather and leather goods to England and other countries. 


shipments, which have all been unsuccessful and from 
the cause above stated. We hope this failure will not 
discourage further attempts to introduce this important 
staple into the English market. We are convinced that 
with our advantages for the cheap and rapid manufac- 
ture of leather, we can undersell the British manufac- 
turers and satisfy the people there of the equality, if 
not the superiority, of our own tannage. We think 
just the right mode of effecting this desirable object has 
been hit upon by some highly respectable parties in the 
leather trade in New York, who have engaged the ser- 
vices of an experienced shoe man of this town, to go 
to England and superintend the making of shoes of 
American leather by English worlonen. It seems almost 
certain that this undertaking will not only succeed but 
be highly profitable to those concerned, as the difference 
in the cost of our leather compared with the English 
will afford a good chance for profit, and after the leather 
is made up the difference of kind will be scarcely per- 
ceptible to the purchaser. We think we do not over- 
estimate the importance of the English market to the 
leather trade, when we declare that it will be of as much 
importance to that interest as the opening of the port 
of China for the admission of cotton goods has been to 
the manufacturers of cotton cloths. 

"We heartily wish the project every degree of success, 
not only on account of the enterprising individuals im- 
mediately interested in it, but for the advantage it will 
be to the whole leather trade of the country. Although 
English prejudice is so strong against everything for- 
eign that even educated men of the country believe that 
one Englishman is equal to two Frenchmen, and that 
there is no comfort beyond the shores of their little 
Island, instances are not uncommon of this prejudice 
having been overcome by Yankee ingenuity. 


"When we sent our beef and pork to England, Mr. 
Bull turned up his nose at it until it was cut up and 
packed in the British style, when it at once became quite 
palatable. So it was with our butter and cheese, the 
latter article particularly, which is now in great demand 
and in extensive use in that country. John received 
our wooden clocks, flattered as he was by the reflection 
of his own bluff features as he looked into their mirrors, 
and the superiority of Wenham Lake ice was too clear 
not to be seen through, even by an Englishman. These 
changes in the direction of articles of export, either 
coastwise or foreign, are so familiar to those who recol- 
lect the time when Danvers supplied Albany with wool 
and the city of New York with sole leather, that they 
need not be much astonished to find the staple manu- 
facture of our town finding its way to a foreign market." 

The business was started in Manchester upon the 
arrival of six Danvers men who were selected by John 
M. C. Noyes to teach the English the shoe-pegging 
business, some to work on ladies' and misses', and others 
on men's shoes. The men who went over were Jacob 
Cross, Charles Story, Theodore Hobbs, Samuel Knight, 
William Marshall and Charles F. Waitt, and they 
sailed from Boston on the "Columbiana" in April, in 
company with Mr. Noyes, being forty-eight days on the 
trip. Shoe-pegging was a novelty then, and much in- 
terest was manifested by all classes witnessing the pro- 
cess of the manufacture by these Yankee workmen. 
American tanned leather was sent over by Danvers 
tanners,^ and the shoe pegs were obtained from Charles 
P. Preston, and later from Norris & Preston. 

1 Among' the firms of Danvers, Salem and vicinity from whom he 
boug'ht leather to export, or later to whom he sold imported leather 
to be made into shoes, -were the following- : A. F. Thompson & Co., 
B. F. Thompson & Co., J. A. Learoyd, Harris Munroe, O. Kimball, 
J. R, Langley, Joseph Walden, D. C. Haskell, Pool & Jacobs, John G. 


Previously only sewed work or a clog consisting of 
a wooden sole with a leather upper nailed to the side, 
had been sold there. They took a sole-leather splitting 
machine, which was the first seen in England. The 
prejudice against Yankee pegged shoes, however, was 
very strong, and for a long time dealers could not be 
induced to buy them, but eventually a good business 
was established. 

Regarding the introduction of American leather into 
the English market and the success of the undertaking, 
the Salem Gazette of Nov. 23, 1855, has this to say: 

"In respect to cheapness of material our American 
tanners have a decided advantage over those in Eng- 
land, where not only hides have to be imported but 
also the materials for tanning them. The bark used in 
England is mainly imported, at much expense, from 
the Baltic and Mediterranean countries. The cost of 
leather in England, therefore, is much increased, and a 
chance is offered our tanners to supply that market with 
profit, since leather can here be made at less expense,^ 
and within the last ten years (since the new British 
tariff) a considerable trade has been growing up in this 
commodity. At first the English dealers had strong 
prejudices against American leather, but these seem 
to be so far removed that English houses are now en- 
gaged in its importation. The English leather is gen- 
erally regarded as superior to our own. The hides are 
more carefully worked and cleansed there than by our 
tanners, and more time is taken to perfect the change. 

Gove, W. & M. Black, Jr., Caleb L. Frost. James M. Munroe, L. & W. S. 
Belcher, Geo. L. Thayer, Daniel John.son, Boardman & Goiikl, I. H. 
Putnam, Putnam & Fellows, Poland & Connors, W. H. Sargent, Boston 
Japan Leather Co., S. Case & Sons, John Huse, Josiah Brackett, and 
Benjamin Goodrido'e. 

From 1846 to 1848, he bought of Pre'ston 256 barrels of shoe pegs 
at $3 per barrel, which were shipped to Manchester in the ship 
"Sunbeam" and other vessels. 


From one to one and a half years to double that time 
is thought requisite to produce a good article. Particu- 
lar care is taken with upper leather to insure a smooth 
and even grain and give it a handsome color. English 
sole leather is so well impregnated with bark as to be 
nearly impervious to water, while ours absorbs water 
freely. Yet it is said that American leather is more 
durable than English, although it may not do so good 
service while it lasts." 

Lexington Memorial Erected. — Sixty years after 
the Battle of Lexington, Danvers erected a monument 
(1835) to the memory of her young men who were 
killed on that memorable day. The occasion was made 
one of great interest, especially from the fact that nine- 
teen survivors of the Revolutionary War were present 
and took part in the exercises. Twelve of these were 
from Danvers: Gen. Gideon Foster, Sylvester Osborn, 
Johnson Proctor, Levi Preston, Asa Tapley, Rogers 
Nourse, Joseph Shaw, John Joscelyn, Ephraim Smith, 
Jonathan Porter, Joseph Tufts, William Flint. 

The shaft stands at the junction of Main and Wash- 
ington streets, in what is now Peabody. On one side are 
the names of the slain, followed by the words : Dulce et 
decorum est pro patria mori ("It is sweet and glorious 
to die for one's country" ) . On the reverse side, "Erected 
by the Citizens of Danvers on the 60th Anniversary, 
1835." The cost of the monument was $1,000. 

First Postoffice Established. — The organization 
of the Village Bank and the growing manufacturing 
interests at Danvers Plains resulted in the establish- 
ment of this section of the town as the business center. 
New Mills falling back to second place. There was, of 
course, immediate demand for a postoffice,^ all Danvers 

1 See "History of the Danvers Postoffice," by Charles Newhall, in 
Danvers Historical Collections, Vol. 7. 


mail previous to this time having been received at the 
Salem office. After several years of agitation the North 
Dan vers postoffice was opened in 1837, with William 
Wallis as the first postmaster, followed in a few months 
by Thomas M. Bowen. Later postmasters have been: 
Levi Merrill, 1846-1852; Daniel Emerson, 1852-1853; 
Levi Merrill, 1853-1861; Sylvanus Shattuck, 1861- 
1865; Joseph E. Hood, 1865-1886; Charles N. Perley, 
1886-1890; Capt. G. W. Kenney, 1890-1891; Mrs. Ger- 
trude S. Kenney, 1891-1896; Charles N. Perley, 1896- 
1900; Charles Newhall, 1900-1916; R. T. Fennessey, 
1916-1922; Maj. F. C. Damon, 1922. 

In 1844 the New Mills postoffice was established, 
Henry Potter being appointed postmaster. Later 
postmasters have been: William Alley, 1849-1852; 
James M. Trow, 1852-1853; David Mead, 1853-1886; 
Henry Warren, 1886-1887; Anna E. Manassa, 1887- 
1889; John P. Withey, 1889-1893; T. J. Gallivan, 
1893-1897; J. W. Mead, 1897-1900. 

The residents of Danvers Highlands and Tapleyville 
were given the privilege of a local office in 1849, with 
George W. French as postmaster, which later was re- 
moved to Centre street. Later postmasters have been: 
Henry Prentiss, 1855-1865; Albert H. Mudge, 1865- 
1869; F. A. Wilkins, 1869-1895; G. C. Clancy, 1895- 

N. P. Merriam was appointed postmaster of the 
Tapleyville section in 1872. Other postmasters have 
been: Daniel Fuller, 1885-1887; Norris S. Bean, 1887- 
1891; Archie W. Sillars, 1891-1894; John A. Logan, 
1894-1898; A. W. Sillars, 1898-1900. 

The Hathorne office was the result of the building ot 
the State Hospital, and was opened in 1878, with 
Samuel S. Pratt in charge. Other postmasters have 
been: G. W. Dudley, 1878-1880; J. W. Pierce, 1880- 


1801 ; Andrew Xichols, Jr., 1891-1893; Mary E. Hines, 
1893-1899; Joshua Nichols, 1899-1913; C. F. Skill- 
ings, 1913-1921; Dennis M. Kelley, 1922. 

Early Days of Tapleyville; The Carpet Busi- 
ness. — Up to the time of the eighteen-thirties that por- 
tion of Danvers known as "the Village," and more 
recently as Tapleyville, was owned by a few families 
and dotted with farmhouses separated b}^ acres of 
highly cultivated land. Eighty years ago there were 
but five houses there, tlie Tapley house on Pine street, 
opposite Hyde, the Nurse house, the Tarbell house, 
the old Tapley homestead on Hyde street, and the 
Perley Tapley house, corner of Holten and Pine streets, 
of which the first two and last mentioned are stand- 
ing. Roughly speaking, Tapley^dlle comprises the area 
described by a circle, using the Tapley school as a 
pivotal point, and extending on the east to Putnam's 
pond, on the south to Sylvan street, on the west 
to Collins and Centre streets, and on the north to PIo- 
bart street. Danvers Highlands had settled down with 
the complacency of old age, content to be a populous 
farming community. But Tapleyville was destined to 
wake up. The Tapleys have been a numerous family 
in the vicinity of Salem since 1660, when the emigrant 
Gilbert Tapley came from Marldon, Devon, England, 
and settled at Salem Neck. In the middle of the 18th 
century, another Gilbert, a great-grandson of the emi- 
grant, by alliance in marriage with the Putnam family, 
came to the old Salem Village part of Danvers and 
bought a farm, which has been known in later years as 
the James Goodale estate at the Highlands. Gradually 
acquiring more propertj^ he became one of the largest 
landowners of this section, and was the progenitor of 
all the Danvers and many of the Lynn families of the 
name. Of his four sons, Asa became the possessor of 


much of the land south of the Nurse house, between 
Pine and ColHns streets and crossing Sylvan street to 
the Endicott farm on Endicott street, and by marriage 
with Elizabeth Smith further added to his estate the 
land to the west as far as the Andover turnpike. 

In 1843 Perley Tapley moved a building in which 
Mathew Hooper had manufactured boxes near Felton's 
corner to the brook at Hadlock's bridge, near the pres- 
ent Tapleyville railroad station. This, in itself, was 
not so remarkable a feat, for he had doubtless moved 
other buildings before. He certainly did move many 
afterwards, as anyone who lived eighty j^ears ago could 
testify. But that particular move is worth recording, 
because it marks precisely the psychological moment 
when Tapleyville, or the "Village," awoke. Here 
Perley and his brother Gilbert embarked in the carpet 
business. The latter had been engaged in the shoe 
business for many years, in a shop which was connected 
with his house on Pine street. The carpet business was 
a new enterprise for Danvers, and in order to carry it 
on successfully skilled labor had to be obtained from 
outside. Connecticut factory towns at first contributed 
a few weavers, but it was not long before many families 
from England and Scotland began to come in consider- 
able numbers, until it became a problem to house them 
within the confines of the "Village." Then it was that 
Perley Tapley's skill as mover of buildings was used 
to advantage. Houses from far and near began to roll 
toward Tapleyville. Buildings of all descriptions were 
moved and converted into dwellings, until Holten street 
was a motley collection of houses made from anything 
from a church steeple to a schoolhouse. The church 
steeple was used as a shed in the rear of a Holten 
street house. The schoolhouse, moved from Putnam- 
ville, was torn down when the Tapley School was 



built. Thus the "Village" grew in size and importance, 
but not without many a friendly jibe upon the apparent 
lack of "city planning." 

A humorous squib in the Danvers Eagle, October 30, 
1844, which was concocted on one of those trips that 
leading South Parish men used to make to the North 
Parish to hear Dr. Braman preach Fast Day and 
Thanksgiving sermons, appeared under the heading, 
"Taplejwille in 1844." It said: 

"This celebrated city is now in a state of unexampled 
prosperity. We are aware that, owing to the defects 
of modern geography, it is not to be found on the maps. 
But we know that the city exists, as we have been there 
and seen its mayor and its corporation. It is situated 
on one of those numerous streams that empty into the 
Atlantic ocean, and contains as large a population as 
its buildings will conveniently accommodate. 

"There is one peculiarity which, we believe, is not 
common to any other place. By the city regulations 
it is provided that no house or other building shall be 
erected within its territory, and the city is entirely com- 
posed of buildings which have been moved into it, and 
by these means it is constantly increasing. Nothing is 
more common than to see houses of all sizes and shapes 
and of every quaint style of architecture traveling into 
the place and seating themselves down in some comfort- 
able situation, to rest just so long as the mayor will 
allow them to remain. We have never yet ventured to 
spend a night in the city; we know so well the migra- 
tory character of its buildings that we should expect 
to find ourselves next morning — house and all — moving 
off on wheels, drawn by 40-ox power. We had the 
curiosity to look into the city hall when the council was 
not in session, and found it ornamented with various 
agricultural implements. Like the rest of the city it 


looked like a travelling concern and was built of rough 
slabs. We understand that it once took a tour of obser- 
vation through Salem, and afterward returned to its 
native place." 

The "mayor" was, of course, Perley Tapley, and the 
building last referred to was the famous "log cabin" 
which had been conspicuous in the Harrison campaigji 
procession in Salem. Rev. Dr. Alfred P. Putnam, in 
reminiscences written several years ago, says: "The log 
cabin was hauled all the way to Salem amidst the ut- 
most enthusiasm. Suspended upon or set against the 
sides were coon skins, hard cider barrels, and a variety 
of rude or simple articles of furniture or husbandry, 
all of which were generally among the peculiar accom- 
paniments of such occasions in that never-to-be-forgot- 
ten campaign. On a balcony stood a company of sing- 
ers, who, all along the route, amused and delighted the 
moving throng, or the farmers and villagers who came 
out from their houses to hear the spirited and frequently 
humorous pieces which rhj^msters had ground out so 
plentifully for the popular ear. Much accustomed to 
moving buildings, a man of great force and energy, 
always prone to brisk physical activity, and favored 
with a stentorian voice, Perley Tapley was well fitted 
to make such a migratory scene as this as lively as pos- 
sible. On that Independence day he was here, there 
and everywhere. His was the voice that arose above 
all the Babel noises of the hour; and on sped the rustic 
habitation with its attendant carriages, quadrupeds, bi- 
peds and all, until it entered Salem, threaded its way 
through the streets, and finally reached and invaded 
the crowded common amidst circumstances that beggar 
all description. There never was such a stir, such com- 
motion, such fun, such cheering, such enthusiasm. We 
lads eagerly saw and enjoyed it all from beginning to 


end, now running alono'side the oxen or the cabin, again 
advancing to the front or falhng behind, then jumping 
aboard and thrusting ourselves in among the musicians, 
and in manifold ways showing how much we shared 
with Mr. Tapley himself, the responsibility of that cele- 
bration by Danvers of the Fourth of July, 1840." The 
cabin was built by W. J. C. Kenney and Simeon Put- 
nam of Danvers, who were well-known carpenters of 
that time, and people gazed in admiration at Mr. Tap- 
ley's skill in managing the forty yoke of oxen, especi- 
ally in turning corners. The throng on Salem Common 
was addressed by Daniel Webster, who made one of his 
famous, able and eloquent speeches upon the political 
situation of the time. 

Rev. O. S. Butler of Georgetown, in referring to the 
humorous article quoted, in which the new settlement 
at Tapleyville was so ingeniously ridiculed, says: 

"I remember what a commotion the article produced 
among the inhabitants of that enterprising village. 
Perley Tapley was highly incensed, and justly so. 
Gilbert Tapley, the other owner of the factory, said it 
was beneath the notice of a dog. But the authorship 
of that light artillery was never known, though diligent 
search was made in and about several departments of 
the Eagle office. In those early days it was the custom 
of a few citizens of South Danvers to visit the suburbs 
of the village once a year to listen to a sermon from 
Rev. Milton P. Braman, who always made a special 
effort to give his hearers the results of his reflections 
and convictions during the year, on the state of the 
community in general and its political aspects in par- 
ticular. In the spring of '44, a party of gentlemen, 
consisting of Fitch Poole, Jacob Perley, Isaac Hardy, 
A. P. Phillips, John Peabody, and a boy, were passing 
through the village of Tapleyville on their way to the 


church. They discovered two or three buildings on 
wheels, or in process of moving. Then and there a dis- 
cussion arose as to whether those buildings were the 
same as we saw the year before or a new installment. 
Young Damon said they were the same; Fitch Poole 
said no, but that Mr. Tapley had moved one building 
a day on the average for several years. I have no 
doubt that the little squib was born in that old coach, 
but who gave it bodily form, I never shall tell. But 1 
remember that at the next town meeting, which was 
held in old Union hall, under the Universalist church, 
South Danvers, Mr. Winthrop Andrews made quite a 
point of the little fling at Tapleyville, as he was advo- 
cating the improvement of the road from the Plains 
to Tapleyville." 

During its first year of business the carpet factory 
was burned, but another was immediately erected. The 
Danvers Courier, June 14, 1845, says that on June 13, 
at half past twelve in the afternoon, the fire was dis- 
covered in Wyatt B. Woodman's box mill connected 
with the carpet factory, both of which were totally 
destroyed. It started in a pile of shavings while the 
men were absent at dinner. David Henderson was the 
owner of the machinery and stock of the factory. "The 
fire spread so rapidly that the Company connected with 
the engine belonging to Tapleyville were obliged to 
abandon it, and it was nearly destroyed. The firewards 
immediately ordered the Niagara engine to be removed 
to Tapleyville to take its place. Nothing is known of 
the origin of the fire, but it is generally supposed to be 
the work of an incendiary." 

It is probable that the Tapleys owned the factory 
itself and at that time had no interest in the business, 
but after the fire they took over the business and erected 
immediately another building 182 by 30 feet. This 


factory was operated by a 25-horse-power engine, had 
about 30 looms in use, employed 60 hands, used about 
100,000 pounds of wool annually, and wove about 
60,000 yards of carpeting each year, as Hanson tells us 
in his history printed in 1848. From 1847 to 1866 the 
owners were Gilbert Tapley and his son, the product 
being ingrain and stair carpets, later making ingrain 
only. The Salem Gazette of Dec. 18, 1860, says that 
50 looms were then in operation and there were em- 
ployed 100 men and 50 women, 200,000 pounds of wool 
were used, and 100,000 yards of carpeting were turned 
out annually. In February, 1865, the Danvers Carpet 
Company was formed, with a capital of $100,000, Gil- 
bert Tapley, president, the principal owners being resi- 
dents of Newburyport. In May, 1875, it changed hands 
again and became the Eagle Carpet Company, employ- 
ing 100 hands and producing annually 150,000 yards 
of woolen ingrain carpet, valued at $175,000. Gilbert 
Augustus Tapley, son of the original owner, was the 
treasurer and agent, and he continued to manage it 
until the business was discontinued about 1880. The 
factory was then converted into a morocco factory and 
later occupied by Knapp and Downing. It was burned 
in 1910. 

It has been said that fourteen of the Scotch carpet 
weavers and twenty of their sons were veterans of the 
Civil war, seven of whom became commissioned officers, 
and the same loyalty to the Union might also be re- 
corded of the English, of whom there were fully as 
many in the service. Upon the decline of the carpet 
business, the shoe business was established, which for 
many years has been the principal industry in Tapley- 
ville. Nathaniel P. Merriam was another who was iden- 
tified with the growth of this village, maintaining a 


country store at the corner of Holten and Pine streets 
for nearly forty years. 

Col. Gilbert Tapley was the son of Asa and Eliza- 
beth (Smith) Tapley, and was born April 30, 1793. 
He was one of six brothers, Daniel, Asa, Nathan, Perley 
and Jesse, who inherited good estates in this section of 
the town. In early life he manufactured shoes, and 
during the war of 1812 he, in common with others, took 
the manufactured product to Baltimore and other cities 
with teams of horses. This was in the time of the 
embargo, when the coastwise trade in vessels was inter- 
rupted. In the fall of 1813 he reached Baltimore, after 
many weeks of hard travelling, and foimd that the 
English were about to bombard the place. Here he 
was pressed into the service by an artillery company, to 
convey them to the point where the enemy was to land. 
Colonel Tapley was successful in his business ventures 
and became one of the leading citizens of the town. He 
was always active in the First Church, serving on im- 
portant committees, and when the Methodist Church 
was built gave generously to the building fund, his son, 
Gilbert A. Tapley, also contributing the lot on which 
the church stands. He served as moderator, assessor 
and on the school committee, was a trustee of Walnut 
Grove cemetery, director of the Warren Bank of South 
Danvers and president of the Danvers Savings Bank. 
He was a prime mover in obtaining the Danvers and 
Georgetown Railroad, now the Western Division line 
from Newburyport to Boston. He was an ardent and 
efficient worker in the temperance cause, and was iden- 
tified with all good works until his death, which occurred 
on Octobers, 1878. 

"Neck of Land" No Longer a Separate District. 
— The other sections of the town had become prosperous 
villages since "The Neck of Land" was incorporated 


in 1772, and the road to Salem, which had caused so 
much controversy in the early days, was a necessity, not 
only to the residents of New JNlills, but to the people of 
the whole town. Consequently New Mills began to 
regard it as no more than just that it should now be 
relieved of tlie burden of supporting the highways, which 
it had faithfully done for the past seventy years. As the 
town of Danvers did not object, the act of incorporation 
was repealed in 1840, since which time the roads at 
Danversport have been included in the town's appro- 
priation for highways. 

Walnut Geove Cemetery Corporation. — This 
cemetery, which was originally the grove and adjacent 
lands of Judge Samuel Putnam, was consecrated in 
1844, and comprises about 21 acres. Generally speak- 
ing, the formation of the older portion is that of the 
hillsides, gently sloping to meet in a central valley, 
watered by brooks and adorned with a natural growth 
of trees. The grounds have practically the same front- 
age on each of three streets, Sylvan, Ash and Adams 
streets. The large tract upon the Ash street side is 
practically level, and, like the top of the hill on the 
Adams street front, is unshaded. Thus, by combination 
and contrast, the rich foliage of the grove and verdure 
of the lawns which lie open to the sun, contributes each 
to the beauty of the other. Adding to the natural fea- 
tures of the landscape, the work that is constantly being 
done in the care of the grounds, the Walnut Grove 
cemetery is itself the best monument to those men in 
whose wisdom and energy it had its origin, and is most 
worthy of the pride so generally felt in it. 

The presidents of the corporation have been: Hon. 
Ehas Putnam, 1843-1844; Samuel Preston, 1844; 
Samuel P. Fowler, 1845-1886; Dr. W. W. Eaton, 1887- 


1910; George W. Fiske, 1910-1912; Lester S. Couch, 

Other Cemeteries. — It is doubtful if there is an- 
other town in New England which has within its pre- 
cincts as many cemeteries, public and private, as old 
Danvers, including Peabody, no les^ than 53 being 
located when the vital records of the town were pub- 
lished in 1910. In the early days there were little plots 
set aside on nearly all the farms for burial purposes; 
then later neighborhood grounds were laid out, which 
were the forerunners of the large tracts given up to this 
purpose today. Wadsworth cemetery on Summer 
street was one of the earliest, controlled by the First 
Church, and now cared for by an association. High 
Street cemetery was in early use, several of the Revo- 
lutionary soldiers having been buried there, but in 1805, 
Colonel Page, whose land it was, "for ten cents" con- 
veyed the plot to Israel Hutchinson, Jr., Thomas Put- 
nam and Caleb Oakes, who were to "forever permit the 
Inhabitants of that part of Danvers called the Neck 
and all other persons who have been so accustomed, to 
occupjT^ the same land as a Burying Ground . . . keep- 
ing always the same ground inclosed with a decent fence 
not less than five feet high at their own charge." Other 
grounds^ in the present town of Danvers are the Nurse^ 
Endicott, Preston, Prince, Putnam at Hathorne, 
Russell, Ilolten, Putnam, rear the "Lindens," Jacobs, 
Hutchinson, Tapley and Preston, Putnam at Putnam- 
ville, Swinerton, Goodale and Pope. 

Irish Settlers. — From the first settlement of the 
town there have been scattering Irish families through- 
out the territory of Danvers. As early as the 
time of the witchcraft delusion (1692) down through 

1 See Danvers Vital Records, page 3. 

z '^ 

S s 

2; '5 


the French and Indian wars and the Revolution, names 
of people of Irish birth are found on the records. It 
was not, however, until 1842 that the settlement of 
Irish emigrants commenced.^ Probably the first at the 
Plains was Cornelius Ryan, who came to town in 1844 
to work for the masons who were constructing Elias 
Putnam's shoe factory, now a portion of the Curtis 
block on High street. He did not remain long, but 
returned to Salem. Nearly all the emigrants of the 
first years "worked out" for the farmers of the town, 
the men often helping in the fields while their wives 
assisted in the household affairs; but as soon as they 
prospered they established little homes of their own. 
The building of the Essex Railroad (1848) was the 
means of bringing many more Irish families to town, 
who, after the road was completed through Danvers, 
remained here and found other occupations, in the shoe 
shops, the brickyards, morocco factories, or on farms. 
Many at a later date bought land and built houses in 
the vicinity of Hobart street. This land belonged for 
the most part to Capt. Andrew M. Putnam, whose 
advice and assistance are gratefully remembered today. 
These families have, in general, been thrifty and law- 
abiding citizens, and many of the second and third gen- 
erations are now prosperous, represented in many trades 
and professions, interested in the progress of education, 
ready to assist in all philanthropic movements, loyal to 
the town of their birth and to the country which has 
given them the opportunity of success. 

Maple Street Church Organized. — With the in- 
creased growth of the Plains, the question of a church 
began to be agitated. The long distance to the First 
Church was one of the reasons for the establishment of 

1 The first to pay taxes in Danvers were Patrick Agan and Joliix 
Kain, in 1842, Daniel Crowley followed in 1843. 


the Maple Street church (1844). For a time neigh- 
borhood meetings were held at the residence of John A. 
Learoyd, opposite Maple Street church, and, in fact, 
the new society was practically formed in the parlor of 
this house. The church edifice, which was erected soon 
after, was burned (1850), the present building taking 
its place. The annual town meetings were held for 
several years in the first edifice, or until the Town Hall 
was erected. 

The ministers of this church have been: Rev. Richard 
Tolman, 1846-1849; Rev. James Fletcher, 1849-1864; 
Rev. WiUiam Carruthers, 1866-1868; Rev. James 
Brand, 1869-1873; Rev. W. E. C. Wright, 1875-1882; 
Rev. E. C. Ewing, 1882-1899; Rev. C. J. Hawkins, 
1900-1902; Rev. Robert A. MacFadden, 1902-1909; 
Rev. M. A. Shafer, 1910-1913; Rev. Dr. F. W. Mer- 
rick, 1915-1921 ; Rev. Leon E. Grubaugh, 1922. 

Samuel P. Fowler was one of the first deacons of this 
church. He was born at New Mills, April 22, 1800, 
and early developed a desire for reading and a taste for 
natural history. He manifested a deep interest in church 
and town affairs, serving in various offices, representing 
the town in the Legislature, and holding the position 
of overseer of the poor for forty-five years. His wife 
was Harriet, daughter of Moses Putnam of Putnam- 
ville. He was famous as a botanist and contributed 
articles to many papers and magazines on this subject, 
his beautiful garden on Cherry street attesting his great 
love of flowers. Fond of historical research, his equal 
in knowledge of local history could not be found, and 
upon this subject, too, his pen was often used. A cor- 
porator of the Danvers Savings Bank, a director of the 
Danvers National Bank, a life trustee of Peabody In- 
stitute, a publisher of several valuable books and pam- 
phlets, a temperance worker, president of Walnut Grove 


Cemetery Corporation, honored and respected by his 
townspeople and the country at large, he passed away 
in December, 1888, at the age of 89 years. His large 
collection of valuable historical manuscripts and relics 
were, after his death, presented to the Essex Institute. 


Feeling Against Slavery; The Abolitionists. — 
There was a constantly growing feeling in the North 
in opposition to slave-holding. There were many Abo- 
litionists at New Mills, who held that the business of 
buying and selling negroes was not in accordance with 
the constitution of the United States, which declares 
that all men are born free and equal. At first their lot 
was not a happy one. They were very outspoken on 
the subject of slavery, and their candor incensed a great 
many, their enthusiasm in the cause of the slave often 
overpowering their better judgment, but their earnest- 
ness was never doubted. Meetings were held as early 
as 1834. A club was formed in 1838, called "The Young 
Men's Anti-Slavery Society," and the cause of the slave 
was eloquently pleaded, not only by local orators but 
by some of the most noted Abolitionists in the country. 
In 1842, the controversy had reached fever heat. Those 
who did not profess to follow the doctrines of Garrison 
or enter into the then unpopular movement, were de- 
nounced by the anti-slavery supporters as false to the 
principles upon which the country was founded, and as 
lacking Christianity. So far did their enthusiasm carry 
them that the society of Abolitionists at New Mills 
declared that it was "inconsistent and unbecoming" for 
them to celebrate the Fourth of July because there were 
so many slaves in bondage in this free country. The 


churches, because they did not at once champion the 
Abolitionists' cause, were derisively called "the strong- 
holds of slavery," and upon them the storm broke. Two 
of the churches refused to open their doors to the meet- 
ings of the Abolitionists. This was the occasion of new 
charges and complaints. Feeling between man and 
man at New Mills was wrought to a very high pitch. 
The anti-slavery supporters, disappointed that the 
churches did not favor a discussion of the subject in 
the pulpits, resolved to come out from the congrega- 
tions. This they did, and from this movement they 
became known as "Come-outers." "On one occasion 
the minister at the Baptist church was in the midst of 
the service when one of the abolitionists present arose 
and began an anti-slavery appeal. He was temporarily 
choked off by a hj^mn, but as soon as the music ceased 
he was at it again. Two men of the congregation, with 
righteous indignation descended upon the intruder and 
dragged him out of the house. Worship was broken 
off. The congregation, or most of them, were thor- 
oughly mad. The minister called for a sheriff, and 
certain men jumped out of the window to run to the 
Universalist church for an officer." Service was re- 
sumed, but in came the same offender at a side door and 
continued his disturbance. Subsequently, he and sev- 
eral other "Come-outers," who took his part, were ar- 
rested. But the fanaticism of the times gradually gave 
way to saner action, and people began to more calmly 
consider the great slavery question. Their enthusiasm 
did not diminish, to be sure, but a wiser and more sj^s- 
tematic plan of action resulted in the formation of a 
new political party — the Republican — and ultimately 
in the freedom of the slave. 

"One must greatly admire the high moral standard of 
these Abolitionists. Their adherence to the cause was 


at great cost. Many of them were church members, 
long and devotedly attached to the observances that 
belonged to it, and they left it, not because they did 
not believe in Christianity, but because of the very 
strength and sincerity of their faith. They were ridi- 
culed and anathematized for it, but here they took their 
stand, and practically illustrated in their character and 
daily life the principles they would make the law of the 
land. They were tanners and curriers and shoemakers 
and artisans and tillers of the soil, yet they were pos- 
sessed of a high degree of intelligence. The future will 
make small account of anj^ shortcomings which men may 
see in the old Abolitionists. It is to their everlasting 
honor that, at the time when millions of our fellow crea- 
tures were groaning under insufferable bondage, and 
church, state and people alike were deaf to their cries, 
they were the first to rouse the public to a sense of duty 
and needed action." 

Among the men and women identified with the cause 
in Danvers were Jesse P. Harriman, Richard Hood, 
John Hood, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Merrill, Hathorne 
Porter, Alfred R. Porter, Mr. and Mrs. John Cutler, 
Mr. and Mrs. William Endicott, James D. Black, 
William Francis, Henry A. Potter, Rev. Samuel 
Brimblecom, John R. Patten, William Alley, Job 
Tyler, Hercules Josselyn, Mr. and Mrs. Abel Nichols, 
Mrs. Eben G. Berry, Miss E. H. Hutchinson, Miss 
Irene Kent, Dr. and Mrs. Eben Hunt, Dr. Andrew 
Nichols, Thomas Bowen, John R. Langley, Jonathan 
Richardson, James F. Mclntire, Moses Black, Jr., 
Elias Savage, John D. Andrews, James M. Usher, 
Charles W. Page, John Hines, Oliver C. Wait, James 
Kelley, Archelaus P. Black, Winthrop Andrews, 
George Kate, Joseph W. Legro, Benjamin Potter, 
Ingalls K. Mclntire, Daniel Woodbury, Josiah Ross, 


Edward Stimpson, Jonathan Eveleth, Charles Benja- 
min, Samuel P. Fowler, Oliver O. Brown, Alexander 
A. Leavitt, William Needham, Elbridge G. Little, Ira 
P. Cloiigh, Abner S. Mead, Joseph Porter, Frederick 
Howe, Col. Jesse Putnam, John A. Learoyd, Peter 
Wait, Allen Knight, Francis P. Putnam, Ehas E. Put- 
nam, Alfred Fellows. 

Dr. Andrew Nichols was one of the prominent Abo- 
litionists. He was born in Danvers, Nov. 22, 178.5, 
graduated at Harvard Medical School, and practised in 
the southern part of the town for nearly half a century. 
He was a noted botanist and agriculturist, an ardent 
anti-slavery and temperance man, a poet of more than 
local repute, an inventor of much ability, and one of 
the founders of the Unitarian church in Peabody. His 
object was "to live for man, to work for humanitj^" He 
died March 30, 1853, beloved and lamented by all. 

Dr. Ebenezer Hunt, another Abolitionist, was born, 
April 13, 1799, in Dracut. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in the Medical Department in 1821. 
Soon after, he settled at New Mills, where he practiced 
his profession fifty years. In the temperance cause and 
the anti-slavery movement he was firm and always had 
the courage of his convictions. He became associated 
with John G. Whittier in the slavery cause, retaining 
the latter's friendship through life. At the age of 65 
years he enlisted in the Civil War as assistant surgeon 
of the 8th Regiment, by which service his health was 
considerably impaired. Dr. Hunt was hospitable, sim- 
ple in his habits, and his worth as a man and his skill 
as a physician were fully appreciated by all who knew 

Hathorne Porter was another Abolitionist who was 
very active during his short life in the cause of the slave. 
He was son of Aaron and Eunice (Hathorne) Porter, 


and was born in Salem, but at an early age went to 
Putnamville to learn his trade at the home of his uncle, 
Zerubbabel Porter. Settling finally in Danversport, 
where he engaged in tanning and currying on his own 
account, he became one of the leaders of the anti-slaverv 
movement. He was also one of the earliest Univer- 
sahsts. He died in 1845, at the age of forty-seven, and 
thus did not live to see the result of the good work of 
the party whose cause he so ardently espoused. He was 
a nephew of Gen. Moses Porter. His residence at 
Danversport was the brick house built by Nathaniel 
Putnam in 1805, near Creese & Cook's factory, and 
recently (1922) remodelled into a warehouse by that 

Newspapers. — In the early days Danvers depended 
upon Salem and Boston papers for the news, the Salem 
Gazette and Salem Register being widely circulated 
here. In 1845 the Danvers Courier was established, 
following the Danvers Whig and the Danvers Eagle, 
two ephemeral political sheets. It was short-lived. 
The South Danvers Wizard (1859) became the Pea- 
body Press in 1869. The Danvers Monitor was estab- 
lished in 1865. All these weekly papers were printed 
in the southern part of the town, now Peabody. In 
1871 the Danvers Mirror was established as a distinctly 
Danvers paper, by H. C. Cheever, who sold the busi- 
ness in 1875 to Charles H. Shepard. In 1890 Mr. 
Shepard sold the business to Frank E. Moynahan, and 
it is now (1923) conducted by his widow, Mrs. Magda- 
lene DeNormandie Elmcre, who has changed the name 
of the paper to the Danvers Herald. 

The Great Fire. — Just as business was beginning 
to get a good start at the Plains, everything was swept 
away by a great fire (1845). An old newspaper says 
of it: "It broke out in a small building belonging to the 


dwelling house of Joshua Silvester, and was thought 
to have been occasioned by sparks from the pipes of 
some of the workmen, a pile of shavings probably ignit- 
ing. The fire spread with great rapidity and seemed 
at one time as if beyond all human control. Eighteen 
buildings on either side of Maple street were destroyed. 
There was great scarcity of water, it being necessary to 
connect eight engines to obtain a single stream of water 
upon the fire. The nearest body of water was Frost 
Fish Brook. The alarm reached Salem about a quarter 
past two, and several engines and fire companies imme- 
diately started, guided by the direction of the smoke, 
although it was not then known where the fire was nor 
how imminent was the danger. Express messengers 
arrived some time afterwards for assistance, when the 
alarm was again sounded, and several more engines were 
dispatched, making seven in all from Salem, preceded, 
accompanied and followed by great numbers of citizens. 
The progress over the length of dusty road was exceed- 
ingly toilsome, with the almost vertical sun beating down 
upon their unsheltered heads at a temperature of 120*^ 
to 130''. Some were very much overcome by the expo- 
sure and fatigue. The loss was $80,000." 

After this conflagration, building was resumed and 
the Square widened, as it appears today, the west side 
of Maple street up to that time having formed a junc- 
tion with Elm street at about the location of the present 
drinking fountain. 

Wenham Lake Ice in England; The Danvers 
Ice Company. — At about this time an important export 
business, in which Danvers men were concerned, was 
organized. It consisted of the shipment of ice^ from 
Wenham Lake to England. The enterprise originated 

1 See Articles by Eev. A. P. Putnam, D. D., in "Ice' and Refrigera- 


with a few Salem men, and in 1846 a resident of Dan- 
vers, returning from a business trip in England, having 
noted the success of the business there, suggested to 
several Danvers men, including Henry T. Ropes, Jo- 
seph W. Ropes, W. I^. Weston and Daniel Richards, 
the formation of a stock company for the same purpose. 
This was accordingly done, and Henry T. Ropes was 
delegated to go abroad and find a suitable location for 
the opening up of the ice business. The field was thor- 
oughly looked over, and it was decided to buy out the 
Salem company's Liverpool trade. Here the Danvers 
Ice Company was established. The ice was gathered 
at Wenham Lake and shipped to Boston, where it was 
packed in sawdust on a large vessel for the trip across. 
It was genuine ice and of the purest qualitj^ and was 
something which the English people were to appreciate 
more and more, slow as they were to learn its uses 
and virtues at first. The ice proved a curiosity to the 
people, and blocks of this new, indispensable crystal 
were placed on exhibition in the windows of London 
and Liverpool. It created much talk and attracted 
public notice. The Queen and Royal Family set their 
seal of approval upon it, — a sufficient guarantee of a 
great business. During the first years, the Danvers men 
did not realize much from their investment, and three 
of them concluded to withdraw, but Henry T. Ropes 
was not to be dissuaded, and, in later years, he was re- 
warded for his energy and perseverance by achieving 
immense wealth and the well-earned title of "The Ice 

As soon as Mr. Ropes had his business well estab- 
lished he discontinued the shipment of ice from Wen- 
ham Lake, receiving the larger part of his supply from 
Norway, but even at the present time the ice-wagons, it 
is said, travel through the streets of London bearing 
the sign "Wenham Lake Ice." The name and fame of 


our neighboring sheet of water became so firmly rooted 
in the early days of the trade that it was deemed not 
wise, from a business standpoint, to change it when the 
import from Norway began. The business was carried 
on by Mr. Ropes' sons for many years. 

Omnibus Line to Salem. — Up to this time there 
had been no public mode of conveyance from this town 
to Salem. Stage-coaches from Haverhill to Salem ran 
inf requentljr ; people used their own carriages or walked, 
as the case might be. In 1842, a man named Berry 
came from the West to Danvers and started an omnibus 
route, running a few trips each day. He sold out soon 
to John Grout, who, in turn, about six years later, sold 
out to Samuel W. Spaulding. Parker Webber bought 
the route in 1865. A three-seated wagon, which had 
accommodations on top for half a dozen, was the popu- 
lar vehicle of transportation. The business increased 
with every year, and larger and more commodious 
coaches were provided as the traffic demanded them. 
Through heat and dust of summer and the deep snows 
of winter, blocking the roads nearly to the degree of 
impassability at Gardner's Hill, the old coaches made 
their daily trips. Fifteen cents for the ride each way 
was deemed none too exorbitant a price to pay. The 
Danvers terminus of the line w^as the Square, and pas- 
sengers were content to walk to their homes, being as 
yet uneducated in the convenience of the street car. 
Even after the railroad came (1847) the equanimity of 
the stage driver Avas not disturbed, and he drove on 
unmindful of his iron competitor and apparently suf- 
fering little financially from the innovation. Another 
line from the Highlands through Peabody to Salem was 
also established about 1849. 

The occupation of the stage driver is gone. "Never 
again shall we gather at the cottage gate as the clatter 


^EJT-V^ £3 lEir^ 


Connt-eting at WEST I>A>VEIIS with Trains to and from SALE^I. 

Train** from BRADF<»KD and C^ROTELAIVD connect witii this line 

at GEOKGETOn > for BOST<>]\. 

Depot in Boston, - Boston and Maine Depot, Haymarket Square. 

" Bradford, At HaverhiU Bridge. 

" Newburyport, - - - - 'West of the TunneL 


01 m IFTER MOIDiT. OCTOBER 23. 1854. 

"M' cc .4L M im' s turn: j%. %' k: 





7.45, 11.00 a.m. 

, 1.43, 5.00 P.M. 

BOSTON, - - 

S 0-5 A.M. 

12.00 M. 

3.00, 5.30 p.M 

BYFIELD - - - 

7.S7, 11.12 

1.57, 5.12 




3.35,6 08 


7.45, 11. CO 

1.45, 5.00 

1 N. DANVERS, - 



3.44, 6.18 


7.90, 11.03 

1.50, 5 03 




3..5S, 0.32 


8.03, 11.18 

2.03, 5.18 

BO.XFORD, - - 



4.08, 6,39 

BOXFORD, - - - 

8.09, 11.25 

2.09, 5.25 




4.15, 6.46 


8.18, 11.34 

2.18,5 34 




4.21, 6.52 

N. DANVERS, - - 

8.33, 11 50 

2.35, 5.5l> 




4.21, 6.52 

W. DA.\ VERS, - - 

8.42. 11.58 

2.43, 6.00 




4.26, 6.57 

Arrive at BOSTON, 

9.19 12.40 

3.23, ti.40 

Ar. atNEWBP'T, 



4.33, 7.04 


TRAINS LEAVE NKWBIRVPOK T FOR BRADFORD at 7.45 and II.'K) a.m., 1.45 ari.l 5.00 p.m.. 
BRADFORD FOR NEWBURYPORT at 8.40 a.m., and 1.45, ?..W and 6.20 p.m. 
Leaving NEWBURVPORP at 7.J5 and 11 00 a.m., and 5.00 p.m., and BRADFORD at 8.40 a.m. 
3.45 and 6.20 p.m., connect with Trains on the Boston & Me. Railroad to and fron LAWRENCE, and the West 
and North ; also, with Trains poinj; East. 


TRAINS have GEORGETOWN for HAVERHILL BRIDGE at 8 05, 9.25, 11.18 am. and 1.15, 2.03, 4.15, 

5.18 and fi.4(! p.m. 

Leave HAVERHILL BRIDGE for GEORGETOWN at 7.45, 8.25, 11.00 a.m., 12.5-5, 1.45, 3 50, 5.00, 6 20 p.m. 

33" Passengers are not allowed Baggage above $50 in value, or 80 lbs. in weight, without extra charge. F'or 
furtlier particulars, see. Hallway Guide. 


C. S. TEJ^NEV, Sup't. 

Pwia»;j«i<» eivS Bog^gff vW di? ttktti tram ibf Ct>wp Jny's D^t, «« jtrtm«'» nUarf, «t itl« folfawin^ hgvf 

- © « ' A. M. 1 . Si : ♦' V'. M. 

nOaio:i «I3} 0«n «Vw« the Dejxii, fsot «f Wa»toi«gtan-<rtr«er, «t the ftllowins hou«« 

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Which served Residents of Danvers in the Trip from Salem to Boston until 1848, when the 

Essex Railroad was opened. 

From F. B. C. Bradlee's " History of the Eastern Railroad." 


of wheels and the cloud of dust approach, to welcome 
the aged parent, the coining guest, the daughter home 
from school. Famous levelers were the old stage 
coaches and masters in etiquette also! What chance 
medley of social elements they brought about! What 
jostling of ribs and elbows, what a test of good nature, 
what a tax on forbearance ! For how else could a dozen 
strangers consent to be boxed up and shaken together, 
but upon condition that each was to exhibit the best 
side of his nature, and that only. To this generation 
the old stage coach is a shadowy and unreal thing, but 
the memory of its usefulness will long live." 

Opening of the Railroads. — The matter of trans- 
portation facilities for the town of Danvers was one of 
the most discussed topics of this period, and the town 
was divided into several factions, favoring as many 
different railroad routes. There were some who argued 
like the narrow-minded correspondent in the Salem 
Gazette, when the Eastern Railroad was contemplated, 
"Let us construct our own railroads, north and south, 
but, as we hope to prosper, let us not have one to Bos- 
ton!" Even before the Eastern Railroad was built, and 
when the different routes were under discussion, there 
was an attempt made to survey a road from Danvers to 
Boston.^ At this time there were two roads proposed, 
one called the Eastern, with a terminus at East Boston, 
and the other called the Western, passing through 
Charlestown Neck, West Lynn, Danvers, Salem and 
Beverly, with a terminus over Chelsea Bridge. At the 
annual meeting in Danvers in 1836, resolutions were 
adopted in favor of the latter course, because it avoided 
the ferry, and a memorial to that effect was sent to the 
Legislature, but the Eastern route was finally selected^ 
as the most direct, cheapest to construct, and passing 

1 Salem Gazette, Ansriist 25 and 28, 1835. 

2 April 11, 1836. The Eastern Eailroad was incorporated April 14, 
1836, and the road opened from Boston to Salem, August 27, 1838. 


through the most populous district. For the next fifteen 
years the peace of the community was periodically dis- 
turbed by bitter factions favoring this or that route, and 
it was made the paramount issue at all the Representa- 
tive elections. Indeed, it served in no small measura 
to keep alive the sectional feeling that ultimately re- 
sulted in the division of the town. The shoe manufac- 
turers did all in their power to create an influence in 
favor of a road to Boston, and finally obtained a charter 
for a road from Georgetown to Danvers, the proposi- 
tion being to continue the road already built from New- 
buryport to Georgetown. The road, known as the 
Georgetown and Danvers Railroad, was duly incorpo- 
rated on Nov. 16, 1844, the incorporators from Danvers 
being Elias Putnam, Samuel Preston, Joshua Silvester, 
John W. Proctor, Esq., Robert S. Daniels, Henry 
Poor, Elijah W. Upton, Kendall Osborne, Lew^s Allen, 
David Daniels, Fitch Poole, Eben Sutton and Dr. 
George Osborn. The road did not materialize, probably 
from lack of funds to finance it. The Danvers Courier, 
commenting on the failure of the project, thus face- 
tiously remarks: "No accident has happened to any one, 
if we except the trifling pecuniary damage to those who 
obtained the charter. All are delighted with the invis- 
ible cars which render the motion at greatest speed 
imperceptible. The grade is perfectly level the whole 
distance, the rails not being laid on sleepers but on good 
substantial drawing-paper." It might be added that 
the Courier was published in the southern part of the 

"One day in the summer of 1845, two Danvers men 
might have been seen on the summit of the hill which 
is now crowned by the Hospital, eagerly scanning the 
winding valleys to the south and to the north. Pres- 
ently they went on, and climbing one of the high hills 
of Andover, followed again the course of the lowland 


to where the great mills in the new manufacturing town 
of Lawrence on the Merrimac were soon to rise. These 
two men, Elias Putnam and Joshua Silvester, always 
progressive, were full of the new idea of steam and iron, 
which had already begun to revolutionize travel. These 
men on the hilltops saw in the valleys the course of an 
iron highway, which, uniting Lawrence to the main 
line at Salem, would bring the railroad to Danvers. 

"And soon it came (1847). Cutting through the 
high ridge south of Waters river, it crossed the stream 
almost at the little cove where Governor Endecott is 
said to have landed from his shallop; passed within a 
gunshot of the ancient pear tree which the Governor 
planted; bridged the river down which was floated the 
little cooper's shop, the beginning of Danversport; 
entered Parson Skelton's grant close by the old home 
of the Revolutionary hero. Colonel Hutchinson ; pushed 
on across the old Ipswich road through Porter's Plains ; 
beyond Beaver Dam, almost under the windows of that 
little room where 'Old Put' was born, and so on north- 
ward, — a truly historic route."^ 

While the new railroad was of great benefit to the 
people of the town, its opening was the means of finally 
ruining the shipping business of Danversport. Car- 
goes of supplies which, in the old days, arrived by water, 
now began to come by freight over the railroad at a 
much less expense to the purchaser. One by one the 
storekeepers and other citizens turned their backs upon 
the vessels, and welcomed the railroad freight system. 
The old-time shipping business received its death blow. 
Coal and lumber are now the principal cargoes arrivini^ 
at Danversport, and even a considerable portion of the 
coal consumed in town today comes by way of the rail- 

1 From Hon. Alden P. White's "History of Danvers," in Essex County 


In 1846, Joseph S. Cabot, Elias Putnam, Gayton P. 
Osgood, Albert Thorndike and others were incorporated 
as the Essex Railroad Company, to operate a road from 
Salem to Lawrence. It was fathered by the Eastern 
Railroad Company from the first, on account of the 
prospects of tapping the Boston and Maine Railroad's 
lines in the northern town and of bringing travel to 
their main line at Salem, and it was finally absorbed by 
that company.^ 

In 1852, William D. Northend, George J. Tenney, 
Asa Pingree, Joseph S. Black and Gilbert Tapley were 
incorporated as the Danvers Railroad Company, for a 
line to connect with the Danvers and Georgetown Rail- 
road, already planned, and continuing to South Read- 
ing, now Wakefield, to connect with another new line 
to Boston. It was opened to the public in 1854, and 
operated under lease to the Boston and Maine Railroad, 
thus giving through trains from Newburyport to Bos- 
ton. The Danvers Railroad as a corporation continued 
until 1906, when its officers, who were officials of the 
Boston and Maine, voted to buy all outstanding stock, 
and the latter road was authorized to issue bonds to 
acquire title to the old Danvers road.^ 

Attitude of Danvers in Mexican War. — The 
town, true to its old-time fearlessness, boldly declared 
itself, with the rest of New England, as opposed to a 
war with the feeble republic of Mexico (1847). The 
citizens in town meeting voted this war wrong in its 
origin, in its progress, and in its continuance; that the 
acqusition of new territory by the United States would 
not counterbalance in any measure a warfare so unjust 
and unnatural ; and that the representatives of the town 
in Congress and in the State use all lawful influence in 

1 See "The Eastern Railroad," by Francis B. C. Bradlee. 

2 See "The Newburyport and Danvers Railroad," by Henry F. Long. 


their power to bring the unrighteous war to a speedy- 
close. Seven men from Danvers helped win the vic- 
tories in this one-sided conquest.^ 

The FoRTY-lSTiNERs and the Gold Fever. — Stories 
of the wonderful discovery of gold in California in 
1849 did not escape this town. The people shared in 
the general excitement and many a head was filled with 
dreams of sudden wealth. The local paper urged on 
the frenzy by printing letters from the scene of the gold 
fields, which related that "the people were running over 
the country and picking the gold out of the earth here 
and there, just as a thousand hogs let loose in the forest, 
root up the ground-nuts." This seemed easy. How- 
ever, these accounts failed to tell of the terrible hard- 
ships the miners were obliged to endure. Several Dan- 
vers men joined parties for that then far-distant land, 
but no records of fabulous wealth are reported. 


Holten High School Established. — The estab- 
lishment of the High School was a hard struggle. For 
ten years a few progressive men of the town courage- 
ously fought for this higher education, but the town as 
a whole was apparently not ready for it. There were 
those who thought the grammar school education suf- 
ficient, and others considered the extra expense not war- 
ranted; but the few energetic ones persisted. Finally 
the State helped them out by passing a law compelling 
towms of the size of Danvers to establish a High School. 
If such towns neglected to comply with the law, a heavy 
penalty was to be imposed. So, in 1850, Danvers found 
herself under the absolute necessity of supporting such 
an institution. However, as the town, which then in- 

1 See Military and Naval Annals of Danvers. 


eluded the present city of Peabody, was so large terri- 
torially, and the population so scattered, it would be 
folly to expect one school to cover all; hence the town 
found itself obliged to form two schools, one in the 
south and the other in the north part of the town. 

Accordingly the first session of the Holten High 
School, which was named for Judge Samuel Holten, 
was held in a small building which stood on Conant 
street, next to Charles N. Perley's barn. It was a long, 
narrow structure, a little back from the road, with two 
large trees before it. The room in which the school 
was held was very low-studded, with a desk at one end 
and at the other end the recitation platform; between 
were only three rows of double seats. This building was 
known as "Belvidere Hall," after it had outlived its 
usefulness as a schoolhouse. It now stands in the rear 
of Unity Chapel and is converted into a dwelling. The 
school soon outgrew these small quarters and it became 
necessary for the committee to find a more commodious 
place. A short time before this a building had been 
moved from the south part of the town to the spot now 
occupied by the wSoldiers' monument. It was used for 
Methodist meetings, but when this society discontinued 
services, it was secured for the High School. It was 
known as "The Quail Trap," and was later moved to 
Essex street, where it now stands, owned by George 
W. Howe. Two or three years later there was a de- 
mand for a Town Hall in this part of the town, and, 
when erected, the High School was moved (1855) to a 
room in that building. 

The principals of the High School have been: John 
Marshall, 1850-1851; Ambrose P. S. Stewart, 1852- 
1853; Nathaniel Hills, 1853-1865; John C. Proctor, 
1865-1866; James Fletcher, 1866-1871; Orville B. 
Grant, 1871-1872; Myi-on O. Harrington, 1872-1873; 

' i'lV^^^^i-i^ 


Residence of Hon. James D. Black. Later the estate of Gilbert Augustus Tapley. 

Tents erected in the South Parish for the occasion 
From a wood-cut in "Gleason's Pictorial'' in 1852. 

._^^^.^ ^^^/^. 

The inscription on the envelope in which the first donation to the town of Danvers was received. 
The seal was broken at the Centennial Celebration in 1852. 


Albert W. Bachelor, 1873-1874; Edward D. Mason, 
1875; Joseph W. Keene, 1875; Henrj^ H. Hart, 1875; 
Frank M. Hawes, 1875-1879; Howard R. Burrington, 
1879-1890; Ernest J. Powers, 1890-1900; Herbert J. 
Chase, 1900-1904; William J. Rushmore, 1904-1907; 
Fred C. Mitchell, 1907-1909; Charles F. Abbott, 1909- 
1912; William A. Spooner, 1912-1919; Edward L. 
Montgomery, 1919-1920; Roy M. Strout, 1920-1921; 
Lester Williams, 1921-1922; Ivan Smith, 1922. 

Dan^^rs' Centennial; Mr. Peabody's Toast. — 
The year 1852 marked the one hundredth anniversary 
of the separation of Danvers from Salem, and the event 
was celebrated in royal style in the south part of the 
town. It was one of the greatest days in Danvers' 
history. A procession a mile and a half long was one 
of the principal features, not to mention the banquet 
which followed. It was the day of days for the engine 
companies. The trades also were well represented. 
The 1,500 school children, gaily attired, added to the 
beautiful scene, while a cavalcade of 300 horsemen 
brought up the rear. The whole town was decorated 
with banners and beautiful arches spanned many of the 
streets. The Governor and all the distinguished men 
from far and near were there. 

There was one, however, a native of Danvers, who, 
although invited, was not able to be present. He was 
then in London. It was fifteen years since he had seen 
his native land, and he had not visited the place of his 
birth since he was sixteen, when he started out to seek 
his fortune. George Peabody, the London banker, did 
not forget the old town of Danvers. With his regrets 
to the committee's invitation to be present at the cele- 
bration, he sent a sealed letter, with instructions as 
follows: "The seal of this envelope is not to be broken 
till the toasts are being prepared by the chairman at 


the dinner, 16th June, at Danvers, in commemoration 
of the one hundredth year since its severance from 
Salem. It contains a sentiment for the occasion from 
George Peabody of London." 

At the proper time the seal was broken. The senti- 
ment contained is well known to all of the present day : 
"Education, a debt due from present to future gener- 

A gift of $20,000 to the town was also included, for 
the erection and maintenance of a library and lecture 
hall. Thus came George Peabody's first large gift to 
the town of Danvers. The building designated was 
erected the next year in the south part of the town on 
Main street, and named "The Peabody Institute." It 
was under the management of a committee chosen from 
both parts of the town. They were: Eben King, Joseph 
S. Black, William L. Weston, Aaron F. Clark, Francis 
Baker, Joseph Poor, Ehjah W. Upton, Miles Osborne, 
Joseph Osgood, Eben Sutton, Robert S. Daniels, 
Samuel P. Fowler, William F. Poole, the latter the 
author of Poole's "Index of Literature." 

High School Prizes. — The year following (1853) 
the first donation to the town, a Danvers business man 
who was in London, found an opportunity to call at 
the small, dark office which Mr. Peabody occupied in 
one of the courts leading out of Throgmorton street, 
where from ten to four o'clock each day he attended 
to his great business interests. The banker had much 
to ask him, during this and subsequent visits, concern- 
ing the progress of the building of the Institute, and in 
one of these conversations in 1853 it happened that 
Mr. Peabody spoke of his intention of presenting prizes 
to the pupils of the High School in the southern part 
of the town, which school had been named for him. 
The Danvers man suggested that there was also a High 
School in his part of the town, something which Mr. 


Peabody expressed himself as glad to learn, and he 
promptly agreed to treat both parts of the town impar- 
tially. Accordingly, in 1854, he sent $200, with a prom- 
ise of a similar annual donation. Early in 1856 it was 
decided that the prizes should be in the form of medals, 
and the Peabody medal was evolved by the celebrated 
engraver, Francis L. Mitchell of Boston.^ 

Early Life of Mr. Peabody. — This well known 
philanthropist was born on Feb. 18, 1795, in that part 
of old Danvers, now Peabody, in a house still standing 
near the junction of Washington and Foster streets. 
His parents were able to give him only a meager educa- 
tion, and at the age of 12 years he secured a position 
as grocer's clerk for Captain Sylvester Proctor, whose 
friendship he cherished to the last. The first dollar he 
ever earned was while he was yet a schoolboy, for tend- 
ing a little booth at a certain celebration, for the sale 
of apples and other edibles. He stuck to his post in 
spite of the fascination of the sports about him, and 
was rewarded for his faithfulness with a dollar, — ^the 
foundation of his colossal fortune. 

Success in Business. — At the age of 16, with no 
capital but a good character and a persistent energy, 
he started out in life as clerk in his brother's dry-goods 
store at Newburyport. Before he reached his majority 
he was taken into partnership by Elisha Riggs, a 
wealthy New York dry-goods merchant, and the next 
year the firm moved its business to Baltimore, estab- 
lishing branch houses in New York and Philadelphia. 
During the next ten or twelve years the business of the 
firm increased to such an extent that Mr. Peabody made 
several trips to England in furtherance of his interests. 
Owing chiefly to his talent and industry the business 
flourished, and when, by the retirement of Elisha Riggs, 

1 See Danvers Historical Collections, Vol. 2, p. 4. 


he became the senior member of the firm, the house of 
Peabody, Riggs & Co. took rank with the leading con- 
cerns of the country. So trustworthy was Mr. Peabody 
that at times the United States Government, taking 
advantage of his business sagacity, employed him to 
transact important financial negotiations. At the age 
of 45, he went to London to live, where he made his 
home during the remainder of his life, and established 
the great banking firm of George Peabody, a concern 
which was known all over the civilized world. He 
enjoyed the highest position in the mercantile world of 
any American up to that time. 

As a factor in creating a friendly international feel- 
ing between England and America at a time when rela- 
tions were strained in the years following the War of 
1812, he was a greater power, in the estimation of Hon. 
R. C. Winthrop, than "all the diplomacy of London 
or Washington." So, too, in 1837, in that critical period 
of American finance, he alone sustained the American 
credit. It was said that no other person would have 
been listened to for a moment in the parlor of the Bank 
of England upon the subject of American securities, 
yet he was able to negotiate a loan which saved the com- 
mercial credit of the nation. 

His Acts of Philanthrophy. — There is no act of 
philanthrophy in George Peabody's long life that shines 
with a brighter lustre than his first. He believed that 
"charity begins at home," and as soon as he began to be 
successful in business, he gave freely of his earnings to 
provide a comfortable home for his mother and sisters. 
His subsequent gifts of millions of dollars for charity 
have seldom been equalled in the world's history. When 
Congress refused to appropriate money to aid in the 
American exhibition in London (1851), Mr. Peabody 
came to the rescue of his countrymen by generous con- 

<~-^ C^^Z^^^ 

^' yj'-^rf: 


tributions, securing to the American nation its proper 
place. He provided the means to fit out Dr. Kane's 
Arctic expedition in search of Sir John Franklin 
(1852). He founded the Peabody Institute in Balti- 
more (1857) , to which he gave in all one million dollars. 
He established libraries in Thetford, Vt., and George- 
town, Mass., and devoted in all three millions to the 
Southern educational fund. Yale and Harvard Col- 
leges received $150,000 each; Peabody Academy of 
Science, in Salem, $140,000; Phillips Academy, And- 
over $25,000. His greatest liberality was shown in 
his munificent gift of $3,000,000 for the erection of 
tenement houses for the deserving poor of London, 
where, for small rentals, needy families live in com- 
parative comfort. As the interest on the fund accumu- 
lates, new houses are built, so that if the money is 
properly handled, the good work will go on forever. 
His generous donations to his native town will be men- 
tioned later. All these gifts, and many more, amount- 
ing to nearly $9,000,000, were made in his lifetime, 
while he could be a witness to the great good accom- 
plished. At his death, $4,000,000 more were disposed 
of by will. 

His Visit to Danvers and the Reception. — When 
in 1856, the people of South Danvers learned that Mr. 
Peabody was soon to visit the United States, they deter- 
mined, with the aid of Danvers, to give him a magnifi- 
cent reception. He declined all other attentions show- 
ered upon him in the large cities, preferring rather to 
receive his first greeting at the hands of the people of 
his native town. The two towns, just divided, united 
enthusiastically in the welcome to their former son, and 
a committee was sent to New York to meet Mr. Pea- 
body on his arrival. 

The day of the reception, October 9, 1856, was a 


perfect Indian summer day. The guest of honor drove 
from Georgetown with his sisters and a nephew, and 
met the committee at the Maple Street Church, where 
a sakite of one hundred guns announced his arrival. 
Here he was seated in an elegant barouche, drawn by 
six horses, and accompanied by Rev. Milton P. Braman, 
Robert S. Daniels and Joshua Silvester, commenced his 
triumphal drive^ through streets gay with flags and 
bunting and arches of flowers, by the way of Danvers- 
port to South Danvers. 

"The scene at the starting point was very beautiful. 
The spire of the church and private buildings were gaily 
dressed with flags and streamers, and in full view was 
an elegant threefold arch spanning the wide street, the 
centre arch rising above the others and being adorned 
with evergreens, wreaths, medallions, flowers and flags. 
Coming first in a long series of decorations with which 
the streets of both towns were adorned, the sight im- 
pressed Mr. Peabody, who expressed his surprise and 
gratification. Two cavalcades were drawn up just be- 
low the arch, one wholly of ladies, who threw into Mr. 
Peabody's carriage bouquets of flowers as he passed. 
The procession moved on through the streets lined with 
decorated houses and vmder waving flags and triumphal 
arches, attended by the booming of cannon and strains 
of martial music. Thousands of people from all over 
the countrj^ came to witness the grand celebration. It 
was the day of all days for Danvers and South Danvers. 
The shouts and salutations of the people were gratefully 
acknowledged by INIr. Peabody, as he bowed to the 
throng on either side." 

At Peabody Institute, South Danvers, the exercises 
of the day took place, and here Mr. Peabody's voice was 
heard for the first time. His words to the school chil- 

1 See "The Peabody Reception," published by the Committee in 1856. 


dren are worthy of mention. Said he: "There is not a 
youth within the sound of mj'^ voice whose early oppor- 
tunities and advantages are not very much greater than 
were my OAvn, and I have since achieved nothing that 
is impossible to the most humble boy among you. Bear 
in mind that to be truly great it is not necessary that 
you should gain wealth or importance. Every boy may 
become a great man, in whatever sphere Providence 
may call him to move. Steadfast and undeviating truth, 
fearless and straightforward integrity, and an honor 
ever unsullied by an unworthy word or action, make 
their possessor greater than worldlj^ success or pros- 
perity. These qualities constitute greatness. May the 
advice I have given you be impressed upon j^our young 
hearts. It is given with much sincerity by one who has 
had much experience in the world ; and although Provi- 
dence has smiled on all his labors, he has never ceasCvd 
to feel and lament the want of that early education 
which is now so freely offered to each one of you." 

Later, at the dinner, he said, in reference to England 
and America: "If there are two nations on the face of 
the earth which ought to be connected by the closest ties 
of mutual good will, thej?^ are these two countries. . . . 
I am sure that, notwithstanding the little outbursts of 
jealousy which occasionally show themselves, England 
is not less proud of her offspring than is America of 
the parent stock." 

Mr. Peabody returned to Georgetown the next day. 
At Danvers Square he found his way blocked by the 
school children, who, hand in hand, formed a chain 
across the street. His greeting to the children from the 
carriage was a fitting close to the wonderful ovation. 

Me. Peabody's Gifts to Dan\ters. — A few days 
after the reception, JNIr. Peabody announced to Joshua 
Silvester of Danvers, who had previously known him in 


London, his intention of presenting the sum of $10,000 
for the estabhshment of a branch hbrary in Danvers. 
He asked Mr. Silvester to bring to him at the Revere 
Plouse in Boston, a hst of names of suitable persons 
to receive the gift, they to act with the library com- 
mittee of South Danvers. They were: Rev. Milton P. 
Braman, Samuel Preston, James D. Black, Matthew 
Hooper and William L. Weston. Mr. Silvester was 
added by Mr. Peabody. A room for the library was 
secured at the Town Hall, and here it was located for 
the next twelve years. In the meantime the committee 
purchased the beautiful grounds on which our present 
Institute stands today, planted over 250 rock maple 
trees, laid out avenues and walks, and named it "Pea- 
body Park," in anticipation of a building on that spot 
some day. 

Mr. Peabody made two other visits to Danvers, one 
on August 5, 1857, when he was entertained at the 
residence of John R. Langley on Sylvan street, now 
the residence of Henry M. Melcher, and where a recep- 
tion was held, followed by a drive about town and a 
call at the High School, his autograph being preserved 
in the "Visitors' Book." In the spring of 1866, when 
it became known that he contemplated making another 
visit to this country, the citizens of South Danvers, rep- 
resented by Gen. William Sutton, Henry Poor, Elijah 
W. Upton and Warren M. Jacobs, and those of North 
Danvers, by Rev. Dr. Braman, Joshua Silvester and 
Daniel Richards, were delegated to meet him in New 
York, they having been advised by Blake Brothers & 
Co., bankers of New York, of his arrival on the "Scotia," 
on May 1. 

On another visit, April 13, 1867, he was given a recep- 
tion by the school children of Danvers, which was made 
a gala occasion. He was met at the noon train from 
Salem by about one thousand young people, who con- 

Dedicated in 1869. Destroyed by fire in i8go. 

/l^^.C<^ ^^.'*^gX-^ /V>»*-f^ £Zyz.crt>e>f*^ y'ic^*^ y'^cc2^^^ 
t2<n.a6 e-cA^^ O-trz'cjL. ^5^*'^-^<A^^'«^.*<- ^^t^^e-^ 

From the original manuscript in possession of the Peabody Institute, Peabody 


ducted him to the Universahst Church, where, amid 
elaborate decorations of flags of all nations, the exercises 
took place. INIr. Peabody addressed the assembly, was 
later entertained by Joshua Silvester on Peabody ave- 
nue, and in the evening by Francis Peabody, Esq., at 
*'The Lindens," where the trustees first showed him the 
plans of the new Institute, which he heartily approved. 
His total donation to this town was about $100,000. 

The Peabody Institute. — In 1866, Mr. Peabody 
donated a further sum of $40,000 for the erection of a 
building in Danvers and support of a library and lec- 
ture course, to be conducted in the same manner as the 
Peabody Institute, South Danvers. One of the rules 
laid down by the donor was that the new Institute 
should never be used for the discussion of sectarian 
theology or party politics. Henceforth the two Insti- 
tutes were distinct corporations, although having the 
same name, the same objects, and supported by the gen- 
erosit}'- of one man. Peabody Institute, Danvers, was 
completed in 1869, and upon the 14th of July, the occa- 
sion of the dedication, Mr. Peabody was present. 

Two days after the dedication of the Institute, Mr. 
Peabody invited thirtj^ of his personal friends and a 
few chosen from the trustees of his various charities, 
to meet him at the Peabody Institute, Peabody, for 
luncheon. The guests came in a special train from 
Boston, and at noon Cassell furnished a "superb lunch, 
surpassing his own reputation." This was probably as 
notable a gathering of wealth and distinction as this 
county had ever seen. The names of the guests follow: 
Gov. William Claflin, Robert C. Winthrop, Charles 
Sumner, John H. Clifford, Thomas Aspinwall, Charles 
Francis Adams, Jacob Bigelow, Alexander H. Rice, 
George Tyler Bigelow, C. N. Warren, Stephen Salis- 
bury, William Gray, Samuel P. Fowler, Francis 


Peabody, Joshua Silvester, Sidney Bartlett, William 
Amory, Peter Butler, Nathaniel S. Shurtleff, Nath- 
aniel Thayer, William C. Endicott, George Peabody 
Russell, Robert Singleton Peabody, John Amory 
Lowell, George Lunt, George N. Eaton, S. K. Lothrop, 
Samuel T. Dana, James M. Beebe, Thomas Russell, 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Lincoln F. Brigham and 
Robert M. Mason. The Hon. A. A. Abbott presided 
over this gathering, and there were remarks by Hon. 
R. C. Winthrop. The following original poem was read 
by Oliver Wendell Holmes, and afterwards published: 

"Bankrupt! Our pockets inside out! 

Empty of words to speak his praises ! 
Worcester and Webster up the spout ! 

Dead broke of laudatory praises! 
Yet why witli flowery speeches tease, 

With vain superlatives distress him? 
Has language better words than these — 

The Friend of all his race, God Bless Him ! 

"A simple prayer, but words more sweet 

By human lips were never uttered 
Since Adam left the country seat 

Where angel wings around him fluttered. 
The old look on with tear-dimmed eyes. 

The children cluster to caress him, 
And every voice, unbidden, cries, 

The Friend of all his race— God Bless Him!" 

Later, the guests took carriages for Danvers. On the 
way they were entertained by Francis Peabody, Esq., 
at "The Lindens," and upon arrival at the Peabody In- 
stitute, Danvers, there were remarks by Dr. Lothrop, 
Charles Sumner and Governor Claflin. The building 
met the approbation of all, and they echoed the senti- 
ment offered by Mr. Peabody at the dedication, when 
he said, "The architect, building committee, and all 


others connected with the erection of the Institute have 
performed their duty in good taste, and I have nothing 
to find fault with."^ 

The hf e trustees, appointed by the donor, were : Rev. 
Milton P. Braman, Joshua Silvester, Francis Peabody, 
Jr., Samuel P. Fowler, Daniel Richards, Israel W. An- 
drews, Jacob Perry, Charles P. Preston and Israel H. 

The Presidents of the Board of Trustees have been: 
Rev. Dr. M. P. Braman, 1866-1872; Samuel P. Fowler, 
1872-1878; Charles P. Preston, 1878-1883; Israel W. 
Andrews, 1883-1888; Israel H. Putnam, 1888-1896; 
George Augustus Peabody, 1896-1916; Herbert S. 
Tapley, 1916. 

The Librarians have been: Nathaniel Hills, Samuel 
P. Fowler, pro tem., William Rankin, Jr., A. Sumner 
Howard, Lizzie INI. Howard, Mrs. Emilie K. Patch, and 
Miss Bessie P. Ropes. 

The library contains over 31,000 volumes. This 
building was burned in 1890, and the present building 
was completed in 1892. The children's room was made 
possible in 1896 by the generosity of George Augustus 
Peabody, Esq. 

His Last Years. — To the last, George Peabody was 
most active in the business world. In 1869, having 
visited this country, he returned in faihng health to 
England, where he died November 4, 1869. His death 
was mourned by every civilized nation of the world, and 
the land of his birth and that of his adoption vied with 
one another in paying tribute to his memory. Queen 
Victoria, who had always admired the modest American 
merchant, mourned the death of this great benefactor 
of England and America. A public service was held in 
Westminster Abbey, which was attended by the Queen 

iDanvers Monitor, July 21, 1869. 


and Royal Family. His body was conveyed across the 
Atlantic in Her Majesty's ship-of-war "Monarch," an 
honor never before or since accorded an American citi- 
zen. Its arrival at Portland harbor was announced by 
the cannon of the noble ship, and accompanied by Prince 
Arthur, representing Great Britain, together with the 
officials of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and 
those of his native town, all that was mortal of this 
illustrious man was borne in a funeral train to Peabody. 
Here, according to his own request, this man, honored 
in life and death by Kings and Queens, admired by the 
mercantile world, and worshipped by the common peo- 
ple, was buried from the church in the little town in 
which he first saw the light. The eulogy was by Hon. 
Robert C. Winthrop, and the service was conducted by 
Rev. Daniel Marsh of Georgetown. His remains lie 
in Harmony Grove Cemetery. 

His Character. — The secret of George Peabody's 
great success in life was his industry, honesty and per- 
severance. He was a diligent worker from the very 
first, and even when, at times, his prospects looked dark, 
he would resolutely rise above it and push on to still 
greater achievements. In his business transactions he 
was above reproach, never exhibiting any of the tricks 
which so often characterize a certain type of business 
man. He was never jealous of others' success. "Live 
and let live," was his motto. Having a wide knowledge 
of the world's finances, his judgment was always to be 
depended upon. Punctuality was one of his particular 
virtues ; it is said that he never violated the most trivial 
engagements. He was extremely modest, too, in receiv- 
ing praise for his generous acts. Offered a baronetcy, 
he declined the honor, with the loyal independence of 
an American citizen, and when asked what gift he 
would accept from the Queen for his princely benefac- 


Presented to early graduates of the 

Holten High School 


British War Vessels, Screwship "Monarch" the "Mantonomah," the "Terror" and the Corvette 

"Plymouth", conveying the Remains of George Peabody up Portland Harbor, Maine, Jan. 26, 1870. 

From a wood-cut in "Frank Leslie's Illustrated. " 


tions to the City of London, he expressed only the mod- 
est desh'e for an autograph letter from Her Majesty. 
This was accorded him, together with a miniature por- 
trait of the Queen in a gold frame, valued at $30,000, 
which is now preserved in the Peabody Institute, Pea- 
body. The inscription on the portrait is as follows : 

"This Portrait of Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 
the Gift of Her Majesty to George Peabody, as 'a 
token of her appreciation of his noble act of more than 
princely munificence to the Poor of London,' has been 
by him confided to the perpetual charge and custody of 
the Trustees of Peabodv Institute at South Danvers, 
the place of his nativity^ A. D. MDCCCLXVII." 

It was ever his object to create a bond of sympathy 
between England and America, and at a time when 
public sentiment in this respect was not broad. To this 
end he gave a dinner every Fourth of July, to which 
representatives of both countries were invited. On 
such an occasion (1852) he said: "I have lived a 
great many years in this country without weakening 
my attachment to my own land, but at the same time 
too long not to respect and honor the institutions and 
people of Great Britain; it has, therefore, been my con- 
stant desire, while showing such attentions as were in 
my power to my own countrymen, to promote to the 
very utmost, kind and brotherly feelings between Eng- 
lishmen and Americans. . . . There has recently been 
much excitement in America in reference to the main- 
tenance of the Union of the States, — an excitement that 
has placed the Union on a firmer basis than ever. I 
have felt that, important to us as is this bond of union, 
there is another which is no less important to the whole 
civilized world, — I refer to the moral and friendly union 
between Great Britain and the United States. May 
both these unions still continue and gather strength with 
the gathering years." 


George Peabodj^ was tall, large and dignified, with 
a native simplicity of manner. His benevolence was 
from the heart, and his private gifts lighted many a 
friend whose sky was overcast by distress and adversity. 
With all his wealth, his own manner of living was very 
simple, never employing regular servants nor support- 
ing a home of his own. He never married. Of him 
it has been said: "His life had no shades, no dark spots 
which his friends would desire to conceal or remove, no 
eccentricity to detract from its merit. His well-balanced 
mind led him to right views on every subject. His acute 
moral sense always kept him in the path of rectitude. 
He possessed honesty that could not be corrupted, and 
integrity that could not be shaken by adversity. Such 
was George Peabody, a worthy example to be followed 
by every child of Danvers." 

Joshua Silvester, whom Judge "White has said "seems 
to have been connected more intimately with Mr. Pea- 
body than any other of our citizens," was born in Wis- 
casset, Me., July 9, 1803, the son of Joshua and Sally 
(Stacey) Silvester. His early forbears on both sides 
came to this countrj?- from England in the sixteen-thir- 
ties, and later generations were merchants and ship- 
owners in Marblehead and Wiscasset. In 1806 his par- 
ents removed to Andover, Mass., upon whose deaths in 
early life, the young man, the eldest of five children, 
came to Danvers and learned the shoe business of Caleb 
Oakes at the Port. After a term at Atkinson (N. H.) 
Academy, he was employed as clerk for Jonas Warren, 
and at the age of twenty-five began the manufacture 
of shoes, in which business he continued for many years 
at Danvers, Derry, N. H., and Philadelphia. He mar- 
ried Harriet, daughter of Nathaniel and Sally (Poor) 
Noyes of Atkinson. After the fire of 1845, which de- 
stroyed his house and factory, he crossed the ocean and 
introduced the manufacture of pegged shoes into Eng- 


Issued by the Eastern Railroad for the accommodation of H. R. H. Prince Arthur, 

at the George Peabody Funeral. 



land, subsequently making four other trips in the in- 
terest of the shoe, leather and rubber business. The 
design of his residence on Peabody avenue, also the 
Universalist Church, and the laying out of Peabody 
Park, were the result of English studies. From 1853, 
when he first attended one of Mr. Peabody's Fourth of 
July dinners in London, to the death of the great 
philanthropist, the two men were on friendly terms. 
Of Mr. Silvester, Judge White has further written: 
"To fairly estimate his character, one should have known 
him intimately through the busy, successful years of 
his prime, down to the peaceful end of old age. This 
much is clear, that he was first and always a true gentle- 
man. Truth and honor were his guiding principles. 
Simplicity and modesty were apparent in his manners. 
Many have died richer, but none more thoroughly re- 
spected. His monument is everywhere where the num- 
berless trees which he was instrumental in setting out 
are growing yearly more and more beautiful. In them 
he has left a precious legacy to us and future genera- 
tions which no money could buJ^" He died on July 
9, 1887. 




Why the Town Was Divided; South Danvers 
Set Off. — The town of Danvers was fast increasing 
in population, and with its growth many important 
questions arose. Here were practically two large vil- 
lages, each having a town hall in its midst, with no 
common interests, trying to conduct their affairs as a 
common municipality. Sectional feelings sprang up, 
caused in large measure by the manner of holding town 
meetings. When the annual meeting was held in South 
Danvers, the people there "packed the meeting" and 
secured any vote or appropriation desired. So also 
with North Danvers, — when the meetings were held 
there the town orators left no debateable point un- 
touched, with a result that gratified all their desires. 
If one section secured a certain advantage or improve- 
ment, there was no peace until the other obtained the 
same or its equivalent. Such a state of affairs was not 
conducive to a successful and economical carrjang on 
of a town's business. A feeling of dissatisfaction, which 
had been growing for the past eighty jj^ears in the south 
part of the town, now (1855) burst forth in a petition 
for a division of the old town. This was opposed to a 
man, of course, by the citizens of North Danvers, who 
fought hard to keep the old town intact. But it was 
of no avail, and on May 18, 1855, the town of South 
Danvers, afterwards Peabody (1868) was duly incor- 



porated, since which time each town has gone its sepa- 
rate waj^ Although the division at the time caused 
much bitter feehng, it was in the nature of things a 
necessity, an act which has in no wise proved detrimental 
to either section. 

Settling Up Affairs. — Then came the final score, 
the settling up^ between the towns. The division of 
town paupers, town property, town debts, State and 
county taxes, the management of the Peabody Institute, 
books and records, and other important matters had to 
be adjusted. A committee from each town w^as ap- 
pointed for this purpose, consisting of William Dodge, 
Jr., Henry Fowler, Aaron Putnam, Francis Dodge, 
Nathaniel Pope, JNTathan Tapley, George Tapley, for 
North Danvers; George Osborne, Henry Poor, Robert 
S. Daniels, Francis Baker, Eben King and Abel Pres- 
ton for South Danvers. It was accomplished, after a 
time, to the satisfaction of all, the final balance showing 
that South Danvers was indebted to the old town in 
the sum of $33,931.86. 

Dr. Joseph Shed, who had charge of the town records 
prevous to the division, was a notable character. Born 
in Tewksbury, June 30, 1782, he came to Danvers in 
1807, keeping an apothecary shop in the south part of 
the town. He also practiced medicine. Dr. Shed was 
chosen town clerk in 1835, and that he made a model 
one is confirmed by a glance at the records of that time. 
During his eighteen years of service he performed a 
work which will be appreciated more and more as the 
years go by. In addition to copying the old books o^ 
births, marriages and deaths, he spent much time visit- 
ing the old families of the town for the purpose of 
obtaining vital records which previous clerks had failed 

1 Seef Hon. Alden P. White's "History of Danvers," in Essex County 
History, pp. 513-14. 


to note. These he arranged neatly in new books, accord- 
ing to families. The news of Dr. Shed's death was 
received at a town meeting, April 10, 1853, when reso- 
lutions of respect were passed. 

Roman Catholic Church. — The first Roman Cath- 
olic service in Dan vers was held in the house of Edward 
McKeigue, Nov. 1, 1854, when Rev. Thos. H. Shahan, 
of the Immaculate Conception Church, Salem, officiated. 
Afterwards regular services were held at Franklin Hall 
in the brick block on Maple street, now owned by John 
F. Kirby, and later a chapel for their use was erected 
south of High Street Cemetery. When the Universal- 
ists built their new church (1858), the Roman Catholics 
bought the old structure, which, many times remodeled, 
is now known as Annunciation Church. The parish 
includes, besides Danvers, the towns of Middleton and 
Topsfield. Land was purchased at Sylvan and Adams 
streets for a cemetery, and in 1897 a large and beautiful 
tract of land was purchased off Hobart street, where a 
gateway marks the entrance to '^Annunciation Ceme- 
tery." The Catholic Total Abstinence Society, formed 
in 1871, has been a leading factor in preserving morality 
and temperance in the town. 

For many years the house known as the Dwinnell 
house, next to the church edifice, was used as a rectory, 
but during the pastorate of Rev. Thomas Power, the 
old building was removed and a new rectory built in 
the rear of the church. The grounds were also laid out 
and improved in appearance. 

The pastors of this church have been: Rev. Charles 
Ranoni, 1871-1872; Rev. Fr. O'Reilly, 1872; Rev. Pat- 
rick J. Halley, 1873-1882; Rev. D. B. Kennedy, 1882- 
1885; Rev. T. E. Power, 1885-1902; Rev. Henry A. 
Sullivan, 1902-1914; Rev. Francis Maley, 1914-1915; 
Rev. Daniel F. Horgan, 1915. 




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MAPLE STREET (Congregational) CHURCH 


dan^t:rs since the division 179 

Calvary Episcopal Church. — This parish was 
organized April 14, 1858, in Bank Hall. The first 
rector was Rev. Robert F. Chase. The present church, 
corner Holten and Cherry streets, was built in 1859, 
and consecrated by Bishop Eastman the next year. 

The rectors of this church have been : Rev. Robert F. 
Chase, 1858-1865; Rev. William W. Silvester, 1867- 
1868; Rev. S. J. Evans, 1869-1871; Rev. W. P. Magill, 
1872-1877; Rev. George Walker, 1877-1888; Rev. A. 
W. Griffin, 1888-1890; Rev. J. W. Hyde, 1890-1899; 
Rev. Dr. Robert W. Hudgell, 1899-1904; Rev. Marcus 
Carroll, 1904-1907; Rev. Henry W. Winkley, 1908- 
1918; Rev. Nathan Matthews, 1918. 

Portion of Be^terly Annexed. — The land on the 
east of Porter's river, now called East Danvers, up to 
this time (1858) belonged to the town of Beverly. By 
agreement, this territory was now annexed to Danvers 
and the boundaries changed. 

Feeling Before the War. — The strained conditions 
between North and South on account of negro slavery 
increased with every year, until mutterings of rebellion 
could be plainly heard along the Southern lines. "And 
yet, at the North there prevailed an optimistic feeHng 
of security — a reluctance to believe that these brethren 
of the South were willing to sever a Union of States 
baptized with the blood of their fathers and presenting, 
with all its defects, such a grand illustration of a suc- 
cessful government by the people and for the people. 
To the last, they hugged the hope that the Southern 
bluster would evaporate, and, in some manner, the dif- 
ferences between the sections be healed. The first shot 
on Sumter awakened the people from this dream, and 
although poorly prepared for war, they arose in great 
strength to the task of preserving the Union at any 



Preparation for War. — A week before the first 
shot, which openly announced rebelHon, was fired at 
Fort Sumter, the citizens of Danvers, anticipating a 
struggle between the North and South, had called a 
town meeting to see if provision would be made for the 
families of such citizens as might enlist in the volunteer 
militia. But the news from Fort Sumter aroused the 
people to immediate action, and before the time for the 
petitioned meeting arrived, a rousing war meeting was 
held, at the conclusion of which enlistments were 

Danvers Light Infantry. — Danvers had no militia 
company at the breaking out of the war, as had many 
of her sister towns, but the old spirit of the Revolu- 
tionary sires was not wanting in the sons of '61. In 
six days a full roll was announced and the company, 
under command of Nehemiah P. Fuller, was organized 
under the name of the Danvers Light Infantry. Quite 
a number of Danvers men enlisted in Salem companies 
and went to the seat of war before the Danvers com- 
panies. Company drill soon began, eight hours a day 
of hard work. Captain Fuller was a veteran soldier, 
having served in the Mexican war, and was anxious to 
have his company present a good appearance. The men 
had no arms and were boarding themselves. In vain 
did they appeal to the Governor to assign them to ser- 
vice. Such a state of affairs could not long exist, for 
the men had families depending upon them and were 
fast becoming discontented. Finally the company went 
into camp at West Gloucester, where, with old muskets 
loaned them, and living on the generosity of Danvers 
citizens, they managed to exist for six weeks. At the 
end of that time, however, the men began to grow dis- 
couraged and threatened to join a New York regiment 


for immediate service. Governor Andrew objected to 
their leaving the Commonwealth, and at last the Dan- 
vers Light Infantry was ordered to join the 17th Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers at Lynnfield/ 

The first military funeral of the war in Danvers was 
that of Thomas A. Musgrave of Captain Fuller's com- 
pany, who died August 9, 1861, from injuries received 
in the camp at Lynnfield. The services were held in 
the Universalist church and were attended by the whole 
regiment from the Lynnfield camp. On July 22, 1861, 
the Danvers Light Infantry became Company C of the 
17th Volunteer Infantry, and just a month later left 
for a three years' service at the front. 

After a few months' garrison duty at Baltimore, the 
17th reported at Newbern, N. C. It was engaged at 
Kinston and Goldsborough. On December 16, 1863, an 
attack was made on Newbern by a strong force of the 
enemy, and the 17th lost heavily in repelling it. Later 
it was engaged at Washington, D. C. Subsequently, 
March 8, 1865, the regiment was heavily engaged at 
Wise Forks, N. C, in the advance made from the coast 
to connect with General Sherman. Garrisoning Greens- 
boro, N. C, until July 11, 1865, the regiment was then 
mustered out of service. 

The Putnam Guards. — A day or two after the 
famous "war meeting," Arthur A. Putnam, then a 
young lawyer, began to organize a company, which was 
later named "The Putnam Guards." It was composed 
of 50 strong, j^oung, able-bodied men of the town. It 
made its headquarters in the first floor of the Maple 
Street School building. As soon as commissioned, 
Captain Putnam made an attempt to secure a supply 
of muskets from the State, but since all organized com- 
panies in Massachusetts were making the same clamor, 

1 For names of Civil War soldiers, see "History of Danvers," pp. 
536-41, in Essex County History. 


it seemed next to impossible to procure the arms. At 
last, however, through a combination of influences, they 
were secured, much to the gratification of the entire 
company. The receipt of the muskets lent much enthu- 
siasm to the cause. A majority of the men had never 
had military training, but under an able officer from the 
Salem Cadets, officers and men soon learned the manual 
of arms. The usual training ground was "Berry's pas- 
ture," the public park of today. The company made 
marches into all the neighboring towns. On one occa- 
sion, when they invaded Marblehead, they received a 
great demonstration, the people throwing open their 
doors at night for a camp, and loading their tables with 
substantial rations for the soldier boys. 

On June 24, the Putnam Guards reported at Fort 
Warren, and on the 5th of July following were mus- 
tered into the service of the United States as Com- 
pany I, 14th Volunteer Infantry. This company was 
transferred, January 1, 1862, to the First Massachusetts 
Heaw Artillery. It saw hard service in many impor- 
tant battles of the war. In 1862 it had charge of the 
heavy guns in different fortresses in the belt around 
Washington, at Maryland Heights and elsewhere. In 
General Pope's campaign in 1862, it was ordered as 
infantry to the front and participated in the battle of 
Centreville. After another period of service in garri- 
son, it again took the field. May 14, 1864, and in Tyler's 
powerful division of heavy artilleiy lost heavily at 
Spottsylvania. It took a distinguished part in the work 
of the Army of the Potomac until Lee's surrender. 

Their Uniforms; Presentation of Banners. — 
No sooner had these two companies been recruited than 
the women of the town began to organize to make uni- 
forms for the men. The Infantry were given dark blue 
jackets and trousers with red trimmings; the Guards, 


light blue, also with red trimmings. The suits of the 
officers of the Guards were gray, of a shade similar to 
that which later became the Confederate color. The 
townspeople furnished the material, and Gothic Hall, 
now the Universalist vestry, was suddenly transformed 
into a grand tailoring establishment, with the women 
in full charge. The uniforms were indeed fearfully and 
wonderfully put together, and the appearance the sol- 
diers presented when arrayed in these costumes of war, 
was startling in the extreme, for they had been made 
with no regard to size or fit, and it was not infrequent 
to see the short, stout youth attired in a suit which ought 
to have been appropriated by his tall, thin comrade. 

Before their final departure, the Putnam Guards 
were presented witii a flag of heavy silk, a silver plate 
upon its oaken staff bearing this inscription: "Presented 
to the Putnam Guards of Danvers, Mass., by Miss 
Catherine Putnam, daughter of a son of Danvers. Our 
Birthright is Freedom and God is our Trust. May, 

The Danvers Light Infantry was also given a recep- 
tion and presented with a silk banner by the citizens ; a 
sash and sword from Miss Putnam was presented Cap- 
tain Fuller. Both companies were supplied with Bibles 
and Testaments. Both banners are now preserved by 
Ward Post 90, G. A, R. Miss Putnam lived in Peter- 
borough, N. H., and upon the suggestion of Mrs. Julia 
A. Philbrick, she offered to give a flag provided the 
company be named "The Putnam Guards." 

Major D. J. Preston, Capt. A. G. Allen, Capt. G. 
W. Kenney, and Capt. William Smith were the Dan- 
vers men in command of troops at different times during 
the war. Lieut. Charles H. Masury served as Captain 
during the latter part of his service. 


The First Struggle. — "During July it was daily 
expected that our army would advance, and as the 
enemy were now known to be in some force in its front, 
a decisive action was anticipated. The month wore on, 
full of earnest work, and with an underlying feeling 
of suppressed excitement and strained expectation, until 
at last the day came, — that day of sorrow and deep 
mortification. When the particulars were at hand, the 
full extent of the defeat at Bull Run struck the people 
of Danvers, as the entire North, like a blow." The 
Northern soldiers had expected easily to put to rout 
the rebellious young Virginians. Then the war would 
be over. Instead, the Union army, after an encounter, 
fell back into Washington. No wonder one of the 
leaders of the Southern forces cried out, "We'll go into 
Washington tonight, boys, and m}^ headquarters will 
be at Willard's Hotel !" No wonder that the Northern 
people, stunned at first, began to grasp the full mean- 
ing of the situation, and to realize that a great war had 
only just begun. The South was terribly in earnest. 
The novelty of the situation had passed. Men and 
women were sobered, and realized the heavy burden of 
grief and loss that they must bear. Even while the 
Northern soldiers were retreating to Washington, Con- 
gress passed a vote calling for 500,000 volunteers. 

It is impossible here to give anything like an indi- 
vidual record of the brave men who went from Danvers 
during those long four years. Both in the army and 
the navy they were loyal to the Union. Each call for 
troops was quickly and fully responded to, in every 
instance. At home all the principal victories were cele- 
brated by the ringing of bells and other joyful demon- 
strations. Then came the news of those who had fallen 
in the struggle, and joy in many a household was turned 
to sorrow for the loved ones, whose faces they were never 
to see again. Scarcely a week passed that some name 

Birthplace of Gen. Francis S. Dodge 

jK i ;t|' 

I'roiii a broadside in possession of tlie Essex Institute 


Birthplace of Elias Putnam. In an ell of this house, now removed, 

Gen. Grenville M. Dodge was born. 


Formerly the Schonlhouse in No. 3. Demolished in 1895 


was not added to the death roll, or that did not witness 
the return of some disabled patriot. It would require 
a volume of itself to record the trials and hardships of 
the Danvers men during the war. 

Soldiers' Families. — It was only a few months after 
the first "war meeting/' that Danvers began to make 
provision for the families of those who had volunteered 
in the service, and be it said to the town's credit, that 
during all the long struggle, such families did not want 
for the necessaries of life. The war cost the town 
$36,596, regardless of State aid, which figured up 
to $66,068.11 more. Besides this, no one can estimate 
the thousands of dollars in money, materials and labor 
which were freely given by the townspeople during 
those four years. 

In the second year of the war, calls from the Presi- 
dent for men came thick and fast, and the town from 
that time (July 25) paid a bounty of $125 to every 
man who was mustered into the United States service, 
whether volunteer or drafted. Danvers furnished 792 
men for the war. Forty-four were commissioned offi- 
cers. Ninety-five laid down their lives for their country. 
Many peacefully lie in the soldiers' lot in Walnut 
Grove; others rest in more secluded sepulchers; but by 
far the greater number still sleep upon the battlefield. 

End of the War. — "If the soldier of the Union 
could justly rejoice in the triumph of his cause and the 
victory won, the Confederate soldier, who suffered de- 
feat, shared in that victory. He, too, returned to enjoy 
the blessings of a united country and to clasp hands 
across the graves of tens of thousands of comrades who 
had fallen on both sides, in conscientious devotion to 
what both believed to be a duty." Not one loyal heart 
in this broad land but felt truly thankful when the war 
was over. The Southerners were no longer our enemies, 


but our brothers and fellow-citizens. They had made 
a glorious fight, then manfully surrendered and became 
loyal to our flag and country. That the Confederate 
soldier should still cherish the memory of those long, 
eventful years of battle and suffering is quite natural. 
They, too, feel a comradeship endeared by a thousand 
ties and sealed by the blood of their brothers. 

Distinguished Service. — One native of Danvers 
who distinguished himself in the war, and afterwards 
as chief engineer of the Union Pacific Railroad, 
was Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, who was born in 
Putnam ville, April 12, 1831, in a house still standing. 
He later lived in Taple;^r^ille, and finally located in 
Iowa, where he enlisted in the Civil War. He was the 
trusted friend of both Generals Grant and Sherman, 
and his ability was recognized in times of peace as well 
as war. His career was one succession of victories, in 
business as well as in militarj^ life. He was concerned 
in vast projects, and when confronted by opposition it 
was to him only the call to battle. For this reason he 
stood among the gi'eat men of the nation throughout 
his long life. He died January 3, 1916, at Council 
Bluffs, lowa.^ 

Capt. Warren Porter was one of the forty-seven men 
from this town who served in the Navy. He was an 
experienced and competent sailor at the beginning of 
the war, having shipped before the mast in 1849, and 
was commissioned as Ensign in 1863, on the U. S. S. 
"Savannah." Shortly after he distinguished himself 
while cruising in the Gulf of Mexico in the U. S. S, 
"Magnolia." One afternoon the rebel steamer "Mata- 
gorda" was seen in the distance, and chase was immedi- 
ately given. For a time she was lost to view, but only 
for a time. Porter, with permanent injury to his eyes, 

1 See Danvers Historical Collections, Vol. 2, p. 67. 


sighted her long and intently through the hawser-hole 
as the pursuit was continued for about eight hours, when 
this far-famed blockade runner was overtaken. Porter 
was the first to board her, and as prize-master he took 
the ship to Boston, when, with her cargo, she was sold 
for $355,000. He was at once promoted to commander 
of the U. S. S. "Nita," later the U. S. S. "Sunflower," 
and afterwards captured several smaller vessels, still 
scouring the seas until his discharge at the close of the 
war. Captain Porter was son of Col. Warren Porter, 
and in later life was a practicing dentist in Salem. 

Brigadier-General Francis S. Dodge, also a native 
of Danvers, is another who has brought honor to the 
place of his birth. He was the son of Francis and Re- 
becca (Brown) Dodge, born in 1842, at the old Dodge 
homestead, which stood on the top of Hathorne hill and 
which was removed when the Hospital was erected. At 
the age of nineteen, in 1861, he enlisted in the army, in 
the famous company of Col. George M. Whipple of 
Salem, "Whipple's Jewels." His entire service of four 
years was distinguished by unusual bravery under fire, 
which earned for him a Captaincy in the 2d U. S. Cav- 
alry in 1865. Four years' service apparently had not 
impaired his taste for militarj'- life, and in 1866 he 
received an appointment in the regular army. As Cap- 
tain of the 9th Cavalry, from 1867 to 1879, during which 
time he took part in some of the most thrilling conflicts 
with the Indians in the West, he was breveted and 
received a vote of thanks from the Wyoming legisla- 
ture and a medal from Congress. In further recogni- 
tion of his services the President, in 1879, made him a 
Christmas present of the appointment of Paymaster. 
From that time until the breaking out of the Spanish 
war his work often took him to the remotest parts of 

1 See Essex Institute Hist. Coll., Vol. 46, p. 97. 


the country, and in 1896 he was promoted to Chief 
Paymaster of the Department of Texas. In 1898, he 
was transferred to Atlanta, as Chief Paymaster of the 
Department of the Gulf, and in the summer of that 
year was ordered to Santiago, Cuba, and thence to 
Porto Rico, sailing with 18 safes containing a million 
dollars, stowed away in two staterooms. He also had 
charge of the payment of the three million dollars or- 
dered by our government to be paid to the Cuban army. 
In 1901 General Dodge, then holding the rank of 
Major, became Lieutenant- Colonel and Deputy Pay- 
master-General, and in 1904 he was appointed Pay- 
master-General with the rank of Brigadier-General. 

General Dodge contracted the yellow fever in Cuba, 
which seriously impaired his health, but upon his retire- 
ment in 1906, he bought a house in Washington, expect- 
ing to make it his home. He passed away February 19, 
1908, and was buried in the National Cemetery at Ar- 
lington. General Dodge had a high sense of honor in 
public and private life; loyalty to his country and liis 
friends were marked characteristics, with intolerance of 
deceit, dishonesty and shams.^ 

Soldiers' Monument; The G. A. R. — Three years 
after the close of the war (1868) a soldiers' monument 
was proposed, to be erected by the town in memory of 
the men who were killed. For two years the matter 
was discussed in town meetings, the location being the 
great bone of contention. Some favored Peabody Park, 
others the Training Field at the Highlands; but at 
length the site in front of Town Hall was agreed upon 
as the most central and suitable. The monument was 
dedicated on Nov. 30, 1870. On its sides are inscribed 

1 See Essex Institute Hist. Coll., Vol. 46, p. 97. 


the names^ of the 95 men from Danvers who lost their 
lives. Its cost was $6,298.20, toward which sum Edwin 
Mudge, Esq., contributed the larger part of his salary 
for his two years' service in the Legislature. The mon- 
ument is of Hallowell granite, 33^/4 feet high and 7% 
feet square at the base. 

In 1869 the local post of the Grand Army was organ- 
ized, and was named Ward Post, No. 90, in memory 
of the two Ward brothers who died in the service. Its 
main object, to care for the families of the veterans of 
the war, has been faithfully carried out, in which work 
the townspeople have ahvays lent a willing hand. Ward 
Relief Corps, its woman's auxiliary organization, has 
been most efficient in assisting in the charitable work 
of the post, and the George J. Sanger Sons of Veterans 
has also aided. A few years after the organization of 
the Post, the town made an appropriation for the decor- 
ation of soldiers' graves on Memorial Da}'-, May 30, a 
custom which still continues. 

1 Major Wallace A. Putnam, Lieut. James Hill, Hector A. Aiken, 
Henry F. Allen, James Battye, Edwin Beckford, Isaac Bodwell, Syl- 
vester Brown, James H. Burrows, Lewis Britton, John H. Bridges, 
William H. Croft, Simeon Coffin, H. Cuthbertson, Thomas Collins, 
William H. Channell, Charles W. Dodge, George H. Dwinell, Moses 
Deland, William C. Dale, George A. Ewell, George W. Earl, Eeuben 
Ellis, George A. Elliott, William S. Evans, Nathaniel P. Fish, Benjamin 
M. Fuller, Ephraim Getchell, E. I. Getchell, William P. Gilford, John 
Goodwin, C. W. C. Goudy, Alonzo Gray, Daniel H. Gould, Samuel S. 
Grout, Ambrose Hinds, Levi Howard, James J. Hurley, Thomas Hart- 
man, Abiel A. Home, James H. Ham, Everson Hall, Charles Hiller, 
T. C. Jeffs, William W. Jessup, James W. Kelley, IMoses A. Kent, 
James E. Lowell, Samuel A. Lefl9au, Joseph Leavitt, Charles H. Lyons, 
Charles E. IMeader, John Merrill, T. A. Musgrave, James Morgan, 
Michael McAuliff, William IMetzger, Allen Nourse, William H. Ogden, 
William H. Parker, George W. Peabody, J. Frank Perkins, George W. 
Porter, Samuel M. Porter, Alfred Porter, Robert W. Putnam, Isaac 
N. Roberts, S. P. Richardson, S. A. Rodgers, Israel Roach, Daniel 
Smith, Henry A. Smith, William E. Sheldon, Charles W. Sheldon, John 
Shackley, Frank Scampton, Cornelius Sullivan, Patrick F. Shea, Joseph 
T. Smart, Edward Splane, Milford Tedford, Patrick Trainer, William 
F. Tu'iss, John N. TTiompson, Austin Upton, Angus Ward, William 
Ward, Joseph Woods, C. E. M. Welch, George Woodman, John Withey, 
Nathaniel K. Wells, George T, Whitney, Joseph F. Wiggin, Charles 
H. Young. 


Noted Scientist, — Among Essex County scientific 
men, there is none who achieved greater success than 
Prof. John H. Sears, for many j^ears curator of geology 
and mineralogy in the Peabody Academy of Science in 
Salem. He was born in Putnamville, June 18, 1843, 
the son of John A. Sears, one of the early shoe manu- 
facturers there. The house in which he was born, known 
now as the Lawrence W. Jenkins house, was his home 
until his father built the house now owned by W. W. 
Wilkins. The farm house to which his father finally 
removed, now known as the Sears farm, was at one time 
the home of Hon. Elias Putnam, and in a part of this 
house, since moved to another location, Gen. Grenville 
M. Dodge was born. It is a house of much interest to 
Danvers. From early life Professor Sears was a stu- 
dent of the natural features of his native town, which 
work developed in later years to include the whole of 
Essex County. He contributed to many scientific pub- 
lications, and his life work, "The Geology of Essex 
County," published a few j^ears before his death in 1910, 
is invaluable. 

Unitarian Church. — Up to this time families of 
the Unitarian faith had attended the Universalist 
church, but in 1865 a distinctly Unitarian society was 
formed, principally through the influence of Mr. and 
Mrs. Philip H. Wentworth. Services were held in 
Town Hall for six years, and in 1871, Unity Chapel 
was erected and dedicated. The first pastor was Rev. 
L. J. Livermore, who preached here from 1867 to 1886. 
Other ministers have been: Rev. John C. Mitchell, 
1887-89; Rev. Eugene De Normandie, 1890-97; Rev. 
Kenneth E. Evans, 1897-1902; Rev. John Haynes 
Holmes, 1902-1904; Rev. Edward H. Brenan, 1908- 
1911; Rev. Edward H. Cotton, 1912-1920 (union with 
Universalists during Mr. Cotton's pastorate) ; Rev. Mr. 
Hayes, 1921-22; Rev. Llewellyn A. Owen, 1922. 


Methodist Episcopal Church. — An attempt had 
been made previously to organize a Methodist church 
at the Plains, but it was not successful. Tapleyville had 
no place of worship near at hand, and the erection of 
the Methodist church in that section was the outcome 
of a demand for religious services. The church was 
built in 1873, after holding meetings in Lincoln hall 
for a year or two. Throuorh the generosity of Col. Gil- 
bert Tapley and his son, Gilbert A. Tapley, the society 
received the gift of a valuable lot of land and a sub- 
stantial sum of money. The ministers of this church 
have been: Rev. Ehas Hodge. 1872-1875; Rev. R. H. 
Howard, 1875-1877; Rev. Garrett Beekman, 1877- 
1880; Rev. W. J. Hambleton, 1880-1883; Rev. W. M. 
Ayres, 1883-1886; Rev. C. A. Merrill, 1886-1888; Rev. 
J.'H. Thompson, 1888-1891; Rev. L. W. Adams, 1891- 
1894; Rev. W. F. Lawford, 1894-1897; Rev. H. H. 
Paine, 1897-1898; Rev. H. B. King, 1898-1901; Rev. 
George E, Sanderson, 1901-1904; Rev. WilHam M. 
Cassidv, 1904-1909; Rev. Nathaniel B. Fisk, 1909- 
1911; JRev. Edward T. Curnick, 1911-1917; Rev. Jona- 
than Cartmill, 1917. 

Seventh Day Advent. — In the summer of 1877, a 
large tent was erected on Hobart street, where Ropes' 
grain store now stands. Large congregations heard 
Elder Canright expound the doctrines of this faith and 
many were converted. In 1878 the chapel on Putnam 
street was erected. 

Danvers Water System. — The old-fashioned hand 
engines, including the "General Scott" at Tapleyville, 
the "Ocean" at Danversport, and the "General Put- 
nam" at the Plains, were the only apparatus in use in 
Danvers up to 1873, when the first steamer was pur- 
chased and named the "General Putnam." Water for 
drinking purposes was obtained from wells, while rain- 


water served for other household uses. The town pro- 
vided reservoirs or wells sunk in the ground at con- 
venient intervals on the principal streets, several of 
which may still he seen where modern road-building has 
not obliterated them. 

The matter of a water system first came before the 
town in 1873. On April 24, 1874, the Danvers Water 
Act was passed by the Legislature, authorizing the town 
to take water from both Middleton and Swan's ponds 
and to construct works at a cost of not more than 
$300,000. Just here an alty of the new water project 
appeared. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in 
1873, looking about for a location for the new hospital 
for the insane, selected Hathorne hill in Danvers. The 
institution would of necessity require a large quantity 
of water, and the Commonwealth agreed to co-operate 
with the town in building the system, which was com- 
pleted in 1876 by Contractor George H. Normon. The 
Commonwealth built the reservoir on the hill and pays 
the town annually for the use of water. The water is 
pumped from Middleton and Swan's ponds to the reser- 
voirs, and the force was found to be so great that the 
fire steamer which was purchased by the town four years 
before was considered needless, and was accordingly 
sold. A new reservoir on Wills Hill was built in 1895. 

Danvers State Hospital. — Work on the immense 
brick building was begun in 1874 and completed four 
years later. Additions and improvements have been 
made from time to time, and in 1897 a nurses' home was 
erected near the main building, a school for trained 
nurses having been established in 1889. The original 
cost of the building and land was $1,599,287.49. The 
hospital is a settlement in itself, the number of inmates 
in 1923 being about 1,600. Hathorne hill is 240 feet 
above the sea level. It received its name from the fact 




that its first owner was Major William Hathorne, who 
was the emigrant ancestor of Nathaniel Hawthorne. 
This institution is a noticeable landmark for miles 
around, commanding a view of ocean and hills that is 

Introduction of the Tet-ephone. — Danvers was 
one of the first towns to experiment with the new inven- 
tion, the telephone, very soon after the successful trials 
at Salem in the autumn of 1877, bj^ Prof. Alexander 
Graham Bell and Thomas Watson had astonished the 
country. It was exhibited at a fair held by the Univer- 
salist Society in Gothic Hall in December, 1877, as an 
attraction advertised for afternoons and evenings, "with 
one end at the hall and the other at H. H. Pillsbury's 
new building on Maple street" — next to the present 
Wheelright building. The Mirror account states that 
"the Bell telephone worked perfectly and was a source 
of much wonder and interest to a large number. This 
wonderful instrument was first shown to the public at 
Salem, some six months ago, and since that time has 
attained a world-wide fame, the demand for them being 
so great in this country that it cannot be readily sup- 
plied." A local sheet, The Meteor, published in con- 
nection with the fair, gives the following information : 

"Messrs. Stearns & George of Boston, agents of the 
Bell Telephone Company, on Monday ran a wire from 
the hall of the north entrance of this church, over the 
Danvers Hotel, across the square to J. F. Porter's fur- 
niture store, thence to Deacon F. Howe's dwelling, over 
Mr. Stimpson's house and into the second story of Mr. 
H. H. Pillsbury's harness shop, between his dwelling 
and W. M. Currier's store. The telephone was ready 
for action at 3 o'clock, when for half an hour the writer 
and several gentlemen indulged in a conversation over 
the wire, an eighth of a mile in length, which was most 


pleasing and satisfactory. Talking, laughing, whistling 
and singing was correctly and distinctly transmitted, as 
rapidly as could be uttered. We anticipate much pleas- 
ure and considerable money from the use of the newly 
discovered electrical wonder, during this three-days' 
Fair. People who may wish to observe its working with- 
out visiting the Hall, can do so at jNIr. Pillsbury's build- 
ing any afternoon and evening, for which ten cents 
admission will be charged." 

After these experiments at Gothic Hall, the Danvers 
Miri'or records, on Feb. 23, 1878, that Powers' drug 
store and Dr. Lewis Foss' dentist office, on opposite 
sides of Maple street, had connected their establish- 
ments by a linen string terminating in tin dippers, "into 
which they can speak and be distinctly heard by one 
another. It works perfectly, although the distance is 
some 200 feet, and delivers its messages as clearly as did 
the Bell telephone on exhibition." This line was in- 
stalled by Fred Couch, a clerk in Powers' drug store, 
whose brother, Perley Couch, had already connected his 
father's house and carpenter's shop on Oak street. The 
next month this paper further records that "The tele- 
phone is becoming a mania. The latest is between the 
stores of Andrew Elwell and Henry Newhall." These 
were probably experimental private lines. 

Editor Charles H. Shepard, in the Danvers Mirror 
of July 26, 1880, describes the introduction of the wires 
of the telephone company into Danvers as follows: "The 
telephone reached Danvers from Salem, and established 
an office at the clothing store of Mr. Andrew Elwell, 
corner of Maple and Elm streets, last Monday after- 
noon. For a few days our citizens are invited to call 
and examine its working. We gave it a trial Tuesdaj^ 
calling for Mr. N. A. Horton of the Salem Ga:2ette, 
whose office is connected with the wires in Salem. Mr. 
Elwell gave us a few points on the management of the 


thing, after which we turned a little crank and placing 
the receiver to our ear heard a quick response of 'Hello'; 
to which we answered to the little box on the wall 'Hello/ 
and then said we would like to speak with Mr. Horton. 
This was speaking with the Central office at Salem, and 
keeping the bell at our ear were soon greeted with a 
sweet and tuneful 'Hello,' to which we said again, in 
our most pleasing accents, 'Hello,' and then the sweet 
voice replied, 'You can now speak with Mr. Horton,' 
— and that was the last we heard of it. But before those 
musical tones had ceased to flutter in our ear, they were 
driven away by a gruff, 'Who speaks?' and we replied 
to the little box, "Shepard — good morning, Mr. Hor- 
ton.' Then followed a pleasant conversation in which 
we were able to communicate a report just heard of the 
drowning of a Mr. Symonds and his son in Topsfield 
the day before, and which furnished an item of Tops- 
field news in the 3Iercury printed that day." He fur- 
ther says that he was instructed to stand back some 
two feet from the transmitter when speaking, which he 
said made the voice sound much clearer. The line was 
then completed between Danvers and Boston, and was 
to be extended to Haverhill and Newburyport, and 
from there back to Salem. The rate for messages had 
not been announced. 

By September, it was connected with Boston, Lynn, 
Swampscott, Nahant, Danvers, Topsfield, Peabody, 
LaAvrence, Lowell, Haverhill and Newburyport. In 
October a telephone office was established at Danvers- 
port, at the old store of Mead & Webb. In November, 
the line was extended through Elm and Holten streets 
to N. P. Merriam's store, where an office was opened at 
Taple\wille. In July, 1881, the office was moved from 
Elweli's to Powers' drug store, now the Ropes Drug 
Company, the former not caring to keep it at the price 
allowed by the company, and the next year the "Asylum 


line" at the Plains was moved from the postoffice to 
Powers' store also. On April 29, 1882, communication 
with Portland, Me., was first opened, the line from 
Salem having been completed. In 1882 there was ap- 
parently an exchange in town, as there is an item to the 
effect that the exchange was to be removed to Peabody, 
there not being a sufficient number of subscribers to 
warrant the expense. The public office was still main- 
tained at Powers' drug store, where a telegraph office 
was also located. In 1882, the company was known as 
the Boston and Northern, and in 1886 it became the 
New England Telephone and Telegraph Company. 
The Danvers exchange was opened in Perry's block in 
1899, and in 1912 it was removed to its present building 
on Page street. 

Street Railway. — During the year 1884, the streets 
of Danvers were treated to an unfamiliar process of 
digging and laying rails for the new street railway from 
Salem. Trips were first made with horse-cars to the 
Square, and as soon as possible thereafter, the Hathorne 
(1888), Putnamville and Highlands routes were con- 
structed. The fare was established at ten cents, and as 
soon as the new road was in active operation the old 
coach line to Salem was forced out of existence. The 
horse-car was succeeded by the trollej^-car in 1892. In 
1889, the first cars between Beverly and Danvers were 
put in operation, and in 1885 the Salem line from Dan- 
vers connecting with Peabody was opened. 

Danvers Women's Association. — In 1882, a call 
was sent to many women of the town to meet at the 
home of Miss Anne L. Page, for the purpose of form- 
ing an organization for consideration of matters of com- 
mon interest, furtherance of woman's work, general 
improvement and social intercourse. Thus, from these 
smaU beginnings, has developed the important and sue- 


cessfiil woman's club, numbering today 440 members. 
The first meetings were held at private houses, but soon 
Grand Army Hall was secured until 1884, when rooms 
were fitted up in the Ropes building especially for their 
use. Later they occupied the two upper floors of the 
C. N. Perley building, known then as the Postofiice 
building, and during recent years the large membership 
has necessitated the use of Town Hall. This organiza- 
tion has been a main factor in breaking down sectional 
and religious barriers and in promoting good fellowship 
among all the women of the tovni. 

The Presidents of the Danvers Women's Association 
have been: Harriet L. Wentworth, 1882-89; Ellen A. 
Spofford, 1889-91; Evelyn F. Masury, 1891-96; Sarah 
E. Hunt, 1896-99; Mary W. Nichols, 1899-1902; Isa- 
dora E. Kenney, 1902-04; Kate R. Crowley, 1904-07 
Ella J. Porter, 1907-08 ;Evelyn F. Masury, 1908-11 
Sarah E. Hunt, 1911-14; Ehzabeth F. Hood, 1914-17 
Minerva H. Strong, 1917-18; Nellie C. Preston, 1918- 
20; Maria Grey Kimball, 1920. 

Danvers Improvement Society. — The desire of 
several citizens of Danvers to form a society for the 
improvement of the general appearance of the town, 
resulted in 1886 in the organization of the Danvers Im- 
provement Society, which was instrumental in having 
fences taken away, lawns kept in good order, unsightly 
obstacles removed, and in the observation of Arbor Day 
for the planting of trees. In 1894, at the instigation of 
members of the society, the town appointed a Forester, 
which has helped to make Danvers one of the most beau- 
tiful towns in the State, on account of the care taken 
of the wonderful trees on its streets. These natural 
attractions invariably elicit the admiration of the 
stranger. The dense and beautiful foliage in summer 
and autumn is a delight to the artistic eye, while there 


is hardly a street in town, no matter how obscure, that 
cannot boast of a wealth of trees. This society has 
proved a stimulus for the improvement of estates, as 
well as public property, and has successfully urged the 
advice of the old Scotch laird to his son, "Be always 
sticking out a tree, for that grows while you are asleep." 

The public park on Conant street, which had been 
laid out as a trotting park and used as such for many 
years, was purchased from the estate of Eben G. Berry 
with funds raised by the society, and presented to the 
town in 1913. Here trees and shrubs have been planted 
and an athletic field laid out, which, with playgrounds 
for the children, will be more and more appreciated as 
time goes on. With more funds available, this plot of 
ground, bordering on a pretty stream of water, will be 
developed into one of the town's beauty spots. A Park 
Commission, which was first chosen in 1913, has charge 
of this and other parks of the town. 

The Presidents of the Society have been: Dudley A. 
Massey, 1886-1893; Dr. W. "W. Eaton, 1893-1910; 
Hon. J. Frank Porter, 1910-1913; Hon. George B. 
Sears, 1913-1923. 

Danvers Historical Society. — This society was 
organized in 1889 at the instigation of Rev. Alfred P. 
Putnam, D. D., who was its President for many years. 
He was the son of Hon. Elias Putnam, and was born 
in Danvers, January 10, 1827. At the age of 15 he 
entered the Village Bank, of which his father was Presi- 
dent, and later worked for a short time as a bookkeeper 
in Boston. He decided to attend college, and having 
fitted at Pembroke, N. H., he entered Dartmouth, re- 
maining a year. The subsequent three years were spent 
at Brown University, from which he graduated in 1852, 
and Avhich conferred the degree of D. D. upon him in 
1871. After teaching in his native town three months. 


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he entered the Harvard Divinity School, graduating in 
1855, and settHng in Roxbiuy as pastor of a Unitarian 
church. The next year he was married to Louisa P. 
Preston of Danvers, who died in 1860. Two years later 
he made an extensive tour of Europe and the Holy 
Land, remaining abroad over a year, and gathering 
information which he later incorporated in a series of 
lectures. In 1864, he received a call to the wealthy and 
influential First Unitarian Society of Brooklyn, N. Y., 
where he continued to labor for more than 22 years. 
In 1865, he married Eliza K. Buttrick of Concord, 
Mass., who passed awaj^ in 1922. His work in Brook- 
lyn, not only in his own parish, but in the city at large, 
was recognized by electing him to positions of honor and 
trust in many charitable enterprises. He was instru- 
mental in forming the Third Unitarian Church in 
Brooklyn. So greatly did he endear himself to the 
people of his parish that in 1883, when his health began 
to fail under his accumulating labors, they sent him 
abroad for six months at the expense of the parish. He 
returned to his post, but his health did not prove equal 
to the demands and he resigned, to the great regret of 
the church and the city with which he had been identi- 
fied for nearly a quarter of a century. His parish ten- 
dered him a substantial testimonial of their love and 
respect when he departed. The books which he pub- 
lished are numbered by the hundred. In the lecture 
field he was a notable success, his rich and musical voice, 
pure and well chosen English, and the personal charms 
of the finished speaker, made his words a delight to the 

Dr. Putnam's interest in local history and especially 
in the work of the Danvers Historical Society was un- 
tiring. His love for his native town strengthened with 
the years, and his return, after a long life of distin- 
guished service, to spend his last years near his ancestral 


home was a source of much gratification to him. He 
died in Salem, May 15, 1906, a memorial service being 
held in the Unitarian Church, Danvers, on June 3, fol- 

Other Presidents have been Judge Alden P. White, 
1906-1913; William B. Sullivan, 1913-1915; and Charles 
H. Preston, 1915. 

The Historical Society has in its possession many 
valuable books, pictures, manuscripts and museum ob- 
jects of especial interest to Danvers. In 1914 the society 
purchased the historic Page house and moved it to its 
present location on Page street, as its headquarters. 
The last occupant, Anne L. Page, who died in 1913, 
was a pioneer in the kindergarten movement in this 
state, conducting a school at the North End in Boston 
for many years, and later a normal kindergarten train- 
ing school at the Page house. 

Gen. Israel Putnam Chapter. — This local Chapter 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution was 
organized in 1895. Through the activities of the mem- 
bers, a bronze tablet was placed on General Putnam's 
birthplace in 1897, and in 1900, a memorial tablet to 
Judge Holten was placed in the assembly hall of the 
Holten High School. In 1915, a drinking fountain was 
placed in Danvers Square, in memory of soldiers and 
sailors from Danvers who served in the American Revo- 
lution. In 1921, the Judge Samuel Holten house, at 
Holten Square, was purchased and is being restored as 
a memorial to that distinguished Danvers patriot. The 
eastern end is the original house, which was built about 
1670 by Benjamin Holten, in whose family it remained 
until the middle of the eighteenth century, when Judge 
Holten's father purchased it and made extensive alter- 
ations and additions. In 1777, upon the marriage of a 
dauo-hter of Samuel Holten, another addition was made 

<; ^ 

•-' o 

r ^ 

X Ji 


to the western side, converting it into a two-family 
house, as the double porch suggests. The room on the 
back at the eastern end, called the "garden room," was 
built at a later date, probably about 1825, as indicated 
by the Grecian design used in the finish. Descendants 
of Judge Holten continued in possession of this prop- 
erty until about the time of the Civil War, when it was 
sold to Thomas Palmer, from whom the Chapter pur- 
chased it. 

The Regents have been: Mrs. Evelyn F. Masury, 
1895; Harriet S. Tapley, 1895-96; Mrs. Ellen M. 
Gould, 1896-97; Mrs. Evelyn F. Masury, 1897-1902; 
Mrs. Elizabeth F. Hood, 1902-1914; Mrs. Carrie F. B. 
Wilkins, 1914-18; Mrs. Helen Robinson, 1918-21; Mrs. 
W. G. Sticknev, 1921-22; Mrs. S. Mabel Emerson, 

St. John's School. — This Roman Catholic institu- 
tion was opened under direction of the Xaverian Broth- 
ers in 1891, as a Normal College for the preparation of 
young men for the Brotherhood. The building pur- 
chased was the mansion of Jacob E. Spring, built about 
1880, and known as "Porphory Hall." In 1907 it was 
organized as a boys' preparatory school for college. It 
has added several buildings, including a chapel, g^^mna- 
sium and dormitories, and has an attendance of 400 or 

Danvers liTGHT Infantry, Company K, 8th Regi- 
ment, M. V. M. — Upon the disbandment of Company 
K, 8th Regiment, of Salem, which had been in existence 
82 years, in 1889, the place made vacant in the Regi- 
ment was given to Danvers in 1891, upon petition to 
Gov. William E. Russell. Adj.-Gen. Samuel Dalton 
inspected the prospective company, and on March 25, 
the company of 51 men was mustered in at Old Berry 
Tavern, where the old-time militia men were accustomed 


to assemble years ago. The town leased the old skating 
rink building on Maple street, which was subsequently 
remodeled and fitted up as an armory. The company 
continued until after the Spanish War, being disbanded 
in 1900. The first officers were: Frank C. Damon, 
Captain; F. Pierce Tebbetts, 1st Lieutenant; Fred U. 
French, 2d Lieutenant. 

School and Town Improvements. — In 1885, the 
town inaugurated the text-book supply system, fur- 
nishing text-books and other necessaries which had 
hitherto been bought at the expense of each pupil. The 
following year (1886) out-of-town pupils were first 
admitted to the High School upon the payment of a 
tuition fee. In 1891, a modern system of ventilation 
was introduced into all the school buildings, as required 
by law. In 1893, the High School course was changed 
from a three to a four years' course. In 1894, a Super- 
intendent of Schools was appointed. 

In 1893, a new eight-room building was erected at 
Danversport on the site of the old one, at a cost of 
$15,500. The following year (1895) the Tapley school 
was erected on the site of the old building at a cost of 
$18,500. In 1897, the Wadsworth building at the High- 
lands Avas erected at a cost of $10,000. In 1898, the 
town voted to erect an eight-room building on the front 
of the IMaple Street School lot, moving the old building 
to a position in the rear, at a cost of about $23,000. 

In 1895, the old Town Hall and High School was 
remodelled at a cost of about $32,000, presenting the 
same appearance as it does today (1923). During the 
process of remodeling, the town officials had quarters 
in the J. A. Putnam building, now the Ideal Baby Shoe 
Company, and the High School used the new school- 
house at Tapleyville. The electric tower clock was the 
gift of George Augustus Peabody. 


Darners was the first town in the Commonwealth to 
establish municipal lighting (1888), which continued 
until 1919, when it was found more economical to buy 
power from the Tenney Service. Gas had been used for 
lighting since 1860. In 1895, the electric fire alarm was 
introduced. In 1897, the electric lighting plant was 
increased in capacity and incandescent electric lighting 
introduced. In 1899, the town began to furnish power 
for factories. 

In 1888. INIassachusetts adopted the Australian ballot 
sj^stem, being the first State in the country to use it. 
Danvers adopted it in 1891. 

In 1892, after various attempts by different commit- 
tees, the design of the present town seal was accepted: 
"The Town Meeting: The Purest of all Democracies; 
The Strongest of all Citadels of Civil Liberty." 

In 1900, postal free delivery was established, with 
sub-stations at Danversport and Tapleyville, under 
direction of Charles Newhall, postmaster. 

The Spanish War. — War against Spain was de- 
clared by the United States on April 15, 1898, and the 
volunteer militia was subject to call. Captain A. Pres- 
ton Chase of Company K, began to receive enlistments 
of recruits on April 23, and on the 5th of the next month 
a full company left Danvers to join the Eighth Regi- 
ment at tlie camp at Framingham. Their departure 
was the signal for great enthusiasm, the decorations 
along the line of march being profuse and handsome. 
They were escorted by Ward Post 90, G. A. R., who 
carried the banners presented to the old volunteer com- 
panies when they marched away to the Civil War. At 
the Eastern Railroad station there was a large assembly 
to bid them "God speed." Company K was the first 
company of the Eighth Regiment to reach Boston. Six 
days later (May 11) its 174 men and three officers were 


mustered into the United States service, and the Regi- 
ment was assigned to the Second Brigade, Third Di- 
vision, First Army Corps. On May 23, they were 
assigned to duty at Chickamauga, Ga., where in a dense 
grove, they remained during the warm summer months. 
The second week in June each company was ordered 
recruited to 106 men, and three officers and a detach- 
ment from Company K came north to obtain the re- 
quired number, returning to Chickamauga in about two 
weeks. Camp Thomas, Chickamauga, proved a mala- 
rial district, and the company, both here and in other 
Southern camps, suffered to a great extent from typhoid 
and other malarial fevers. Many were sent home on 
furloughs, and there was hardly a man who did not 
spend some time in the hospital. The only death in 
Company K was that of Bugler Spencer S. Hobbs of 
Danvers, which occurred at Chickamauga, August 19, 
1898. He was given a military funeral in Danvers, a 
detachment from the Salem Cadets performing escort 
duty. With the mustering of the company into the 
United States service, the existence of Company K, as 
an organization, ceased. 

The citizens responded generously toward supplying 
clothing and other necessaries for the company before 
it went to camp at Framingham, and private individuals 
and organizations were liberal in donations of money 
to Company K during the war. The Avomen of Danvers 
organized the Danvers Volunteer Aid Association, meet- 
ing in Unity Chapel, to make supplies for the hospital 
ship "Bay State," which was fitted out in Boston. 

Dan^ters' 150th Anniversary. — The celebration of 
the 150th anniversary of the incorporation of the town 
was held on June 15, 16 and 17, 1902, and eclipsed any- 
thing ever before attempted. It began on Sunday with 
appropriate historical sermons by the pastors of the 


various churches, followed on Monday by a banquet in 
Town Hall, an historical address by Ezra D. Hines, 
Esq., and a ball in the evening. On Tuesday, a monster 
parade was the feature, and it is safe to say that the 
old town never before witnessed such a spectacle. Every 
street-car and every railroad train brought its quota of 
visitors, and it is estimated that seventy-five thousand 
persons viewed the procession, which was six miles in 
length and took two hours to pass a given point, of which 
number it was reported that "7,500 came in private 
carriages, 5,000 on bicycles, and the remainder by steam 
and trolley cars." One of the features was the mounted 
escort to the chief marshal, William Penn Hussey, over 
one thousand horsemen taking part. The floats entered 
by the schools, societies and business firms, many of an 
historic nature, were ingeniously arranged and attrac- 
tively presented. The citizens vied with one another in 
the decoration of their homes and places of business, and 
the town was one blaze of color, in which "Old Glory" 
predominated, the center of the town presenting one of 
the handsomest sights ever seen in the state. With 
sports at the park, a bonfire, band concerts and enter- 
tainment for children, the three days' observance was 
brought to a close with a display of fireworks which far 
surpassed anything ever seen in this vicinity. The ap- 
propriation of $2,125 by the town was augmented by 
contributions from private sources. The proceedings of 
the celebration were afterwards ordered to be published 
under the direction of Rev. Charles B. Rice, William B. 
Sulhvan, Esq., Charles H. Preston and Ezra D. Hines. 

Danvers Home for the Aged. — This home, which 
was opened in 1906, was made possible by a bequest of 
Harvey H. Pillsbury. The charter was granted in 1901. 
It is open to both sexes, upon approval by the Board 
of Directors, and payment of a fixed fee. It provides 
a splendid home, under the management of a compe- 


tent matron. The house was the home of Mr. Pillsbury, 
and was built by Hon. EHas Putnam about 1843. The 
Presidents have been: Mrs. E. A. Spofford, 1906; Mrs. 
William A. Gorton, 1907; Mrs. Andrew C. Watts, 
1908-1912; Mrs. Andrew Nichols, 1913; Mrs. William 
H. Creese, 1914; John S. Learoyd, 1915. 

Danvers Visiting Nurse Association. — This most 
worthy charity was organized in 1908, and has been 
conducted under the direction of a Board of Managers 
representing the various parts of the town. It is non- 
sectarian and ministers to the needs of all classes. The 
Presidents have been: Miss Emily Fowler, 1909-10; 
Mrs. George W. Towne, 1911. 

Independent Agricultural School of the 
County of Essex. — In 1913, the County of Essex pur- 
chased the estate at Hathorne, known for many years 
as "Maplewood," for an agricultural school. At first 
the old mansion house was used for school purposes, 
but fire destroyed it on January 1, 1918, after which 
modern buildings were erected on the land. The classes 
are open to boys and girls of this county, and include 
agriculture in its many branches, stock raising, domestic 
science and fruit raising. 

The Putnam Home. — This house, which was built 
in 1856 by Simeon Putnam, was the residence of his 
granddaughter. Miss Bessie Putnam, upon whose death 
in 1914, it was given to a Board of Trustees to be con- 
ducted as a rest house for women. It was opened in 
1917. Here, at small expense, such persons as are 
approved by the trustees are privileged to spend short 
vacations for recuperation. Miss Margaret Howe has 
been President of the organization since its incorpora- 


Puilt in 1843. Now the "Home for the Aged. ' ' 

m] f 



A history of Danvers in the World War is yet to be 
written/ but a few of the most important events will be 
given here as a matter of record. Soon after war was 
declared in Europe in 1914, volunteers from this town 
enlisted in the Canadian and French service, but it was 
not until the spring of 1917, when the entrance of this 
country into the struggle was a foregone conclusion, 
that preparations for the inevitable were made, both in 
civil and military life. War with Germany was declared 
by the United States on April 6, 1917. Many Danvers 
men had been connected with the two military organ- 
izations in Salem, the Salem Cadets and Company H of 
the Eighth Regiment, both of Avhich had been recruited 
to full complement, the Cadets having been changed, a 
year or two before, from an infantry to an artillery 

However, what was anxiously awaited by the men of 
the country and their families was the now historic draft, 
which took place at Washington, beginning at 9.45 
A. M. on July 20th, and being completed the following 
day at 2.18 A. M., by which every man between the 
ages of 21 and 31 was assigned a number, subject to 
call. Early in April the Cadets as Batterys D, E and F 
of the First Massachusetts Field Artillery, together with 
Company H, were ready for duty. On July 26th, the 
first outfit left Salem, it being Battery E, followed in 
short order by D and F, bound for camp at Boxford. 
The next dav Company H also left Salem for camp at 
Lvnnfield, later being transferred, on August 21st, to 
Westfield. The artillery left Boxford on September 
7th, for "somewhere in France," and was henceforth 
known as the 101st Regiment, U. S. Field Artillery. 

1 See "Danvers in the World War," 3 vols., clippings from newspapers, 
at the Danvers Historical Society. 


The 102d Regiment, U. S. Field Artillery, of which 
the Hospital Corps from Danvers formed a part, also 
left on September 21st. Company H of the Eighth 
Regiment was divided, some of its members being trans- 
ferred to camp at Charlotte, N. C., and helping to make 
up the Fifth Pioneer Regiment of U. S. Infantry, while 
others joined the 104th Regiment of U. S. Infantry. 
Thus both organizations were included in the 26th Divi- 
sion, the famous "Yankee Division," commanded by 
Gen. Clarence G. Edwards, which arrived in France in 
the latter part of September. The departure of the 
first quota of draft men on October 5th, was the occa- 
sion of a parade and public demonstration by the towns- 
people generally. Then followed manj^ months of hard 
work on the part of the men and women at home. The 
Committee of Public Safety, which had charge of the 
various war activities, consisted of Walter T. Creese, 
Benjamin S. Newhall, Walter A. Tapley, Wallace P. 
Hood, George O. Stimpson, Harry E. Jackson, J. 
Frederick Hussey, Walter J. Budgell, George A. Pea- 
body, Charles A. Cook, Frank A. Poor, George D. 
Morse and Peter J. Widen. Timothy J. Lynch also 
was the leader in many of the public demonstrations. 

The financial men of the town put through the drives 
for the sale of Liberty bonds, for the Red Cross to pro- 
vide hospital and other supplies, and also for Y. M. 
C. A. work. The Liberty Loan Committee was com- 
posed of George O. Stimpson, Walter A. Tapley, Jas- 
per Marsh, Charles H. Preston, M. J. Cashman, Leland 
J. Ross, Edward F. Strong, Henry W. Cook, Ralph 
TYlieelright, Albert G. Allen, J. Ellis Nightingale, 
Carl F. A. Morse, I^oring B. Goodale, James J. Gaff- 
ney, Winsor C. Nickerson, W. Arthur Donnell, Peter 
J. Widen, Thurman Leslie, Adam D. Smith, C. RalpH 
Tapley, Frank A. Poor, Sanford E. Gillette, Albert 
T. Armitage, George H. Parker. 


The churches flung service flags to the breeze, with 
a star for every boy enhsted in the army or navy or air 
service, and many a home paid similar tribute to the 
son across the sea. An ambulance, purchased by pop- 
ular subscription, was presented to the Hospital Corps 
of the 102d Regiment, to which several Danvers boys 

In June, 1917, a Home Guard was organized, with 
Fred H. Nowers as Captain, composed of the older 
military and other citizens, which held drills twice a 
week in Town Hall. They were provided with uniforms 
with money raised by popular subscription. 

The women of Danvers were untiring in their work 
throughout the war. As early as January, 1916, work 
was commenced by the Civics Committee of the Danvers 
Women's Association, Mrs. Susan E. Hale, Mrs. L. 
Grace Creese, Mrs. Marion B. Crehore, Mrs. Clara T. 
Spoff^ord and Mrs. Claire H. Tapley, for the American 
Fund for the French Wounded, and continued until 
April, 1918, with the additional assistance of Miss Janet 
L. Gorton, Mrs. Alice P. Leach, Mrs. Annie L. Mar- 
ston, Mrs. Edith C. Merrow, Mrs. Mary E. Smith and 
Miss Ruth Winkley. In April, the Danvers Branch, 
American Fund for the French Wounded was formed, 
whose officers were Mrs. S. E. Hale, Mrs. C. H. Tapley, 
Mrs. L. Grace Creese, Mrs. Grace Harvey and Mrs. 
Grace Towne. Work was at first distributed and fin- 
ished articles received at the D. W. A. meetings, but 
later, use was made of G. A. R. Hall and Town Hall, 
and, in the fall of 1917, Fossa's Hall, where this organ- 
ization continued until March, 1919. There were more 
than 500 enrolled members, and they produced a total 
of 143,377 articles, including surgical dressings, knitted 
goods, hospital garments and supplies and refugee gar- 
ments, being one of the leading contributors of the State 
to the New England branch. 


The Danvers Branch of the Special Aid Society for 
American Preparedness was organized in G. A. R. Hall 
in March, 1917, through the interest and influence of 
Mrs. Wilhs H. Ropes, with Mrs. Fred E. Wilkins, Miss 
Sarah W. Mudge, Mrs. George O. Stimpson as officers, 
others in charge being, Mrs. Lawrence W. Jenkins, 
Mrs. Thomas Perkins, Mrs. George W. Towne, Mrs. 
Harriot P. Neal, Mrs. Andrew H. Paton, Mrs. Lyman 
Gould, Mrs. Charles E. Perkins, Mrs. Osborne Leach, 
Mrs. Charles H. Preston, ]Mrs. Arthur W. Beckford, 
Mrs. Helen (Cook) Danforth, Mrs. Eleanor (Couch) 
Cook, Miss Nettie M. Pratt and Mrs. Herbert M. Flint. 
Outfits valued at $5 each were given every Danvers boy 
when he entered the service. The Special Aid Society 
at first filled all the quotas required in Red Cross work, 
raising over two-thirds of the money in various ways; 
later a percentage of each Red Cross drive was given 
for war work. As soon as our men were called into 
service, the need of a Red Cross home service depart- 
ment was found necessary, and in Juty, 1918, the chair- 
man was Osborne Leach, followed by Miss Elizabeth 
Campbell, and in October, 1918, Miss Nettie M. Pratt 
took charge of this work, which she still (1923) con- 
tinues. A branch of the Red Cross was organized in the 
spring of 1918, with John Frederick Hussey, Mrs. Fred 
E. Wilkins, Mrs. John H. Kimball and Charles O. 
Merrill as officers, assisted by Miss Katherine Carr in 
charge of garments; Mrs. Helen (Cook) Danforth and 
Mrs. Eleanor (Couch) Cook, knitting; Miss Margaret 
Howe, Mrs. George P. Bell, Mrs. S. Fred Low, Mrs. 
Arthur W. Beckford, surgical dressings. Work on 
surgical dressings ended in November, 1918, but sewing 
and knitting for our own soldiers and French orphans 
was continued into 1919. 

The first Danvers boy to die in the service was Private 
Arthur Drapeau, of Battery E, 101st Regiment, whose 


death occurred in N^ew York on December 21, 1917. 
He was given a military funeral at Annunciation 
Church. The 101st Field Artillery, to which so many 
Danvers boys belonged, saw hard service in France, 
being officially credited with being at the front five dif- 
ferent times, 238 days in all, and taking part in all of 
the great battles, to the number of fourteen. The 104th 
Regiment also took part in practically the same engage- 
ments and had the distinction of being the only regi- 
ment in this vicinity to have its colors decorated by the 
French. After the armistice on November 11, 1918, 
which was a day long to be remembered in Danvers, the 
event being celebrated by a monster parade in the even- 
ing, it was only a question of how long the Americans 
would have to remain in France. The 301st Artillery, 
in which were a great number of the draft men from 
this locality, arrived home on January 6, 1919. The 
104th Regiment of Infantry reached home in April fol- 
lowing, and the old Cadet outfit, or the 101st Field 
Ai'tillery, arrived in June, in time for the enthusiastic 
reception given by the town to all returning service men 
in Town Hall on June 28th, when a patriotic address 
was given by William B. Sullivan, Esq. 

According to a private record kept by the Danvers 
Historical Society, and now deposited at Town Hall, 
there were about 730 Danvers men in the service. 

Fifteen Danvers men lost their lives in the service. 
They were: Ensign Merritt H. Barnes, Lieut. Ralph 
W. I.ane, Sergt. Hadley M. McPhetres, John Braca- 
montes, Ludwig Carmichael, Lawrence Crane, Arthur 
F. Drapeau, Ralph Q. Hall, Marcus A. Jordan, Ray- 
mond Knowlton, Harry E. Little, Robert B. Nangle, 
Ernest J. St. Hilare, Francis J. Small, Herbert W. 


The following were cited for bravery: William T. 
Gorton, Paul H. Moore, William H. MuUins, Esmond 
A. Farmer, Webster Blanchard, George Ferguson, 
David Stambler. 

The local post of the American Legion was named 
Drapeau-MacPhetres Post. 


General Israel Putnam's Birthplace. — This an- 
cient gambrel-roofed homestead, at the junction of 
Maple street and the Newburyport turnpike, is unique 
among the historic houses of Danvers and perhaps of 
the country, in that it has sheltered successive genera- 
tions of one family for more than two hundred and 
seventy-five years, never having passed out of the Put- 
nam family. The oldest part of this house, originally 
of four or five rooms, was built by Lieut. Thomas Put- 
nam, son of the emigrant John, in the sixteen-forties. 
He probably used this place as a summer farmstead, 
retaining a home in Salem town. Upon his death in 
1686, he bequeathed the house with 120 acres of land 
to his second wife, Mary (Veren) Putnam, an d their 
only son, Joseph Putnam. The latter is especially re- 
membered and revered as an opponent of the witchcraft 
delusion, upon whose death in 1723, the place descended 
to his sons, David and Israel, the latter the Revolution- 
ary hero. General Putnam was born here in 1718, in 
a room in the second story of the back part of the pres- 
ent house, which room is still preserved in its original 
condition, with its oak beams uncased. Here, many of 
the furnishings used by various generations of the family 
are collected, among them a hooded cradle which has 
rocked all generations since 1774, including the present 
tenth generation, and an old wooden mortar found on 
the place when the house was built. The wall-paper 
now in the General's chamber was originally in the 
library below, having been put on in 1804, and fifty 
years later was soaked off and applied to the walls of 
the historic room. When the General married he built 



a house in the "upper field," so called, the cellar hole 
of which is still to be seen, where he lived until after his 
first child was born. Upon his removal to Pomfret, 
Conn., he conveyed all interest in this property to his 
brother, Col. David Putnam, who built the gambrel- 
roof addition to the front of the house in 1744. 

In connection with the history of this house, it may 
not be uninteresting to include two other houses in this 
locality owned and occupied by other descendants of 
Colonel David, — the Putnam-Clark house, so called, on 
Summer street, recently taken down, and the Col. Jesse 
Putnam house on Maple street, across the street a short 
distance from the General Israel birthplace. Mrs. Julia 
A. Philbrick, a descendant, has written concerning these 
Putnam houses : 

"Lieut. David Putnam, the owner of them all, gave 
them by will to three of his sons, — William, Joseph and 
Israel. To William, the eldest, he gave the one known 
as the Clark house, on Summer street, with its surround- 
ing lands ; he gave much of his other property to Joseph 
and Israel, to be equally divided, they to furnish their 
young brother, Jesse, with money requisite to carry him 
through college. This they did and he graduated from 
Harvard in 1775. The property given to Joseph and 
Israel included the two houses known to this generation 
as the Gen. Israel Putnam house and the Col. Jesse 
Putnam house and land. This land comprised some 
fifty or more acres, part of which now belongs to the 
State Hospital; also all that included in the farms of 
Miss Susan Putnam, Mrs. Francis P. Putnam, John 
M. Putnam, and the land on which are now the houses 
of Mrs. Daniel Verry, Eben S. FHnt, Eben Jackson 
and Mrs. Julia A. Philbrick; also the schoolhouse land, 
which was given to the town by Daniel Putnam for 





school purposes, and on which the present building 

"After the death of Colonel David in 1769, these kind, 
loving brothers, Joseph and Israel, divided this estate. 
Tradition says that each selected the house he preferred, 
and upon comparing their selections each found he had 
the one he wished, that is, Joseph had the present Col. 
Jesse house and Israel the Gen. Putnam house. Then 
they went over the farm, each naming the field, pasture 
or meadow he would like, until all was divided ; and here 
they lived in peace and harmony until 1818, when Joseph 
died and his estate became the property of his son Jesse. 
In 1825, Israel died, and his house came to his son 
Daniel. Jesse and Daniel never had other homes, but 
lived all their long lives in these houses, rearing large 
families, each having twelve children, and like their 
fathers, they too dwelt side by side harmoniously, un- 
like though they were in some respects. To really knov/ 
these homes one must have in childhood played in and 
explored every nook and cranny, from the dark arches 
supporting the ponderous chimneys to the cubby-holes 
made by the joining together of the several additions 
to the original house; and the dark cavernous place by 
the side of one of the chimneys which we had to pass in 
going to the attic, our favorite play-room. This hole 
the sailor-boy of the family called the 'Black Hole of 
Calcutta,' after his return from a voj^age to that place, 
and we did not like to pass it any better after it received 
that name. 

"In 1812, when it was feared the British might land 
in Salem, some of our wealthy friends and relatives in 
that town brought their silver dollars, family plate and 
jewels up to the General Putnam house for safe-keep- 
ing, to the care of my father. He placed them in earthen 


pots or kegs, and deposited them in the long, dark arch 
under the chimnej^ and there they remained safely until 
the danger was over. Every old house had a barn near 
it which was the delight of every child, and around 
which cluster so many pleasant associations, with higli 
beams and rafters for us to climb. The barn on the 
Colonel Jesse farm was built from timber cut in Middle- 
ton by Moses Wilson of New Mills in 1831. Between 
the General Putnam house and barn was a brook where 
we sailed our shingle boats, and Turtle pond, where, 
with our brothers, we could sail on a raft, which was 
also Colonel Jesse's ice pond, where all the boys of the 
neighborhood went to skate. There was an old legend, 
told by Calvin Putnam, son of Colonel Jesse, that dogs 
without heads had been seen in Turtle pond, and it was, 
therefore, an unsafe place for small boys to go alone, 
which had the desired effect upon one small boy at least, 
who did not stop to consider whether it might not be 
important for a dog to have a head to make him dan- 

From Daniel Putnam, who further enlarged the 
house and raised it to two stories, with an attic on the 
west side, in 1831, the General Putnam house descended 
to his son, William R. Putnam, in 1854, and in 1855 he 
conveyed it to Mrs. Emma P. Kettelle and Miss Susan 
Putnam, the latter coming into possession of the whole 
upon Mrs. Kettelle's death in 1867. Connected with 
this house were two well-known educators. John D. 
Philbrick, who was a student teacher in this district 
winters, while attending Dartmouth College, married a 
daughter of this house and became Superintendent of 
Schools in Boston, and an educator of international rep- 
utation, being decorated by the French government. 
Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, also a teacher there, and 
afterwards the distinguished librarian of the Boston 
Public Library, took his bride also from this Putnam 


familj\ At the northern end of this farm is a burial 
place, in which is the Thomas Putnam tomb, now over- 
^Town, where is said to h'e the remains of Ann Putnam, 
the girl who was one of the leaders in the witchcraft 
accusations. She died in 1716, at the age of thirty-six, 
and was the last person buried in the tomb. In the rear 
of the house is a building which is doubtless the oldest 
shoe factory in the United States now standing, having 
been used as such in the eighteenth century. Here were 
manufactured southern brogans, the account of which 
transactions are still extant. In 1900, Miss Susan Put- 
nam died, having bequeathed the ancient house and farm 
to her grand-neice, Susan Mabel Hood, now the wife 
of George W. Emerson. Here still under this old roof- 
tree hospitality is dispensed by the present owners, and 
the future of this historic landmark promises to be as 
full of interest as the past. 

Phiixips-Lawrence- Sanders House. — This fine 
old residence on Spring street, owned by Mrs. Nathaniel 
S. H. Sanders, was built on one of the most ancient and 
historic farms of Danvers. The farm was originally the 
eastern part of a one-hundred fifty acre lot granted by 
the town of Salem to William Pester in 1638. In 1655 
it came into the possession of the Prince family, in which 
family it remained for about one hundred fifty years, 
the old farmhouse having been the home of Sarah 
(Prince) Osborne, who was convicted of witchcraft. 
In 1800, the Princes sold the farm to Nathan Peirce of 
Salem, a prosperous merchant, who dying in 1812, be- 
queathed this estate to a son, but in 1826 it was pur- 
chased by Capt. Stephen Phillips of Salem, whose wife 
was a daughter of Mr. Peirce. In 1836, just previous 
to Captain Phillips' death, he conveyed the estate to the 
Lawrences, and for many years it continued as the resi- 
dence of Charles Lawrence and his sisters, and later of 
his neices, Miss Caroline Lawrence being especially re- 


membered in Danvers by the older generation for her 
benevolence and friendliness. 

Charles Lawrence was the son of Abel Lawrence of 
Salem, and was born in 1795, one of thirteen children. 
He was graduated from Harvard in 1815, and married 
Lucy A., daughter of Thomas Ward, the Boston 
banker. Delicate health prevented him from entering 
upon a business or professional career. For thirty years 
or more on his farm in Danvers he indulged in his favor- 
ite occupation of gardening, and his passion for flowers 
seemed to be responded to by the plants themselves, for 
they flourished wonderfully under his care. Combined 
with these pursuits was a love of literature which did 
not fail him while life lasted. The unlimited hospitality 
of this beautiful home through many years was never 
forgotten by those who shared it. Mr. Lawrence made 
alterations and built an addition to the old Phillips 
house and laid out gardens which were most attractive. 
In 1869, in order to be nearer his friends as failing health 
came, he removed to Ash street, where he had erected the 
house now owned by J. Anderson Lord. Here he resided 
until his death in 1879, laying out the grounds with 
much taste and planting trees and shrubs which in a few 
years transformed the place into one of the most attrac- 
tive in town; and here his neice. Miss Caroline Law- 
rence, continued his interest in horticulture until her 
death in 1899. Charles Lawrence was beloved and re- 
spected by all, his kindness toward the unfortunate was 
known only to the recipients of his benevolences, and 
his life may be said to have been one of unostentatious 
virtues. He had no cliildren. His family was one long 
honored in Salem and Danvers for the old puritan attri- 
butes of integrity and piety. 

Upon his removal from Spring street, he sold the 
farm to John Horswell, of Pawtucket, R. I., whose 
daughter, Mrs. Underwood, was then living in the 


Driver house, and upon Mr. Underwood's disposing of 
his house to Mr. Spring, the Underwoods took up their 
residence with the Hors wells. A portion of this farm 
was sold in 1879 to Mrs. Sylvia C. Pitcher of Boston, 
who built a house which is today the residence of her 
granddaughter, Mrs. Joshua Nichols. Miss Jennie 
Horswell, a daughter, inherited this property, who sold 
it in 1889 to Mrs. Harriet P. Pray of Lynn. She, in 
1896, conveyed the property to Mrs. Sanders. 

Stephen W. Phillips, Esq., of Salem, great-grandson 
of Captain Phillips, in some reminiscences of this old 
estate, writes: 

"I know a good deal about the Beaver Brook Farm, 
as I spent a large part of my childhood there, partly in 
the house that Mr. Joshua Nichols occupies and partly 
in the so-called Sanders house. This latter belonged, 
in the early nineteenth century, to my great-grandfather, 
and my father, as a boy, passed much time there. I 
have often walked about the place with him and heard 
him describe how it looked in his childhood in the early 
thirties. The Beaver Brook Farm, when Captain Phil- 
lips owned it, was bounded, roughly, by the railroad 
track, then following the road behind the Gilford house 
to the present Fishes Brook, up along the brook by the 
Wentworth place, then across to the upper road or 
Summer street near the ancient Clark house, recently 
destroyed, down Summer street to the Woodman place, 
and then along the Woodman place and across the marsh 
to about where the railroad track is. It included about 
all the property afterwards owned by the Horswell 
estate and Mr. Spring. There was, of course, no Spring 
street; that was merely a private avenue running in 
from near Gilford's up as far as the old Prince house 
above the stone barn. There was nothing but a cart- 
track above that through to the upper road. 


"The private road to this house at that time did not 
follow the line of Spring street, but went around the 
edge of the marsh and came up a hollow, afterwards 
largely filled in when the stone barn was built. On the 
edge of the marsh at the depot end of this road was an 
ancient burial ground of the Prince family. When I 
was a boy many of the stones were still there, and one 
of the Princes had put up two new slate stones to mark 
the site of the little cemetery. There was another house 
on the site of the present Sanders house. I always un- 
derstood from my father that the kitchen at the north 
end of the Sanders house was part of this old building, 
and that the present two front rooms and front door of 
the Sanders house were built by Mr. Nathan Peirce 
some time between 1800 and 1826, of whom more later. 

"By deed dated January 6, 1800, John Prince sold 
the farm, at that time embracing one hundred thirty 
acres, to Nathan Peirce of Salem. Nathan Peirce was 
a wealthy man, whose town house was the fine brick 
mansion on Charter street used for many years by the 
Salem Hospital. He left the place to his son, George 
Peirce, and the latter to his children. Their guardian, 
by deed dated July 7, 1826, sold it to Capt. Stephen 
Phillips for $4,000. Captain Phillips was a retired 
merchant of Salem. He had been in early life one of 
Mr. Derby's favorite captains, and after 1800 had estab- 
lished himself as a merchant and become a wealthy man. 
He had married, as his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Nathan Peirce, and so was already connected with 
this farm. About 1825 he turned over the active man- 
agement of his business to his only son, and spent a 
great part of the rest of his life on this farm in Danvers, 
amusing himself by trying to improve it. Like many 
another country gentleman, it probably cost him a pretty 
penny. There is a tradition in the family that before 
he died he carefully destroyed all the bills and accounts, 


as he didn't wish anybody to know how much he had 
spent. It was then a favorite hobbj^ of old Salem mer- 
chants to have a country place and indulge in farming. 
Danvers is full of farms which once belonged to retired 
Salem captains. 

"When Mr. Phillips bought the place in 1826, he 
found the house built by Mr. Nathan Peirce three stories 
high, door in the middle, and only one room thick; 
windows both back and front, with what remained of 
the ancient Prince house as an ell on the north, where 
the kitchen and servants' room was. Adjoining was a 
chaise-house connected with the beautiful archway to 
the kitchen chamber. It was only intended as a summer 
house, and probably could not have been heated in win- 
ter. Mr. Phillips in winter lived in his town house, still 
standing. No. 17 Chestnut street, which he had built in 
1805. Above the site of the stone barn was the still 
older Prince house, which was used as a farmhouse, 
where the caretakers lived all the year round. What 
farm buildings there may have been I do not know, but 
soon after he bought the place, Mr. Phillips set to work 
to build the stone barn and lay out an avenue, the 
present Spring street, from Gilford's up to his house. 
Great walls were built on both sides and elms planted. 
An immense amount of grading and hauling was neces- 
sary. The late Andrew Verry used to often talk with 
my father about the enormous amount of work that was 
done in hauling rocks for the walls and the stone barn. 
His father was a sort of teamster or foreman for Mr. 
Phillips, and the older Verry boys had all worked on 
the place. One of Mr. Phillips' pet plans was reducing 
the rolling pasture back of his house to a great flat field. 
This was at last accomplished, but rains and frost have 
gradually been undoing the work, and the level field is 
each year, I find, growing more uneven. Another plan 
was draining the swamp in the rear of this field. Some 


rather peculiar hollows in what was afterwards the Hors- 
well woods used to be pointed out to me by my father 
as sites of gravel pits from which filling had been 

"Mr. Phillips from time to time added small tracts 
to the farm, as on September 4, 1828, he bought a little 
piece from Dwinnell, near the present depot, but the 
general size of the place was not altered. On July 26, 
1836, Mr. Phillips sold the whole place, then described 
as one hundred fifty acres, to Charles Lawrence. Mr. 
Lawrence intended to use the house all the year round, 
and added the back rooms and the large western ell, 
more than doubling its size, and planted evergreens 
extensively on the place, as he was very much interested 
in horticulture. My father said there were practically 
no pines or spruces on the place in his boyhood. All of 
the so-called Tlorswell Woods were open pastures, and 
the trees dated from Mr. Lawrence's time. After living 
on the place a few years, Mr. Lawrence evidently not 
caring for farming, cut the place in halves, selling all 
the place north of his house and east of Spring street, 
including the stone barn and old farm house. This 
passed through various hands, Mr. Driver, Mr. Under- 
wood, and perhaps others whom I do not now recall, to 
Mr. J. C. Spring. Driver, I think, had built the modern 
frame house on the east side of the road, opposite and 
above the stone barn. Spring lived there during the 
construction of his great stone mansion in the early 

"Mr. Lawrence retained the western portion and it 
was finally sold to Mr. Horswell, the father of the late 
Miss Jennie Horswell, whom many people in Danvers 
remember. They lived there for many years, and the 
place was little altered from what it had been in Mr. 
Lawrence's time. The woods grew up and were, in my 
childhood, a very beautiful tract of pine, where were two 


driveways which were kept clear and made walking easy. 
As they were covered with fallen needles, that made a 
most attractive playground for us children. The so- 
called gravel meadow which Mr. Phillips had drained, 
was a hay-field, and the large field back of the house 
was a garden. All the rest was pine woods and a little 
pasture along Spring street. The house where Mr. 
Joshua Nichols lives, and the square field below it, where 
]Mr. Benson of Salem afterwards built a bungalow, had 
been sold by Mr. Horswell to Mrs. Pitcher, grand- 
mother of Mrs. Joshua Nichols, on which Mrs. Pitcher, 
about 1880, built the present house. The main Horswell 
estate passed after several changes to Mrs. Nathaniel 
S. H. Sanders, who extensively built over and altered 
the house and cut down much of the woods." 

"Locust Lawn." — This large and beautiful estate 
of about one hundred acres, on Nichols street, now 
owned by Dr. and Mrs. John H. Nichols, has an inter- 
esting history. It was originally the western half of a 
165 acre lot granted to William Pester by the town in 
1638, and in 1655 it came into possession of the Prince 
family. It remained in this family over a hundred 
years, until 1761, when it was purchased by John 
Nichols, who built a house there. From him it descended 
to Abel Nichols, the artist, who, while residing in Rome, 
Italy, conveyed the whole property in 1855 to Edward 
D. Kimball of Salem, prominent merchant and ship 
owner. Upon this beautiful tract of land, the following 
year, Mr. Kimball erected a fine residence, the equal 
of any in the town, especially in its setting, which was 
upon the side of Dale hill, overlooking a broad stretch 
of grass and trees. Upon the summit of this hill there 
is a wonderful view of all the country round about, it is 
believed unexcelled in the glory of autumn foliage and 
in the verdure of spring-time. Mr. Kimball demolished 
the old Nichols house, which stood on the main highway 


north of his new house. He did not live long to enjoy 
the home, for he died in Paris in 1867. 

Philip H. Wentworth, who came here from Boston 
with his family about 1865, was the next owner. He 
was at the time engaged in a successful mercantile busi- 
ness in Boston, which he conducted until 1872, when 
the great Boston fire swept away in a few hours the 
fortune which he had accumulated. He never quite re- 
covered from the effects of this calamity, but with char- 
acteristic courage he bore his heavy reverses, and having 
the confidence of the business world was able to continue 
for a few years longer. He and his wife were instru- 
mental in forming a Unitarian church in Danvers, the 
latter also being the organizer and first president of the 
Danvers Women's Association. The Wentworths 
named the estate "Locust Lawn," and here the family 
entertained generously, the young people extending 
their hospitality to friends from far and near. He 
greatly improved the grounds, making avenues through 
the wooded places, planting trees and shrubs and culti- 
vating several acres of farm land. The view from the 
front veranda of a broad expanse of lawn, with woods 
in the distance and flowers in abundance, was and still is 
unsurpassed in this vicinity. The elm tree which stands 
at the entrance gates is one of the largest in Essex 
County, and was planted there by one of the Princes 
in 1760. Mr. Wentworth died in 1886, and for a while 
the family continued their residence here, but ultimately 
returned to Boston. About 1893, the heirs sold the 
estate to Mrs. Leopold Morse of Boston, who made 
many changes in the mansion house and rebuilt the barns 
and other farm buildings. She, with her two sons, Tjder 
and Isadore, resided here summers for many years. 
After another short-term ownership, in 1917 the estate 
was purchased by Mrs. Oda (Howe) Nichols, wife of 
Dr. Nichols, superintendent of the State Infirmary at 

The estate of Dr. and Mrs. John Holyoke Nichols 


The Driver — Spring — De Normandie House, Spring Street 


Simiiy .street 
From a photograpli in the i86o's 


Tewksbuiy, M^ho intend to make it their permanent resi- 
dence. Thus the old place has returned to the possession 
of the family that owned it and built the ancient house 
more than one hundred and fifty years ago. On another 
part of this original farm, Dr. Nichols' father, Andrew 
Nichols, built his large residence at the corner of New- 
bury and Preston streets in 1881. 

"Maplewood." — This beautiful estate, which was the 
residence of Stephen D. Massey and his family from 
1864 to 1892, dates back to the earliest settlement of 
Danvers, when the land was owned by John Putnam, 
son of the emigrant. The next owner was Captain 
Thomas Lothrop, the commander of "The Flower of 
Essex" company at Bloody Brook, after whose death 
it came into possession of the Cheever family. The old 
house which stood here for so many years was built 
about 1697 by Ezekiel Cheever, and it continued in 
this family until about 1750, when it was purchased by 
John Nichols. Later it was the home of Levi Preston, 
who, in 1779, married Mehitable, a daughter of John 
Nichols, and thus it descended to William Preston, re- 
maining in that family about a hundred years. In 1852 
Benjamin S. Newhall of Salem bought the farm and 
erected a fine mansion on a high elevation directly across 
the street from the old house. Here, with his wife, who 
belonged to the Grays and Endicotts of Salem and 
Danvers, and three sons, Benjamin E., Charles and 
Heniy, and a daughter, he carried on the farm until 
1864, when it was purchased by Stephen D. JNIassey, a 
merchant of Boston. During Mr. Massey's ownership 
the old house was torn down. 

The mansion house stood about a hundred feet back 
from the street and was surrounded by a grove of maple, 
pine and other trees, while directly in front, dividing the 
avenues of approach and departure, w^as a triangular 
plot with a large and beautiful pine, flanked by two 


immense maples. The house was forty feet square, with 
an ell which was added by Mr. Massey. The farm com- 
prised one hundred acres and the buildings connected 
therewith were across the street, near the site of the old 
Preston house, with a convenient "lodge" or farmhouse 
occupied by the caretaker. The appointments were the 
best that could be obtained and the stock was of the 
highest grade, it being considered for years one of the 
finest estates in the county. Upon the death of Mr. 
Massey, the family continued to live there until 1892, 
when Mrs. Lucretia (Derby) Massey and her son, 
Dudley A. Massey, having erected the fine residence on 
Holten street, now owned by William B. Sullivan, Esq., 
removed, after a residence here of nearly thirty years, 
and the estate was purchased by Richard B. Harris of 
Marblehead. Then followed various ownerships of short 
duration, including Dr. W. A. Hitchcock, Mrs. Helen 
J. Butler, F. W. Webb of Boston, and a Roman Cath- 
olic school for boys, the "House of the Angel Guardian," 
until in 1913 the County of Essex purchased it and 
established there the Essex Agricultural School. The 
mansion house was burned January 1, 1918, and on its 
site has been planted a memorial grove in memory of 
the service men from this school who were killed in the 
World War. 

John Greenleaf Whittier and "Oak Knoll." — 
One day in the early eighteen-forties, a Salem gentle- 
man who was enjoying his favorite recreation, riding 
horseback through the country, passed along the road 
which is now known as Summer street. His eye rested 
on a beautiful stretch of land, well wooded and some- 
what neglected, but in which this lover of nature saw 
great possibilities. He stopped and talked with the 
owner, and before many months elapsed had negotiated 
for the purchase of this property of over one hundred 


acres. And so it happened that William A. Lander, 
Esq., with his wife, the daughter of the famous Salem 
merchant, Pickering Dodge, came to Danvers in 1842 
and erected the residence which is now known as "Oak 
Knoll." At that time the old Putnam house, the home 
of the emigrant John Putnam, was standing near the 
old well, which is still to be seen, and Mr. Lander's 
farmer occupied the James A. Putnam house next be- 
low, which a half-century before had sheltered Mrs. 
Lander's great-uncle. Col. Timothy Pickering. 

Of the emigrant John Putnam's house, which was de- 
molished by the new owner, one who remembered it in 
her youth, INIrs. Julia A. Philbrick, writes: "It was an 
old unpainted house, with two front rooms and a long 
kitchen in the rear, and it was in this kitchen, with its 
capacious fireplace, its settle, its dressers with pewter 
and crockery ware, with dried apples and squashes, 
crooked-necked, and herbs adorning the walls or sus- 
pended from the ceiling, we girls did have such nice 
times, playing 'blind-man's buff' and other games; and 
then, when hungry, we could pop corn or open a cup- 
board under the dressers, where we were sure to find 
doughnuts or pancakes." 

IMr. Lander's estate was always known by the unpre- 
tentious name of "The Farm." With a great love for 
nature and art, cultivated by careful and extensive read- 
ing and foreign travel, the owner devoted himself to 
books rather than to business. He laid out and planted 
the grounds most attractivelj^ and succeeded in plan- 
ning, with the aid of nature, to produce an harmonious 
effect, long before landscape gardening was practised 
as a profession to any extent in this country. He pro- 
duced a home at once beautiful, retired and cheerful, 
and which, in the hands of its present owners, has been 
more prominently brought to public notice. 

Colonel Edmund Johnson of Boston, looking for a 


quiet country residence in the early seventies, purchased 
this estate of Mr. Lander and, with his daughters, in- 
vited his cousin, John Greenleaf Whittier, to make his 
home with them. Accordingly, in the spring of 1875, 
Mr. Whittier gave up his home in Amesbury and, with 
many of his most cherished personal effects, removed 
to "Oak Knoll," as the poet named it.^ Although the 
next year Mr. Whittier was offered by a friend and 
admirer the gift of the beautiful estate of "Kernwood," 
in Salem, yet he chose to remain in Danvers. Here he 
cast aside the cares of domestic life. Once asked about 
his residence in Danvers, Mr. Whittier replied, "Say it 
is my home. I retain my legal residence in Amesbury, 
and I go there to vote, but my home is at 'Oak Knoll.' " 
He loved its beautiful groves, its broad lawns, and its 
quaint old gardens, with winding walks and fragrant 
borders of box. He took much pleasure in driving along 
the country roads and secluded byways of the town, 
until he had become familiar with the surrounding 
scenery. The mossy nooks, where wild flowers grew and 
song-birds had their haunts, renewed their grace for him 
with every fresh baptism of the morning. The last time 
his footsteps wandered in the familiar paths, he returned 
with his hands filled with wild flowers, remarking, as 
he came, "I think I have never heard the birds sing so 
loudly or so sweetly before." The oak tree, from its 
position upon the knoll in front of the house, gave to 
his mind the suggestion of naming the estate "Oak 
Knoll." This tree retains its foliage long after the 
elms and many other trees are bare. Its leaves become 
like disks of gold, and when they are fully ripened they 
fall in a day, like the dropping of a great curtain. 

Mr. Whittier's birthdays were always observed as 
holidays, and here, during the last sixteen years of his 

1 From "Reminiscences of John Greenleaf Whittier's Life at Oak 
Knoll," by Mrs. Abby J. Woodman, published by the Essex Institute 
in 1908. 




life, he received his friends. Large parties came to 
greet him, bringing fruits and flowers and many other 
appreciative tokens of love and esteem, which cheered 
and warmed his heart and lightened the burdens of his 
age. Letters of congratulation were received from all 
parts of the country and from foreign lands. At other 
times visitors came to "Oak Knoll" as pilgrims to a 
shrine. They came as strangers to grasp his hand and, 
departing, bore witli them the impress of a sympathetic 
and abiding friendship. 

Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes was a frequent visitor, 
and on one occasion, while thej^ sat before a glowing fire 
on a chilly autumn day, Mr. Whittier referred to the 
then recent publication of Dr. Holmes' poem, "The 
Broomstick Train." Dr. Holmes turned toward Mr. 
Whittier, with his most genial smile, exclaiming, "Good, 
isn't it?" "Capital," replied Mr. Whittier, "but thee 
forgot one thing." "Did I? What is it?" said the 
Doctor. "Why," replied Whittier, "thee gave Beverly 
her beans all right, but thee defrauded Danvers of her 

After Mr. Whittier passed his seventieth anniversary, 
he published more than one hundred poems, nearly all 
of which were written in the retirement of his home at 
"Oak Knoll." He wrote the ballad, "The Witch of 
Wenham," in the winter of 1877. The previous sum- 
mer, with the little "Red Riding Hood" of his poem, 
he rode over the rolling slopes of Cherry Hill, once 
known as "Alford's Hill," and around the borders of 
Wenham Lake, which lay embosomed in wild shrubbery 
at its base. During the drive he improvised for his child 
companion a marvellous tale of the sad days of witch- 
craft in old Salem Village. From this httle romance 
there came the happy conception of this beautiful ballad. 
Near to "Oak Knoll" still stands "the farmhouse old," 
in which, according to tradition, an unfortunate victim 


of the "dreadful horror" was confined in its garret, 
whence she escaped by shding down its roof to the arms 
of one who had come to her rescue. 

The desk, "deep scarred by raps official," used in the 
Haverhill schoolhouse, which the poet attended, and 
immortalized by him in the poem, "In School Days," is 
now in the possession of the Danvers Historical Society. 

Mr. Whittier died on September 7, 1892, while on a 
visit with friends in Hampton, N. H. 

Stephen Dbivek House. — About 1854, another Sa- 
lem business man, Stephen Driver, purchased of George 
Nichols, Jr., of Salem, the Prince estate on the lane 
now known as Spring street, and on land directly op- 
posite the old house, erected a fine residence. He used 
the old house as a farmhouse, and it was during his 
ownership that the first story was built out even with 
the second story, it being originally constructed with an 
overhanging second story. Mr. Driver, who had been a 
well-known and successful shoe manufacturer in Salem, 
was quite advanced in j^ears v/hen he took up his resi- 
dence in Danvers. At one time his partner in business 
was Abel Lawrence, and his sons were also associated 
with him. The grounds around the house were attrac- 
tively laid out, the natural beauties of the locality, with 
a deep ravine on one side, adding to its picturesque set- 
ting. Mr. Driver died here in 1868, and the next owner 
was George M. Underwood of Pawtucket, R. I., who 
resided here until 1872. Mr. Underwood sold the place 
to Jacob E. Spring, a wealthy wool merchant, who had 
had extensive interests in South America, and who con- 
tinued his residence here until 1880, when he built the 
large stone mansion near by, now owned by St. John's 
College. During the next ten years, short-term tenants 
occupied the place. In 1890, the Rev. Eugene De 
Normandie, having been called to the pastorate of the 
Unitarian church, purchased it, naming it "Maplebank,** 


and resided here until his death. The estate was sub- 
sequently sold to Louis F. Gavet of Salem, and later, 
about 1912, became the property of St. John's College. 

"PoRPHORY Hall." — This pretentious residence, 
which was erected in 1880 by Jacob E. Spring, at what 
was then known as "Beaver Brook," was considered one 
of the show places of the town during his ownership. 
Mr. Spring was a native of Brownfield, Me., born in 
1833, and in 1845 he went to Buenos Ayres, where he 
passed the next twenty years engaged in the wool busi- 
ness. In 1872 he bought the Stephen Driver farm and 
immediately occupied it with his family, consisting of 
his wife and seven children, the two eldest daughters 
being at this time, however, at school in Germany. The 
farm then included the old Prince house and also the 
new house built by Mr. Driver across the way. Mr. 
Spring was busily emploj^ed for several years in having 
the stones on the land collected and converted into the 
fine face wall which surrounds the property today, and 
not only the wall but the cellar and much of the build- 
ing Avere constructed of rocks found on the premises. 
The house, which is 54 by 70 feet, is of Gothic architec- 
ture and is most substantially built, if the description 
at the time of its erection can be relied upon, which states 
that "the cellar wall is an immense mass of rock and 
masonry, upon which is placed split granite underpin- 
ning from the Lynnfield quarry, 30 inches high and 
8 inches thick, and inside that is a lining of brick. On 
this is a hewn granite belt 9 inches high, setting out some 
over the underpinning." The door and window sills 
are of Nova Scotia freestone, and the arches are of face 
brick. The building was said to have cost $40,000, a 
large expenditiu-e for the time. There are at least forty 
different kinds of stone represented and most of them 
are of flinty hardness. They vary in color from 
pure white to inky black, all of which were carefully 


dressed and matched. There were twenty-five finished 
rooms in this beautiful mansion and every modern con- 
venience and hixury of adornment were provided. 
Whittier suggested that the place be called "Stone- 
croft," but "Porphory Hall" was finally selected, on 
account of the variety of stone. Here the family enter- 
tained for many years, until the vicissitudes of fortune 
made it imperative to dispose of the estate, and it was 
purchased in 1891 by the Xaverian Brotherhood, a Ro- 
man Catholic institution. Since that time many new 
buildings have been added, the place having been con- 
verted into a large preparatory school for boys. 

Howe Residence. — In 1880, Isaac B. Howe of 
Clinton, Iowa, purchased of Joshua Silvester the resi- 
dence on Peabody avenue, now occupied by his daugh- 
ter. Miss Margaret Howe. Mr. Howe went from 
Northfield, Vt., to the West in early life, and became 
successful in his business undertakings. He settled in 
Clinton in 1859, being one of the many civil engineers 
whom Eastern capitahsts engaged to laj^ out the new 
trans-continental line, now the Union Pacific Railroad. 
Afterward he became superintendent of the Iowa Divi- 
sion of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad, and 
later was leader in several engineering projects, until 
his health failed. As both JNIr. and Mrs. Howe's for- 
bears resided in the vicinity of Boxford and Middleton, 
Danvers was not unfamiliar to them. Mr. Howe's 
health did not improve and he passed away within the 
year, but the family continued their residence here. This 
house is probably one of the earliest concrete houses in 
this country. It was built in 1857, on land owned orig- 
inallj^ by Nathaniel Putnam, son of the emigrant John, 
this lot being part of the orchard of Judge Samuel Put- 
nam, from whose heirs it was purchased. This field is 
historic, as Hanson says, in his history, that it was the 
common belief during the witchcraft delusion, that here 


was where Satan gathered his company for his midnight 
riots, and where he appeared well-dressed in a suit of 
black, "like an ordinary minister." That may be true, 
but for two hundred and thirty years since those revels 
took place, peace and quiet have prevailed in that neigh- 
borhood. There was originally a concrete wall sur- 
rounding the grounds, with pagoda-like concrete gate- 
posts at both driveways, which were replaced by the fine 
face wall which encloses the place today. Other im- 
provements have been made from time to time, both in- 
side and outside the house, all contributing to make 
what is considered one of the finest private residences in 
this vicinity. Situated in close proximity to the Pea- 
body Institute grounds, with the pond on one side and 
surrounded with fine old trees and well-kept lawns, it 
has an attractive setting. 

"RivERBANK." — The residence of John Frederick 
Hussey stands on the site of the house of one of the 
earliest families of Salem, the Waters family. It was 
built probabh^ by Robert Cotta, who in 1664 sold it 
to John Waters, and his descendants continued to own 
and Occupy it until it was destroyed by fire about 1845. 
There is a tradition in the Waters family that when 
Indian wigwams were scattered among the trees and 
on the banks of Waters river, the redmen were often 
very friendly and made neighboring calls at the houses 
of the white people, but on one occasion they were other 
than friendly. One day a squaw asking for cider, which 
they were accustomed to give to the Indians, was re- 
fused, because the housewife was unusually busy with 
domestic affairs. In the afternoon they left the baby 
of the family and went across the river to do the daily 
milking. When they returned, baby Lydia was missing, 
and it took considerable tact and argument on the part 
of the mother to get her restored from the Indian who 
had kidnapped her. This child married Capt. Johnson 


Proctor of South Danvers, and became the ancestor of 
many of Danvers' best citizens. 

This place passed from the Waters family into the 
possession of Matthew Hooper, a grandson of "King" 
Hooper, who in 1843 had purchased the Danvers Iron 
Works. He had lived in the house at the corner of 
South Liberty street, which projected over the river, 
and which was demolished when Waters river bridge 
was rebuilt in 1898, and upon the burning of the old 
Waters house he bought the land and erected the fine 
brick residence and stone barn now standing there. The 
bricks and the workmanship were said to have been sec- 
ond to none in town. Here the Hoopers entertained 
extensively, the large room on the left of the front door 
being used for many a dancing party in the old days. 
They were connected with the Universalist church and 
were widely known for their generosity and sociability. 
It was their custom to entertain people of different ages 
at different times. Thej^ would give a dancing party 
for the young people, a social for the middle-aged 
and at other times an old people's party. It is need- 
less to say that these affairs were enjoyed to the fullest 
extent. It has been said that on more than one occa- 
sion Mrs. Hooper was known to have entered into the 
young people's dances with much vigor, and could show 
the youngsters some steps when she was seventy or more. 
Mr. Hooper inherited from his grandfather much of his 
hospitality and genial disposition. He died in 1858, 
and the house was sold in 1864 by Polly Hooper, 
his widow, then the wife of William Lord, to Samuel 
A. Merrill, for $9,650. Mr. Merrill, after about twenty 
years' ownership, partly as a residence, disposed of the 
property about 1883 to William Penn Hussey, who 
made extensive alterations, and upon w^hose death in 
1910, it came into the possession of his son John Fred- 
erick Hussey. Mr. Hussey has greatly improved the 

Courtesy " Old-Time New England " ' 

Copyright frank Cousins Art Co. 


Built about 1754, by Robert Hooper, Esq., of Marblehead 

Occupied by Gen. Gage, the Royal Governor, as headquarters, in 1774 


estate and has revived much of the old-time hospitality 
which the house enjoyed in its early days. 

"The Lindens." — This historic house was built by 
Robert Hooper, Esq., of Marblehead, about 1754. It 
still remains a fine example of eighteenth century archi- 
tecture, having been altered very little by its successive 
owners. It is an interesting fact that the land upon 
which this house is built is part of the "Governor's 
Plain," a two-hundred-acre tract west of the "Orchard 
Farm," granted in 1636 by the town of Salem to Gov- 
ernor Endicott. The account of the occupation of this 
house by Governor Gage, from June to September, 
1774, is related elsewhere in this volume, and we have 
the curious coincidence of associating with this estate 
the first Governor of Massachusetts under the Colonial 
Charter, who was the first private owner of the land, 
and the last Governor of this Commonwealth under the 
Provincial Charter, who occupied this house on the same 
land just previous to the Revolution. This estate is 
still within the limits of the present town of Danvers. 

The Revolution found Robert Hooper's affairs much 
involved, and his loyalty to the King helped little to 
disentangle them. He was obliged in 1774 to mortgage 
all of his property in Danvers to his English corres- 
pondents, to protect large advances made by them ; and 
eventually, in 1798, this estate passed almost directly 
from the mortgagees into the possession of Judge 

Upon Judge Collins' death, in 1820, a pleasant tra- 
dition recalls that it occurred in midwinter, and that his 
body was preserved in the cellar of his mansion until the 
spring thaw permitted the digging of his grave in the 
field opposite. The cofhn was filled with peppercorns. 
There, for many years, an imposing monument marked 
the spot. Although his widow, Susanna (Tracey) Col- 
lins, died in 1827, his family continued in possession 


until 1832, when his daughter, Miss Deborah Colhns, 
sold the property to her brother-in-law, Capt. Jeremiah 
Briggs, of Salem, who had just previously married her 
sister Hepsebeth. The famous White murder, which 
had recently taken place in Salem, made Miss Collins 
feel she did not want to reside in the country, and was 
the immediate cause of her disposing of "The Lindens." 

In a few months, however, Captain Briggs conveyed 
it to Gideon Barstow, also of Salem, a prominent mer- 
chant engaged in foreign trade, who, in 1836, conveyed 
the "great house" and twenty-four acres of land to Gil- 
bert and Nathan Tapley for $3,000, the latter continu- 
ing in the ownership until 1844. The next owner was 
the Rev. Petrus Stuyvesant Ten Broeck, a retired cler- 
gyman, who opened here a private school which he con- 
ducted for about five years. On his death his widow 
disposed of it, and during the next ten years it was 
successively owned hj John W. Treadwell, William H. 
Jackson, Joseph Rider, and Charles F. Eaton, mer- 
chant, of Boston. 

Mr. Eaton conveyed it in 1860 to Francis Peabody, 
Esq., son of Col. Francis Peabody of Salem, and de- 
scended in the eighth generation from Governor Endi- 
eott, the original owner of the land. The house, which 
had been much neglected since the days of the Collins', 
was thoroughly repaired bj^ Mr. Peabody, whose natural 
good taste and architectural training made it possible 
for him to tactfully adapt the original house, with slight 
alterations, to modern ideas of comfort. The result of 
his work was the conversion of a very dilapidated coun- 
try estate into a most attractive country residence. The 
kitchen wing to the north and the sun porch on the south 
were added bj^ JNIr. Peabody. He also altered three 
chimney breasts by substituting, in 1860, two mantel- 
pieces from his grandfather, Joseph Peabody's house in 
Salem, and one from "Oak Hill." The Joseph Peabody 


mantelpieces are in the room on the right of the entrance 
door and in the bedroom on the right at the head of the 
stairs. The one from "Oak Hill," placed there in 1873, is 
in the northwest bedroom on the second floor. All these 
were designed by Samuel JNIcIntire. The farmhouse, 
which was probably built by Samuel Endicott, from 
whom the portion of the estate on the east side of Sylvan 
Street was acquired, and the farm buildings were reno- 
vated by Mr. Peabody. He also constructed a lodge on 
Collins Street, the stables and sheds near the mansion, 
and laid out the gardens to the west of it on the site of 
the old slave quarters of Mr. Hooper's time. In this 
attractive house INIr. and INIrs. Peabody lived for a full 
half century, until their respective deaths in 1910 and 

Mr. Peabody served for forty-four years as Treasurer 
of the Peabody Institute of Danvers, having been one 
of the original Trustees appointed by George Peabody. 
His death severed the last personal tie with the town's 
benefactor. The resolutions adopted by the Board of 
Trustees may be said to truly express the thoughts of 
all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance: "His inter- 
est in the Institute has been unfailing; his courtesy, his 
consideration of others, and his gracious personality 
have been enjoyed and appreciated by the many trustees 
with whom he has been associated during these many 

After the death of his mother in 1911, Capt. Jacob 
Crowninshield Rogers Peabody occupied the Lindens 
until December, 1914, when it was sold to the present! 
owner, Ward Thoron, Esq. 

In regard to the extent of lands forming part of the 
estate known as "The Lindens," the following notes will 
be of interest : 

Mr. Hooper's original purchase, made December, 
1753, was of 28 acres, at the northerly end of a 40-acre 


tract belonging to Dr. Amos Putnam and his wife, 
Hannah PhilHps Putnam. The Putnam land had an 
easterly frontage of about 90 rods on the Ipswich high- 
way, extending northerly from Rum Bridge Creek. 
Mr. Hooper acquired the northerly 60 rods frontage. 
The "Great House," M^hich was finished in 1754, was 
located at about the centre of the estate. In 1755 and 
1767, Mr. Hooper increased his holdings by the pur- 
chase of an additional 12 acres to the north, so that his 
northern boundary coincided with the southern bound- 
ary of the famous Allen farm. 

When he mortgaged his Danvers property, in April, 
1774, to Messrs. Alexander Champion and Thomas 
Dickson, merchants of London, to secure "the payment 
of £24,417/9/1 balance of amount due them by said 
Hooper as appears by their account rendered December 
31, 1772," this estate was one of three then owned by 
him in Danvers, and was described as follows : — 

"Containing about 40 acres whereon the Great House 
stands, bounding easterly on the road leading to Ips- 
wich, southerly on land of Dr. Amos Putnam, westerly 
on land of John Felton partly and partly on Tapley's 
land, northerly partly on Tapley's land and partly on 
Tarbell's land." 

These 40 acres were kept intact until 1832, when 
Jeremiah Briggs, Judge Collins' son-in-law, divided it 
into three parcels, viz. : Twelve acres on the south, which 
he sold in 1836 to Daniel Buxton; the house with 24 
acres, which he sold in 1832 to Gideon Barstow; four 
acres on the northeasterly corner, the disposition of 
which has not been traced. 

In 1844, Nathan Tapley still further partitioned the 
property, and the estate conveyed to Petrus Stuyvesant 
Ten Broeck consisted only of the southernmost portion 
of the 24 acres, namely 7y2 acres with the dwelling house 
and other buildings. When Mr. Peabody acquired 


*'The Lindens" in 1860 there were but 7^/^ acres of land. 
He added 18 acres to the south, besides 20 acres oppo- 
site on the east side of Colhns Street. After his death 
the property was again divided into the three parcels 
he had separately acquired, and the mansion was sold 
to the present owner with about six acres of land. Since 
then the twenty-acre tract on the east side of Sylvan 
Street has been re-acquired and the estate now consists 
of about twenty-six acres. 

BuRLEY Farm. — This old estate, known for more 
than a hundred years as "Burley Farm," is one of Dan- 
vers' most beautiful spots, situated in the heart of the 
town, yet so secluded that it seems far remoA-ed from 
busy traffic. It is the residence of George Augustus 
Peabody, Esq., and is one of the few, if not the only 
estate in Danvers, that has retained practically its orig- 
inal 250 acres for more than two hundred years. Later 
owners have also added to that number. 

In the 17th century this locality was known as "Gott's 
corner," and its owner then. Deacon Charles Gott, with 
others, conveyed this farm to John Porter, the pioneer 
owner of Danvers Plains. Porter, in 1673, bequeathed 
it to his son Benjamin, who, dying unmarried in 1700, 
in turn bequeathed the farm to his brother Israel Porter. 
From Israel, through his son William Porter, it was 
finall}^ purchased in 17o0 by Robert Hooper, Esq., of 
Marblehead. In 1763, when Hooper conveyed the 
estate to William Burnet Browne, son of William 
Browne, of "Folly Hill" fame, there was a dwelling 
house, with barn and other buildings, upon the land, 
then in occupation of Samuel Leach, who probably had 
charge of the farm. In 1773, Squire Browne, then of 
the County of King William in Virginia, conveyed the 
estate to Thomas Fairweather of Boston and Abijah 
Willard of Lancaster. During the Revolution, in 1779, 


Fairweather disposed of his share to Richard Derby, 
Jr., of Salem, and in 1781, Willard, being a loyalist, 
an "absentee and conspiritor," as the deed states, suf- 
fered confiscation of his share, which was sold at public 
vendue to Larkin Thorndike, Esq., a native of Beverb/, 
then residing in Ipswich. There was apparently upon 
the estate at that time "a large mansion house, barn and 
other buildings, together with a landing-place so-called, 
containing half an acre on Frost Fish brook, on the 
south side of the road, near the bridge." 

The next owner was Capt. William Burley, then a 
resident of Boston, who purchased of Thorndike in 
1793, and from whom the name "Burley Farm" has 
descended to the present time. His holdings also in- 
cluded the Lindall Hill section of the town, that eleva- 
tion being known as "Burley Hill" for many years. 
Captain Burley was a native of Ipswich, the son of 
Andrew and Hannah (Cogswell) Burley. His father 
was a graduate of Har^^ard in 1742, and the family had 
been prominent in Ipswich for generations. The son 
had taken an active part in the Revolutionary War, and 
as a prisoner had been confined a year and nine months 
by the British after the battle of White Plains. He 
held a commission as Captain in the Continental ser- 
vice. At the close of the war, in 1786, he married 
Susanna, daughter of Gen. Michael and Elizabeth 
(Choate) Farley of Ipswich, and removed to Boston, 
where he resided until his purchase of this Danvers 
estate. He died, aged 72 years, at "Burley Farm," in 
1822, "at Beverley," as the records state, that portion 
of the present town of Danvers, east of Frostfish Brook, 
being at that time included in the town of Beverly. 
Captain Burley left legacies to the towns of Ipswich 
and Beverly, to be expended for the instruction of poor 
children in reading and the principles of the Christian 





Upon his death the estate came into the possession of 
his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Frederick Howes, Esq., 
of Salem. Mr. Howes was a practising attorney with 
an office in Salem, and represented Danvers in the Leg- 
islature of 1817. He served as President of the Essex 
Agricultural Society and of the Salem Marine Insur- 
ance Company. Just previous to 1850 he built the 
present mansion house, now occupied by Mr. Peabody, 
of which Edward Cabot of Boston was the architect. 
]Mr. Howes died in 1855, but the family continued in 
ownership for many years. The tragic death of Miss 
Lucy Howes, a daughter, in the summer of 1854, nat- 
urally resulted in the family giving up their residence 
in Danvers. Miss Howes was driving with her sister 
through Hobart Street, when a train on the Essex Rail- 
road, which was obscured by the high banking on either 
side of the road passing over the Hobart Street cross- 
ing, struck the carriage, throwing out both occupants 
and fatally injuring one. This shocking accident cast 
a gloom over the whole community. After the removal 
of the Howes, the house was occupied during the sum- 
mer by Dr. Upham of Salem, the Cabots, the Bradlees, 
the Blacks, the Endicotts, and others. Samuel Endicott 
Peabody, Esq., resided there during the summer of 
1878, upon his return to this country from England, 
where he had been engaged in the banking business with 
the house of J. S. Morgan & Co., which succeeded the 
firm of George Peabody & Co. — the philanthropist — 
the same year in which he purchased "Kernwood," in 
North Salem for a permanent residence. 

The farmhouse had been occupied for many years 
by various families who were either employed by the 
owners or who worked the farm on their own account. 
Among these in the eighteen-sixties were the parents 
of the Hon. William Henry Moody, who became one 
of the ablest members of the bar of Essex County and 


the most distinguished citizen of Danvers. He was born 
in Newbury, December 23, 1853, the son of Henry L. 
and Melissa A. (Emerson) Moody. He graduated 
from the Holten High School in 1869, and from Phil- 
lips Academy, Andover, Mass., in 1872 ; A. B. Harvard, 
1876, and studied law in the office of Richard H. Dana 
in Boston. Admitted to the Bar in 1878, he began prac- 
tice at Haverhill. In 1890 he was elected District At- 
torney of Essex County, serving in that capacity until 
his election to Congress in 1895, to fill the unexpired 
term of Gen. William Cogswell, deceased. He served 
in Congress until 1902, when he was appointed Secre- 
tary of the Navy by President Roosevelt. In 1904 he 
was appointed Attorney General of the United States, 
which position he occupied until his appointment as a 
Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, in 
1906, serving until ill health forced him to retire. He 
returned to Haverhill, where he passed away, July 2, 

In 1880, "Burley Farm" was purchased from the 
Howes family, probably for speculation, by Fred 
Adams, who the following year, sold it to George Au- 
gustus Peabody, Esq., brother of Mrs. William Crown- 
inshield Endicott, now the owner of the Joseph Pea- 
body farm at Danvers Highlands, and cousin of Francis 
Peabody, Esq., then owner of "The Lindens," making 
three fine Danvers estates in the possession of members 
of the Peabody family. In 1882, the new owner brought 
his wife, Augusta Balch Neilson, daughter of the Rev. 
Lewis Penn Witherspoon Balch and Anna (Jay), his 
wife, who was a granddaughter of Chief Justice John 
Jay, to this house, where she lived until her death in 
April, 1888. Mr. Peabody is a graduate of Hansard 
in the class of 1852, being at present (1923) its oldest 
alumnus. He has been an extensive traveller in his own 
country, in South America and in Europe, lias been a 


famous sportsman, noted as a wonderful shot, and has 
lived the last forty years the life ofa country gentleman 
upon his Danvers estate. He studied law in Salem in 
the famous office of Nathaniel J. Lord, and was ad- 
mitted to the Essex County Bar, but never actively 
practiced his profession. Mr. Peabody served for 
twenty-four years as a Trustee of the Peabody Insti- 
tute, Danvers, previous to his retirement in 1916, and 
has been most generous in his donations to local public 
institutions, as well as to institutions outside of Danvers. 

The Peabody Farm. — This estate, which has long 
been known as one of the town's beauty spots, is the 
residence of Mrs. William Crowninshield Endicott, and 
of her son, William Crowninshield Endicott, Esq., and 
Mrs. Endicott. In the early days this farm was in the 
possession of the Ingersoll family, and in 1814 was sold 
by Capt. Jonathan Ingersoll, a Salem shipmaster, to 
Joseph Peabody, the eminent Salem merchant. It has 
been related that he removed to Danvers during the War 
of 1812, when it was feared that Salem would be bom- 
barded, and established this home as a safe retreat for 
his family. It is also said that he hired the place at 
first, during those troublous times, for storage of the 
valuable cargoes from his ships, for which the barns 
were used, one of which is now standing. Mr. Peabody 
continued to reside here until his death in 1844. His 
widow occupied it as a summer residence, and upon her 
death in 1854, her son, George Peabody, Esq., who had 
purchased the place from the estate of his father, con- 
tinued the ownership. For many years Mr. Peabody 
and his family were accustomed to pass a few weeks 
here each season, and when he died in 1892, it came into 
possession of his daughter, Mrs. Endicott. 

At the time of the witchcraft delusion in 1692, accord- 
ing to Upham's map, a house was standing upon the 


site of the present mansion. Originally the house was 
two stories high, had one room on each side of a porch, 
with rooms in the second story which faced to the north. 
When Mr. Peabody purchased the place he made addi- 
tions, and Mrs. Endicott also has greatly enlarged and 
improved it. The parlor has the same furniture and 
the same carpet that it had over one hundred years ago, 
and in the present library is the old crane which was in 
the fireplace in that room at the time of the witchcraft 
delusion. The gray mantelpiece in the dining-room, 
and a pair of mahogany doors, with carvings by Samuel 
Mclntire, which now divide the hall and the large draw- 
ing-room, are heirlooms from some of the old Salem 

Trees of ancient growth surround the old mansion, 
the long avenue of approach being most attractive. The 
gardens are of especial beauty. In the center of one 
garden is a large tulip tree, one of the most beautiful 
examples in this part of the country ; and distinguishing 
features of the place are the oak and elm trees, and the 
buckthorn and arbor vitae hedges, fine specimens of 
their kind. At the end of the garden stands a little 
summer-house with a quaint pineapple on top, which 
was designed by the late Francis Peabody, Esq., some 
sixty or more years ago. Beyond is a long walk bor- 
dered by high hedges, at the end of which is a carved 
wooden figure, a replica of one at Currymore in Ireland, 
the estate of the present Marquis of Waterford. This 
figure, with two others in the garden — the Dancing 
Girls of Canova — were carved by Ferdinand Demetz 
St. Ulrich Groden, in the Austrian Tyrol, in 1903. 

Overlooking a marvellous rose garden there is a 
unique summer-house, two stories high and about twenty 
feet square. It was built for Elias Haskett Derby, 
the famous Salem merchant, at his residence in Dan- 
vers, now Peabody, from designs made by Mclntire, 


and was completed in July, 1793, at a cost of £lOO. 
The noted architect's exquisite taste is no better illus- 
trated than in this structure. An arch runs through it, 
with four doors, two on either side. On the left the 
doors lead into two small rooms; on the right, a door 
opens upon a little staircase which ascends to a room 
about eighteen feet square with eight windows. The 
summer-house is furnished with Chinese furniture, a 
Chinese lantern and some Chinese figures. In the spring 
of 1901 Mrs. Endicott purchased this house and re- 
moved it to the farm. Although moved a distance of 
four miles, this century-old building was not damaged 
in the least, the plaster being not even cracked. At 
present there is a figure upon the front of the summer- 
house and four urns, one on each corner; the figure is 
that of a man whetting his scythe, all of which were 
designed and carved by Mclntire. 

Joseph Augustus Peabody, eldest son of Joseph Pea- 
body, planted, in 1817, the avenue of elms, which add 
so much to the beauty of the place. 

Judge Endicott, a lineal descendant of the first settler 
in Danvers, Governor John Endecott, was a native of 
Salem and a graduate of Harvard in the class of 1847. 
He was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Judicial 
Court of Massachusetts in 1873, and, in 1885, was 
ofi'ered by President Cleveland, the position of Secre- 
tary of War, which he accepted and ably filled for four 
years. Since the earliest days the Endicott family has 
been identified with the town of Danvers. 

This estate, which has been in the Peabody family for 
more than a century, laid out with extreme care and 
receiving constant attention, constitutes what is con- 
ceded to be one of the largest and finest private resi- 
dences in this vicinity. 



The following natives of Danvers have become clergymen : 
William P. Page, born 1790; Israel W. Putnam, born 1786, Con- 
gregationalist ; Hiram B. Putnam, born 1841, Congregationalist ; 
Allen Putnam, born 1803, Unitarian; Moses K. Cross, born 1812, 
Congregationalist; Alfred P. Putnam, born 1827, Unitarian; 
Charles H. Learoyd, born 1834, Episcopalian; William W. Silves- 
ter, born 1833, Episcopalian; J. Herbert Colcord, born 1851, Con- 
gregationalist; Francis A. Gray, born 1857, Universalist ; John 
Daley, C. SS. E., born 1858, Eoman Catholic; Austin Eice, born 
1871, Congregationalist; Elliott 0. Foster, born 1883, Congi'ega- 
tionalist; Thomas Moriarty, born 1883, Eoman Catholic; James 
McDewell, C. P., born 1889, Eoman Catholic. 

Others, not natives, who have entered the ministry from Danvers : 
William Clark, James Eichmond, Charles E. Ewing, George Henry 
Ewing, Addison A. Ewing, H. William Hook, Leonard Murphy, 


William Griggs, 1692-1698; Jonathan Prince, 1729-1753; Amos 
Putnam, 1744-1803; Ebenezer Putnam, 1745-1788; Jonathan 
Prince, Jr., 1754-1759; Samuel Holten, 1756-1774; Jonathan 
Cutler, 1758-1780 ; Caleb Eea, 1747-1760 ; James Phillips Putnam, 
1768-1824; Archelaus Putnam, 1765-1800; Caleb Eea, Jr., 1778- 
1796; Benjamin Putnam, 1771-1801; Samuel Endieott, 1775- 
1800; John Fritz Folkersamb, 1783-1785; Andrew Putnam, 1774- 
1782; Joseph Shed, 1805-1853; Ebenezer Dale, 1805-1834; George 
Osgood, 1814-1863 ; Archelaus Fuller Putnam, 1826-1859 ; Andrew 
Nichols, 1808-1853; Jeremiah S. Putnam, 1820; Ebenezer Hunt, 
1824-1874; John Bush, 1825-1826; Charles Carleton, 1835; John 
E. Patten, 1840-1846; Humphrey Gould, 1832; David A. Gros- 
venor, 1839-1889; Samuel P. Fowler, 1872; Jesse W. Snow. 1850- 
1867 ; Preston M. Chase, 1858-1887 ; John W. Sawyer, 1867-1881, 
Butler Hospital; W. Winslow Eaton, 1867-1910; Lewis Whiting, 
1868-1895; Woodbury G. Frost, 1878-1915; Daniel H. Batchelder, 
1876; Edgar 0. Fowler, 1876-1884; Edward A. Kemp, 1884-1903; 
Henry F. Batchelder, 1885-1901 ; Charles B. Learoyd, 1890-1895 ; 
John H. Nichols, from 1903 at Tewksbury Hospital; Edward P. 
Hale, from 1881 at Lenox; John J. McGuigan, began in 1890 at 
Lynn; Otis P. Mudge, from 1907 at Amesbury; Anna (Peabody), 


Marsh, 1905-1913, Danvers State Hospital; Harry D. Abbott, 
190G-1913; Harry C. Boutelle, 1903-1915; Susan H. Gibbs. 

Eesident Physicians, 1923. — Frederick W. Baldwin, Edward 
H. Niles, Edward H. Magee, Charles H. Deering, Herbert L. 
Mains, John J. Moriarty, Clifton L. Buck, John F. Valentine, 
Oliver Sartwell, Mrs. Blanche Sartwell, Andrew Nichols. 

Superintendents op Danvees State Hospital. — Calvin S. 
May, 1878-1880; Henry E. Steadman, 1880; William B. Gold- 
smith, 1881-1886; William A. Gorton, 1886-1888; Charles W. 
Page, 1888-1898; Arthur H. Harrington, 1898-1903; Charles W. 
Page, 1903-1910; Harry W. Mitchell, 1910-1912; George M. Kline, 
1912-1916; John B. McDonald, 1916. 


Samuel Holten, Judge of Probate and the Court of Common 
Pleas for Essex County. 

James Putnam, Attorney-General of Massachusetts, and Judge 
of Supreme Court of New Brunswick. 

Timothy Pickering, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Essex County. 

Samuel Putnam, Justice of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. 

Benajah Collins, Judge of a Court at Liverpool, N. S. 

Rufus P. Tapley, Justice of the Supreme Court of Maine. 

Nathan Eead, Special Justice of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Essex County and Chief Justice for Hancock County, Maine. 

Arthur A. Putnam, Judge of District Court, Worcester Comity. 

William C. Endicott, Justice of the Supreme Court of Massa- 

David Cummings, Justice of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. 

William H. Moody, Justice of the United States Supreme Court. 

Horace L. Hadley, Judge of a Court in Washington Court House, 

Alden P. Wliite, Judge of Probate for Essex County. 

Mellen Chamberlain, Chief Justice of the Municipal Court, 

George B. Sears, Judge of District Court, Salem. 

Israel W. Andrews, Trial Justice, Danvers. 

David Mead, Trial Justice, Danvers. 

Harry E. Jackson, Associate Justice of the Ipswich Police 

Frederick Howes, Stephen H. Phillips, Abner C. Goodell, 
William Oakes, Joseph W. Howe, Willis E. Flint, John W. Porter, 
Ernest J. Powers, Edward L. Hill, William C. Endicott, Jr., 
Daniel N. Crowley, Oscar E. Jackson, William B. Sullivan, 


A. Preston Chase, Edward G. Carr, Elliott Perkins^ Edward N. 
Eobinson, William E. Clapp, Dennis Lyons, James J. Gaffney, 
Patrick H. Lyons, Daniel J. O'Eourke, J. Frank Hughes, John 
H. O'Neil, Benjamin Crowley, William B. Sullivan, Jr., Arthur P. 
Sullivan, Norman Wilks, Thomas 0. Jenkins, Edward J. Carey, 
Horace J. H. Sears. 



Daniel Epes, Esq., 1752, '53. 

Capt. Thomas Porter, 1754. 

Daniel Epes, Jr., Esq., 1755-57, '59, '60, '65-67. 

Samuel Flint, 1758. 

Thomas Porter, 1761-63, '71, '72. 

Deacon Malachi Eelton, 1764. 

Samuel Holten, Jr., 1768, '81, '84, '86, '87, '89, '90, 1796-1812 

(24 years). 
Gideon Putnam, 1769, '79, '83, '85, '93, '94, '95. 
Archelaus Dale, 1770, '73, '76. 

Capt. William Shillaber, 1774, '75, '77, '78, '88, '91, '92. 
Amos Putnam, 1780, '82. 
Samuel Page, 1813, '14. 
Dr. Andrew Nichols, 1815-17. 
Dr. Joseph Shed, 1818. 
Dr. George Osgood, 1819, '21, '25, '35. 
Capt. Thomas Putnam, 1820. 
Nathan Poor, 1822, '23, '24. 
Robert S. Daniels, 1826. 
Elias Putnam, 1827, '29, '31. 
Lewis Allen, 1828, '46, '48, '50, '52, '54. 
John W. Proctor, Esq., 1830, '32, '34, '36, '38, '40. 
John Preston, 1833, '43. 
Abel Nichols, 1841. 
Daniel P. King, 1842. 
Jonathan Shove, 1844. 
Moses Black, Jr., 1845, '47, '51. 
James D. Black, 1849, '53, '55, '57, '65. 
Israel W. Andrews, 1856, '70, '77. 
William Endicott, 1858, '59, '62, '63, '66-69. 
Arthur A. Putnam, Esq., 1860, '61. 
Charles P. Preston, 1864. 
George Tapley, 1871, '72, '74, '78-81. 
George J. Sanger, 1873, '75, '76, '82-84. 



Daniel N. Crowley, Esq., 1885-86, '91, '93, 1900. 

Alden P. White, Esq., 1887, '89, '90, '92. 

Israel W. Andrews, 1888. 

Addison P. Learoyd, 1894-1900. 

Frank C. Damon, 1901. 

A. Preston Chase, 1902-11, '13-21. 

Jacob C. E. Peabody, 1912. 

J. Prank Hughes, 1922. 


1752-53.— Daniel Epes, Jr. 1778-86.— Stephen Needham. 

1754-56. — James Prince. 1787. — Jonathan Sawyer. 

1757.— Benjamin Prescott, Jr. 1788-90.— James Porter. 

1758-60.— James Prince. 1791-94.— Gideon Foster. 

1761.— Benjamin Prescott, Jr. 1795-1800.— Joseph Osborn, Jr. 

1762.— Gideon Putnam. 1801-28.— Nathan Felton. 

1763.— Thomas Porter. 1829-34.— Benjamin Jacobs. 

1764-66.— Archelaus Dale. 1835-53.— Joseph Shed. 

1767.— Thomas Porter. 1854-55.— Nathan H. Poor. 

1768-71.— Samuel Holten, Jr. 1856.— Edwin F. Putnam . 

1772.— Gideon Putnam. 1857-85.— A. Sumner Howard. 

1773-75.— Samuel Holten, Jr. 1886-88.— Joseph E. Hood. 

1776.— Stephen Needham. 1889-1921.— Julius Peale. 

1777.— Samuel Flint. 1921.— A. Preston Chase. 


1752-53.— James Prince. 1815-18.— Ward Poole. 

1754.— Samuel King. 1819-24.— Edward Southwick. 

1755-56.— Joseph Osborn. 1825-31.— Ebenezer Shillaber. 

1757-58.— Cornet Sam'l Holten. 1832, '41-48.— Robert S. Daniels. 

1759.— Joseph Southwick. 1833-40.— Stephen Upton. 

1760-69.— James Smith. 1849.— Abner Sanger. 

1770-72.— Thomas Porter. 1850-55.— Francis Baker. 

1773-74.— Jeremiah Page. 1856-82.— William L. Weston 
1775-83.— Stephen Proctor. (27 years). 

1784-88.— Gideon Putnam. 1882-1888.— x\. Frank Welch. 

1789-1812.— Dr. Samuel Holten 1889-1905.— Addison P. Learoyd. 

(24 years). 1905-23.— A. Preston Chase. 
1813-14.— Samuel Page. 




1752.— Daniel Epes. 

Capt. Samuel Flint. 

Deacon Cornelius Tarbell. 

Stephen Putnam. 

Samuel King. 

Daniel Gardner. 

Joseph Gardner. 
1753.— Daniel Epes, Jr. 

Capt. Thomas Flint. 

Cornet Samuel Holten. 

Samuel King. 

Lieut. David Putnam. 

Ensign John Procter. 

Jasper jSTeedham. 
1754. — Daniel Epes, Jr. 

Jasper Needham. 

Samuel Putnam. 

James Prince. 

Ebenezer Goodale. 
1755. — Daniel Epes, Jr. 

Jasper Needham. 

Capt. John Proctor. 

James Prince. 

Capt. Samuel Flint. 
1756. — Daniel Epes, Jr. 

Daniel Marble. 

Capt. Thomas Flint. 

Deacon Cornelius Tarble. 

James Prince. 
1757. — ^John Preston. 

Francis Nurse. 

Daniel Gardner. 

Benj. Prescott, Jr. 

Joseph Southwick. 
1758. — James Prince. 

Nathan Procter. 

Jasper Needham. 

Bartholomew Eea. 

Benjamin Upton. 

1759. — James Prince. 

Capt. Samuel Flint. 

John Epes. 

Ezekiel Marsh, Jr. 

Ebenezer Jacobs. 
1760. — James Prince. 

Jasper Needham. 

John Epes. 

John Nichols. 

John Preston. 
1761.— Samuel Holten. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

Abel Mackintire. 

Lieut. Samuel King. 

Benj. Prescott, Jr. 
1762.— Abel Mclntire. 

Benj. Eussell, Jr. 

Daniel Purrington. 

Gideon Putnam. 

Joseph Putnam. 
1763.— Thomas Porter. 

Samuel Holten. 

John Epes. 

John Proctor, Jr. 

John Preston. 
1764.— Benj. Putnam. 

Archelaus Dale. 

John Putnam. 

Stephen Procter. 

Benj. Moulton. 
1765.— Benj. Moulton. 

John Putnam. 

Stephen Procter. 

Jona. Buxton. 

Arch. Dale. 
1766.— Archalaus Dale. 

Benj. Upton. 

Jonathan Buxton. 

John Swinerton. 

Jonathan Tarble. 



1767.— Samuel Holten, Jr. 
John Epes. 
Jonathan Tarbell. 
Jonathan Buxton. 
Ebenezer Groodell. 
1768. — Jonathan Buxton. 
John Epes. 

Samuel Holten, Jr. 

Ebenezer Goodell. 

Gideon Putnam. 
1769.— Samuel Holten, Jr. 

Ebenezer Goodale. 

Samuel Gardner. 

William Shillaber. 

Samuel King. 
1770.— Samuel Holten, Jr. 

Lieut. John Preston. 

John Putnam. 

Jonathan Buxton, 

Capt. Wm. Shillaber. 
1771.— Capt. Wm. Shillaber. 

Jonathan Buxton. 

Gideon Putnam. 

Benj. Proctor. 

Samuel Holten, Jr. 
1772.— Samuel Flint. 

Wm. Shillaber. 

Gideon Putnam. 

Jonathan Buxton. 

Benj. Procter. 
1773.— Samuel Holten, Jr. 

John Putnam. 

Lieut. Arch. Putnam. 

Benj. Porter. 

Stephen Needham. 
1774._Samuel Holten, Jr. 

Lieut. Arch. Putnam. 

William Poole. 

Stephen Needham. 

Jonathan Buxton. 
1775.— Dr. Samuel Holten. 

Capt. Wm. Shillaber. 

Capt. Wm. Putnam. 



Stephen Needham. 

Ezra Upton. 
-John Epes. 

Wm. Shillaber. 

Stephen Needham. 

Ezra Upton. 

Edmund Putnam, 
-Capt. John Putnam. 

Capt. Samuel Flint. 

Capt. Wm. Shillaber. 

Stephen Needham. 

Phineas Putnam. 
1778.— Stephen Needham. 

Capt. Wm. Shillaber. 

Benj. Procter. 

Capt. John Putnam. 

Phineas Putnam. 

-Col. Enoch Putnam. 

Ezra Upton. 

Stephen Needham. 

Major Samuel Epes. 

James Prince. 

-Jona. Sawyer. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Capt. Joseph Porter. 

Ezra Upton. 
1781. — Capt. Joseph Porter. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Stephen ISTeedliam. 

Samuel White. 

Major Samuel Epes. 
1782. — Stephen N'eedham. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Jonathan Sawyer. 

Capt. Joseph Porter. 

Capt. Gideon Foster. 
. — Capt. Gideon Foster. 

Daniel Putnam. 
John Walcott. 

Aaron Putnam. 
Stephen Needham. 






1784. — Stephen Needham. 

Major Caleb Low. 

Aaron Pntnam, 

Capt. Gideon Foster. 

Daniel Putnam. 
1785.— David Prince. 

Jonathan Sawyer. 

Stephen Needham. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Col. Jeremiah Page. 
1786.— Stephen Needham. 

Stephen Putnam. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Capt. Jona. Procter. 

Capt. Gideon Foster. 
1787. — Jona. Sawyer. 

Samuel Gardner. 

Amos Tapley. 

David Prince. 

Timothy Leech. 
1788.— David Prince. 

Capt. Samuel Page. 

Amos Tapley. 

James Porter. 

Stephen Keedham. 
1789.— David Prince. 

Samuel Page. 

John Kettell. 

Amos Tapley. 

James Porter. 
1790.— David Prince. 

Capt. Samuel Page. 

John Kettell. 

James Porter. 

John Brown. 
1791. — Stephen Needham. 

Gideon Foster. 

John Kettell. 

David Prince. 

Amos Tapley. 
1792.— Gideon Foster. 

David Prince. 

Samuel Page. 

John Kettell. 

Stephen Needham. 
1793.— Gideon Foster. 

David Prince. 

John Kettell. 

Joseph Putnam. 

Stephen Needham. 
1794.— David Prince. 

Stephen Needliam. 

Samuel Page. 

John Kettell. 

Gideon Foster. 
1795. — Joseph Osborn, Jr. 

Stephen Needham. 

David Prince. 

John Kettell. 

Zerubbabel Porter. 
1796. — Joseph Osborn, Jr. 

Samuel Page. 

John Kettell. 

Stephen Needham. 

Daniel Putnam. 
1797.— Joseph Osborn, Jr. 

Nathl. Webb. 

Zerubbabel Porter. 

Amos Tapley. 

Elijah Flint. 
1798.— Joseph Osborn, Jr. 

Samuel Page. 

John Kettell. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Nathan Felton. 
1799.— Nathan Felton. 

Daniel Putnam. 

John Kettell. 

Amos Tapley. 

Joseph Osborn, Jr. 
1800. — Joseph Osborn, Jr. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Samuel Page. 

John KetteU. • 

Nathan Felton. 



1801.— Samuel Page. 

Joseph Putnam. 

Nathan Felton. 

Zerubbabel Porter. 

Elijah Flint. 
1802.— N^athan Felton. 

Johnson Procter. 

Sylvester shorn. 

Jona. Walcut. 

John Fowler. 
1803.— Nathan Felton. 

Sylvester Osbom. 

John Preston. 

Jona. Walcut. 

John Fowler. 
1804.— Nathan Felton. 

Sylvester Osbom. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Johnson Procter. 

John Fowler. 
1805.— Nathan Felton. 

Amos Tapley. 

Sylvester Osbom. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

John Fowler. 
1806.— Nathan Felton. 

Sylvester Osbom. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Thomas Putnam. 

John Fowler. 
1807.— Nathan Felton. 

Sylvester Osbom. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

John Fowler. 

Amos Tapley. 
1808. — Thomas Putnam. 

Nathan Felton. 

Sylvester Procter. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Amos Tapley. 
1809.— Nathan Felton. 

Amos Tapley. 

Levi Preston. 

Thos. Putnam. 

Daniel Putnam. 
1810.— Nathan Felton. 

Nathaniel Putnam. 

Sylvester Procter. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Peter Cross, Jr. 
1811.— Nathan Felton. 

Levi Preston. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Andrew Nichols, Jr. 
1812.— Nathan Felton. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Eichard Osborn. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Nathaniel Putnam, 
1813.— Nathan Felton. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Nathaniel Putnam. 

Eichard Osborn. 
1814.— Nathan Felton. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Nathaniel Putnam. 

James Brown. 

Jolin Page. 
1815.— Nathan Felton. 

Nathaniel Putnam. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

John Page. 

Sylvester Procter. 
1816.— Nathan Felton. 

Sylvester Procter. 

Nathaniel Putnam. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Daniel Putnam, 
1817.— Nathan Felton. 

Jonathan Walcut. 

Sylvester Procter. 

Daniel Putnam. 

Nathaniel Putnam. 



1818.— Joseph Shed. 

Israel Putnam, Jr. 

Thomas Putnam. 

Jesse Putnam. 

Moses Preston, Jr. 
1819. — Israel Putnam, Jr. 

Thomas Putnam. 

Jesse Putnam. 

Joseph Shed. 

Moses Preston, Jr. 
1820. — Israel Putnam, Jr. 

Thomas Putnam. 

Jesse Putnam. 

Joseph Shed. 

Moses Preston, Jr. 
1821. — Thomas Putnam. 

Joseph Shed. 

Jesse Putnam. 

Moses Preston, Jr. 

Elias Putnam. 
1822. — Jesse Putnam. 

Elias Putnam. 

Nathan Pelton. 

Moses Preston, Jr. 

Joseph Stearns. 
1823. — Jesse Putnam. 

Joseph Steams. 

Elias Putnam. 

Moses Preston, Jr. 

Jonathan Shove. 
1824. — Jesse Putnam. 

Joseph Steams. 

Elias Putnam, 

Moses Preston. 

Jonathan Shove. 
1825, — Jesse Putnam. 

Elias Putnam. 

Joseph Steams. 

Moses Preston. 

Jonathan Shove. 
1826. — Jesse Putnam. 

Jonathan Shove. 

Joseph Steams. 

Elias Putnam. 

Moses Preston. 
1827. — Jesse Putnam. 

Elias Putnam. 

Jonathan Shove. 

Robert S. Daniels. 

Nathan Felton. 
1828. — Jesse Putnam. 

Jonathan Shove. 

Eobert S. Daniels. 

Nathan Poor. 

Elias Putnam. 
1829. — Jesse Putnam. 

Elias Putnam. 

Jonathan Shove. 

Nathan Poor. 

Daniel P. King. 
1830.— Elias Putnam. 

Jonathan Shove. 

Nathan Poor. 

Jesse Putnam. 

Benjamin Jacobs. 
1831. — John Preston. 

Benjamin Jacobs. 

Jacob F. Perry. 

Eben Putnam, Jr. 

Joseph Shed. 
1832. — Benjamin Jacobs, 

Kendall shorn. 

Lewis Allen. 

John Preston. 

Jacob F. Perry. 
1833. — John Preston. 

Kendall Osborn. 

Jacob F. Perry. 

Benjamin Jacobs. 

Nathaniel Pope. 
1834. — John Preston. 

Joseph Tufts, Jr. 

Benjamin Jacobs. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

Kendall Osborn. 



1835. — Nathaniel Pope. 

Samuel P. Fowler. 

Eben Putnam. 

Lewis Allen. 

Henry Poor. 
1836. — Lewis Allen. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

Eben S. Upton. 

Samuel P. Fowler. 

Joseph Tufts, Jr. 
1837. — Nathaniel Pope. 

Abel Nichols. 

Samuel P. Fowler. 

Joseph Tufts, Jr. 

Ebenezer Sutton. 
1838.— Samuel P. Fowler. 

Elijah Upton. 

Joseph Tufts, Jr. 

Eben Sutton. 

Nathaniel Pope. 
1839.— Elijah Upton. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

Samuel P. Fowler. 

Joseph Tufts, Jr. 

Abel Nichols. 
1840.— Elijah Upton. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

Andrew Torr. 

Andrew Lunt. 

Samuel P. Fowler. 
1841. — Henry Poor. 

William Black. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

Elijah Upton. 

Joshua Silvester. 
1842.— Elijah Upton. 

Joshua Silvester. 

William Black. 

Joseph Poor, Jr. 

Wingate Merrill. 
1843.— Wingate Merrill. 

Joseph Poor, Jr. 

Joshua Silvester. 

WilHam Black. 

Perley Goodale. 
1844.— Wingate Merrill. 

Joshua Silvester. 

Joseph Poor, Jr. 

Henry Fowler. 

Eben King. 
1845.— Wingate Merrill. 

Lewis Allen. 

Henry Fowler. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

William Dodge, Jr. 
1846.— Wingate Merrill. 

Kendall Osborn. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Lewis Allen. 
1847. — Lewis Allen. 

Wingate Merrill. 

Nathaniel Pope. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Moses Black, Jr. 
1848. — Nathaniel Pope. 

Wingate Merrill. 

Moses Black, Jr. 

Lewis Allen. 

Kendall Osborn. 
1849.— Otis Mudge. 

Elias Savage. 

Abel Preston. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Eben S. Upton. 
1850. — Lewis Allen. 

Eichard Osborn. 

Samuel Preston. 

Kendall Osborn. 

Francis Dodge. 
1851. — Kendall Osborn. 

Francis Dodge. 

William Endicott. 

Daniel Emerson. 

Aaron F. Clark. 















— Kendall Osborn. 

John A, Putnam. 

Richard Osborn. 


—Jacob F. Perry. 

William Endicott. 

John A. Putnam. 

Aaron F. Clark. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Edwin Mudge. 


—Jacob F. Periy. 

— Kendall Osborn. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Leonard Poole. 

John A. Putnam. 

Edwin Miidge. 


—Jacob F. Perry. 

Aaron Putnam. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Elias Savage. 

John A. Putnam. 

— Lewis Allen. 


—William Dodge, Jr. 

Leonard Poole. 

Simeon Putnam. 

Joel Putna^m. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

Benj. F. Hutchinson. 


—William Dodge, Jr. 

Nathan H. Poor. 

Simeon Putnam. 

— Abel Preston. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

William Walcott. 


—William Dodge, Jr. 

Nathaniel Bodge. 

Simeon Putnam. 

Moses J. Currier. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

Augustus Fowler. 


—William Dodge, Jr. 

— William Dodge, Jr. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

Augustus Fowler. 

Josiah Ross. 

Charles P. Preston. 


—William Dodge, Jr. 

— Augustus Fowler. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

Charles P. Preston. 

Josiah Ross. 

William Dodge, Jr. 


—William Dodge, Jr. 

— Rufus Putnam. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

Charles P. Preston. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Otis Mudge. 


—Henry A. Perkins. 

— ^Eufus Putnam. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Charles P. Preston. 

Samuel W. Spaulding. 

William Dodge, Jr. 


—Joshua Bragdon. 

. — Rufus Putnam. 

Henry A. Perkins. 

Charles P. Preston. 

Otis F. Putnam. 

James M. Perry. 


—Henry A. Perkins. 

. — Francis Dodge. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

William Dodge, Jr. 

Otis F. Putnam. 

Charles Chaplin. 


—Henry A. Perkins. 

. — William Dodge, Jr. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Charles Chaplin. 

Otis F. Putnam. 

Augustus Fowler. 


—Henry A. Perkins. 

. — James M. Perry. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Jacob F. Perry. 

Otis F. Putnam. 




1878.— Charles H. Adams. 

Otis F. Putnam. 

Josiah Eoss. 
1879. — Henry A. Perkins. 

Josiah Eoss. 

Harrison 0. Warren. 
1880. — Henry A. Perkins. 

Harrison 0. Warren. 

Daniel P. Pope. 
1881. — Henry A. Perkins. 

Daniel P. Pope. 

Josiah Eoss. 
1882.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Otis F. Putnam. 

Joshua Bragdon. 
1883.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Otis F. Putnam, 

Joshua Bragdon. 
1884.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Otis F. Putnam. 
1885.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Otis F. Putnam. 
1886.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Joshua Bragdon. 

Otis F. Putnam. 
1887.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Joshua Bragdon, 

Otis F. Putnam. 
1888.— Otis F. Putnam. 

Daniel P. Pope. 

Joseph W. Woodman, 
1889,— Daniel P. Pope. 

Joseph W. Woodman. 

Otis F. Putnam, 
1890.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Chauncey S. Eichards. 

Otis F. Putnam. 
1891.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Chauncey S. Eichards. 

Jacob Marston. 

Otis F. Putnam, 

1892.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Otis F. Putnam. 

Jacob Marston. 
1893,— Daniel P. Pope. 

Eoswell D. Bates. 

Charles N. Perley. 
1894.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Charles H. Preston. 

Frank C. Damon. 
1895.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Albert A. Bates. 

George W. Baker. 
1896.— Daniel P. Pope, 

Ceorge W, Baker. 

Albert A. Bates. 
1897.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Albert A. Bates. 

George W. Baker. 
1898.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Albert A. Bates. 

George W. Baker. 
1899.— Daniel P, Pope. 

George W, Baker. 

Walter T, Creese, 
1900,— Daniel P, Pope. 

Albert A. Bates. 

Eoswell D. Bates. 
1901.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Eoswell D. Bates. 

Albert A. Bates. 
1902.— Daniel P, Pope. 

Eoswell D. Bates. 

Charles N. Perley. 
1903.— Daniel P. Pope, 

Eoswell D, Bates. 

John T. Carroll. 
1904.— Daniel P, Pope. 

Charles IST. Perley. 

John T. Carroll." 
1905.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Charles H. Preston. 

John T. Carroll. 



190G.— Daniel P. Pope. 

John T. Carroll. 

Charles H. Preston. 
1907.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Charles H. Preston. 

David S. Brown. 
1908.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Charles H. Preston. 

J. Ellis ISTightingale. 
1909.— Daniel P. Pope. 

Charles H. Preston. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 
1910.— Daniel P. Pope. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

Alvah J. Bradstreet. 
1911.— Daniel P. Pope. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

Andrew H. Paton. 
1912.— Daniel P. Pope. 

James 0. Perry. 

Poland G-. Eaton. 
1913.— David S. Brown. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

Poland G. Eaton. 
1914.— David S. Brown. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

Roland G. Eaton. 
1915.— David S. Brown, 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

Roland G. Eaton. 
1916.— David S. Brown. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

Roland C Eaton. 
1917.— David S. Brown. 

W. Arthur Donnell. 

J. Anderson Lord. 
1918.— David S. Brown. 

Raymond U. Lynch. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 
1919.— David S. Brown. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 

W. Arthur Webb. 
1920.— David S. Brown. 

W. Arthur Webb. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 
1921.— David S. Brown. 

W. Arthur Webb. 

J. Ellis Nightingale. 
1922.— W. Arthur Webb. 

Harold D. Stone. 

Albert F. Learoyd. 


Samuel Holten, 1784, '86, '89-92, Robert S. Daniels, 1851. 

'95, '96. 
Samuel Putnam, 1813-14. 
Rufus Choate, 1829. 
Elias Putnam, 1831-32. 
Jonathan Shove, 1834-36. 
Daniel P. King, 1839-41. 
Henry Poor, 1846. 
George Osborn. 

Alfred A. Abbott, 1853. 
James D. Black, 1855. 
Israel W. Andrews, 1863-64. 
Augustus Mudge, 1882. 
Samuel L. Sawyer, 1893-94. 
J. Frank Porter, 1901-03. 
A. Preston Chase, 1913-14. 
Walter T. Creese, 1923. 


Daniel Epes, Jr., 1754-57, '65, '67. 
Daniel Gardner, 1759. 
Thomas Porter, 1760-63, '65. 


John Preston, 1764. 

Samuel Holten, Jr., 1768-73, '75, '80, '87. 

WiUiam Shillaber, 1775. 

Samuel Epes, 1776. 

Jeremiah Hutchinson, 1777-83, '85-88. 

Gideon Putnam, 1784. 

Col. Israel Hutchmson, 1789, '91-95, '97, '98. 

Caleb Low, 1790. 

Gideon Foster, 1796, '99, 1800-02. 

1804. — Gideon Foster, Capt. Samuel Page, Dr. Nathan Bead. 

1805. — Gideon Foster, Samuel Page, Nathan Felton. 

1806. — Gideon Foster, Samuel Page, Nathan Felton. 

1807.— Nathan Felton. 

1808. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Squiers Shove. 

1809. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Squiers Shove. 

1810. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Dennison Wallis. 

1811. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Dennison Wallis, Daniel 

1812. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Dennison Wallis, James 

1813. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Dennison Wallis, James 

1814. — Samuel Page, Nathan Felton, Sylvester Osborn, Heze- 
kiah Flint. 

1815. — Nathan Felton, Sylvester Osborn, Hezekiah Flint, Wil- 
liam P. Page. 

1816. — Nathan Felton, William P. Page, Frederick Howes, John 
Swinnerton, Jr. 

1817. — Daniel Putnam, Sylvester Osborn, Frederick Howes, 
Thomas Putnam. 

1818, — Frederick Howes. 

1819. — Nathan Felton, Dennison Wallis, Daniel Putnam, Thomas 

1820-21.— Nathan Felton. 

1822.— William Sutton. 

1823. — Ebenezer Shillaber, John Page, Nathan Poor, Nathaniel 

1824.— Nathan Poor. 

1825. — John Page, John Endicott. 

1826. — Jonathan Shove, Rufus Choate. 

1827. — Rufus Choate, Jonathan Shove. 

1828. — Jonathan Shove, Nathan Poor, Robert S. Daniels. 

1829. — Jonathan Shove, Elias Putnam. 


1830. — Elias Putnam, Jonathan Shove, Eobert S. Daniels, 
Nathan Poor. 

1831 (May). — Nathan Poor, John Page, William Sutton, John 

1831 (November). — John Page, John Preston, Nathan Poor, 
Jonathan Shove. 

1832. — John Preston, John Page, Ebenezer Shillaber, Jonathan 

1833. — Jonathan Shove, Henry Cook, John Preston, John Page. 

1834. — John Preston, Henry Cook, Andrew Lunt, Eben Putnam, 
Jacob F. Perry. 

1835. — Jacob F. Perry, Andrew Lunt, Daniel P. King, Allen 
Putnam, Joshua H. Ward. 

1836. — Joshua H. Ward, Jacob F. Perry, Andrew Lunt, Caleb 
L. Frost. 

1837. — Caleb L. Frost, Eben Putnam, Samuel P. Fowler, Lewis 

1838. — Lewis Allen, Samuel P. Fowler, Henry Poor, Abel 

1839. — Joshua H. Ward, Henry Poor, Samuel P. Fowler, Allen 

1840.— Allen Putnam, Fitch Poole. 

1841. — ^Fitch Poole, Samuel Preston. 

1842. — Daniel P. King, Samuel Preston. 

1843. — Frederick Morrill, Joshua Silvester. 

1844. — Eichard Osborn, Henry Fowler. 

1845. — Henry Fowler, Eichard Osborn. 

1846.— Henry Fowler, Elijah W. Upton. 

1847.— Elijah W. Tipton, Joshua Silvester. 

1848.— William Walcott, William Dodge. 

1849.— A. A. Abbott, John Hines. 

1850. — William Walcott, Otis Mudge, Henry A. Hary. 

1851. — John Hines, Philemon Putnam, Alfred A. Abbott. 

1852.— William Walcott. 

1853. — David Daniels, Philemon Putnam, James P. King. 

1854. — Joseph Jacobs, Francis Dodge, Israel W. Andrews. 

1855. — Israel W. Andrews, Eben S. Poor, Alonzo P. Phillips. 

1856. — Arthur A. Putnam, Israel W. Andrews, Eichard Smith. 

1857-58.— Francis P. Putnam. 

1859.— Arthur A. Putnam. 

I860.— George Tapley. 

1861-62.— James W. Putnam. 

1863-64.— Charles P. Preston. 


1865-66.— Simeon Putnam. 
1867-68.— Edwin Mudge. 
1870-71.— George H. Peabody. 
1872-73.— George J. Sanger. 
1875-76.— Charles B. Rice. 
1877.— Israel W. Andrews. 
1878.— Charles B. Rice. 
1880-81.— Gilbert A. Tapley. 
1882.— Alonzo J. Stetson. 
1883.— Andrew H. Paton. 
1885-86.— Malcolm Sillars. 
1891-92.— Samuel L. Sawyer. 
1894-95.— J. Frank Porter. 
1896-97.— Joseph W. Woodman. 
1898-99.— Addison P. Learoyd. 
1901-02.— Charles H. Preston. 
1903.— Thomas E. Dougherty. 
1906.— Nathan H. Poor. 
1907.— Melvin B. Putnam. 
1909-10.— Arthur Preston Chase. 
1913-14.— Alvah J. Bradstreet. 
1917-18.— George D. Morse. 
1920-21.— Walter T. Creese. 


Page 5, Hue 1, read Francis instead of Richard Weston. 

Page 36. Since the foregoing pages were printed, the Browne 
portraits have been purchased and presented to a Baltimore mu- 

Page 43. Sir Danvers Osborn was born at the family seat of 
Chicksands Priory, Shefford, County of Bedford, on Nov. 17, 1715, 
and was thus in the thirty-eighth year of his age when he took 
charge of the Government of New York. Plunged into incon- 
solable grief at the death of his wife, this office was secured for 
him in the hope that entire change of scene, as well as enforced 
activity, would be beneficial. He arrived in New York on Oct. 6, 
1753, and soon after the inaugural ceremonies, Oct. 12, which were 
attended with much pomp and dignity, he committed suicide in 
the garden of a member of the Council. Sir Danvers had previ- 
ously spent some time in Canada with his brother-in-law, the Earl 
of Halifax. It is said that he was very popular, and his untimely 
death was greatly lamented. His private secretary was Thomas 
Pownall, who, four years later, received a commission as Governor 
of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The remains of the un- 
fortunate Governor were conveyed across the Atlantic and buried 
in the churchyard of his native parish. He left two children, and 
the title has descended to his great-great-great grandson, Sir Alger- 
non Kerr Butler Osborn (born 1870), who occupies the old family 
seat of Chicksands Priory. 

Page 55. Under "Incorporation of Danvers," add that the 
Council concurred on June 9, and the act was published on 
June 16. 

Page 64. Add to note, Samuel Porter, a noted lawyer, born in 
the Putnam-Dodge-Sears house in Putnamville, in 1743, was also 
a Tory, and died in London in 1798. 

Page 175. Joshua Silvester died July 29, instead of July 9, 



Abbey, Thomas, 19, 20. 
Abbott, Alfred A., 170, 259, 261. 

Charles F., 161. 

George, opp. 110. 

H. D., 247. 
Abolition, 147-1-51. 
Adams, Charles Francis, 169. 

Charles H., 258. 

Fred, 242. 

H. C, 18, 

John, 8, opp. 55, 101. 

John Quincy, 8, 67, 97, 102. 

L. W., 191. 

Samuel, 97. 
Agan, Patrick, 145. 
Aiken, Hector A., 189. 
Alarm companies, 110. 
Alford, William, 9. 
Allen, Albert G., 123, 183, 208. 

Henry F., 189. 

John, opp. 29. 

Lewis, opp. 105, 156, 249, 255-257, 
Allen farm, 238. 
Alley, William, 1-34, 149. 
Alliance (frigate), 86. 
Amity Lodge, 111. 
Amory, William, 170. 
Anchor factory, 98. 

Andrew, , 12, 83. 

Andrews, Ginger, 45. 

Israel W., 35, 67, 171, 247, 249, 
2.50, 259, 261, 262. 

John, 45. 

John D., 149. 

Joseph, 35. 

Winthrop, 140, 149. 
Andros, Edmund, 22. 
Annunciation Cemetery, 178. 
Anstis (negro), 62. 
Antwerp, Belgium, 43. 
Appleton, Samuel, 19. 
Armitage, A. T., 208, 

Joshua, 128. 
Armory, 202. 
Arnold, Benedict, 8, 67, 76. 

Arnold's march to Quebec, 8, 9. 
Arthur, Prince, 171, 173. 
Artillery, 110. 
Aspinwall, Thomas, 169. 
Australian ballot, 203. 
Avery, J. Humphrey, 92. 
Ayres, W. M., 191. 

Baker, Francis, 162, 177, 250. 

George W., 258. 
Balch, Anna, 242. 

Benjamin, 85, 86, 111. 

Joseph. 21. 

Lewis P. W.. 242. 

Mary, 86. 

William, 86. 
Baldwin, F. W., 247. 

Ballou, , 120. 

Bancroft, Jonathan, 52. 
Bank Hall, 179. 
Banks, 127, 128. 
Baptist Church, 91, 120, 148. 
Barker, Lemuel, opp. 110. 
Barnaby, James, 91. 
Barnes, Merritt H., 211. 
Barney, Jacob, 10, 16. 
Barrett, Jonathan, opp. 110. 
Barry, James, 86. 

Michael, opp. 105, 
Barstow, Gideon, 236, 238. 
Bartlett, Sidney, 70. 
Batchelder, Albert W., 161. 

H. F., 246. 

Joseph, opp. 105. 
Bates, Albert A., 258. 

Roswell D., 258. 
"Battle of Bunker Hill," painting 

of, 76. 
Battle of Lexington, 9, 70-73, 114. 
Battye, James, 189. 
Bayley, , 17, 18. 

Thomas, 21. 
Bean, Norris S., 134. 
Beche-de-Mer, 116. 
Beckford, Mrs. A. W., 210. 

Edwin, 189. 




Beebe, James M., 170. 
Beekman, Garrett. 191. 
Belcher, L. & W. S., VA2. 
Bell, Alexander Graham, 193. 

Mrs. G. P., 210. 

Thomas, 19. 
Bell Tavern, 88, 
Belvidere Hall, 160. 
Benjamin, Charles, 150. 

Benson, , 223. 

Bentley, , 103. 

Berry, , 154. 

Eben G., 55, 149, 198. 

Ebenezer, 55, opp. 110. 
Berry, see Barry. 
Berry Tavern, 45, 47, 55, 111, opp. 

125, 201. 
Betsey (sch.), 115. 
Beverly annexed, portion of, 179. 
Bigelow, George T., 169. 

Jacob, 169. 
"Birchwood," 5. 
Bishop, Bridget, opp. 24, 30. 

John, 21. 

Townsend, 9, 27, opp. 29. 
Black, , 241. 

Archelaus P., 149. 

James D., 149, 168, 249, 259. 

Joseph S., 123, 158, 162. 

Moses, 113, opp. 115, 132, 149, 249, 

William, 132, 256. 
Blake, J. Albert, 124. 
Blanchard, Webster, 212. 
Bloody Brook, 20. 
Boardman, , 132. 

Israel P., 123. 

N. Holten, 123. 

:N'athaniel, 123. 
Boardman & Gould, 132. 
Bodge, G. M., 19. 

Nathaniel, 257. 
Bodwell, C. S., 18. 

Isaac, 189. 
Booth, Elizabeth, 23. 
Borland, Francis, 33. 
"Boston," frigate, 86. 
Boswell, James A., 91. 
Boundaries, 1. 
Boutelle, H. C, 247. 
Bovpditch, Nathaniel, 115. 
Bowen, Thomas M., 134, 149. 
Bracamontes, John, 211. 
Brackett, Josiah, 132. 
Bradlee, , 241. 

Francis B. C, 98, 158. 

Bradstreet, Alvah J., 259, 262. 

Dudley, opp. 16. 
Bragdon, Joshua, 257, 258. 
Braman, , 137, 168. 

Milton P., 18, 139, 166, 168, 171. 
Brand, James, 146. 
Brenan, Edward H., 190. 
Brick School, 112. 
Brick manufacturing, 126, 127. 
Bridges, John H., 189. 
Briggs, Jeremiah, 236, 238. 
Brigham, Lincoln F., 170. 
Brimblecom, Samuel, 120, 149. 
British soldiers' graves, 66. 
British troops in Danvers, 65-67. 
BrovFU, Browne, David S., 259. 

Edward, opp. 105. 

James, 254. 

John, 253. 

Louis, 55. 

Oliver O., 150. 

Parker, 117. 

Stephen, 117. 

Sylvester, 189. 

William, 36, 37, 39, 45, 239, 263. 

William B., 239. 

William Burnet, 39. 
Browne's Folly, 36-41. 
Buck, C. L., 247. 
Buckley, Thomas, 21. 
Budgell, Walter J., 208. 
Bulkley, S. C, 120. 

Andrew, 240. 

Hannah, 240. 

William, 33, 240. 
Burley Farm, 10,239. 
Burley Hill, 240. 
Burnet, Mary, 37. 
Burr, Aaron, 108. 
Burrington, Howard R., 161. 
Burroughs, , 30. 

George, 18, 30. 
Burrows, James H., 189. 
Bush, John, 246. 
Butler, John C, 123. 

O. S., 139. 

Peter, 170. 

Stephen, 19. 
Button, Lewis, 189. 
Buttrick, Eliza K., 199. 

Samuel B., 127. 
Buxton, , 12. 

Daniel, 238. 

John, 35. 

Jonathan, 251, 252. 



Cabot, , 241. 

Edward, 241. 

Joseph S., 158. 
Callahan, Abraham, 123. 
Calvary Episcopal Church, 179. 
Campbell, Elizabeth, 210. 
Canright, Elder, 191. 
Carey, E. J., 248. 
Carleton, Charles, 246, 

Loring, 124. 
Carmichael, Ludwig, 211. 
Carpet manufacturing, 135, 136, 140, 

Carr, , 127. 

Edward G., 248. 

Katherine, 210. 
Carrier, Martha, 30. 
Carroll, , 61. 

John T., 258, 259. 

Marcus, 179. 

Nathaniel, 15. 
Carruthers, William, 146. 
Cartmill, Jonathan, 191. 
Case, S„ 132. 
Cashman, M. J., 208. 

Cassell, , 169. 

Cassidy, William M,, 191. 

Cate (negro), 52, 61. 

Celebration, 150th Anniversary, 204. 

Cemeteries, 143, 144. 

Centennial celebration, 161. 

Central fire station, 112. 

Chaffin, A. W., 92. 

Chamberlain, Mellen, 216, 247. 

Champion, Alexander, 238. 

Channell, William H., 189. 

Chaplin, Charles, 257. 

Jeremiah, 85, 91, 103, 124. 
Chase, A. Preston, 203, 248, 250, 
259, 262. 

Herbert J., 161. 

Preston M., 246. 

Robert F., 179. 
Cheever, Aaron, 66. 

H. C, 150. 

Samuel, 73. 

Thomas, 117. 

William, 117., 
Cherry Hill, 9. 
Chickamauga, Ga., 204. 
Choate, Rufus, 259, 260. 
Churchill, Sarah, 23. 
Civil War, 112, 179, 180. 
Claflin, , 170. 

William, 169. 
Clancy, G. C, 134. 

Clapp, Granville W., 124. 

W. E., 248. 
Clarissa (sch.), 115. 
Clark, Aaron F., 162, 256, 257. 

Caleb, 92. 

Peter, 18, 45, 57, 64, opp. 75. 

Samuel, opp. 75. 

William, 64, 246. 
Clark house, 214. 
Clergymen, 246. 
Clerks of the Town, 250. 
Clifford, John H., 169. 
Clinton, Iowa, 232. 
Clock, electric, 202. 
Clough, Ira P., 150. 

James, 35. 
Coard, Francis, 20. 
Coffin, Simeon, 189. 
Cogswell, William, 242. 
Colcord, J. Herbert, 246. 
Cole, Gideon, 92. 

Robert, 13. 
Cole grant, 13, 
Collins, , 103, 104. 

Judge, 235. 

Benajah, 103, 247. 

Deborah, 104, 236. 

Hepsebeth, 104, 236, 

Susanna, 235, 

Thomas, 189. 

Triphenia, 104. 
Collins house, 103. 
Columbiana (vessel), 131. 
Combo (negro), 52, 61. 
Come-outers, 148. 

Company K, 8th Regt., 201, 203, 204. 
Conamabsquenooncant River, 5. 
Conant, Roger, 2. 

Silas, 123. 

Connors, , 132. 

Cook, , 1.50. 

Benjamin, opp. 110. 

Charles A., 208. 

Mrs. Eleanor, 210. 

George T., opp. 105. 

Henry, 261. 

Henry W., 208. 

Samuel, 71. 
Corey, Giles, 16, 26, 30. 

Martha, 26, 30. 
Corning, Phineas, 123. 
Corwin, George, opp. 24. 

Jonathan, 8, 25. 
Cotta, Robert, 233. 
Cotton, Edward H., 120, 190. 



Couch, Fred, 194. 

Lester S., 144. 

Parley, 194. 
Country stores, 122, 124-126, 141. 
Cowhouse River, 5. 
Craddock, Matthew, 3. 
Crane, Lawrence, 211. 
Crane River, 9, 43, 44, 46. 
Crane River bridge, 46. 
Creese, , 150. 

Mrs. W. H., 206, 209. 

Walter T., 208, 258, 259, 262. 
Creese & Cook, 150. 
Crehore, Marion B., 209. 
Croft, William H., 189. 
Crosby, Joseph, 124. 
Cross, Jacob, 124, 131. 

Michael, 73. 

Moses K., 246. 

Peter, 254. 
Crowley, Benjamin, 248. 

Daniel, 145. 

D. K, 247, 250. 

Kate R., 197. 
Crowninshield, Benjamin, 98. 

Jacob, 108. 

John, opp. 121. 
Cudjo (negro), 51. 
Cummings, Cyrus, opp. 105. 

David, 247. 

Samuel, opp. 110. 
Currier, Moses J., 124, 125, 257. 

W. M., 193. 
Currier's shop, 89, 91. 
Cuthberton, H., 189. 
Cutler, John, 149. 

Jonathan, 246. 

Daland, Deland, Benjamin, 71. 

Katherina, 34. 

Moses, 189. 
Dale, Archelaus, 73, 249-251. 

Ebenezer, 246. 

William C, 189. 
Daley, John, 246. 
Damon, , 140. 

Frank C, 134, 202, 250, 258. 
Dana, Richard H., 242. 

Samuel T., 170. 
Danforth, Mrs. Helen, 210. 
Daniels, David, 156, 261. 

Robert S., 156, 162, 166, 177, 249, 
250, 255, 259-261. 
Danvers, Eleanor, 43. 
Danvers, origin of name of, 42. 
Danvers, 111., 42. 

Danvers, Montana, 42. 

Danvers Carpet Co., 141. 

Danvers Centennial, 161. 

Danvers Co-operative Bank, 128. 

Danvers Courier, 151. 

Danvers Eagle, 151. 

Danvers Herald, 151. 

Danvers Historical Society, 84, 198. 

Danvers Home for the Aged, 205. 

Danvers Hotel, 193, 

Danvers Ice Co., 153. 

Danvers Improvement Society, 197. 

Danvers Incorporated, 42, 54, 263. 

Danvers Iron Works, 98, 234. 

Danvers Light Infantry, 112, 180, 
181, 183, 201. 

Danvers Mirror, 151. 

Danvers Monitor, 151. 

Danvers Moral Society, 111. 

Danvers National Bank, 127. 

Danvers Plains, 13, 122-135. 

Danvers Railroad Co., 158. 

Danvers River, 5. 

Danvers Savings Bank, 128. 

Danvers State Hospital, 192. 

Danvers Social Library, 102. 

Danvers Whig, 151. 

Danvers Women's Association, 197. 

Danversport, 9, 42-49, 113-119, 143, 

Danvers Visiting Nurse Associa- 
tion, 206. 

Danvers Volunteer Aid Assoc, 204. 

Darling, John, opp. 65. 
Jonathan, 35. 

Davenport, , 19. 

Richard, 10. 

Davis, A. A., 120. 

Day, , 127. 

Dearborn, Henry, 8. 

Deering, C. H., 247. 

Dehly, Gerhardt, 120. 

Deliverance (negro), 52, 61. 

DeLong, H. C, 120. 

Demsey, Alden, 123. 

Dennison, , 14. 

De Normandie, Eugene, 190. 

Derby, Elias Haskett, 103, 244. 
Richard, 37, 39, 240. 

Dickinson, E. W., 91. 

Dickson, Thomas, 238. 

Dill (negro), 52, 61, 62. 

Dillingham, F. A., 120. 

Dinah (negro), 52, 

District school system, 105. 

Division of Danvers, 176, 177. 



Dodge, Charles W., 189. 

Francis, 177, opp. 1S4, 187, 256, 
257, 261. 

Granville M., opp. 185, 186, 190. 

John, 20. 

Josiah, 21. 

Mary W., opp. 12. 

Rebecca, 187. 

Uzziel, opp. 110. 

William, 20, 177, 256, 257, 261. 

William B., opp. 105. 
Dolphin (sch.), 115. 
Donnell, W. Arthur, 2C8, 259. 
Dougherty, Thomas E., 262. 
Douty, Jacob, opp. 105. 
Downing, , 141. 

Emanuel, 13, opp. 16. 

George, 13. 
Downing grant, 13. 
Drapeau, Arthur, 210, 211. 
Drapeau-MacPhetres Post, 212. 
Drinkwater, Arthur, 91. 
Driver, Stephen, 231. 
Drury, Lucien, 92. 
Dudley, G. W., 134. 

Dwinnell, , 178. 

Dwinell, George H., 189. 

Eagle Carpet Co., 141. 
Earl, George W., 159. 
Earthen ware, 126. 
Earthquake, 37. 
Eastern Railroad Co., 155, 158. 
Eastman, Bishop, 179. 
Easty, Mary, 30. 
Eaton, Charles F., 236. 

E. Everett, 123. 

George N., 170. 

Joseph W., 92. 

Roland G., 259. 

W. W., 143, 198, 246. 
Electric lighting, 203. 
Eliza (sch.), 115, 116. 
Elliott, , 117. 

Charles L., 124. 

George A., 189. 
Ellis, Reuben, 189. 
Elmere, Magdalene D., 151. 
Elwell, Andrew, 194. 
Emerson, Daniel, 134, 256. 

George W,, 217. 

Mrs. S. Mabel, 201, 217. 
Endecott pear tree, 6. 
Endecott Tavern, 101. 

Endicott, Endecott, ,5, 6, 9, 11, 

13, 27, 144, 157, 241. 

Charles M., 6. 

Elias, 123. 

Israel, 117. 

John, 1, 2, opp, 29, opp. 32, 117, 
235, 245, 260. 

Lewis, 117. 

Moses, 117. 

Samuel, 101, 117, 237, 245, 246. 

William, 116, opp. 121, 149, 249, 
256, 257. 

William C, 5, 6, 170, 242, 243, 245, 
Eppes, Eps, — , 69. 

Daniel, 41, 43, 51, 249-251, 259. 

John, 251, 252. 

Samuel, 68, 70, 86, 252, 260. 
Essex (frigate), 98. , 
Essex bridge, 46. 
Essex bridge controversy, 95-97. 
Essex County Agricultural School, 

Essex Institute, 128. 
Essex Railroad Co., 158. 
Evans, Kenneth E., 190. 

S. J., 179. 

William S., 189, 
Eveleth, Jonathan, 150. 
Ewell, George A., 189. 
Ewing, Addison A., 246. 

Charles E., 246. 

E. C, 146. 

George H., 246. 

Fairfield, , 117. 

Samuel, 111. 

William, opp. 121. 
Fairweather, Thomas, 239. 
Faneuil Hall Convention, 56. 
Farley, Elizabeth, 240. 

Michael, 240. 

Susanna, 240. 
Farmer, E. A., 212. 
Farrar, J. E., 123. 
Farwell, C. C, 123. 
Fellows, , 132. 

Alfred, 123, 150. 
Felton, , 12. 

Daniel, opp. 105. 

J. S., opp. 110. 

John, 238. 

Malachi, 41, 249. 

Nathan, 250, 253-255, 260. 
Fennessey, R. T., 134. 
Ferguson, George, 212. 
Fires, 151. 



First Church, 17, 18, 21, 22, 30, 31. 

Fire department, 105, 

First Mass. Heavy Artillery, 182. 

Fish, Nathaniel P., 189. 

Fiske, George W., 33, 144. 

Fisk, N. B., 191. 

Five Sisters (sch.), 11.5. 

Fletcher, .James, 146, 160. 

Flint, , 12. 

Eben S., 214. 

Elijah, 253, 2.54. 

Hezekiah, 260. 

Mrs. H. M., 210. 

Samuel, 41, 43, 68, 70, 86, 249-252. 

Thomas, 16, 19, 31, 251. 

W. E., 247. 

William, 133. 
•'Flower of Essex," 20. 
Folger, Abiah, 99. 

Bethseda, 99. 

Peter, 99. 
Folkersamb, John F., 246. 
Folly Hill, 36-41. 
Forbes, H. P., 120. 
Fort at Waters River, 110. 
Forty-niners, 159. 
Foss, LevFis, 194. 
Foster, Benjamin, 91. 

Elliott, 246. 

Gideon, 70, 79, 80, 133, 250, 252, 
253, 260. 

James, 260. 

Samuel, 35. 
Fountain, 200. 
Fourteenth Infantry, 182. 
Fow^le, Samuel, 121. 
Fowler, , opp. 48, 88. 

Augustus, 257. 

E. O., 246. 

Emily, opp. 199, 206. 

Harriet, 146. 

Henry, 116, opp. 121, 177, 256, 261. 

John, opp. 110, J27, 254. 

John P., opp. 105. 

Samuel, jr., 117. 

Samuel P., opp. 105, 113, 143, 141, 
150, 162, 169, 171, 246, 256, 266. 

Sara, opp. 114. 
Fox Hill, 44. 
Francis, William, 149. 
Franklin, Benjamin, 99. 

John, 165. 

Joseph, 99. 
Franklin Hall, 178. 
Freemasonry, 102,110, 111. 

French, Fred U., 124, 202. 

George W., 124, 134. 

Mary, 37. 

Philip, 37. 
French and Indian War, Danvers 

Men in, 31, 32, 49. 
French neutrals, 50. 
Frost, Caleb L.,132, 261. 

George W., opp. 105. 

John, opp. 110. 
Frostfish River, 10, 13. 
Fuller, , 112. 

Benjamin M., 189. 

Daniel, 134. 

Nehemiah, 113. 

Nehemiah P., ISO, 183. 

Thomas, 16. 
Fulton, , 97. 

Robert, 97. 

Gaffney, James J., 208, 248. 
Gage.Thomas, 8, 63, 66, opp. 68, 84, 

101, 235. 
Gallivan, , 127. 

T. J., 134. 
Gallows hill, 27, 28. 
"The Gambrel Roof," 61. 
Gardner, Daniel, 43, 251, 259. 

Joseph, 19, 251. 

Samuel, 252, 253. 

Thomas, 10. 
Gas, 203. 
Gavet, L. F., 231. 
Geer, C. M., 18. 
Gen. Israel Putnam Chapter, D. A. 

R., 57, 77, 200. 
•'General Putnam" (engine), 106. 
Georgetown and Danvers Railroad, 

156, 158. 
Getchell, Ephraim, 189. 
Gibbs, Susan H.,247. 
Giddings, Solomon, 117. 
Gifford, , 219. 

William F., 189. 
Gillette, S. E., 208. 
Gingill, John, 16. 
Glide (ship), 116. 
Gold fever, 159. 
Goldsmith, VV. B., 247. 
Goldthwait, Eben, 71. 
Good, Sarah, 25, 30. 
Goodale, Goodell, , 12, 144. 

A. C, 247. 

Asa, 135. 

Ebenezer, 251, 252. 

Isaac, 15. 



Goodale, James, 123, 135. 

Joshua, 117. 

Loring B., 208. 

Perley, 256. 

Robert, 10, 15, 16. 

Zachery, 15. 
Goodhue, J. A., 92. 
Goodridge, Benjamin, 132. 
Goodwin, John, 189. 
Gorton, Janet L., 209. 

W. A., 247. 

Mrs. William A., 206. 

William T., 212. 
Gothic Hall, 183, 193, 194. 
Gott, Charles, 10, 239. 
Goudy, C. W. C, 189. 
Gould, , 132. 

Andrew, opp. 110. 

Charles H., 123. 

Daniel H., 189. 

Ellen M., 201. 

Humphrey, 246. 

Mrs. Lyman, 210. 
Gould's Tavern, 106. 
Gove, John G., 131. 
Grand Army, 189. 
Grand Banks, 115. 
Grand Turk (privateer), 88. 
Grant, Eugene M., 120. 

Orville B., 160. 
Grants, 2, 5, 9. 
Gray, , 127. 

Alonzo, 189. 

Francis A., 246. 

William, 169. 
Green, Joseph, 18, 32, 34. 

Thomas, 91. 
Griffin, A. W., 179. 
Griggs, , 24, 34. 

William, 246. 
Grosvenor, D. A., 246. 
Grout, John, 154. 

Samuel S., 189. 
Grubaugh, Leon E., 146. 

Hadley, H. L., 247. 
Hadlock, James, 16. 
Hale, E. P., 246. 

John, 30. 

Susan E., 209. 
Hall, Everson, 189. 

Ralph Q.,211. 
Halley, Patrick J., 178. 
Ham, James H., 189. 
Hambleton, W. J., 191. 
Hamilton, , 108. 

Hancock, John, 97. 
Hanson, , 141. 

J. W., 120. 
Hardy, Henry A., 261. 

Isaac, 139. 
Harlequin (privateer), 88. 
Harriman, Jesse P., 149. 
Harrington, A. H., 247. 

Myron O., 160. 
Hart, Henry H., 161. 
Hartman, Thomas, 189. 
Harvey, Mrs. Grace, 209. 
Haskell, , 117. 

D. C, 131. 
Hathorne, Anna, opp. 16. 

Eunice, 150. 

John, 25. 

William, 10, opp. W, 19, 25. 
Hathorne Hill, 10, 187, 192. 
Hawes, Frank M., 161. 
Hawk (sch.), 115. 
Hawkins, C. J., 146. 
Hawthorne, , 8. 

Nathaniel, 37, 
Hayes, Rev., 120, 190. 
Haynes, William, 5. 
Hebbert, Samuel, 19. 
Henderson, David, 140. 
Henry, Foster, 92. 
Herrick, Benjamin J., opp, 105. 

Israel, 19. 

Joseph, 20. 
Herring, E. A., 92. 
Higgins, Ralph S., 127. 
High Street Cemetery, 144. 
Hill, E. L., 247. 

James, 189. 
Hiller, Charles, 189. 
Hills, Nathaniel, 160, 171. 
Hinds, Ambrose, 189. 
Hines, Ezra D., 13, 37, 205. 

John, 149, 261. 

Mary E., 135. 
Hobbs, Spencer S., 204. 

Theodore, 131. 
Hodge, Elias, 191. 
Hodson, F. A., 120. 
Holbrook, Charles F., 92. 
Holmes, John Haynes, 190. 

Oliver Wendell, 24, 170, 190. 
Holroyd, John, 91. 

Holten, Houlton, , 56, 58, 59, 

101, 102, 104, 107, 144. 

Benjamin, 35, 59, 101. 

John, opp. 33. 

Joseph, opp. 8, 10, 15, 19. 



Holten, Samuel, 56, 57, 63, 73, 111, 

160, 200, 246-252, 259, 260. 
Holten High School, 159-161, 200, 

Holten High School prizes, 162. 
Holten house, 101, 200. 
Holten Royal Arch Chapter, 111. 
Holten Tavern, 101. 
Home Guard, 209. 
Hood, Elizabeth F., 197, 201. 

John, 149. 

Joseph E., 134, 250. 

Richard, 149. 

Wallace P., 208. 
Hook, H. William, 246. 

John, opp. 65. 
Hooper, Joseph, 65. 

Matthew, 98, 136, 168, 234. 

Polly, 234. 

Robert, 47, 64, 66, 103, 234, 235, 

Stephen, 65. 

Swett, 65. 
Hooper house, 63-66, 101. 
Horgan, Daniel F., 178. 
Home, Abiel A., 189. 
Horswell, Jennie, 219, 222. 

John, 218, 222. 
Horton, N. A., 194. 
Houlton, Me., 36. 
House, A. v., 18, 36. 
Houses, Early, 7. 
Howard, A. Sumner, 171, 250. 

Jonathan, opp. 110. 

Levi, 189. 

Lizzie M., 171. 

R. H., 191. 

Thomas, 19. 
Howe, How, Albert, 123. 

Elizabeth, 30. 

Frederick, 150, 193. 

George, 123. 

George W., 160. 

Isaac B. , 232. 

Joseph W., 247. 

Margaret, 206, 210, 232. 
Howes, Elizabeth, 241. 

Frederick, 241, 247, 260. 

Lucy, 241. 
Hoyt, Joseph, opp. 105. 
Hubbard, Elizabeth, 23. 
Huckins, Austin, 124. 
Hudgell, Robert V., 179. 
Hughes, J. F., 248, 250. 
Humphrey, John, 9. 
Hunt. Ebenezer, 150, 246. 
Hurley, James J., 189. 

Huse, John, 132. 

Hussey, J. Frederick, 208, 210, 233. 

William Penn, 205, 234. 

Hutchinson, , 12, 66, 72, 144, 


Ambrose, opp. 17. 

Benjamin F., 257. 

E. H., 149. 

Eben, 123. 

Edward, 123. 

Elijah, 101. 

Elisha, opp. 65. 

Israel, 70, 73, 81-83, 85, 96, 114, 

James, 123. 

Jeremiah, 260. 

John, 16. 

Joseph, 16, 17, 19. 

Richard, 10, 16, opp. 17. 

Thomas, 37. 
Hyde, J. W., 179. 

William L., opp. 137. 

Ice exported to England, 152. 
Ideal Baby Shoe Co., 202. 
Incorporation as a District, 42. 
Incorporation as a Town, 54, 263. 
Independent Agricultural School, 

Indians, 3, 5, 8, 10, 11, 19-21, 78. 
IngersoU, , 34. 

Jonathan, opp. 65, 243. 

Nathaniel, 15, 16, 18, 20, 31, 101. 

Richard, 5, 9. 
Inoculation, 90" 
Intemperance, 111. 
Ipswich road, 8. 
Ireland, 25. 
Irish settlers, 144. 

Jackson, Andrew, 128. 

Eben, 214. 

Harry E., 128, 208, 247. 

O. E., 247. 

William H., 236. 
Jacobs, , 131, 144. 

Benjamin, opp. 110, 250, 255. 

Ebenezer, 51, 251. 

George, 29, 30. 

Henry, 71. 

Joseph, 261. 

Primus (negro), 52. 

Warren M., 168. 
Jay, John, 242. 

Jefferson, , 8. 

Jeffs, T. C, 189. 



Jenkins, L. W., 190. 

Mrs. L. W., 210. 

T. O., 248. 
Jeremiah (sch.), 115. 
Jessup, William W., 189. 
Johnson, Daniel, 132. 

George, 117. 

Henry, 117. 

James A., 117. 

Thomas, 117. 

William, opp. 105, 117. 
Jones, John Paul, 86. 

Reed, 123. 
Jordan, Marcus A., 211. 
Jordan Lodge, 110. 
Josselyn, Hercules, 149. 

John, 73, 133. 
Jupiter (privateer), 88. 

Kane, , 165. 

Kain, John, 145. 
Kate (negro), 54. 

George, 149. 
Keene, Joseph W., 161. 
Keith, C. A., 124. 
Kelley, Dennis M., 135. 

James, 149. 

James W., 189. 

Martin, 124. 
Kellum, Lott, 16. 
Kennedy, D. B., 178. 
Kenney, G. W., 134, 183. 

Gertrude S., 134. 

Henry, 16, 19. 

Isadora E., 197. 

Thomas, 19. 

W. J. C, 117, 139. 
Kenniston, Allen, 10. 
Kent, , 88. 

Benjamin, 117. 

Irene, 149. 

Moses A., 189. 
Kemp, E. A., 246. 
"Kernwood," 241. 
Kettelle, Emma P., 216. 

John, 73, 111, 253. 
Kimball, Dean, opp. 105. 

Edward D., 223. 

Mrs. Maria Grey, 197, 210. 

O., 131. 
Kindergarten, 200. 
King, Daniel P., 249, 255, 259, 261. 

Eben, 1G2, 177, 2.56. 

H. B., 191. 

James P., 261. 

Joseph, 21. 

Samuel, 43, 250-252. 

King Philip's War, Danvers men in, 

19, 20. 
Kirby, John F., 178. 
Kitchen, Bethia, 33. 

Robert, .33. 
Kline, G. M., 247. 
Knapp, , 141. 

W. H., 120. 
Knapp & Downing, 141. 
Knight, Allen, 150. 

Charles, 19. 

Jonathan, 15, 16. 

Philip, 15, 16. 

Samuel, 131. 
Knowlton, Raymond, 211. 

Thomas, opp. 64. 
Knox, , 77. 

Lane, Ralph W., 211. 

Langley, John R., 123, 131, 149, 168. 

Larcom, Lucy. 61, opp. 68. 

Lawford, W. F., 191. 

Lawrence, Abel, 218. 

Caroline, 217, 218. 

Charles, 217, 218, 222. 
Lawsou, Deodat, 18. 
Lawyers, 247, 263. 
Leach, Leech, Alice P., 209. 

John, 10, 16. 

Mrs. Osborne, 210. 

Richard, 10, 16. 

Robert, 19, 20. 

Samuel, 239. 

Timothy, 253. 
Learovd, Addison P., 250, 262. 

Albert F., 2.59. 

Charles B., 246. 

Charles H., 246. 

John A., 91, 131, 146, 150. 

John S., 206. 
Leather, 14, 89, 90. 
Leather introduced into England, 

Leather manufacturers, 131, 132. 
Leavitt, Alexander A., 150. 

Joseph, 189. 
Lee, John, 88. 
Leech's Tavern, 101. 
Lefiflan, Samuel A., 189. 
Legro, Edmund, 123. 

Joseph W., 149. 
Leslie, , 69. 

Thurman, 208. 
Lewis, Mercy, 23. 

Phebe, 51. 
Lexington Monument, 133. 
Liberty bridge, 97. 



Libraries, 102, 103, 168-171. 

Lincoln Hall, 191. 

Lindall, Timothy, 32, 33, 

Lindall Hill, 32, 91, 240. 

"The Lindens," 64, 103-105, 170, 

Little, Elbridge, 150. 

Harry E., 211. 
Livermore, D. P., 120. 

L. J., 190. 
Liverpool, 153. 
Liverpool, N. S., 103, 104. 
Locust Lawn, 223. 
Log cabin, 138. 
Logan, John A., 134. 
Long, Henry F., 158. 

Longfellow, , 50, 

Lord, J. Anderson, 218, 259. 

Nathaniel J., 242. 

William, 234. 
Lothrop, , 170. 

S. K., 170. 

Thomas, 20. 
Lowe, Low, Caleb, 70, 86, 253, 260. 

Mrs. S. F., 210. 
Lowell, James E., 189. 

John Amory, 170. 
Lunt, Andrew, opp. 105, 256, 261. 

George, 170. 
Lynch, Raymond U., 259. 

Timothy J., 208. 
Lyndsey, Eleazer, 19. 
Lynn, C. B., 120. 
Lynnfield, 181. 
Lyons, Charles H., 189. 

Dennis, 248. 

P. H., 248. 

McAuliff, Michael, 189. 
McCuUough, G. W., 92. 
McDowell, James, 246. 
McDonald, J. B., 247. 
MacFadden, Robert A., 146. 
McGuigan, J. J., 246. 
Mclntire, James F., 149, 

Samuel, 237, 244. 
McKeigue, Edward, 178, 
Mackintire, Abel, 251. 

Solomon, opp. 110. 
Mclntire, Ingalls K., 149. 
MacPetres, Hadley, 211. 
Magee, E. H., 247. 
Magill, W. P., 179. 
Magnolia (vessel), 186. 
Mains, H. L., 247. 
Maley, Francis, 178. 
Manassa, Anna E., 134. 

Manchester, Eng., 131. 
Maple Street Church, 145, 146. 
Maple Street School, 112, 181. 
Maplewood, 206. 
Marble, Daniel, 251. 
Margaret (ship), 117. 
Marietta, Ohio, 93-95. 
Mark, George A., 120. 
Marsh, Anna P., 247. 

Daniel, 172. 

Ezekiel, 52, 251. 

Jasper, 128, 208. 
Marshall, John, 160. 

William, 131. 
Marston, Jacob, 258. 
Martin, George B., 124. 

Susanna, 30. 
Marston, Annie L., 209. 
Mason, Edward D., 161. 

Robert M., 170. 
Massachusetts Temperance Society, 

Massey, Dudley A., 198. 
Master mariners, 117. 
Masury, Charles H., 183, 

Evelyn F., 197, 201. 
Matagorda (vessel), 186, 
Mather, Cotton, 2, 8, 26. 
Matthews, Nathan, 179, 
May, C. S,, 247, 
Mead, Abner S., 150, 

David, 134, 247, 

J. W., 134. 
Mead & Webb, 195. 
Meader, Charles E., 189. 
Meeting house, first, 17, 31. 
Melcher, Henry M., 168. 
Merriam, Nathaniel P., 134, 141, 

Merrick, F. W., 146. 
Merrill, , 149, 

C, A., 191. 

C. O., 210. 

Henry M., 123. 

John, 189. 

Levi, 134. 

Samuel A., 234. 

Wingate. opp. 105, 256. 
Merrow, Edith C, 209. 
Meteor, The, 193. 
Methodist Episcopal Church, 191, 
Metzger, William, 189, 
Mexican War, 158. 
Middle precinct, 32, 35, 36. 
Militia, 10, 18, 19, 68, 109, 112, 113. 
Mills, 44-46, 102, 118, 



Mitchell, Francis L., 163. 

Fred C, 161. 

H. W., 247. 

John C, 190. 

Maria, 100, 
Moderators, 249. 
Montague, Lady Mary, 43. 
Montgomery, Edward L., 161. 
Moody, Henry L., 242. 

Melissa A., 242. 

William H., 241, 247. 
Moore, Paul H., 212. 
Morgan, Daniel, 9. 

James, 189. 
Moriarty, J. J., 247. 

Thomas, 246. 
Morrill, Frederick, 261. 
Morse, Carl F. A., 208. 

George D., 208, 262. 

Isadore, 224. 

Mrs. Leopold, 224. 

Tyler, 224. 
Mosaic Lodge, 111. 
Moulton, Benjamin, 251. 

Robert, 15. 
Moynahan, Frank E., 151. 
Mudge, Albert H., 134. 

Augustus, 123, 128, 259. 

Edwin, 123, 257, 262. 

O. P., 246. 

Otis, 123, 256, 257, 261. 

Sarah W., 210. 

Simon, 73. 
Mullins, W. H., 212. 
Municipal lighting, 203. 
Munroe, Harris, 131. 

James M., 132. 
Murphy, Leonard, 246. 

Milan, 52. 

Murray, , 120. 

Musgrave, Thomas A., 181, 189. 

Nail cutting machine, 98. 
Nancy (sch.), 115. 
Nangle, Robert B., 211. 
Narragansett fight, 19, 20. 
Neal, Harriot P., 210. 
"Neck of Land," 48, 142. 
Needham, , 12. 

Jasper, 251. 

Joseph, 20. 

Stephen, opp. 105, 250-253. 

William, 150. 
Neilson, Augustus B., 242. 
New Hampshire Iron Co., 116. 
New Mills, 9, 42-49, 72, 87, 91, 92, 
113-119, 143, 147-151. 

New Mills Alarm Company, 110. 
New Mills Lyceum, 103. 
New Mills Social Library, 103. 
New Salem Pioneers, 35. 
Newbury port and Boston R. R., 158. 
Newhall, Aaron F., opp. 110. 

Benjamin E., 127. 

Benjamin S., 208. 

Charles, 133, 134, 203. 

Henry, 194. 

Josiah, opp. 105. 
Newspapers, 151. 
Niagara (engine), 106. 
Nichols, Abel, 149, 223, 249, 256, 

Andrew, opp. 110, 134, 150, 246, 
247, 249, 254. 

Mrs. Andrew, 206. 

Ezra, opp. 105. 

John H., 223, 246. 

Joshua, 135. 

Mrs. Joshua, 219, 223. 

Mary W., 197. 

Oda Howe, 224. 

William, 10. 
Nickerson, W. C, 208. 
Nightingale, C. S., 92. 

J. Ellis, 208, 259. 
Niles, E. H., 247. 
Nita (vessel), 186. 
Norman, George H., 192. 
Norris & Preston, 131. 
North bridge, 68, 69. 
Northend, William D., 158. 
Northwest Territory, 93-95. 
Nowers, Fred H., 209. 
Noyes, Francis, 123. 

Harriet, 174. 

John M. C, 123, 131. 

Nathaniel, 174. 

Nicholas, 26. 

Sally, 174. 
Nurse, Nourse, , 144. 

Allen, 189. 

Francis, 27, opp. 29, 73, 251. 

Rebecca, 8, 27, 30. 

Rogers, 73, 133. 
Nurse farm, 9. 
Nutting, Daniel, opp. 105. 

Oak Hill, 9, 236, 237. 
Oakes, Caleb, 117, 144, 174. 

William, 100, 117, 247. 
O'Brien, Jeremiah, 85. 

John, 86. 

Morris, 85. 



Oby, Maurice C, opp. 115. 
Ogden, William H., 189. 
Ohio Company, 93-95. 
Oliver, B. L., opp. 110. 
Omnibus line, 154. 
O'Neil, J. H., 248. 
Orchard Farm, 5, 6. 
O'Keilly, Fr., 178. 
O'Rourke, D. J., 248. 
Orkhussunt River, 5. 
Osborn, Osborne, , 12. 

Alexander, 25. 

Sir Danvers, 43, 263. 

George, 156, 177, 259. 

Joseph, 250, 253. 

Kendall, 156, 255-257. 

Miles, 162. 

Peter 43, 

Richard, 254, 256, 257, 261. 

Sarah, 25, SO, 217. 

Sylvester, 86, 133, 254, 260. 

William, 20. 
Osgood, Gayton P., 158. 

George, 246, 249. 

Joseph, 162. 
Otis, Harrison Gray, 97. 
Owen, Llewellyn A., 120, 190. 

Page, , 62, 87, 144. 

Anne L., 61, 197, 200. 

Betsey, 115. 

Charles W., 149, 247. 

Clarissa, 115, 117. 

Eliza, 115. 

Jeremiah, 52, 70, 73, 83, 84, 86, 
101, 115, 127, 250, 253. 

John, 254, 260, 261. 

Nancy, 115. 

Nicholas, 20. 

Rebecca, 115. 

Sally, 115. 

Samuel, 73, 86, 110, 111, 114, 117. 
249, 250, 253, 254. 

William, 115. 

William P., 246, 260. 
Page house, opp. 125, 200. 
Page tea party, 60-63. 
Paine, H. H., 191. 
Palmer, Thomas, 124, 201. 
Parish rate abolished, 119. 
Park, public, 198. 
Parker, Alice, 30. 

George H., 44, 208. 

Mary, 30. 

William H., 189. 

Parris, Elizabeth, 23. 

Samuel, 18, 23. 
Patch, Emilie K., 171. 
Paton, Andrew H., 259, 262. 

Mrs. A. H., 210. 
Patten, John R., 149, 246. 
Patterson, Jesse C, opp. 105. 
Peabody, , 163, 164, 167-169,175. 

Benjamin, opp. 110. 

Francis, 64, 105, 169-171, 236, 237, 
242, 244. 

George, 159, 161, 162, 164-166, 168, 
171, 172, 174, 175, 237, 243. 

George Augustus, opp. 121, 171, 
208, 239, 242. 

George H., 124, 262. 

George W., 189, 

Jacob C, R., 237, 250. 

John, 139. 

Joseph, 236, 243, 245. 

Joseph A., 245. 

Robert Singleton, 170. 

Samuel E., 241. 
Peabody, Riggs & Co., 164. 
Peabody Farm, 243. 
Peabody Institute, 169-171, 242. 
Peabody Library, 168-171. 
Peabody Press, 151. 
Peabody reception, 165-167. 
Peale, Julius, 250. 
Pegging machine, 128. 
Peirce, Elizabeth, 220. 

George, 220, 

Nathan, 217, 220, 221. 
Pepperell, William, 49, 
Perkins, Mrs. C. E., 210. 

Elliott, 248. 

Henry A., 257, 258. 

J. Frank, 189. 

Mrs, Thomas, 210. 
Perley, A. Procter, 124, 125. 

Charles N,, 125, 134, 160, 197, 258. 

Frederick, 123. 

Jacob, 139. 

John, 124, 125. 

Nathaniel, 125. 
Perley's store, 124-126. 
Perry, Benjamin, opp, 105. 

Jacob, 113, 171, 

Jacob F., opp. 105, 255, 257, 261. 

James M., 257, 

James O., 259, 
Pester, William, 217, 223. 
Peters, Hugh, 9, 
Petition for separate parish, 16. 
Pequot War, 11, 



Phelps, Joseph, opp. 105. 
Philbrick, John D., 216. 

Julia A., 183, 214. 
Phillips, Alouzo P., 139, 261. 

John, 11. 

Stephen, 217, 220-223. 

Stephen H., 247. 

Stephen W., 219. 

Walter, 101. 
Phillips-Lawrence-Sanders house, 

Phillips Tavern, 101. 
Phips, , 30, 43. 

William, 22. 
Physicians, 74, 246. 
Pickering, , 107, 108. 

Octavius, 108. 

Timothy, opp. 104, 106, 247. 
Piemont, John, 101, 110. 
Piemont's Tavern, 101, 102. 
Pierce, J. W., 134. 
Pillsbury, Harvey H., 193, 205, 206. 
Pinder, Kent & Fovrler, 88. 
Pines, The, 6. 
Pingree, Asa, 158. 
Pioneers, 35. 

Pitcher, Sylvia C, 219, 223. 
Poland & Connors, 132. 
Pool & Jacobs, 131. 
Poole, Pool, , 131. 

Fitch, 139, 140, 158, 261. 

Jane, 33. 

Leonard, 116, opp. 121, 257. 

Ward, 250. 

William, opp. 110. 

William F., 162,252. 
Poor, Eben S., 261. 

Ebenezer, opp. 105. 

Frank A., 208. 

Henry, 156, 168, 177, 256, 259,261. 

Joseph, 162, 256. 

Nathan, opp. 110, 249, 250, 255, 
260, 261. 

Nathan H., 257, 262. 

Sally, 174. 

Pope, , 12, 144. 

Pope, Amos, 99, 101. 

Bethseda, 99. 

Daniel P., 124, 258, 259. 

Fletcher, 128. 

Hannah, 74. 

Ira P., 123. 

Joseph, 10, 99. 

Nathaniel, 73, 177, 251, 255, 256. 

Zephaniah, 101. 
Porphory Hall, 231. 

Porter, Aaron, 150. 

Alfred, opp. 110, 189. 

Alfred R., 149. 

Benjamin, 45, 73, 77, 98, 117, 239, 

Ella J., 197. 

Eunice, 150. 

George W., 189. 

Hathorne, 149, 1.50. 

Israel, 32, 239. 

Israel P. 117. 

J. Frank! 128i 193, 198, 259, 262. 

J. W., 247. 

James, 250, 253. 

John, 13, 14, 16, opp. 32, 45, opp. 
105, 239. 

Jonathan, 117, 123, 133. 

Joseph, 16, opp. 16, 150, 252. 

Moses, 73, 77, 79, 89, 150. 

Samuel, 263. 

Samuel M., 189. 

Thomas, 56, 249-251, 259. 

Warren, opp. 110, 113, 186. 

William, 239. 

Zerubbabel, 89, 119, 120, 150, 253, 
Porter's Plain, 13, 32. 
Porter's River, 9, 13. 
Porter's Tavern, 45, 47, 48, 55. 
Postal free delivery, 203. 
Post offices, 133, 134. 
Potter, Benjamin, 149. 

Henry, 134. 

Henry A., 149. 
Povrer, Thomas, 178. 
Powers, , 194-196. 

Ernest J., 161, 247. 
Pratt, Amos, 113. 

Nettie M., 210. 

Samuel S., 134. 
Pray, Harriet P., 219. 
Prentiss, Prentice, Capt., 19. 

Henry, 123, 134. 

Joseph Gr., 123. 
Prescott, Benjamin, 32, 250. 

Peter, 20. 
Preston, , 131, 132, 144. 

Abel, 177, 256, 257. 

Charles H., 128, 200, 205, 208, 258, 
259, 262. 

Mrs. C. H., 210. 

Charles P., 131, 171, 249,257,261. 

Daniel, opp. 110, 113. 

D. J., 183. 

Harriet Waters, 129. 

Henry, 124. 

Hiram, opp. 105. 



Preston, John, 35, 73, opp. 110, 249, 

251, 252, 254, 255, 260, 261. 

Levi, 73, 87, opp. 110, 133, 254. 

Louisa P., 199. 

Moses, opp. 105, 255. 

Nellie C, 197. 

Samuel, opp. 110, 122, opp. 125, 
128, 143, 156, 168, 256, 261. 

Thomas, 10. 
Prince, , 144. 

Arthur, 171, 173. 

Asa, 70, 87. 

David, 253. 

Elzaphan, opp. 105. 

James, 41, 43, 73, 250-252. 

John, 220. 

Jonathan, 57, 246. 

Robert, 15, 25. 

Sarah, 25. 
Prince-Osborne house, 25. 
Printing office, first, 88. 
Privateer, 104. 
Proctor, Abel, opp. 105 

Benjamin, 252. 

Daniel, opp. 110. 

John, 30, 41, opp. 105, 251. 

John C, 160. 

John W., 156, 249. 

Johnson, 73, 87, 133, 233, 254. 

Jonathan, 253. 

Joseph, 20. 

Lydia W., 129, 

Nathan, 251. 

Stephen, opp. 105, 250, 251. 

Sylvester, opp. 110, 163. 
Province charter, 22. 
Purrington, Daniel, 251. 
Putnam, , 67, 94, 132, 144. 

Aaron, 54, 123, 177, 252, 253, 257. 

Albert, 117. 

Alfred P., 138, 152, 198, 246. 

Allen, 73, 117, 246, 261. 

Amos, 35, 73, 74, 110, 238, 246,249. 

Andrew, 101, 110, 246. 

Andrew M., 117, 145. 

Ann, 23, 29, 30, 217. 

Archelaus, 44, 66, 87, opp. 105,107, 
246, 252. 

Archelaus F., 246. 

Arthur A., 181, 247, 249, 261. 

Benjamin, 73, 246, 251. 

Bessie, 206. 

Calvin, 98, 216. 

Catherine, 183. 

Daniel, 73, 123, 214-216, 252-254, 

Putnam, Daniel F., 123. 
David, 54, 213, 214,251. 
E. F., 250. 

Eben, 42, 113, 122, 255, 256, 261. 
Ebenezer, 246. 
Edmund, opp. 48, 71, 73, 87, 119, 

Edward, 31. 
Eleazer, 107. 
Elias, opp. 48, 89, 121, 125, 127, 

143, 145, 156-158, opp. 185, 190, 

198, 206. 
Elias E., 150, 249, 255, 259-261. 
Enoch, 73, 84, 111, 252. 
Francis P., 150, 261. 
Mrs. F. P., 214. 
Frank, 117. 
George, 117. 
George A., 123. 
Gideon, 101, 102, 124, opp. 125, 

249-252, 260. 
Hannah P., 238. 
Harriet, 146. 
Henry F., 123. 
Hiram, opp. 110, 117. 
Hiram B., 246. 
Holyoke, 31. 
Horace B., 117. 
Israel, 12, 29, 54, 59, 74, 76, 127, 

218-215, 255. 
Israel H., 123, 128, 132, 171. 
Israel W., 246. 
J. A., 202. 
J. M., 214. 
J. W-., 120. 

James, 64, opp. 104, 247. 
James F., opp. 110. 
James P., 246. 
James W., 261. 
Jeremiah, 73, 87, 111, 117. 
Jeremiah S., 246. 
Jesse, 109, opp. 110, 150, 214-216, 

Jethro, 55, 73, 110. 
Joel, 123, 257. 

John, 5, 12, 16, 213, 251, 252. 
John F., 257. 
Jonathan, 123. 
Joseph, 28, 43, 45, 73, 74, 127, 213- 

215, 251, 253, 254. 
Mary, 213. 
Matthew, 73. 
Melvin B., 123, 262. 
Miriam, 54. 
Moses, 90, 127, 146. 
Nathan, 73. 



Putnam, Xathaniel, 16, 73, 117, 150, 

232, 254, 260. 

Otis P., 101, 257, 258, 

Perley, 71, 114. 

Philemon, 112, 117, 261. 

Phineas, 54, 73, 252. 

Robert W., 189. 

Rufus, 93, 128, 257. 

Samuel, 67, 101, 107, 123, 143, 232, 
247, 251, 259. 

Sarah, 44, 67. 

Simeon, 113, 139, 206, 257, 262. 

Stephen, 43, 53, 54, 73, 251, 253. 

Susan, 214, 216, 217. 

Tarrant, 63. 

Thomas, 16, 19, 20, 23, 29, 73, 74, 
117, 144, 213, 249, 254, 255, 260. 

Timothy, 55, 73. 

Wallace A., 189. 

William, 214, 252. 

William E., 123. 

William R., 216. 
Putnam & Fellows, 132. 
Putnam Guards, 181-183. 
Putnam, Gen. Israel, birthplace, 

Putnam (ship), 115. 
Putnam Home, 206. 
Putnam Mills, 45, 102. 
Putnam Tavern, 101, 102. 
Putnamville, 88, 120-122. 

"Quail Trap," 160. 
Quincy, Josiah, 8, opp, 55. 

Railroads, 155, 156. 
Eankin, William, 171. 
Eanoni, Charles, 178. 
Raymond, John, 19. 

Thomas, 20. 

William, 20. 
Rea, , 12. 

Bartholomew, 251. 

Bethia, 20. 

Caleb, 77, 246. 

Daniel, 10, 20. 

Joshua, 16. 

Zerubbabel, 77. 
Rea-Putnam-Fowler house, 20. 
Rebecca (brig), 115. 
Rebecca (sch.), 115. 
Rebecca Nurse Association, 27, 28. 
Red Cross episode, 10, 
Reed, Read, Isaac, 19. 

Nathan, 98, 97, 98, 247, 260. 

Nicholas, 21. 

Reed, Thomas, 9. 

Wilmot, 30. 
Reifsnider, Edson, 120. 
Reith, John, opp. 110. 
Representatives, 259. 
Resolutions of town in 1773, 03. 
Revolution, soldiers killed in, J 33. 
Revolution, officers in tlie, 70. 
Revolutionary soldiers' grraves, 73. 
Revolutionary War, 68-87, 114, 115, 
Rhoades, Charles, 117. 
Rice, , 58, 103. 

Alexander H., 169. 

Austin, 246. 

Charles B., 18, 205, 262. 
Richards, Chauncey S., 258. 

Daniel, 124, 125, 127, 153, 168, 171. 
Richardson, Abel, 117. 

Edward, opp. 110, 116, opp. 121. 

Ezra, opp. 105. 

Jonathan, 149. 

S. P., 189. 

Seth, 73, 87, 117. 
Richmond, James, 246. 
Rider, Joseph, 236. 
Riggs, , 164. 

Elisha, 163. 
Riverbank, 233 
Roach, Israel, 189. 
Road, first, 8. 

Road from Plains to Neck, contro- 
versy on, 45-49. 
Road to Salem opened, 46-48. 
Roberts, Isaac N., 189. 
Robinson, E. N., 248. 

Helen, 201. 
Rodgers, S. A., 189. 
Rogers farm, 103. 
Roman Catholic Church, 120, 178. 
Ropes, Bessie P., 171. 

Henry T., 153. 

Joseph W., 153. 

Mrs. W. H., 210. 
Rose (negro), 53. 
Ross, Josiah, 149, 257, 258. 

Leland J., 208. 
Rum Creek bridge, 238. 
Rushmore, William J., 161. 
Russell, , 144. 

Benjamin, 251. 

Ezekiel, 88, opp. 92. 

George Peabody, 170. 

Jason, 71. 

Thomas, 170. 
Ryan, Cornelius, 145. 



St. Hilare, Ernest J., 211. 

St. John's College, 231. 

St. John's Preparatory School, 201. 

Salem Gazette, 151. 

Salem Iron Factory Co., 98. 

Salem Iron Works, 116. 

Salem Marine Society, 116. 

Salem Register, 151. 

Salem Village, 11-41. 

Salisbury, Stephen, 169. 

Sally (sch.), 115, 116. 

Sanders, Mrs. N. S. H., 217, 223. 

Sanderson, George E., 191. 

Sanger, Abner, opp. 105, 250. 

George J., 120, 249, 262. 
Sartwell, Mrs. Blanche, 247. 

Oliver, 247. 
Saunders, John, opp. 110. 
Savage, Elias, 149, 256, 257. 
Savannah (vessel), 186. 
Saveyer, James B., 123. 

J. W., 246. 

Jonathan, 250-253. 

Samuel L., 128, 259, 262. 
Scampton, Frank, 189. 
School, first established, 33, 34. 
School at New Mills, 92. 
School at Plains, 112. 
School at Putnamville, 88, opp. 185. 
School improvements, 202. 
School Superintendent, 202. 
Schools, 92, 105, 159. 
Scott, Margaret, 30. 
Seal of the town, 203. 
Searl, Curtis, opp. 110. 
Sears, George B., 198, 247. 

H. J. H., 248. 

John, 123. 

John A., 190. 

John H., 190. 

Robert K., 123. 
Selectmen, 251. 
Senators, 259. 

Separation from Salem, 36, 41. 
Seventeenth Infantry, 181. 
Seventh Day Advent Church, 191. 
Shackley, John, 189. 
Shafer, M. A., 146. 
Shahan, Thomas H., 178. 
Sharp, Samuel, 13. 
Shattuck, Sylvanus, 134. 
Shaw, Joseph, opp. 110, 133. 
Shays, Daniel, 93. 

John, opp. 110. 
Shay's Rebellion, 92. 
Shea, Patrick F., 189. 

Shed, Joseph, opp. 110, 177, 246, 

249, 250, 255. 
Sheldon, Charles H., 189. 

Godfrey, 21. 

Jesse, opp. 105. 

Susannah, 23. 

Warren, opp. 105. 

William E., 189. 
Shepard, Charles H., 151, 194, 195. 
Shillabcr, Ebenezar, 250, 260, 261. 

John, 62. 

William, 63, 249, 252, 260. 
Shipbuilding at New Mills, 87, 88. 
Shipping, 113-116. 
Shipyards, 117. 
Shoe manufacturers, 123, 124. 
Shoe manufacturing, 89, 90, 118- 

126, 128-133. 
Shove, Jonathan, opp. 105, 249, 255, 
259, 260, 261. 

Samuel, opp. 110. 

Squiers, 260. 
ShurtlefE, Nathaniel S., 170. 
Sillars, Archie W., 134. 

Malcolm, 124, 262. 
Silvester, , 168, 175. 

Harriet, 174. 

Joshua. 122, 129, 152, 156, 157, 
166-171, 174, 232, 256, 261, 263. 

Sally, 174. 

William W., 179, 246. 
Skelton, , 157. 

Samuel, 9, opp. 32. 
Skelton's Neck, 9, 44. 
Skidmore, Richard, 68, 73, 111. 
Skillings, C. F., 135. 
Slaves, 50-54. 
Small, Francis J., 211. 

Thomas, 16. 
Smart, Joseph T., 189. 
Smith, Adam D., 208. 

Daniel. 189. 

Elizabeth, 136, 142. 

Ephraim, 133. 

Ernest M. W., 120. 

Henry A., 189. 

Ivan, 161. 

James, 250. 

John, 15, 16. 

Jonathan, 117. 

Joseph N.. 124. 

Mary E., 209. 

Richard, 261. 

Thomas, 10, 21. 

Walter, 101. 

William, 183. 
Snow, Jesse W., 246. 



Society for the Preservation of New 

England Antiquities, 118. 
Soewamapenessett River, 5. 
Soldiers' monument, 188. 
Sons of Veterans, 189. 
South Danvers, 176. 
South Danvrrs Wizard, 151. 
Southwick, Edward, 127, 250. 

George, 71. 

Joseph, 250, 251. 
Spalding, Samuel W., 154, 257. 
Spanish War, 203. 
Spite bridge, 97. 
Splane, Edward, 189. 
SpofEcrd, Clara T., 209. 

E. A., 206. 
Ellen A., 197. 
Spooner, William H., 161. 
Sprague, Joseph G., opp. 110. 
Spring, J. E., 222, 231, 
Stacey, John, 19, 110. 

Sally, 174. 
Stage-coaches, 154. 
Stambler, David, 212. 
Stamp Act, 56. 
Staples, Herbert W., 211. 
Steadman, H. R., 247. 
Stearns, Joseph, 113, 255. 
Stephens, Timothy, 87. 
Stetson, Alonzo J., 262. 
Stewart, Ambrose P. S., 160. 
Stickney, Mrs. W. G., 201. 
Stileman, Elias, 10. 
Stimpson, , 193. 

Edward, 150. 

George O., 127, 208. 

Mrs. G. O., 210. 
Stone, Harold D., 259. 
Story, Charles, 131. 

Ira, 88. 

Stoughton, , 11. 

Street railway, 196. 
Streeter, Gilbert L., 3. 
Strong, Edward F., 208. 

Minerva H., 197. 
Strout, Roy M., 161. 
Sunflower (vessel), 156. 
Sullivan, Arthur P., 248. 

Cornelius, 189. 

Henry A., 178. 

Patrick, 124. 

William B., 200, 205, 211, 247, 248. 
Sumner, Charles, 169, 170. 
Sutton, Eben, 156, 162, 256. 

William, opp. 105, 168, 260, 261. 
Swan, Jonathan, opp. 110. 

Swinerton, , 12, 144. 

Job, 10, 15, 16. 

John, 26, 251. 
Sylvester, Benjamin F., 98. 

Herbert W., 98. 

John, 98. 

Nathaniel, 123. 
Sylvester, see Silvester. 
Symonds, Samuel, opp. 110. 

Tanner, 13, 118. 
Tannery, 118, 127. 
Tapley, , 144. 

Amos, 73, 253, 254. 

Asa, 73, 113, 133, 142. 

C. R., 208. 

Claire H., 209. 

Daniel, 142. 

Elizabeth, 142. 

George, 123, 177, 249, 261. 

Gilbert, 73, 113, 128, 135, 139, 141, 
142, 158, 191, 236. 

Gilbert A., 124, 127, 141, 142, 191, 

Herbert S., 171. 

Harriet S., 201. 

Jesse, 113, 123, 142. 

John, 52. 

Nathan, 65, 113, 142, 177, 236, 238. 

Parley, 135,136, 138, 139, 142. 

R. P., 247. 

Walter A., 124, 208. 
Tapleyville, 89, 135-142. 
Tarbell, , 238. 

Cornelius, 41, 43, 251. 

Jonathan, 251, 252. 
Tarr, David, 73. 
Taverns, 45, 48,55, 101. 
Tea episodes, 59-63. 
Teacher, first, 34. 
Teacher at New Mills, 92. 
Tebbetts, F. Pierce, 202. 
Tedford, Milford, 189. 
Telephone introduced, 193. 
Temperance, 111. 
Ten Broeck, Petrus S., 236, 238. 
Tenney, George J., 158. 
Text books, free, 202. 
Thayer, George L., 132. 

Nathaniel, 170. 
Thomas, Walter G., 92. 
Thompson, A. F., 131. 

B. F. & Co., 131. 

J. H.,191. 

John N., 189. 
Thorndike, Albert, 158. 

Larkin, 240. 



Thoron, Ward, 64, 237. 
Tibbetts, B. Lewis, 124. 

Benjamin B., opp. 105. 
Tituba, 23, 25. 
Tolman, Richard, 146. 
Tories, 64, 65, 104, 263. 
Torr, Andrew, opp. 105, 256. 
Torrey, Joseph, 111. 
Town clerks, 250, 
Town Hall, 160, 202. 
Town government proposed, 36, 41. 
Town meetings, 43, 146. 
Towne, Daniel- 73. 

George W., 206. 

Mrs. G. W., 210. 

Grace, 209. 
Training place, 18. 
Trainor, Patrick, 189. 
Trask, Edward, 21. 

Elbridge, 123. 
Travel, means of, 7. 
Tread well, John W., 236. 
Treasurers, 250. 
Trickey, W. H., 120. 
Trow, James M., 134. 
Trumbull, John, 76. 

Jonathan, 37. 
Tufts, James, 21. 

Joseph, 133, 255, 256. 
Twiss, William F., 189. 
Two Brothers (sch.), 115. 
Tyler, Job, 149. 

Underwood, Mrs. G. M., 218. 
Uniforms of militia, 19, 109, 112. 
Unitarian Church, 190. 
United States Lodge, 102, 110. 
Unity Chapel, 13, 204. 
Universalist Church, 120, 169. 
Universalists, 89, 119-121. 
Upham, , 26. 

Dr., 241. 
Upton, Austin, 189. 

Benjamin, 251. 

Eben S., 256. 

Edward, opp. 105. 

Elijah, 256. 

Elijah W., 156. 162, 168, 261. 

Ezra, 252. 

John, opp. 110. 

Stephen, 250. 
Upton Tavern, 101. 
Usher, James M., 149. 

Vaccination, 91. 
Valentine, J. F., 247. 

Verry, Andrew, 221. 

Daniel, 214. 

Samuel, 19. 
Victoria, Queen, 172, 173. 
Village Bank, opp. 125, 198. 
Villagers killed by Indians, 21. 
Villages of Danvers, 113. 

Wadsworth, , 51, 57, 104. 

Benjamin, 18, 33, 69, 86, 111. 

Mary, 86. 
Wadsworth Cemetery, 144. 
Wahquack, 9. 
Wahquainesehcok, 5. 
Waitt, Wait, Charles F., 131. 

Jonathan, 73. 

Oliver C, 149. 

Peter, 150. 
Walcott, , 12. 

John, 252. 

Jonathan, 15, 254. 

Mary, 23. 

William, 257, 261. 
Walden, Joseph, 131. 
Walker, George, 179. 
Wallis, Dennison, 87, 260. 

William, 134. 
Walnut Grove Cemetery Corp., 143. 
War of 1812, 109, 110. 
Ward, Angus, 189. 

F. J., 92. 

Joshua H., 261. 

Lucy A., 218. 

Thomas, 218. 

William, 189. 
Ward Relief Corps, 189. 
Wardwell, Samuel, 30. 
Warren, , 125. 

C. H., 169. 

Harrison O., 258. 

Henry, 134. 

Jonas, 101, 124, opp. 125, 174. 

Mary, 23. 
Warren's store, 124, 125. 
Washington, George, 75, 77, 82. 
Watch house, 21. 
Watch house hill, 30. 
Water system, 191, 192. 
Waterman, Richard, 5. 
Waters, John, 233. 

Lydia, 233. 

Richard, opp. 28. 
Waters River, 5, 6, 9, 46. 
Watson, Thomas, 193. 
Watts, Andrew C, 89. 

Mrs. A. C.,206. 



Wayne, , 115. 

Weavers, 136, 141. 

Webb, Jotham, 71, 72, opp. 115. 

Nathaniel, 73, 127, 253. 

W. Arthur, 259. 
Webber, Parker, 154. 
Webster, Daniel, 139. 

Samuel H., 117. 
Welch, A. Frank, 128, 250. 

C. E. M., 189. 
Wells, Nathaniel K., 189. 
Wenham Lake Ice, 152. 
Wentworth, Harriet L., 197. 

Philip H., 190, 22-4. 
Weston, Francis, 5, 263. 

William L., 127, 128, 153, 162, 168, 
Wheeler, C. H., 92. 
Wheelwright, Ralph, 208. 
Wliipple, George M., 187. 

John, 20. 
Whipple's Hill, 10. 
White, , 174, 175. 

A. Alden, 123. 

AldenP., 53, 157, 177, 200, 247, 

Charles H., 128. 

Haffield, 93-95. 

Samuel, 252. 
Whiting, Lewis, 246. 
Whitney, George T., 189. 
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 28, 150, 

Widen, Peter J., 208. 
Widen-Lord Co., 118. 
Wiggin, Joseph F., 189. 
Wildes, Sarah, 30. 
Wilkins, Benjamin, 20. 

Bray, 16, 32. 

Carrie F. B., 201. 

Charles, 117. 

Daniel, 20. 

F. A., 134. 

Fred, 124. 

Mrs. Fred E., 210. 

John, 16. 

Wilkins, Reuben, 124. 

Stephen, opp. 110, 117. 

W. W.. 190. 
Wilks, Norman, 248. 
Willard, Abigail, 239. 

John, 30. 
William (brig), 115. 
Williams, Abigail, 23. 

Lester, 161. 

W. S., 120. 
Wills Hill, 35, 192. 
Wilson, Isaac, 60. 

Moses, 216. 

Robert, 21. 
Winchester, Bancroft, opp. 110. 
Winkley, Henry W., 179. 

Ruth, 209. 
Winnapurkitt, 4. 
Winthrop, John, 8. 

Lucy, 13. 

Robert C, 33, 164, 169, 170, 172. 

Thomas Lindall, 33. 
Witch house, 25. 
Witch pins, 25. 
Witchcraft delusion, 23-30. 
Withey, John, 189. 

John P., 134. 
Woodbury, Daniel, 149. 

Peter, 21. 
Woodman, George, 189. 

Joseph W., 258, 262. 

Wyatt B., 140. 
Wood row, Benjamin, 16. 
Woods, Joseph, 189. 
Wooleston River, 5. 
World War, 207-212. 
"Wreck of the Glide," 116. 
••Wreck of the Margaret," 117. 
Wright, A. E., 120. 

W. E. C, 146. 
Wyatt, George, 73. 

Young, Charles H., 189. 
Young Men's Anti-Slavery Society,